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Challenges and opportunities of the Mexican Space Agency

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Mexican Space Agency: its origin, plans and achievements through a seminary presented by Carlos Duarte at the GeoSat Center of Texas A&M University on March 3, 2016

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Challenges and opportunities of the Mexican Space Agency

  1. 1. 1 Emerging Scientific, Technological, Industrial Challenges and Opportunities for the Mexican Space Agency Carlos Duarte Mexican Space Agency Houston, Texas, March 3, 2016 Texas A&M University
  2. 2. Overview • Space activities in Mexico today • The Mexican Space Agency • Where should Mexico be in 2030? • Current challenges • Opportunities • A plan to turn Mexico into a significant space actor in 2030 • Conclusions
  3. 3. Mexico in Numbers Population: 120 Million Land Area: 2.0 Million km2 Exclusive ocean economic zone: 3.3 Million km2 Coastline: 11,000 km Mexico-US border: 3,200 km GDP $1.3 Trillion USD 14th economy in the world 1/5 of Mexico´s population concentrated in Mexico City Metropolitan area
  4. 4. Experimental Space Activities in Mexico 1980s: “Morelos” Satellites System, contracted with Hughes & NASA. Development of space experiments for the NASA space shuttle container program, in collaboration with USA universities 1970s: National Comission on Outer Space. Sounding rockets
  5. 5. CNAEE rockets c. 1962
  6. 6. Mexican space experiments
  7. 7. Experimental Space Activities in Mexico 2000s: SATMEX Satellites System, contracted with Hughes, Boeing, Loral & ESA. Diverse small satellite projects: SATEDU, CONDOR, SENSAT. 1990s: “Solidaridad” Satellites System, contracted with ESA & Hughes. Development of the SATEX-1 microsatellite. Development of the UNAMSAT microsatellites.
  8. 8. SATEX-1
  9. 9. MexSat Satellite System 9
  10. 10. Sistema Satelital Mex-SatMexSat Control Centers 11m Antenna in Mexico City Radio frequency lab in Mexico City Antenna in Hermosillo, Sonora
  11. 11. Aerospace and defense sector in Mexico Key facts: • +15% average annual growth rate of exports during 2006-2014 • 302 companies and support organizations most of which have NADCAP and AS9100 certifications • The industry employs more than 45,000 high level professionals • Companies are mainly located in 5 states Number of aerospace companies Source MexicoNow
  12. 12. Mexican Aerospace Sector
  13. 13. AEM milestones 2nd Stage ¤ Approval of the Law that creates the Mexican Space Agency July 30, 2010 ¤ Board of Government first meeting ¤ Beginning of operations November 1, 2011 September 7, 2010 November 16, 2010 April 11, 2011 ¤ National consultation forums July 13, 2011 ¤ Publication of the National Space Policy ¤ Ratification of Director Genaral November 1, 2015
  14. 14. Vision and Mission Vision Mission Have a sovereign and sustainable space infrastructure for earth observation, navigation and satellite broadband communications, to help improve the quality of life of the population and economic growth in Mexico. Use science and space technology to meet the needs of the Mexican population and the creation of high added value jobs, driving innovation and development of the space sector, contributing to the competitiveness and positioning Mexico in the international community in the peaceful, effective and responsible use of space.
  15. 15. AEM priorities Help to solve national problems and needs Job creation Using the capabilities that space offer
  16. 16. 16 Vision 2030 Mexico makes significant contributions to space S&T Planning And Funding Industrial development and competitiveness International Affairs and Security Science and technology development Human capital development in the space field
  17. 17. Organization Director General Human Capital Science and Technology Industrial and Commercial International and Security Finance and Information Technology Board
  18. 18. Mexican Space Program Bringing the Space down to Earth 06/03/2016 18
  19. 19. Mexico´s space vision (2030) • Turn Mexico into a significant international space player – Significant space infrastructure built mostly with indigenous capabilities – Space awareness of population – Adequate human capital – Significant space industry, focused on niches – Contribution to space exploration and research
  20. 20. Challenges • Increase public funding • Increase participation of Mexican industry in R&D operations • Foster interaction between academic researchers and industry • Tackle global challenges (climate, security, connectivity…)
  21. 21. Mexican Space Research • ASTRONOMY, ASTROPHYSICS, GEOPHYSICS • SPACE COMMUNICATIONS • EARTH OBSERVATION • OCEAN SCIENCES • EARTH SCIENCES • ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES • NATURAL DISASTER MANAGEMENT •Astrobiology REDCyTE
  22. 22. Mexico´s contribution: 0.4%
  23. 23. Brazil´s contribution: 2.10% Mexico´s contribution: 0.70%
  24. 24. Scores of categories that contributed for Mexico Competitiveness 2014-2015
