Global and national perspective of women with disabilities
FORUM ON MAINSTREAMING WOMENAND CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN GAD PROGRAMS AT THE LGU LEVEL
650 million- or 10% of the worldpopulation- live with disabilities andfrequently encounter a myriad ofphysical and social obstacles;-lack opportunities of mainstreampopulation;
Women face barriers to full equalityand advancement because of suchfactors as race, age, language,ethnicity, culture, religion ordisability.1 Persistence of certaincultural, legal and institutional barriersmakes women and girls with disabilitiesthe victims of two-fold discrimination:as women and as persons withdisabilities.2
Girls and women of all ages with anyform of disability are among the morevulnerable and marginalized of society.- Face difficulty in attaining access toadequate housing, health, education,vocational training and employment,and are more likely to beinstitutionalized ;
- experience inequality in hiring,promotion rates and pay for equalwork, access to trainingand retraining, credit and otherproductive resources, and rarelyparticipate in economic decisionmaking ;
invisible both among thosepromoting the rights of personswith disabilities, and thosepromoting gender equality andthe advancement of women.
Gender perspectives ondisability and the disabilityperspective on the situation ofwomen and girls withdisabilities
Promoting gender equality andempowerment of women isessential to the achievement ofthe internationally agreeddevelopment goals, including theMillennium Development Goals
Women and girls with disabilitiesexperience double discrimination,which places them at higher risk ofgender-based violence, sexual abuse,neglect, maltreatment andexploitation.The global literacy rate is as low asone per cent for women withdisabilities - UNDP Study
The World Bank reports that everyminute more than 30 women areseriously injured or disabled duringlabour and that those 15-50 millionwomen generally go unnoticed
International normative framework on women and girls with disabilities the international community recognizesthe need for the gender perspective andthe empowerment women with disabilitiesto achieve the equal enjoyment of allhuman rights and development for all,including persons with disabilities.
The World Program of ActionConcerning Disabled Persons states that the consequences of deficiencies and disablement are particularly serious for women. Generally women are subjected to social, cultural and economic disadvantages, making it more difficult for them to take part in community life
The Standard Rules on the Equalization ofOpportunities for Persons With Disabilities,recall the provisions in the CEDAWto ensure the rights of girls and women withdisabilities, and includes references towomen and girls with disabilities underseveral Rules, such as Rule 4 on Supportservices, Rule 6 on Education, and Rule 9 onFamily life and personal integrity.
THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIESrecognizes that women and girls with disabilities areoften at greater risk, both within and outside thehome, of violence, injury or abuse, neglect ornegligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation .= taken a two track approach to promoting genderequality and the empowerment of women withdisabilities. It has as one of its principles equalitybetween men and women and it devotes an articleto women with disabilities
MILLENIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS-urges States to pay special attention to the genderspecific needs of persons with disabilities,including by taking measures to ensure their fulland effective enjoyment of all human rights andfundamentalcalls on Governments to enable persons withdisabilities to participate as agents andbeneficiaries of Development =ensuring that programmes and policies topromoting gender equality and empowerment ofwomen and improving maternal health, amongothers, are inclusive of and accessible to personswith disabilities;
There is a need to take intoaccount and to address theconcerns of women and girls withdisabilities in all policy-making andprogramming. Special measures arealso needed at all levels tointegrate them into themainstream of development
WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES WITHIN THE WOMEN SECTOR-NO RELIABLE DATA ON PWDS IN THEPHILS,-Their unique needs still unknown tothe women circle;-No representation in nationalorganizations of women;- lack of participation in sectordevelopment and advocacy initiativesat the local level;
WOMEN WITH DISABILITIES ANDPOLICY-LACK PARTICIPATION IN POLICYDEVELOPMENT, NOT INCLUDED INCONSULTATIONS IN FORMULATIONS OFLAWS AND POLICIES FOR WOMEN INGENERAL;-NO REPRESENTATION IN THE LOCALCOUNCIL OF WOMEN –A POWERFUL LOCALBODY WHERE WOMEN FULLY PARTICIPATEIN LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN
-IN PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT ANDIMPLEMENTATION, PROVISIONS FOR WOMENWITH DISABILITIES ARE NOT INCLUDED-SUCH AS INTERPRETERS FOR DEAFCOMPLAINANTS AT THE WOMEN ANDCHILDREN’S DESK OF EVERY POLICESECTION AND OTHER SUPPORT SERVICESFOR WWD TO FULLY PARTICIPATE IN SOCIALAND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN THEIRRESPECTIVE COMMUNITIES