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  1. 1. <ul><li>In Media Studies, it is important to tell the difference between narrative and story </li></ul><ul><li>Story = a sequence of events, known correctly as the plot </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative = the way those events are put together to be presented to an audience </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The way the scene in a film is put together </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Narrative </li></ul><ul><li>fairy tales </li></ul><ul><li>Science fiction </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Russian theorist </li></ul><ul><li>suggests that all narratives follow a three part structure. They begin with equilibrium, where everything is balanced, progress as something comes along to disrupt that equilibrium, and finally reach a resolution, when equilibrium is restored. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Equilibrium Disequilibrium New equilibrium Normal day, his walking up his son to go to school Long shot of him picking up his son so they can go home The war started, and they starts to kill people Mid shot, of the camp master frightening to kill the fisher man son He loses his family, indicate how war can effect people Close up, shot of his face with the diamond Long shot, he founds someone to help him to found his family Long shot, of him hugging his family. He got his family back . Mid shot , he got put into the slave prison Mid shot, He becomes an inspirational speaker
  5. 5. <ul><li>born on April 17, 1895 </li></ul><ul><li>in St. Petersburg to a German family. </li></ul><ul><li>August 22, 1970(aged 75) </li></ul><ul><li>Analysed over 100 German fairytales </li></ul><ul><li>Vladimir Propp suggested that characters took on the role of narrative 'spheres of action' or functions . </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>He studies Russian fairytales and discovered that in stories there were always 8 types of characters evident. </li></ul><ul><li>The hero ( seeks something) </li></ul><ul><li>The villain (opposite to hero) </li></ul><ul><li>The donor (helps the hero) </li></ul><ul><li>The dispatcher (sends the hero off) </li></ul><ul><li>The false hero (takes credit for the hero’s actions or tries to marry the princess) </li></ul><ul><li>The helper (helps the hero in the quest) </li></ul><ul><li>The princess ( the prize/reward for the hero, but also need protection from the villain/false hero </li></ul><ul><li>The father (decide who the princess marries) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The hero- Shrek The helper- Donkey The donkey is Shrek best friend and he helped Shrek throughout the mission. Indicating that they have a strong friendship and will do anything for each other He rescue the princess and loves her no matter what. He even tried to changed himself because he thought the princess did not like his look. The princess father at the end gave him, his daughter and they lived happily ever after
  8. 8. The villain- The fairy Godmother The princess She has a diary where she rights about what her future prince would be like, and how he will save her Although she not the ordinary princess but she found love, with an Ogre She’s the princess fairy godmother, but she has a dark secret, and will do anything to ruin Shrek and Fiona relationship She’s wants her prince charming back (Shrek) She’s making a potion, the light is red which indicate that she’s evil and dangers She’s frighten the princess that she will turn him into a frog. Showing that she has more power then him
  9. 9. The false hero – The fairy godmother son The donor- Puss (cat), Pinocchio, Gingerbread man The father This three are the donor because they help Shrek throughout his mission The father gives his daughter to the hero, how saved his daughter from the dragon. He loves his child so much and made the daughter decide who she wanted to marry with. He pretended to be Shrek so that the princess can fall in love with him. He was the one that meant to save the princess, but it was too late
  10. 10. <ul><li>28 November 1908 – 30 October 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>France </li></ul><ul><li>the &quot;father of modern anthropology&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Examine how stories reflect values, belief myths of culture/religion </li></ul><ul><li>He uses Binary Opposition </li></ul><ul><li>His research had been adapted by Media and also schools/college, to underlying themes and symbolise opposite in Media text </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>a pair of direct opposites such as good and evil, white and black or male and female </li></ul><ul><li>for example Spiderman: </li></ul><ul><li>Hero Villain </li></ul><ul><li>Good Evil </li></ul><ul><li>Saves the world Destroy the world </li></ul><ul><li>Red/blue black with a cyber mask </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Born: 11th June, 1922 </li></ul><ul><li>Died: 19th November, 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality: Canadian </li></ul><ul><li>Erving Goffman's (1959) character theory suggests that there are four main types of broad character in a media text or production; </li></ul>Character Roles The protagonist Leading character The deuteragonist Secondary character The bit player Minor character whose specific background the audience is not aware of The fool A character that uses humour to convey messages
  13. 14. Leading character Mid shot of her and husband happily married for 18 years anniversary Close of shot of her smiling Mid shot, of her husband and his mistress and their kid Mid shot, isolated waiting for her husband to come home Mid shot, she’s angry Mid shot, of her, husband and the mistress having an argument Close up of her face, about to cry Mid shot, of her asking her mum for forgiveness She got a job as a waitress She falls in love with the delivery man
  14. 15. The delivery man who helped Helen pack her close The deuteragonist The fool The bit player
  15. 16. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>