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„Homework April 22„DISCOVERY EDUCATION STUDENT CENTER1. Movie ‟ Pearl Harbor2.Quiz on Pearl Harbor Movie3.April 22‟ Class questionsand assignments
„Change of ClassNext Week to„FRIDAY CLASS @7:30PM
9Quick Facts (write 2-3)A. War Costs1. US Debt 1940 - $9 billionUS Debt 1945 - $98 billion„ The war cost $330 billion -- 10times the cost of WWI & as muchas all previous federalspending since 1776
10Quick Facts (write 2-3)B. Human Costs1. 50 million people died(compared to 15 million inWWI)„ 21.3 million Russians (7.7 million civilians„ 11 million died as a result of the HOLOCAU(6 million Jews + 5 million others)
MATCH THE COUNTRY LEADERS17PERSON1. Hitler2. Mussolini3. Tojo4. Chruchill5. Stalin6. RooseveltCOUNTRYa.Italyb.Great Britianc. Russiad. United Statese.Japanf.Germany
18Why? (underlying causes of WWII)1. Treaty of VersaillesA. Germany lost land tosurrounding nationsB. War Reparations1) Allies collect $ topay back war debtsto U.S.2) Germany must pay$57 trillion (modernequivalent)3) Bankrupted theGerman economy &embarrassedGermansLloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Woodrow Wilsonduring negotiations for the Treaty
19Why? (underlying causes of WWII)2. World-wideDepressionA. The Depression madeGermany’s debt evenworseB. Desperate peopleturn to desperateleaders1) Hitler seemedto providesolutions toGermany’sproblems1923 - Wallpapering with German Deutchmarks
20Why? (underlying causes of WWII)2. World-wideDepression2) Hitler providedscapegoats forGermany’sproblems(foreigners, Jews,communists, Roma(Gypsies),mentally ill,homosexuals)3) Kristallnacht -vandalism &destruction of
CIRCLE IF TRUE, X IF FALSE1.The Treaty of Versailles(TofV) wasthe agreement between countries atthe end of World War 2.2. TofV added land to Germany .3. The Great Depression was limitedto the US.4. Hitler blamed the Jews forGermany’s problems by makig themscapegoats21„TRUE„TRUE„TRUE„TRUE
22Why?3. Rise of Totalitarian RegimesA. In a Totalitarian country, individual rights arenot viewed as important as the needs of thenationTotalitarianismCommunistDictatorship(USSR)FascistDictatorship(Germany, Italy)MilitaryDictatorship(Japan)Fascism: militarygovernment withbased on racism &nationalism withstrong supportfrom the businesscommunity
Causes of WW21. Why was the Treaty of Versaillesone of the causes of WW 2?2. What were the economic conditionsworld wide before WW 2?3. What was Totalitarianism?4. How did Totalitarianism contributeto WW2?23
24Why?4. Isolationism of Major PowersA. Why was the U.S. Isolationist?1. Great Depression (problems at home)2. Perceptions of WWIa. WWI did not seem to solve muchb. People began to think that we’dgot into WWI for the wrongreasons (greedy Americanbusinessmen!)
25Why?4. Isolationism of Major Powers3. Opposition to war (Pacifism)a. Washington Conference -Limits on size of countrysnaviesb. Kellogg-Briand pact -condemned war as a way tosolving conflicts
26Why?4. Isolationism of Major PowersB. This led to policies of“Appeasement”1. Appeasement: give dictators whatthey want and hope that they won’twant anything else2. Begins with Japanese invasion ofManchuria, Italian invasion ofEthiopia, and continues with Hitler .. .
CIRCLE IF TRUE, X IF FALSE1. Appeasement: give dictators whatthey want and hope that they won’twant anything else2. Isolationism meant that US didnot want to be involved in theWar and stay isolated (bythemselves)3. The Great Depression in the USwas the reason joined World War 227„TRUE„TRUE„TRUE
28So What Was Hitler AskingFor?Return of German Speaking Lands -“Lebensraum”„Austria -PeacefullyAnnexed in 1938German Troops Parade in Streets ofCzechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939
29So What Was Hitler AskingFor?Return of German Speaking Lands -“Lebensraum”„Sudentenland -(now part ofCzech Republic)„MunichConference -Great Britain &France give toHitler in returnfor peace„Hitler theninvades the restof CzechoslovakiaGerman Troops Parade in Streets ofCzechoslovakian Town, ca. 1939
30So What Was Hitler AskingFor?Return of German Speaking Lands„NonaggressionPact Russia staysout of the war inreturn for 1/2 ofPolandHitlers triumphal entry intoDanzig, Poland 1939„Great Britain &France finallydeclare war onGermany
32How Did Hitler Make War?Blitzkrieg “Lightning War”In the next year,Hitler invades:„Denmark„Norway„ The Netherlands,„FranceHitler in Paris
33US AssistanceRoosevelt provided aid to theAllies: Lend-Lease - 1939•US “lent” war materialsto cash-strapped GreatBritainLondon Firefighter Tackles an Air RaidBlazeAtlantic Charter•US secretly meets withEngland to commit todefeating Germany
34Meanwhile … in the Pacific Dec.7, 1941Pearl Harbor: “a date which will live ininfamy”USS Arizona Sinking in Pearl HarborWhat?„Surprise attack bythe Japanese onAmerican forces inPearl Harbor,HawaiiEffect?„US declares war onJapan & other Axispowers
US enters World War 2Why did the US enter World War 2?35
What about the Pacific War?The US (mostly) fought the Japanese.December 7, 1941 Japan bombed PearlHarbor in Hawaii to sink US ships there.Two hours = most US navy destroyed and2,000 sailors killedJapan surrenders after US dropsatomic bombs on Hiroshima andNagasaki.
How did WWII end in Europe?Operation Overlord- Allied invasionof France. Also called D-Day.Within a month 1 million Allied troopswere stationed in Europe.Germany is surrounded with the USSR tothe eastGermany surrenders in 1945 afterHitler commits suicide.
How did WWII end in Europe?Allies divide Germany up betweenthem.This helps start the Cold War.Trials are held in Germany (and Japan)to try the people responsible for thewar.Many are executed and jailed for warcrimes.
What was the Holocaust?Nazi plan to kill all Jews.Why? Hitler’s provided a toGermany’s problems6 million Jews murdered in campsin Europe.5 million others (gypsies, mentallyill, homosexuals)Total of 11 million exterminated