Siddhasystemofmedicine 110322064502-phpapp01

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Siddhasystemofmedicine 110322064502-phpapp01

  1. 1. Siddha System of medicine "Food is being medicine and medicine is being food" Mr. Gadade Dipak, Lecturer Dept. of Pharmaceutics, Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, Aurangabad 10/22/2013
  2. 2. 10/22/2013
  3. 3. Introduction God Shiva who unfolded the knowledge of Siddha system of medicine to his concert Parvati who handed it down to Nandi Deva & he the Siddhars. Siddhars adopted principles of Shaiva Siddhantham. Siddhars in olden days followed and adopted the principles for preparing herbal, minerals and metals 10/22/2013 all medicines like
  4. 4. Introduction Developed in preayurvedic period with civilization of Mohenzo-daro and Harappa in Indus river valley, 6000-7000 years ago. It was transplated in Southern India by Dravidian people about 2500 years ago. Siddhars classified diseases in different categories and accounted for total 4448 diseases in human body. 10/22/2013
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION They mentioned incurable about the curable and diseases along with the symptoms of the body and predicted the concerned, proper medicines also. Thousands of herbs & minerals were included in siddha sys. which are effective in managing chronic, degenerative diseases, viral diseases and heart diseases 10/22/2013
  6. 6. Introduction Very simple herbal processes are advised by the Siddhars for diseases like migraine, Sinusitis, Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, Gynaecological disturbances, leucoderma and psoriasis, Asthmatic attacks, piles and pistula, Rheumatisms, Dental problems etc. It has proven its promise Hemoglobin as well as to improve the immunization of AIDS patients without any side effects 10/22/2013
  7. 7. Introduction Agathiyar was considered the prominent leader with his later Lord Subramaniyar Agastya & Aryan Sages were also contributed to dvpt. „Agattiyar Charakku‟ imp. Tamil work ascribed to them Turumullar was founder various siddha schools in India Bogar, a taoist chinese worked extensively on medicine and alchemy Pullpari was another chinese settelled in 10/22/2013 Tamilnadu
  8. 8. Theory & Basic Principles This principles and doctrines of this system, both fundamental and applied, have a close similarity to Ayurveda, with specialization in Iatrochemistry. According to this system the human body is the replica of the universe and so are the food and drugs irrespective of their origin. 10/22/2013
  9. 9. Theory & Basic Principles The five major concept of Panchmahabhutas, are named as Nilam, Neer, Neruppu, Kattru and Veli, which are respectively in hands known as Prithivi (Earth), Appu (water,), Theyu (fire), Vayu(air ), and Akash (sky) Imbalanced ratio of panchamahabhutas may cause disease 10/22/2013
  10. 10. Theory & Basic Principles As in Ayurveda, this system also considers the human body as a conglomeration of three humors, basic tissues and the waste products of the body such as feces, urine and sweat. The food is considered to be basic building material of human body which gets processed into humors, body tissues and waste products. Equilibrium –> health whilw disturbance or imbalance -> disease or sickness. 10/22/2013
  11. 11. Theory & Basic Principles Based on principles of Triguna Vata, pitta and Kapha Believed as its origin itsellf in foetal dvpt. stages in mothers womb These imbalanced due to nutritional, physical and environmental conditions 10/22/2013
  12. 12. Theory & Basic Principles Predominance of triguna according to time in a day is as below6.00 am to 10.00 am-Vata 10.00 am to 2.00 pm- Pitta 2.00 pm to 6.oo pm- Kapha Same order of time followed by body in night 10/22/2013
  13. 13. Theory & Basic Principles… Vata Guna: Chr‟s- stout, black, cold & inactive personality Increased vata develops flatulence, acidity, dysentry, obesity,etc Individuals show arogent behaviour, partial paralysis, heart attack, neck & chest pain, etc. 10/22/2013
  14. 14. Theory & Basic Principles… Pitta Guna: Chr‟s: lean, wheatish complexion, hot personality Increased pitta results in early greying of hairs, reddish eyes & more sexual desire Individuals suffer from anemia, burning chest, mental derangement, etc. 10/22/2013
  15. 15. Theory & Basic Principles… Kapha Guna: Chr‟s: well build, good complexion, good behaved personality More afiinity towards sweet food & sex Incresed Kapha develops diseases like jaundice, heart attack, fever, anemia,etc. 10/22/2013
