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CALMing the High Cost of Educational Resources: How CSUSM is Creating Alternatives to Expensive Textbooks

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Presented at the Digital Initiatives Symposium at the University of San Diego in April 2014.

Co-presenter, Barbara Taylor, Instructional Developer, Cal State San Marcos

The cost of a college education continues to rise, outpacing inflation and median income growth in the last decade. As a result, students are piling on debt and recent graduates are struggling under the weight of loans they wouldn't have needed 10 to 20 years ago.
The Cougars Affordable Learning Materials Project (CALM) is part of the CSU Affordable Learning Solutions initiative started in 2010. CALM aims to aid faculty in replacing costly textbooks with lower cost alternatives by using high-quality open educational resources (OER), library resources, digital or customized textbooks, and/or faculty-authored materials.

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CALMing the High Cost of Educational Resources: How CSUSM is Creating Alternatives to Expensive Textbooks

  1. 1. How  CSUSM  is  crea/ng  alterna/ves  to  expensive  textbooks.     CALMING  THE  HIGH  COST  OF   EDUCATIONAL  RESOURCES:    
  2. 2. • Total  enrollment:  10,364.  Undergraduate  students:   9,929;  graduate  students:  435.   • A  diverse  popula/on  of  students.  Our  ethnicity:  0.3   percent  Na/ve  American/American  Indian,  3.0  percent   African  American,  8.4  percent  Asian/Pacific  Islander,   35.8  percent  Hispanic,  36.5  percent  Caucasian,  5.7   percent  Two  or  more  races  and  2.7  percent  Non-­‐ Resident.   CSUSM  BY  THE  NUMBERS  
  3. 3. • 67  percent  of  our  students  receive   financial  assistance.   • 39  percent  of  our  student   popula/on  is  male  and  61  percent  is   female.   • 28  percent  are  the  first  members  of   their  families  to  seek  a  college   degree.  
  4. 4. • Officially  designated  as  a  Hispanic   Serving  Ins/tu/on  (HSI)  and  Asian   American  Na/ve  American  Pacific   Islander  Serving  Ins/tu/on   (AANAPSI)  
  5. 5. •  ACE  Scholars  –  working  with  former  foster   youth.     •  AB  540  Students  –  the  DREAM  Act.     •  Native  Advisory  Council  and  CSUSM  Tribal   Initiative:  relationships  with  more  than  25  tribal   communities  across  San  Diego,  Riverside,  and   San  Bernardino  Counties.   UNDERSERVED  POPULATIONS    
  6. 6. •  Conflicting  experiences  of  librarian  faculty  when   talking  with  others  about  Open  Access/Open   Education  Resources.   •  Survey:  determine  existing  faculty  awareness  of   library  services  and  to  assess  the  willingness  of   the  community  to  support  free  online  scholarly   materials.     Campus  survey  of  faculty  
  7. 7. COST  IS  CONSIDERED!  
  8. 8. BUT…  
  9. 9.                                  
  10. 10. STILL  SOME  RESISTANCE…  
  11. 11. Cougars Affordable Learning Materials
  12. 12. CALM – Affordable Learning $olutions 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 14 •  Started in Spring 2013 •  Our Team •  Sponsor - Bill Ward, Associate Dean, IITS •  Natalie Wilson, Faculty Fellow •  3 Instructional Designers: Susan, Barbara, Cherie •  Summer 2013 •  Researched other CSUs efforts •  Developed branding –logo, posters •  Built website – lots of resources •  Developed a communications plan •  Pilot -CALMed Natalie’s courses
  13. 13. CALM – Communications & Kickoff •  Fall 2013 •  Bill Ward met with Deans and Department Chairs •  Sept/October –Developers introduce CALM & Faculty call at department meetings •  Customized presentations -examples of OER/library sources •  Increased awareness and comfort level •  Started a conversation amongst the faculty •  Left flyers and emailed to lecturers •  Two informational meetings before led by Natalie, FF •  Personal contact •  Proposed resolution to Academic Senate •  Student Posters 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 15
  14. 14. 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 16
  15. 15. 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 17
  16. 16. 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 18
  17. 17. DEPARTMENT PRESENTATION Resources and Examples 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 19
  18. 18. CALM down your textbook costs! Why •  4x the rate of inflation = increase in textbook prices •  $1,655 = what CSUSM students will spend this year for books and supplies. •  $1,342 = The average annual Cal Grant B student award for textbooks and living expenses. •  $20,200 = The average student debt for students graduating from a 4 year public university in 2010. What You Can Do •  10 simple ideas 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 20
