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KY Milk Matter March/April 2021



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KY Milk Matter March/April 2021

  1. 1. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 1 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Milk Matters M a r c h - A p r i l w w w. k y d a i r y. o r g K E N T U C K Y Supported by Cool Season Forages for Dairy Cows page 6 KDDC Dairy Production and Milk Quality Awards page 14 Don't Let the Heat Stress Theif Rob You page 20 T he Kentucky Dairy Partner’s Meeting was held February 24 at the Sloan Convention Center in Bowling Green. This was the 14th year that the KDDC, Kentucky Department of Agriculture, Dairy Alliance and the University of Kentucky collaborated on an annual meeting for the Kentucky dairy industry. Its purpose has always been to bring the many facets of the dairy industry together under one roof. To have dairy producers, KDA staff, Dairy Alliance personnel and UK faculty and students all conversing together is a positive experience for the betterment of dairying in Kentucky. It also provides an opportunity for all our support industries to interact and showcase their products in a trade show in conjunction with our convention. The 2021 edition of dairy partners was quite different from past years because of the pandemic. There was a lot of discussion about whether to even hold an in-person meeting, but thankfully, we did. We shortened the meeting from two days to one and did away with our evening awards banquet. Originally, we planned to eliminate the trade show, but our dairy suppliers stepped up to participate. A virtual option was available for those who could not attend. Even with our adjustments, I am happy to say we had a great meeting. There were over one hundred attendees with fifty- three joining us virtually. There were forty-one dairy farms represented and fifteen exhibitors. Our speakers included: Rebecca Egseiker from Dairy Alliance talking about fluid milk trends; Dr. Alex White from Virginia Tech spoke on improving profit and financial benchmarks; Jim Akers, CEO of Blue Grass Stockyards spoke on increasing profit potential by using beef-on-dairy. Dalla Emerson, dietician on moo-ving dairy products in Bowling Green Public Schools; and David Erf from Zoetis on the basics of genomics. The highlight of the day was the video presentation of production awards, quality awards and the dairy promoter award. The award winners are listed in this newsletter (pages 14-17). Warren Beeler was presented with the American Dairy Association of Kentucky Dairy Promoter award. Warren richly deserved this award as he has spent scores of hours and given many speeches about Kentucky dairy farmers. THANK YOU, WARREN! KDDC is thankful for all the participation of everyone in making our 2021 Dairy Partner Meeting a success. We are eagerly awaiting 2022, when we pray life is normal and we can have a great two-day meeting. Photo by Dairy Agenda Today Photo by Dairy Agenda Today Dairy Partner's Summary 2021 H H Barlow
  2. 2. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 2 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund 2020 KDDC Board of Directors & Staff Executive Committee President: Freeman Brundige Vice President: Charles Townsend, DVM Sec./Treasurer: Tom Hastings EC Member: Greg Goode EC Past President: Richard Sparrow Board of Directors District 1: Freeman Brundige 731.446.6248 District 2: Josh Duvall 270.535.6533 District 3: Keith Long 270.670.1388 District 4: Bill Crist Jr. 270.590.3185 District 5: Tony Compton 270.378.0525 District 6: Mark Williams 270.427.0796 District 7: Greg Goode 606.303.2150 District 8: Steve Weaver 270.475.3154 District 9: Jerry Gentry 606.875.2526 District 10: Terry Rowlette 502.376.2292 District 11: Stewart Jones 270.402.4805 District 12: John Kuegel 270.316.0351 Equipment: Tony Cowherd 270.469.0398 Milk Haulers: Mike Owen 270.392.1902 Genetics: Dan Johnson 502.905.8221 Feed: Tom Hastings 270.748.9652 Nutrition: Elizabeth Lunsford Alltech 859.553.0072 Dairy Co-op: Stephen Broyles 859.421.9801 Veterinary: Dr. Charles Townsend 270.726.4041 Finance: Todd Lockett 270.590.9375 Heifer Raiser: Bill Mattingly 270.699.1701 Former Pres.: Richard Sparrow 502.370.6730 Employee & Consultants Executive Director: H.H. Barlow 859.516.1129 DC-Central: Beth Cox PO Box 144, Mannsville, KY 42758 859.516.1619 • 270-469-4278 DC-Western: Dave Roberts 1334 Carrville Road, Hampton, KY 42047 859.516.1409 DC-Southern: Meredith Scales 2617 Harristown Road, Russell Springs, KY 42642 859.516.1966 DC-Northern: Jennifer Hickerson