Before the coming of the spaniards, the filipino
possessed a Culture of their own. They had contacts with
other Foreign peole from Arabia, India, China, Inod-China
and Borneo. They may had not an organized system of
education as we have now. However, they possessed
such education as expressed in their way of life and as
shown in the rule of the Barangay, Code of the Laws,
beliefs in the Bathala, Solidarity of Family, Modesty of the
Women, Children’s Obedienceand respect for Elders and
in the valor of men.
This informal education was learned through his
interaction with others in the group. Ideas and Facts were
acquired through suggestion, observation, example and
imitation. There was no direct teaching and formal
method of instruction. The learning of the basic habits,
patterns of culture, ideas of new knowledge was
unplanned and unsystematic.
This curriculum consisted of the three
R’s – reading, writing and religion with
undue emphasis on religion as a true for
perpetuating the colonial order. The
curriculum goals were the acceptance
of Catholicism and Spanish Rule.
This curriculum was based on the ideas and traditions of
America and her Heirarchy of Values. The primary
curriculum prescribed in 1904 consisted of three grades
which provides training in two aspects.
a. Body Training – singing, drawing, handwork, and
b. Mental Training – English, nature study, and arithmetic
in grade III, Geography and Civic were added.
The intermediate curriculum consisted of Arithmetic,
Geography, Science and English. In the Collegiate Level,
Normal Schools were opened with a teacher’s training
curriculum appropriate for elementary mentors.
A Significant aspect of the American – Devised
Curriculum was the prohibition of compulsary religious
instruction in public schools.
The peroid of the common wealth (1935 – 1946) may be
considered as the period off expansion and reform in the
Philippine curriculum. American – Trained Filipino teachers
expanded the curriculum by introducing courses in Farming,
trade, business, domestic science, etc.
The curriculum for the training of elementary school
teachers was expanded by elevating it from the secondary
normal schools to collegiate level. The collegiate normal
schools which started in 1939 were for two years training
beyond the high school.
Commonwealth act 586, reorganized the elementary
school system by eliminating Grade VII and providing for the
double – single session in which elementary pupils attended
classes for one – half day only.
The second world war led to the japanese
imperial forces occupation ( 1941 – 1945). Just
like Spaniards and Americans, the Japanese also
devised a curriculum to suit their vested interest.
They introduce many changes in the curriculum
by including Nippongo and abolishing english as
a medium of instruction and as a subject.
The Japanese – Devised Curriculum caused a
blackout in Philippines education and impeded
the educational progress of Filipinos.