  25. 25. Opportunities • Growing need for space applications • Growing aerospace industry • Small satellites: shifting paradigm • Scientific base • Growing interest in private space transportation • Free trade agreements • Population bonus • Geopolitical location
  26. 26. Mexican Space Program: 26 1 SPACE INFRASTRUCTURE 2 SPACE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT 3 CAPACITY BUILDING 4 INTERNATIONAL POSITIONING
  27. 27. 27 Linking vision and strategy Goals Strategy Mexico has adequate space infrastructure • Develop joint programs between government and industry to generate space infrastructure Mexico has a globally competitive space industry • Develop private space science and technology industry sector through PPPs Mexico has a robust space science and technology base • Human capital development through alliances with universities, industry, state governments and international partners Mexican people have awareness and appreciation for science • Advocate the importance of space science and technology and its benefits among the population Mexico as a space global player which contributes to space exploration and research • Establish partnerships with space advanced countries • Participation in international projects
  28. 28. Mexican Space development: Timeline
  29. 29. Current Projects • Develop a small satellite constellation for disaster management purposes • Develop qualified human capital for future satellite projects • Develop Space Industry through PPPs • Regional Space Development Centers supported by Mexican States • CONACYT-AEM Trust Fund dedicated to funding space projects • international cooperation 06/03/2016 29
  30. 30. Satellite constellation for disaster managenent
  31. 31. Medium Res Imagery Disasters Agriculture Biodiversity Natural Resources Climate Change 06/03/2016 31 Hi-Res ImageryDisasters Surveillance Cartography Natural Resources Statistical Information
  32. 32. Human Capital Development • Train the trainers • Extensive use of ICTs • K-12 through graduate • International Cooperation
  33. 33. AEM educational tools • Electronic magazine • Outreach webchannel • Educational portal • Educational contests • World Space Week
  34. 34. CONACYT-AEM Trust Fund CONACYT, the equivalent to NSF in Mexico provides matching funds to AEM contribution Designed to fund space science and technology projects Funds are asigned by a competition process to Mexican entities (universities, companies, NGOs) qualified by CONACYT
  35. 35. Regional Centers for Space Development (Credes) Zacatecas Estado de México Chiapas Quintana Roo Yucatán
  36. 36. Chetumal Antenna Main antenna of AEM´s constellation system Donated by DLR Sponsored by AEM and ECOSUR Right now under repairs
  37. 37. Space communications Center in Zacatecas Sponsored by AEM and the Autonomous University of Zacatecas Focused initally in Space communications
  38. 38. Launch Center for Small Payloads • A joint project with the State of Chiapas • In collaboration with the Universidad Politécnica de Chiapas • Will launch small payloads • To be deployed in 2017
  39. 39. Center for development and testing of small satellites • A joint project with the Estado de Mexico State Government • Will have capabilities to develop small sats up to 50 Kg • Under development
  40. 40. Spatial data repository • A joint project with Yucatán State Government • Agreement is under discussion • Will start operations in 2017 • UP Yucatan curricula development
  41. 41. International AGREEMENTS NASA UKSA ISA DLRCNES Ukraine isro International Cooperation
  42. 42. UN Activities • COPUOS – Long Term Sustainability of Space • Co-Chair Expert Group A – Legal and Technical Subcommittee – UN-Mexico BSTI Workshop • UN-Spider
  43. 43. IAA Bogota Meeting ALAS (Latin-America Alliance of Space Agencies)
  44. 44. Bogotá declaration • Academic cooperation • Access to satellite data • Information exchange on national programs • Regional space infrastructure (niches) • Capacity building
  45. 45. Other international activities • International Astronautical Federation Heads of Agency Summit: Mexico Declaration for climate change • Vicepresidency of the International Academy of Astronautics
  46. 46. Possible modes of collaboration with TAMU Academic exchange Joint projects with Mexican entities/NASA JSC/AEM/other Space agencies, such as • Earth observation • Climate change • Natural resource management • etc Student internships at TAMU
  47. 47. Conclusions • Human capital development the key for success • Strong program for capacity building • Early warning and disaster management a key priority. • Space infrastructure: a change of vision • Gradual involvement of Mexico in international space exploration projects
  48. 48. See you in Guadalajara!
  49. 49. Thank you! duarte.carlos@aem.gob.mx

Mexican Space Agency: its origin, plans and achievements through a seminary presented by Carlos Duarte at the GeoSat Center of Texas A&M University on March 3, 2016

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