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Different Flavors of Open Access Publishing

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Presentation given on behalf of OASPA for Open Access Day in Vienna, Austria, 25 March 2010.

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Different Flavors of Open Access Publishing

  1. 1. The DifferentFlavorsof<br />Open Access Publishing:<br />Different types ofpublishers,<br />different business models, and differentsubjects<br />Caroline Sutton<br />President, OASPA<br />Co-founder, Co-Action Publishing<br />Open Access Informationstag am 25.3.2010, Vienna, Austria<br />www.oaspa.org<br />
  2. 2. Established October 2008 by:<br /><ul><li>BioMed Central
  3. 3. Co-Action Publishing
  4. 4. Copernicus Publications
  5. 5. Hindawi Publishing Corporation
  6. 6. Journal of Medical Internet Research (Gunther Solomon)
  7. 7. Medical Education Online (David Solomon)
  8. 8. Public Library of Science (PLoS)
  9. 9. SAGE Publications
  10. 10. SPARC Europe
  11. 11. Utrecht University Library (Igitur)</li></li></ul><li>Background<br /><ul><li>OA publishers lacked a voice in public debates about scholarly communications and Open Access
  12. 12. Open Access had become an established part of the publishing landscape, it was time to address practical issues
  13. 13. Need to develop uniform standards and best practices
  14. 14. Need to bring together the Open Access publishing community
  15. 15. Need to share information and workcollectively
  16. 16. OASPA represents both professional publishing organizations as well as scholar publishers and welcomes other organizations whose work supports OA publishing.</li></li></ul><li>OASPA Mission<br />To support and represent the interests of Open Access (OA) journal publishers globally in all scientific, technical, and scholarly disciplines. <br />To accomplish this mission, the association will:<br /><ul><li>Exchange information
  17. 17. Set standards
  18. 18. Advance models
  19. 19. Advocate for OA publishing
  20. 20. Educate
  21. 21. Promote innovation</li></li></ul><li>Members<br />14 Professional Publishing Organizations<br />15 Scholar Publishers<br />4 Otherorganizations<br />23 AssociateMembers<br />
  22. 22. OASPA definition of OA<br />OPEN ACCESS = Free Access + Re-use<br />
  23. 23. DifferentFlavors<br />
  24. 24. Different Types of Publishers<br />
  25. 25. Large Professional Publishing Organizations<br />
  26. 26. Small Professional Publishing Organizations<br />
  27. 27. University Libraries and University Presses<br />
  28. 28. Scholar Publishers<br />
  29. 29. MixedModel Publishers<br />OA from Traditional Publishers<br />
  30. 30. 500 + societiespublishing<br />OA journals (Suber & Sutton list at: <br />www.co-action.net/projects/OAsocieties/)<br />Society Publishers<br />
  31. 31. Summarizing Types of Publishers<br />In manywaystheOpen Access publishing landscape does not varythatmuch from thesubscriptionpublishing landscape. Wefindmanyofthe same types ofactors.<br />Open Access does, however, seem to have offered an opportunity for smallpublishingenterprises and single journal publishing.<br />
  32. 32. Different Business Models<br />
  33. 33. ArticleProcessingCharges<br />Perceivedadvantages (Paul Peters, EconomicsofOpen Access Publishing; at Open business, Online Information 2006 conferenceproceedings).<br />Scaleability<br />Competition<br />The ”Big Deal”<br />Attractingauthors<br />
  34. 34. ArticleProcessingCharges<br /><ul><li>Perceiveddisadvantages
  35. 35. The need to disengageability to pay from editorialdecisions
  36. 36. Will a new ”Big deal” emerge?
  37. 37. The focusonattractingauthorscan lead to perceived SPAM activities</li></li></ul><li>Volunteerefforts<br />Perceivedadvantages<br />On paper it looks ”free”<br />Scholarcontrol<br />In touch with relevant readers and researchers<br /><ul><li>Perceiveddisadvantages</li></ul>More workthanexpected<br />Questionsofsustainability<br />Uninformed support as well as informed support<br />
  38. 38. Otherfinancialsources<br />Patronage (grants, sponsorship, etc.)<br />Sale ofsupplementary services and products<br />Submissionfees (insteadof or in addition to APCs)<br />Advertising<br />Subscriptions to printedition<br />Etc.<br />
  39. 39. Different Fields ofPublishing<br />
  40. 40. BiomedicalFields<br />ClearlydominatetheOpen Access publishing landscape<br />Manyfunders make funds available to cover OA charges<br />Biomedical journals arepublished by all types of OA publishers<br />Professional publishingorganizations have focusedactivitiesonbiomedicine<br />
  41. 41. Engineering<br />Less commonthan most otherfields<br />Chemistrymay be leadingtheway (BMC’sChemistry Central)<br />Publishedlargely by scholarpublishers, butalsosomeprofessionalpublishingorganizations<br />
  42. 42. Social Sciences<br />Less commonthanmedicine, but more commonthanEngineering<br />By and large Social Science OA titlesarepublished by scholarpublishers and/or throughuniversitylibraries/presses<br />A fewprofessionalpublishers have begun testing the waters of OA socialsciencepublishing<br />Somefundingbodies (e.g. EU F7) cover OA charges for socialscience<br />
  43. 43. Humanities<br />Probablytheslowestfield to develop OA titles (withtheexceptionofmathematics?)<br />OA humanities journals tend to be published by scholarpublishers, or through University Libraries/Presses (notable: OpenHumanities Press)<br />Onlyoneprofessionalpublishinghouseengaged in OA Humanities journal publishing (that I know of)<br />Humanitiesare taking stepson OA bookspublishing (e.g. OAPEN in Europe)<br />
  44. 44. Some final thoughts<br />Perhapsgreateropportunitiestoday for small and medium-sizedpublishingenterprises<br />The types ofpublisherspopulatingthe landscape arelargelysimilar to thoseofearlierperiods, withtheexceptionof hosting groups<br />Business modelsareshifting<br />Publishers, libraries and universityadministrationscan and shouldworktogether to considerappropriatepaymentmechanisms to scalewithgrowth in OA <br />OA developmentsare uneven betweensubjectfields<br />Different types ofpublisherstend to publishdifferentsubject matter in the OA publishing arena<br />
  45. 45. For more discussions, join:<br />2nd ConferenceonOpen Access ScholarlyPublishing<br />22-24 August 2010 in Prague<br />www.oaspa.org<br />
  46. 46. Caroline.Sutton@co-action.net<br />Info@oaspa.org<br />THANK YOU!<br />

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