Summary writing

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Summary writing

  1. 1. Summary Writing
  2. 2. I. What is a summary?  A summary is a shortened passage, which retains the essential information of the original. It is a fairly brief restatement --- in your own words ---of the contents of a passage.  Note: you simply report back what the writer has said, without making value judgments.
  3. 3. II. Characteristics of a good summary  Can be understood without reference to the original;  Is a faithful reproduction of, or contains only the ideas or information of, the original;  Is brief without any unnecessary detail (20-25% of the article);  Is a readable unified whole
  4. 4. III. Techniques in summary writing 1. Paraphrasing To paraphrase means to completely and correctly express other people’s ideas in one’s own words.
  5. 5. ★It helps us understand the original better. ★It helps us grasp the central idea and the main points. ★It helps us write summaries that are brief and to the point, and in our own words. The importance of paraphrasing
  6. 6. 2. Ways of condensation  Use synonyms or synonymous phrases He had a good command of English. (He knew English well.)  Change the structure of simple sentences My brother has an appreciation of modern art. (My brother appreciates modern art.) III. Techniques in summary writing
  7. 7.  Turn complex sentences into simple sentences He received a welcome that was as cold as ice. (He received an icy welcome.)  Combine the sentences Hurry up. If you don’t, you’ll miss the train. (Hurry up or you’ll miss the train.)
  8. 8. IV. Steps to write a summary 1. Read the article and find the general theme. 2. Reread the article, divide it into sections and label the by using a general phrase that captures its subject matter. 3. Summarize each section in one sentence. 4. Join the ideas by using transitional words for a smooth and logical flow of ideas.
  9. 9. IV. Steps to write a summary 5. Omit repetitions, examples, details and personal opinions. 6. Conclude with a summing-up sentence by stating what can be learned from reading the article. 7. Check grammar, punctuation and spelling. 8. Write your final draft.
  10. 10. IV. Steps to write a summary 5. Omit repetitions, examples, details and personal opinions. 6. Conclude with a summing-up sentence by stating what can be learned from reading the article. 7. Check grammar, punctuation and spelling. 8. Write your final draft.

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