PO Box 293, Flemingsburg, KY 41041 859.516.2458 KDDC 176 Pasadena Drive • Lexington, KY 40503 KY Milk Matters produced by Carey Brown President’s Corner Freeman Brundige I f a group of economists got together and tried to devise the most complicated pricing system they could come up with, it would still be simpler than our current milk pricing “debacle” starting with numbers pulled from a thinly traded, non-transparent trading system, then added, subtracted, multiplied, and divided into another set of numbers. These are then sorted by usage(class), utilization, and region. Next, are you in a Co-op or independent, over order premiums, quality premiums, volume premiums, hauling rates and any other charges that people can think of. Federal milk marketing orders were set up to help all of this to operate in an orderly fashion, but they have “wonderful” ideas like diversion limits, touch base requirements, transportation credits, make allowances, price differentials, class formulas and de-pooling! Then we can’t forget the price we get for pounds of butterfat, protein, SNF, and skim milk, which is magically derived from those earlier mentioned lightly reported markets. This year’s volatility has forced dairy producers and the organization they belong to look at some of the problems with this system. Do we throw it out and start with something else, where would we start?? It has been “tweaked” before, the problem is that you make one part better and a year later it comes back to bite you in a different way. The fact that change can be made through legislation, enacted in “new Farm Bill “, federal order hearings, or the market administrator alone also complicates changes further. And, if you have the right kind of failure the order could be thrown out completely. These things are dealt with both at regional orders or the entire federal order. We at KDDC are trying to focus our efforts on helping changes be made that will help Kentucky dairy farm families. Your input and ideas are always welcomed.
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  4. 4. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 4 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Executive Director Comments H H Barlow E xtremely challenging times for Kentucky Dairy industry! 2021 has begun with excitement that 2020 is behind us, but we’ve all learned that what comes next could change in a heartbeat. We started January with a good milk price and then in February, we lost $3/cwt. The forecasts for 2021 are basically similar prices to 2020. However, we all know conditions can change that forecast overnight. I’m cautiously optimistic that prices could be better than originally forecast. The pandemic is coming to a close with vaccinations for everyone and our economy is finally opening up. My wife and I went out to eat twice over this past weekend and had to wait for a table both times. I’m confident most people are over these excessive restrictions. Food service demand for cheese and butter is rebounding strongly and the worldwide economy is also recovering. These factors will all lead to improved prices. KDDC board and staff are presently very involved in milk pricing issues. The conditions in 2020 created massive price swings and the de-pooling and Federal Order rules created very inequitable prices. These rules allowed prices to be as much as $8-10 difference between neighbors depending on their processors. The pricing system also negated much of the risk management insurance that farmers purchased. There are several groups working on Federal Order reform. KDDC personnel have been active, on a weekly basis, with the Southeast Task Force, American Dairy Coalition and American Farm Bureau. Our principal objective is to improve Class I pricing. The challenge is to get all the groups to agree on one specific proposal to present a united front at a Federal Order hearing in late spring. The last few months, KDDC has been discussing and presenting our new program named MILK 4.0 which has four areas of emphasis…genomics, reproduction, milk quality and dairy financials. By the time you read this newsletter, we will have had our official rollout with our 3-day roadshow. We are expecting 40 attendees at each location. Our speakers include Dr. Jeffrey Bewley, Dr. Paul Fricke, and two outstanding producers, Brian Houin from Ohio and John Beam from North Carolina who have used these technologies successfully on their farms. We also have industry representatives, David Erf from Zoetis and Adam Geiger from Zinpro presenting. The emphasis we are placing on these areas for our dairy