  16. 16. Diagnosis The diagnosis of diseases involve identifying it causes. Physician generally identifies of causative factors thr‟ exam. of Nadi (pulse), Dhwani (speech/voice), Twaka (tongue), Deiham (Body), Malam (Feaces and the status of digestive system), Mutram (urine), Vizhi (Eyes color) 10/22/2013
  17. 17. Diagnosis The system has worked out details procedure of urine examination which includes study of it‟s color, smell, density, quantity and oil drop spreading pattern. For any diseases due to infection or otherwise, the treatment is individualistic on examination of that particular patient 10/22/2013
  18. 18. Diagnosis Pulse reading is imp. & helpful in diagnosis. Pulse changes with balance of triguna. Full nadi indicates asthama & ½ or ¼ nadi denotes pain, arthritis & swelling, etc. Abnormal intense pulse shows T.B. 10/22/2013
  19. 19. Diagnosis If pulse propagates to left side it denotes loss of self control while propagation to right side shows sign of death. Voice with high sound shows piita & low sound denotes low B.P. Tounge with boils shows imbalance of vata, sense of bitterness denotes pitta & white slimy tongue shows low B.P. 10/22/2013
  20. 20. Diagnosis Body with vibration shows vatta. Hot & cold body is indicative of pitta & kapha respectively. Study of color of fecal matter, urine & eyes gives idea of imbalance of triguna. Darker color indicates vata, Greenish/ reddish color indicates pitta & Whitish color shows kapha. 10/22/2013
  21. 21. Treatment Treatment based on all diagnostic chr‟s of patient Treatment also takes into account environment, age, sex, race, habits, men tal status, habitat, diet, appetite, physical condition, physiological constitution, etc. Vaidya (Physician) has knowledge of herbs & their effectiveness in specific diseases 10/22/2013
  22. 22. Treatment Siddha formulary extensively incorporates drugs of vegetable, animal and mineral origin. It described the drugs made from the metals and nonmetals. Use of the mercury, gold, silver, sulphur, zinc, copper sulphate, alum, borax, mica, asbestos and arsenic is widespread. 10/22/2013
  23. 23. Treatment It also mentions the drugs from animal secretions like Civet and musk, shells and bones of aquatic animals, deer homs and animal flesh 10/22/2013
  24. 24. Treatment Siddha system also prescribes medicines for menarche and post menopausal states to strenthen reproductive system and to deals with harmonal imbalances respectively. Siddha System believes in the principle of “Food itself is medicine” and during this nursing period, lactating mothers are advised to take the food rich in iron, protein and fibre so as to prevent any nutritional disorders both to the child as well as the mothers. 10/22/2013
  25. 25. Diet during Treatment „Patthya‟ - some restrictions on the diet during treatment. Avoiding certain food types which otherwise aggravate the balance of triguna and disturb the curative abilities of medicine. No restrictions for wheat, milk, ghee, pulse, tender vegetables, goat meat, sugar turmeric, black pepper etc. and the patients may take the food prepared 10/22/2013
  26. 26. Siddha Formulations Kashayam(extracts), Churman (powder) Lehiams (confections), Tailams (medicated oils) Gulligai (pills), 10/22/2013 Chenduram (metal complexes), Bhasmam (calx prepared by calcinations), Ghritam (medicated ghee) Mezhugu(waxes),or (distilled essence) tinir
  27. 27. Types of formulations in Siddha System Sr. Groups Example 1 Kashayam Kashyam fir infants,Jaundice,piles. 2 Churnam Panchammruta,Kadukai,Ashwagandha. 3 Lehyam Amla lehya, Ginger lehya, Coconut lehya. 4 Tailam Bhringamla,Amlahat,Nutmeg,Neem etc. 5 Bhasmam Tortoise shell,Egg shell.Snake.Shrunga Bhasma. 6 Chenduram Rasa chendrum,Chendurams of Copper,magnet 7 Mezhugu Kasturi wax, Saffron wax,Turmeric wax. 8 Ghrtam Adhatoda Ghrta Brahmi Ghrta, Tender fruit ghrta. Tablets Kasturi tablet,Saffron tablet,Palasanjivi tablet. 9 10/22/2013
  28. 28. Important siddha drugs and their uses Sr. Name Medicinal use 1 Aegle marmelos For constipation, Antipyretic 2 Allium sativam Digestgive, Anthelmintic. 3 Andrographis paniculata Stomachic, Antimalerial 4 Centella asiatica Nervine tonic, Diaphoretic 5 Curcuma longa Appertizer, Carminative,anaemia 6 Cyperus rotumndus Diuretic, CNS stimulant 7 Datura metal Immunostimulant, Antiasthamatic 8 Phyllanthus niruri Hepatoprotective, Anaemia 9 Sarcoca indica Uterine tonic, Antidiarrhoel 10 Sida cordifolea 11 Terminalia For menstrual bleeding 12 Vitex nigundo 13 Withanea somnifera Diuretic, antiarthiritic Blood purifier, cardiotonic Aphrodisiac, appetizer
  29. 29. References • http://www.sysindia.com/medical/aboutsiddh a.html • http://indianmedicine.nic.in/siddha.asp 10/22/2013

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