Technology Trends Unit 1 Db


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Technology Trends Unit 1 Db

  1. 1. Technology Trends<br />Carla J. McCoy<br />Unit 1 Discussion Board – CRJ216<br />April 27th, 2009<br />American InterContinental University<br />Less-than-Lethal Ammunition<br />Manipulating a person’s Environment through hypnosis, drugs, and isolation is a Psychological Understanding of Human Beings. There are three types of non lethal weapons which are Chemical, Electrical, and Acoustic. Chemical non lethal weapons consist of tear gas, pepper spray or odiferous agents. Electrical non lethal weapons consist of tasers, and microwave technology. Acoustic non lethal weapons consist of acoustic cannons, or vortex guns. (, 2009) Continuum of Force in conjunction with a type of weaponry that is used is guidance for law enforcement. Most of us know that the baton or gun that police officers use may either be weapons that are too strong or too weak to use in some situations. If a person doesn’t respond to voice commands used by police officers then the situation moves on to the next step which may be Pepper spray (Pearson, 2003) If you take a person that has a firearm though then it becomes an entire different situation where police officers may have to use lethal force. Now in speaking about the weapons that officers traditionally use which are a baton and a gun, a good example would be to review the Tennessee v. Garner under the Fourth Amendment where the judge rules that the use of deadly force to apprehend an unarmed person, or a nonviolent fleeing felon was unreasonable seizure. (Pearson, 2003) The (NIJ) National Institute of Justice came to establish a less than lethal technology program and through this program they sought new and significantly improved less than lethal options for law enforcement as well as corrections professionals in order to reduce the number of deaths and injuries to suspects. (Hart, 2002) <br />Although there have been various serious injuries and deaths associated with less than lethal weaponry, when a person speaks of less lethal weapons it implies the weapon is not quite deadly. Anytime less than lethal weapons are used improperly such as beanbag rounds this can end up causing either serious injury or death such as the California case where there was a Lady whom was threatening law enforcement by using a knife when shots were fired into her torso and arm with beanbag rounds right before she fell to the ground and died. Laceration of her heart which was due to severe focal blunt force trauma was cited as the cause of death. (Shin, 2002) One huge danger of less than lethal weapons is when they get confused with lethal ones such as the case where an impact round shotgun containing a one ounce slug was discovered after being fired and severing the target’s leg above the right knee. (James, 2002) To help this confusion from taking place there are police departments that will use those bright orange socks and place them on their non lethal shotguns in order to distinguish them from others. (Moss, 2009) <br />Why Non-Lethal Ammunition Doesn’t Exist<br />Non-Lethal Weapons are actually defined as weapons that are fundamentally not designed to cause serious bodily injury or kill. Keep in mind that the munitions deployed from non lethal weapons may very well cause bodily injury or death which is why non lethal ammunition doesn’t exist. Non-Lethal Weapons are engineered in order to save lives which include the life of the officer using it, surrounding citizens who are actually a third party to a situation, and subjects involved as well. (Young, 2004)<br />References<br />, (2009) Non-Lethal Weapon The Everything Development Company retrieved<br /> On April 29th, 2009 from:<br />Hart, S. V., (2002) Less-Than-Lethal Weapons.  Retrieved April 4, 2003, from<br /><br />James, S., (2002) Less Lethal.  Law and Order, 8, 87-93.<br />Moss, (2009) Less Than Lethal Weapons International Encyclopedia of Justice Studies retrieved<br /> On April 29th, 2009 from:<br />Pearson, C., (2003) Less-Lethal Weapons.  Retrieved April 5, 2003, from<br /> weapons.html<br />Shin, C., (2002). Less-lethal weapons could be more lethal Forty Niner, 8.<br />Young, D., (2004) Definition and explanation of less-lethal CERT Article retrieved on April<br /> 29th, 2009 from:<br />