producers should improve profit potential for every operation. Our staff realizes this will require education and effort to help our producers adopt these new programs. The key to all of the programs is financial rewards for our producers who participate. Other areas of work for KDDC in 2021 include working with the University of Tennessee on a grant for value-added dairy. This grant lasts for three years and there will be more information coming. We have also been approved for a grant working with KCARD involving value-added dairy and dairy- beef projects. Both of these projects will provide some great opportunities for our dairymen who want to expand into value- added endeavors. We plan to put major emphasis on working with our young dairy producers. Our goal is to build a network of young dairymen which fosters camaraderie, family fellowship and the sharing of innovative ideas. Many of our dairy leaders across the state are not so young, so it is imperative for our industry to develop new leadership to carry us into the future. It’s very easy to become depressed and anxious about our different dairy situations we faced in 2020 and the uncertainty of 2021. I’m an optimist at heart but I believe in being realistic every day. It is true we are faced with high feed prices and all input prices such as fuel and fertilizer are higher. The large government payments of 2020 will probably not materialize in 2021. Most prognosticators point to a very difficult year. I’m sure 2021 will be challenging; however, in my lifetime of being intimately involved in dairy farming, it has never been as bad as predicted and usually, not as great as predicted. I encourage everyone to avoid getting bogged down in the things you can’t control, like milk prices, and concentrate on the things you can control, like cow comfort. In tough times, opportunities do exist…that is true for each of us. I am confident we will see some of these positive opportunities appear, e.g., the growth of the bourbon industry is creating large volumes of distiller’s grains which can be fed economically. Evaluate your individual situations, look for opportunities and take action to make things better. Springtime is beautiful in Kentucky. The lush, bright green field of rye grass out my back door is inviting to the eyes and exciting to think of the wholesome feed it will be to our cows. New life starts with planting and it is an optimistic time. Remember who created the beauty we work with every day and look to Him as your source to give you strength and success as we navigate 2021. HAPPY EASTER and drink plenty of milk to counteract all that chocolate!!
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  6. 6. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 6 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Cool Season Forages for Dairy Cows Jimmy Henning, University of Kentucky Extension Forage Specialist S pring is beginning to pop which means it will soon be time to harvest cool season annual forages for silage. Several cool season annuals will work for milking herds, but annual ryegrass, wheat and rye are the most common. Rye is a high risk, high reward option for making silage for the milking herd. Rye can produce high quality silage but only if it is harvested before the head emerges. The stage where the head is still wrapped in the upper leaf at the top of the elongated stem is called ‘boot’ stage. Rye heads out 7 to 14 days earlier than wheat or oats (Table 1). When headed, rye has higher fiber content compared to wheat, oat, barley, and triticale. Rye also declines rapidly in palatability with maturity. For the milking herd, rye is the least forgiving of all cool season forages if not cut before head emergence. In an Arkansas study, wheat and rye had similar digestibility values on March 24 (79% wheat, 80% rye) (Figure 1). However, three weeks later (April 15), rye digestibility had fallen to 54%, 14 percentage units lower than wheat on the same date (68%). In the span of three weeks, rye lost a third of its digestibility (80% to 54%) making it unsuitable for the milking herd. To make lactation quality feed, rye must be harvested before the head emerges. Wheat is later maturing than rye, very winter hardy and a good choice for planting following corn or soybean harvest. As silage, wheat is of excellent quality and it matures later Cool season annuals like the rye above can produce high quality forage for dairy cows when cut before head emergence. For high quality, rye is the most challenging of all cool season annuals because wet weather often delays timely harvest.
