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Mammals

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Our group studied the effects of climate change on mammals and tried to analyze whether or not there was a correlation between the desirability of a species and the effect of climate change. Based on our findings, we discovered that there is a significant difference between the effects of climate change on undesirable and desirable species.

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Mammals

  1. 1. Climate Change Effect on Mammals Angela (Inhea) Jun, Lorén Niu, Sophia (Wenhui) Zeng inhea.jun@macaulay.cuny.edu, loren.niu@macaulay.cuny.edu, wenhui.zeng@macaulay.cuny.edu Macaulay Honors College at CUNY, Queens College of CUNY The problem Take home messages • Humans conduct experiments and science research • Biases and human error may exist • Biases can affect how data is collected and interpreted • An unbiased researcher would investigate a hypothesis without having a specific result in mind The logic Methods Unbiased research results would not exaggerate any harmful or beneficial effects of climate change on desirable or undesirable species • Taxonomic group: Mammals • Science research databases used • Web of Science, Google Scholar • Filtered results using keywords • “Climate change,” “global warming” etc. • Desirable: species that benefits or does not harm the environment, other species, or humans • Beneficial: species can be used as a source of food, supplies, or entertainment • Undesirable: species that harms the environment, other species, or humans So.. • Increasing temperature on earth leads to more lives lost each year. • Unendurable heat • Chain reactions (Domino effect) • Humans have contributed to global warming for decades. We need to be aware of the effects of climate change in order to protect the earth and all of inhabitants • Basis research in this field must be accurate and unbiased • By studying research within climate change, we can discover whether there is bias Results • Multiple papers on the same species held the same viewpoint so we excluded these studies for fear of biasing the results Predicted effect of climate change Help species Harm species Desirable or Undesirable species Desirable 1 18 Undesirable 3 5 Why might this be? How could we test that? Works Cited https://macaulay.cuny.edu/eportfolios/baker16 There is a significant difference between the number of papers discussing effects of climate change on undesirable and on desirable mammals. More papers revealed that there are more desirable species affected by climate change than undesirable species. We could record the number of mammal species– both desirable and undesirable, located in an area and compare to the amount of research done on both desirable and undesirable species. • Researcher bias: readers would care more about the wellbeing of beneficial species • Common view: protecting endangered species is more important than protecting invasive species • Researchers may be more likely to use their limited resources to study a species that may potentially benefit people or environment • Social media promotes desirable species more than undesirable species, so undesirable species are not as well known by many people Photo credit: USFWS • Lkelihood Ratio c2 = 4.232, p = 0.04, df =1 Climate change affects everyone More articles were found on discussing the effects of climate change on desirable mammals than undesirable mammals, which may lead to biased result concerning the view of protecting endangered species among researchers (or the general public). • Initially found: 5000 papers • Narrowed search: 25 papers

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