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Towards a post carbon society ? The new citizen uses for the Living City Overview & Uses Cases in France

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Découvrez ici la conférence donnée par le Pr. Carlos Moreno à Kyoto pour Smart City Expo

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Towards a post carbon society ? The new citizen uses for the Living City Overview & Uses Cases in France

  1. 1. 1 TOWARDS A POST CARBON SOCIETY ? THE NEW CITIZEN USES FOR THE LIVING CITY OVERVIEW & USES CASES IN FRANCE
  2. 2. 2 HUMAN POPULATION: HOLOCENE ACTIVITY 1930 1960 2000 2013 1800 1987 1974 2
  3. 3. 3 ZOOM 1950 - 2050 3
  4. 4. A WORLD THAT CHANGES… 4
  5. 5. URBANIZATION: HIGH DENSITY 5
  6. 6. 6 A POST CARBON SOCIETY? Other Hydro-elec Nuclear biomass Gas Coal Oil A world based on fossil energy We always consume more of each resource
  7. 7. 7 CHANGE OUR LIVES? ENERGY & CO2 7
  8. 8. 8 CLIMATE PROTECTION! 8
  9. 9. 9 GLOBAL TEMPERATURE CHANGE Food Water Ecosystems Extreme weather events Risk of abrupt and major irreversible changes O°C 1°C 2°C 3°C 4°C 5°C Falling crop yields in many areas, particularly developing regions Possible rising yields in some high latitude regions Falling yields in many developed regions Small mountain glaciers disappear – water supplies threatened in several areas Significant decreases in water availability in many areas, including Mediterranean and Southern Africa Sea level rise threatens major cities Extenseive damage to coral reefs Rising number os species face extinction Rising intensity of storms, forest fires, droughts, flooding and heat waves Onset of irreversible melting of the Greenland ice sheet Increasing risk of dangerous feedbacks ans abrupt, large-scale shifts in the climate system Source IPCC 9
  10. 10. 10 SECURITY RISKS & CLIMATE CHANGE 10
  11. 11. 11 POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES • Economics, society and new challenges of climate change, Jacqueline Mc Glade – Director European Environment Agency 11
  12. 12. 12 WORLD & CITY PRIMARY ENERGY CONSUMPTION 12
  13. 13. 13 ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN EU & EU CITIES 13
  14. 14. 14 EVOLUTION OF URBAN POPULATION IN FRANCE YEARS / CRITERIA 1950 2012 URBAN POPULATION (MILLIONS) 24 M 48 M URBAN POPULATION (%) 55% 78% URBAN TERRITORY AREA (KM2 ) 40 000 120 000 OIL CONSUMPTION (PRIMARY ENERGY (MTOE)) 13 MTOE 88 MTOE CO2 EMISSIONS (WITH BIOMASS LULUCF) (MILLIONS OF TONNES) 150-200 MtCO2 434 MtCO2 DISTANCE TRAVELLED A DAY (LOCAL MOBILITY) less than 6 km 25,5 km TRAVELLERS MOBILITY (BILLIONS OF PASSENGER/KILOMETRES) (PKM) ~ 110 980 14 Outskirts Suburbs Cities
  15. 15. VULNERABILITY OF CITY CENTERS Example of the heat wave of 2003 in Paris 15
  16. 16. 16 POLLUTION CAN BE SEEN March 2013 March 2014 16
  17. 17. 17 TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE CITY Today’s city Sustainable city Source : Figure courtesy of F. Butera 17
  18. 18. 18 FROM A SUSTAINABLE CITY TO A POST CARBON CITY? Uses Services TechnologyCitizens Post carbon City Factor 4 Adaptation to climate change Dependency on fossil energy Sustainable City 18
  19. 19. 19 AN URBAN TRANSITION IS POSSIBLE Transition to begin now Efficient economic model in energy and natural resources Economic model based on the increasing use of energy and natural resources Plan of investments in transition projects Other proposals : • Governance • Taxation • Market regulation • Standards • Behaviour change 19
  20. 20. 20 PARIS 2013 CLIMATE PLAN 20
  21. 21. 21 PARIS 2013 CLIMATE PLAN The Halle Pajol the biggest French urban solar plant Jean Bouin stadium with solar roof 21
  22. 22. 22 MOBILITY 22
  23. 23. 23 HOT & COLD NETWORKS – GEOTHERMAL POWER Geothermal power plant in the North of Paris 23
  24. 24. 24 PARIS CLIMATE PLAN ‘’BLEU CLIMAT’’ 24
  25. 25. 25 BETA PROGRAMME ® • A transition programme in the Buildings, Employment, Transportation and Agrifood sectors designed to cut carbon emissions by a « factor 4 » by 2050 25
  26. 26. 26 INCLUSIVE APPROACH: MOBILISATION OF ALL THE TERRITORY ACTORS That programme is structured on three time scales:  0-1 year: possible actions already agreed or tested on pilot sites • 1-5 years: known actions requiring a first phase of planning  5-10 years: actions with a wider scope that involve changes of use 26
  27. 27. THE MAIN THING IS THAT THE CITY HACKES TECHNOLOGY… S. SASSEN ECOLOGICAL SOCIAL CULTURAL ECONOMIC RESILIENCE OPENED PLATFORMS FOR PLATFORMS CITIES 27
  28. 28. 28 www.moreno-web.net @CarlosMorenoFr carlos.moreno@cofelyineo-gdfsuez.com THANK YOU 28

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