  7. 7. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 7 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Table 1. Relative Differences in Growth Stage Development, Yield and Nutritive Quality of Various Small Grain Species1 Characteristics of commonly used cool season annual grasses Average Date for Growth Stage Species Boot Headed Bloom 1/2 Seed Milk Soft Dough Rye 29-Apr 2-May 9-May 17-May 23-May 1-Jun Wheat 13-May 19-May 23-May 31-May 6-Jun 11-Jun Triticale 15-May 21-May 26-May 3-Jun 10-Jun 14-Jun Oat 21-May 28-May 31-May 5-Jun 12-Jun 16-Jun Yield Tons of DM per acre Rye 2.5 2.8 3.2 3.5 3.9 3.9 Wheat 2.5 2.8 3.5 3.5 3.9 4.2 Triticale 2.8 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.6 4.6 Oat 1.4 1.8 2.1 2.8 2.8 3.2 Crude Protein % Rye 13 11 9 7 6 5 Wheat 10 10 8 9 7 6 Triticale 11 9 8 7 6 5 Oat 12 10 9 9 8 7 Total Digestible Nutrients % Rye 63 52 46 45 47 50 Wheat 60 59 53 54 56 56 Triticale 56 46 46 45 50 52 Oat 65 60 53 53 56 57 Table 1. Average values of several years' research data from University of Kentucky, Agronomy Department. than rye. Therefore it has a wider harvest window for acceptable quality (Figure 1, Table 1). Annual ryegrass is the highest quality cool season annual grass and is a great companion forage when grown with wheat or rye. Ryegrass silage can support comparable milk production to alfalfa when harvested at the boot stage. Adding ryegrass to a small grain will improve the forage quality of silage produced because it matures later. Marshall annual ryegrass is readily available and is one of the more winterhardy varieties for Kentucky. MAKING QUALITY SMALL GRAIN SILAGE OR BALEAGE Timely harvest of cool season forages is also key to producing well fermented chopped or round bale silage (baleage). Cutting at the boot stage or before will ensure high levels of fermentable carbohydrates resulting in lower silage pH through the production of lactic acid, primarily. Cool season forages in the boot stage will be 80% moisture, too wet for direct cut silage. Generally, spring forage is cut and wilted in the swatch to 60 to 70% moisture and then chopped and taken to the silo structure. For baleage, moisture content can be between 40 and 65%, but fermentation profiles are better when moisture is between 50 to 65%. Wilting cool season forage prior to ensiling prevents secondary fermentation by clostridial bacteria and the production of butyric acid. High levels of butyric acid will reduce intake and are a risk factor for botulism toxicity. In a three year survey of the fermentation characteristics of Kentucky baleage, the University of Kentucky found that wilting times for spring silage crops varied from one to four days. Generally, with sun and moderate temperatures, spring cut forage should be in the proper moisture range for baling after wilting for one to two days. Poor silage fermentation can be due to several factors, including chopping or baling too dry, cutting too late and inadequate exclusion of oxygen. In particular, baleage wrapped at less than 50% moisture will produce very little lactic acid. However, this forage can still be good feed if wrapped with six layers of plastic and fed out in less than 12 months. Over mature forages ferment poorly because they are low in fermentable carbohydrates and their stemminess traps excess oxygen in the bale. Finally, maintain anaerobic conditions in bales by using six layers of UV-stabilized stretch-wrap plastic and quickly repairing holes in the plastic using special tape made for patching this type of plastic. Fermentation is complete in four to six weeks. SUMMARY Cool season annuals like the small grains and ryegrass can provide high quality feed for lactating dairy cows when cut at the boot stage or before. Rye is the earliest to mature and the least forgiving in quality when harvest is delayed past boot stage due to weather. Annual ryegrass can be added to small grains to improve the leafiness and forage quality of the harvested crop. Good fermentation of silage or baleage requires wilting to the proper moisture and chopping/packing or baling/ wrapping to exclude oxygen. For baleage, use six layers of plastic and keep holes repaired to get and maintain anaerobic conditions needed for fermentation. Here’s hoping your weather for spring harvest is just like you want it!   Fig. 1. The dry matter digestibility of wheat and rye at five different dates in Batesville, AR. (J. Dairy Sci. 83:2499-2511).
