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An introduction to_constructivism


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An introduction to_constructivism

  1. 1. An Introduction to Constructivism From Carolyn W-P
  2. 2. A Short Summary of Constructivism - The main idea behind constructivism is that children learn in steps, each new concept they learn can be expanded upon. -Teaching should be strategic enabling the student to master one skill then move onto another. -For example before teaching a student how to make text fly in on a slide you should teach them how to enter text. - Another key point is that the student take active participation in learning and want to learn more. The teacher should assist and guide the student, not only lecture.
  3. 3. Contributions from Jerome Burner -Burner came up with the concept of spiral curriculum. -Students would build upon what they already know and learn more progressively adding to information presented. This implies that it is very important to plan curriculum for the child to learn upon past material. - He also developed part of the theory of cognition believeing that people went through intellectual stages that enable them to understand and connect intellectually more so than each previous stage.
  4. 4. Contributions from Jean Piaget - He observed childhood curiousity and acknowledged that the children did not require any motivation to learn the naturally were interested. - I personally believe having a young child that if teachers could preserve the natural curiousity children have and continue to build upon what they find teaching them would be tremendously easier. Babies do not require any motivation to explore, they do so on their own and there is no stopping them!
  5. 5. Piaget Cont. -Piaget believed children thought in a different way than adults and also learned differently as they progressed though different cognitive stages. - He named four cognitive stages, each with approximate ages, but one has to complete one stage before going onto the next. -This in an important theory for education because it stresses that a child is not capable of understanding concepts until the mind has developed to be ready. This gives me a lot of patience with younger children.
  6. 6. Contributions from Lev Vygotsky - He believed social conditions and culture have an impact on students learning. - He believed social influence could be positive or negative. - His most important contribution was the concept of scaffolding, scaffolding is when a teacher helps a student learn a concept until he fully understands it then moves onto another. The importance is the support the teacher provides in learning new concepts until the child does not need help anymore.
  7. 7. Classroom example of Scaffolding
  8. 8. Contributions of John Dewey - Dewey was an advocate for child centered education and progressive education. He thought lecturing in front of a class was not sufficient teaching. - He founded several schools to put his theories into practice and has had great influence on the way schools are organised today. -He believed student interaction was necesary for education.
  9. 9.  Sources Piaget Cognitive Stages Table Scaffolding Example Article on Constructivsm Student Centered Learning Image