Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Summary writing

5,766 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Summary writing

  1. 1. Summary Writing
  2. 2. I. What is a summary?  A summary is a shortened passage, which retains the essential information of the original. It is a fairly brief restatement --- in your own words ---of the contents of a passage.  Note: you simply report back what the writer has said, without making value judgments.
  3. 3. II. Characteristics of a good summary  Can be understood without reference to the original;  Is a faithful reproduction of, or contains only the ideas or information of, the original;  Is brief without any unnecessary detail (20-25% of the article);  Is a readable unified whole
  4. 4. III. Techniques in summary writing 1. Paraphrasing To paraphrase means to completely and correctly express other people’s ideas in one’s own words.
  5. 5. ★It helps us understand the original better. ★It helps us grasp the central idea and the main points. ★It helps us write summaries that are brief and to the point, and in our own words. The importance of paraphrasing
  6. 6. 2. Ways of condensation  Use synonyms or synonymous phrases He had a good command of English. (He knew English well.)  Change the structure of simple sentences My brother has an appreciation of modern art. (My brother appreciates modern art.) III. Techniques in summary writing
  7. 7.  Turn complex sentences into simple sentences He received a welcome that was as cold as ice. (He received an icy welcome.)  Combine the sentences Hurry up. If you don’t, you’ll miss the train. (Hurry up or you’ll miss the train.)
  8. 8. IV. Steps to write a summary 1. Read the article and find the general theme. 2. Reread the article, divide it into sections and label the by using a general phrase that captures its subject matter. 3. Summarize each section in one sentence. 4. Join the ideas by using transitional words for a smooth and logical flow of ideas.
  9. 9. IV. Steps to write a summary 5. Omit repetitions, examples, details and personal opinions. 6. Conclude with a summing-up sentence by stating what can be learned from reading the article. 7. Check grammar, punctuation and spelling. 8. Write your final draft.
  10. 10. IV. Steps to write a summary 5. Omit repetitions, examples, details and personal opinions. 6. Conclude with a summing-up sentence by stating what can be learned from reading the article. 7. Check grammar, punctuation and spelling. 8. Write your final draft.

×