  8. 8. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 8 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Is Perception Reality? Donna M. Amaral-Phillips, UK Dairy Extension Professor and Nutritionist C onsumer preferences do and will continue to shape the future of our dairy industry. Today, most consumers do not have a direct connection to a farm and the daily management of animals. Their information about the industry and other livestock entities is mainly shaped by social media and their perceived truths based on their life’s experiences. They want to understand where their food comes from, practices associated with the care of animals, and the environmental impact of these enterprises. If approached with an open mind by both consumers and those in the dairy industry, these discussions can be advantageous to our industry. Through a better understanding of each other’s viewpoints, our industry can better meet the needs and desires of consumers in supplying food in the US and globally. Companies understand their profitability and survival are directly related to consumer demand for their products. Their perception of consumer preferences are a part of their decisions of where to source food ingredients. One of the most easily recognized examples relates to the production of cage-free eggs. I am not making a stance for or against this housing system; I am just stating the role consumer views had in the decisions that ensued. Years later, I still remember the expressions on the faces of personnel of a food company when questions were asked of a world-renown animal behaviorist at a dinner program regarding the care of dairy cows. I am sure the opinions, as shown by their facial expressions, impacted the decisions of this food company. Sometimes these opinions are based on misperceptions, and if not discussed can impact many long term. The interactions between consumers through social media potentially can have major impacts on animal agriculture. “Buttergate” is a recent example, which early on was a social media discussion among Canadians regarding the spreadability of butter. The original posts centered on a discussion as to whether butter was “not as soft” at room temperature as it was previously. This discussion quickly deviated into how dairy cows are fed and the use of ruminally-inert fat supplements. Science tells us that milkfat has to be “fluid” at body temperature to be secreted in milk and its synthesis by the mammary gland is highly coordinated. Dairy cows are fed palmitic acid supplements, not palm oil itself, which may come from palm oil or by-products of palm oil processing. Fat supplements are fed to dairy cows to increase the energy content of diets and to help “signal” the mammary gland to increase milk fat synthesis. Feeding these fats changes the palmitic acid content (one of many fatty acids found in milk) of milk very slightly and no evidence exists that feeding cows these supplements has a negative effect on the cows themselves or humans consuming milk from these cows. Incidentally, studies have shown that cows managed under organic practices have slightly higher palmitic acid content in their milk versus conventionally managed herds. Often times, we do not realize the impact our interactions with those unfamiliar with the industry can have on their daily lives, food choices, and perceptions of our industry. When I was growing up, my relatives that lived in the city would come visit my dad. They often brought their grandchildren with them to visit the “farm”. Most, but not all, would come appropriately dressed for the visit. However, I still remember one cousin “walking” through the just scraped holding pen in her 3-inch high heels! During some of their visit, we would be milking and they would stand quietly in the parlor and observe. We would often ask if they would like to put a machine on a cow and some would avail themselves of the opportunity. My brother and I were always glad when they decided they needed to head back home and left us to complete our chores. Until recently, I never thought much more of these visits and those that occurred after I left the farm, other than what I perceived as a few comical moments. However, for some, these visits left a very favorable and long lasting impression of not only my parents’ occupation, but also the industry in general. Unsolicited, I recently received a message from one of these cousins that had visited my dad many years ago. He stated, “I have some good memories of visiting your dad on the farm with my Grandparents and Mom as well as your Mom being there. It seemed like a real treat to see all the cows in the milking barn and their calves in the little plastic houses”. My cousin’s recollections and memories are from over 20 years ago in his youth. All of us see the world through our experiences. For many consumers, they can more easily relate to the care of cattle in our industry based on their experiences of caring for pets or raising their own children. In addition, these perceptions are shaped by what they read in social media. We need to continue to tell our story so consumers can form their own opinions based on reality, not just their perceptions that might be shaded to invoke an alternative outcome.
  9. 9. K Ke en nt tu uc ck ky y N Na at ti io on na al l D Da ai ir ry y S Sh ho ow ws s & & S Sa al le es s G Gu ue er rn ns se ey y There will be no Guernsey Show & Sale H Ho ol ls st te ei in n Friday, April 9 Show @ 11 Am Sale @ 2 pm S Sa al le e M Ma an na ag ge ed d B By y: : KY Holstein Cattle Club Glen Sageser– 502-321-8670 M Ma ak ke e p pl la an ns s t to o a at tt te en nd d t th he e 2 20 02 21 1 K Ke en nt tu uc ck ky y N Na at ti io on na al l D Da ai ir ry y S Sh ho ow w & & S Sa al le e A Ay yr rs sh hi ir re e/ /M Mi il lk ki in ng g S Sh ho or rt th ho or rn n Friday, April 9 Show @ 1 pm Sale @ 4 pm S Sa al le e M Ma an na ag ge ed d B By y: : KY Ayrshire Cattle Club A Ay yr rs sh hi ir re e C Co on nt ta ac ct t Billy Branstetter– 270-528-6336 M Mi il lk ki in ng g S Sh ho or rt th ho or rn n C Co on nt ta ac ct t Ray Graves—859-583-6682 B Br ro ow wn n S Sw wi is ss s Friday, April 9 Show @ 9 AM Sale @ 11 AM S Sa al le e M Ma an na ag ge ed d B By y: : KY Brown Swiss Breeders’ Assoc. Richard Sparrow—502-370-6730 Online Bidding Available!!! Log on to Thank You To Our 2021 Sponsors!!! Online Bidding Available!!! Log on to Time Change!! Online Bidding Available!!! Log on to J Je er rs se ey y There will be no Jersey Show Sale For more Info Updates: Facebook: Kentucky National Dairy Shows and Sales Ethan Berry –KY Dept. of Ag P§ 502§782§4134 E– Kentucky Fair Exposition Center, Pavilion– Louisville, KY– All times are EDT.
