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Ubiquitous Learning vs. the Value of Boundaries


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These are the slides from my keynote presentation at the ECTEL 2011 conference in Palermo.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Ubiquitous Learning vs. the Value of Boundaries

  1. 1. Ubiquitous Learning Vs. the Value of Boundaries <br />Carlo Perrotta<br />
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  4. 4. The “conundrum” of educational technology in compulsory education <br />
  5. 5. The technology-enhanced classroom in 2011<br />
  6. 6. Trying to innovate schools?<br />Source:<br />
  7. 7. I digress...<br />
  8. 8. A “broker”<br />
  9. 9. 21st century schooling <br />Workforce skills required by employers <br />Project-based and enquiry based curricula <br />Real-life, authentic challenges <br />
  10. 10. 21st century schooling <br />Innovation as...<br />Workforce skills required by employers <br />Blurring <br />Project-based and enquiry based curricula <br />Real-life, authentic challenges <br />
  11. 11. It didn’t work out <br />Surely a lot of tech<br />Many teachers doing interesting and “innovative” things...<br />But the fundamental features are still the same<br />Technology hasn’t transformed learning <br />
  12. 12. Democratic change in an institutional, multi-faceted and highly contested domain... is SLOW!<br />1974<br />1944<br />1912<br />1992<br />2010<br />
  13. 13. The closure of Becta...signalled a deeper crisis in the British ed-tech community <br />
  14. 14. A sense of insecurity and confusion...<br />A “crisis of representation” <br />(e.g. Harvey, 1990) <br />A risk of fragmentation and defensiveness <br />
  15. 15. How did this happen?<br />Innovation and “Ubiquity” are part of the problem, as well as part of the solution<br />What are innovation processes? Many have written about it outside of education...<br />However, the more critical voices offer the best insights<br />Winner, 1986; Lefebrve, 1991, Harvey, 1990<br />
  16. 16. Innovation...<br />Removing barriers and limits, endlessly <br />A politically and economically charged process<br />
  17. 17. Ubiquitous computing <br />Weiser, 1991<br />
  18. 18. Ubiquitous learning <br />
  19. 19. ubiquity as an “ideal” innovation scenario <br />A scenario in which all boundaries and barriers are virtually absent<br />Innovation: a socio-economic dynamic<br />Technology <br />Ubiquity <br />Cyclic <br />Blurring <br />
  20. 20. What is the educational purpose of innovation and ubiquity?<br />A distinction: <br />learning through technology (transformation)<br />Learning with and about technology (how and why technologies are used differently, in different contexts and domains– slow, incremental, negotiated and contested)<br />
  21. 21. Educational Innovation as a “conceptual dustbin”<br />21st century skills <br />Motivate disaffected students <br />Teach Latin<br />Student voice<br />Web 2.0 at school<br />PowerPoint<br />More discipline <br />Neuroscience<br />The cloud <br />innovation<br />“ encourage a greater degree of innovation” (UK DFE 2010, p10)<br />
  22. 22. The value of boundaries <br />The pitfalls of “ubiquity”:<br />Dilution of the educational purpose<br />Blurring within a business-driven rhetoric<br />Failure to acknowledge the boundaries doesn’t remove them, only makes them invisible (Young, 2009)<br />
  23. 23. So where do we start?<br />Acknowledging the cultural boundaries between areas of knowledge (Young and Muller, 2010)<br />The bounded nature of human cognition: the cognitive architecture (Mayer, 2003)<br />Bounded and specific uses of ITCs (Cox & Marshall, 2007; Perrotta, under review)<br />self-regulation needs boundaries (Boekaerts & Niemivierta, 2000)<br />
  24. 24. Wrapping up...<br />Do we need more critically minded research and practice in TEL?<br /> Proudly wearing the values of education on our sleeves, and ready to question the grand visions and the techno-utopian rhetoric (see Biesta, 2010)<br />Adebate about the distinctions, the boundaries and the demarcations between types and ranges of technology use, how these fit with the types and ranges of education we would like to see<br />
  25. 25. Thanks!<br /><br /><br />@carloper<br />
  26. 26. Some references <br />Biesta, G.J.J. (2010). Why ‘what works’ still won’t work. From evidence-based education to value-based education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 29(5), 491-503. <br />Convery, A. (2009) ‘The pedagogy of the impressed: how teachers become victims of technological vision’ Teachers and Teaching, 15, 1, 25-41<br />Harvey, D.: The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change. Blackwell, Malden (1990)<br />Lefebrve, H. (1991). The Production of Space, Wiley Blackwell, Oxford<br />Winner, L. (1986) The whale and the reactor. Chicago, the University of Chicago Press<br />