  19. 19. CALMed course example – WMST 303 WMST 303: Education, Race and Gender, Dr. Natalie Wilson •  Reconstructing Gender $90.26 •  Troubling Education $49.95 •  Teaching to Transgress $21.36 •  Total: $161.50 CALMED course •  Breaking Bad Habits of Race and Gender 24.95 •  Pearson Custom Book 24.65 •  OER videos, websites, and organizational publications (eg FMF’s report on gender equity and education) •  Library Materials including Course Reserves, journal articles, and Media Library Holdings •  Total: $49.60 Savings: $111.90 (x40 students = $4,467) 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 21
  20. 20. SOURCES Resources and Examples Sociology 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 22
  21. 21. CSU AL$ Search Engine 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 23
  22. 22. CSU AL$ Search Engine 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 24
  23. 23. OER Commons, Physics Open College Textbooks, Chemistry Open Textbooks 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 25
  24. 24. More Options 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 26
  25. 25. More Options Search Results 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 27
  26. 26. More Options 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 28
  27. 27. Custom Publishing New! Select or share course packs in the Co-Op 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 29
  28. 28. Simulations & Games Penn State – Animations for Physics and Astronomy U of Colorado, Boulder 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 30
  29. 29. CALL FOR PARTICIPATION 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 31
  30. 30. Call for Proposals •  Up to 20 professional development awards to faculty who can reduce instructional material costs to students, using •  Lower cost bookstore rentals, used and ebooks (CSU Rent Digital) •  Custom publishing •  OER •  Library materials, •  Create your own, etc. •  Funded by a $25,000 grant from the Chancellor’s office •  Program is completely voluntary •  CALM website 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 32
  31. 31. Call for Proposals Level 1 award- $1000 •  Proposal saves money for average number of students (>50 – 100/yr) •  Project saves > %50 of current textbook cost. •  Project uses a combination of OER, library, custom publishers or original materials. Level 2 award - $1500 •  Project consists of all or almost all original, Open Education Resources or library materials. and/or •  Project is scalable, creates course material for a G.E. or high enrollment course (>100/ year) 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 33
  32. 32. The Award •  $1000 -$1500 professional development funds •  Goal - fund up to 20 faculty proposals •  Participants must submit a final report detailing actual savings to students. •  Solutions must meet copyright and accessibility guidelines Selection criteria •  Quality of application •  Potential savings •  Authored materials and Creative Commons licensing encouraged Application & Details – http://www.csusm.edu/ids/calm 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 34
  33. 33. Proposal Details •  Submit proposal to CALM@csusm.edu •  Deadline to submit proposal – October 25, 2013 •  Award winners will be notified by November 1, 2013 •  Implemented by Fall 2014 •  Contents of Proposal: •  Current cost of instructional materials •  How you plan to reduce current costs •  Approximate # of students affected and estimated savings per student. •  Teams encouraged to apply 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 35
  34. 34. Results from 2013 Call •  22 proposals submitted – 28 courses - 3 teams •  20 funded •  9 courses implemented by this semester •  55K savings first semester •  Estimated total savings – 1st semester 300K 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 36
  35. 35. NEXT STEPS 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 37
  36. 36. Next Steps •  2nd Call for proposals – March 2014 •  CALM Newsletter – February •  Academic Senate Resolution – March vote (today) •  Student Outreach •  Collaborate with ASI – student events •  Student Survey – cost of texts and impacts - March •  Website – faculty showcase •  Faculty presentations •  CSU Symposium March 8th •  CSUSM Teaching & Learning Expo – Spring •  Faculty Recognition from Provost 2/21/2014 Instructional Development Services - CSUSM 38
  37. 37. •  Continue  education  and  outreach   for  faculty  members.   •  Track  money  saved  /  amount  of  use   of  campus  created  content.   •  Put  campus  created  scholarship  into   ScholarWorks.     •  Link  OER  in  library  catalog,  when   possible.     NEXT  STEPS  …  
  38. 38. •  Open  Education  Resources:  The  New  Paradigm   in  Academic  Libraries  forthcoming  from  the   Journal  of  Library  Innovation.   – Melanie  Chu,  Outreach  Librarian,  co-­‐author   •  Follow  up  in  2-­‐3  years:  survey  faculty  again  to   see  if  there  has  been  a  shift.      
  39. 39. •  Carmen  Mitchell,  Institutional   Repository  Librarian,   cmitchell@csusm.edu     •  Barbara  Taylor,  Instructional   Developer,  Academic  Technology   Services,  btaylor@csusm.edu   QUESTIONS?  

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