HIV/AIDS in Malawi

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Strengths and weaknesses in Malawi, specifically looking at the problems of HIV/Aids in relation to statistics, problems, drugs and prevention.

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  • HIV/AIDS in Malawi

    1. 1. Malawi HIV/AIDS
    2. 2. Scotland and Malawi <ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 5,144,200 </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi – 13,900,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Area </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 30,414 sq miles </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi – 45,747 sq miles </li></ul><ul><li>Water coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 1.9% (but not landlocked) </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi – 20% (but landlocked) </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 4.9/1,000 births </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi – 90.55/1,000 births </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Scotland – 74 male and 79 female </li></ul><ul><li>Malawi – 43 males and females </li></ul>
    3. 3. Malawi <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>Functioning multi-party democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Free press </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition of peace </li></ul><ul><li>90% of international debt cancelled out </li></ul><ul><li>Working to improve the country, including education </li></ul><ul><li>60% of those over age 16 can read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><li>Landlocked (Lake Malawi but over fished) </li></ul><ul><li>Densely populated (inc 45% of people below age 14) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental degradation (soil erosion, deforestation, water depletion) </li></ul><ul><li>65% of population living below poverty line (small subsistence farmers with maize as their main crop) </li></ul>
    4. 4. HIV/AIDS <ul><li>High rate of HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>14.2% of population </li></ul><ul><li>84,000 deaths a year </li></ul>
    5. 5. Stats 8 th highest prevalence in the world <ul><li>930,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>11.9% of those infected are between 0 and 15 (91,000 in 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>58% of those infected are women (in ages 15-24, rate is twice that of men) </li></ul><ul><li>First case diagnosed in 1985, life expectancy in 1990 52, now 43 </li></ul>
    6. 6. Problems <ul><li>Aids is the leading cause of death in Malawi </li></ul><ul><li>Biggest threat to Malawi’s development </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness is high but comprehensive knowledge and personalisation of risk is low </li></ul><ul><li>Policy framework is strong but implementation capacity is weak </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equalities make women more at risk </li></ul>
    7. 7. Problems <ul><li>In urban areas more likely to be tested but by 2005 they had expected 25-50% of urban workers to die of AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>85% of population is rural – unlikely to be tested and less access to ARV’s. </li></ul><ul><li>65% of population live below the poverty line </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS exacerbated by high levels of food insecurity </li></ul>
    8. 8. Orphans <ul><li>1.1 milllion orphans – ½ directly as a result of HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>84,000 new orphans each year </li></ul><ul><li>Grandparents can be main carers </li></ul><ul><li>Njoho village – 746 pupils in school – 1/3 were orphans </li></ul>
    9. 9. ARV’S <ul><li>Access to ARV drugs is limited </li></ul><ul><li>11-14% of those in need are receiving drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Less access in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>UN ESTIMATION </li></ul><ul><li>80% OF PEOPLE WITH HIV/AIDS DO NOT KNOW THEY HAVE THE DISEASE </li></ul>
    10. 10. Prevention <ul><li>Co-ordinated response </li></ul><ul><li>HIV testing and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Access to ARV’s </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce stigma and victimisation </li></ul><ul><li>Reverse the weakening of the national health system </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul>

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