  10. 10. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 10 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund 4900EAGLEWAY HOPKINSVILLE,KY 270-886-3918 1464USHWY60W MORGANFIELD,KY 270-389-1424 1700NASHVILLERD RUSSELLVILLE,KY 270-726-4545 843EBROADWAY MAYFIELD,KY 270-247-4747 7274USHWY431 OWENSBORO,KY 270-926-2627 HRAGRIPOWER.COM ASK ABOUT GREAT EQUIPMENT FINANCING OPTIONS! HUGE NEW USED EQUIPMENT INVENTORY SUPPORT 24/7 PRECISION AG PARTS SERVICE Your Local Your Local Your Local Your Local AG SPECIALISTS AG SPECIALISTS AG SPECIALISTS AG SPECIALISTS AG SPECIALISTS Updated KDDC Award Criteria effective beginning 2021 KDDC District Awards The KDDC District awards are based on 3.5% Fat Corrected RHA Milk, must have tested 8 times within the year and have a 10% or less deviation. The % Deviation compares the % difference between Sum of Test Day Weights. and Average Bulk Tank Weights. The denominator is the milk shipped. [Example: (4705 - 4650)/4650 x 100 = 1.2%]. This difference can be used to monitor the accuracy of meters, weigh jars and bulk tank measurements. Milk fed to calves, used in the home, discarded due to mastitis, or not shipped for any other reason should be considered in this comparison. Proficiency Dairy Award The Proficiency Dairy award is calculated based on the following information. To be considered for this award it is important that correct information is provided to your tester and/or inputted into your management system. Kentucky Milk Quality Award The purpose of the Kentucky Quality Dairy Producer Award is to recognize the producer who best exemplifies quality milk production in Kentucky. The contest is open to all Kentucky dairy producers. Applications are based on a year’s criteria of SCC and Bacteria Count (SPC). This award is a nomination-based award. Kentucky Milk Quality Hauler Award The purpose of the Kentucky Quality Milk Hauler Award is to recognize the Kentucky milk hauler who best signifies quality hauling procedures and who is recognized as an exceptional representative of Kentucky’s dairy industry. This award is a nomination-based award. The Gary Lane Production Award Awarded in memory of nutritionist Dr. Gary Lane, this award goes to the overall herd within the districts having the highest production. Rolling Herd Average Milk Average Days to 1st Service % Possible bred after Voluntary Waiting Period Average Days Open % Cows with Sire ID Average Somatic Cell Count % Cows with Avg Somatic Cell Count Linear Score 0-3 Average Service Sire PTA$ Average Sire NM$ Net Merit Average Days Dry % Dry Periods 40 days % Dry Periods 70 days Calving Interval
  11. 11. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 11 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Fly Control Tips Dairy Herd Management N ow that warm weather has arrived, everyone will start to focus on all the chores that have to be done to “gear” up for the upcoming season, including fly control. Fly infestation reduces performance and the economic loss from each horn fly biting an animal 30 times/ day can also be substantial. Certain flies are responsible for spreading diseases such as pink eye and potentially Anaplasmosis and or Bovine Leukosis, so to decrease disease risk to your livestock here are a few tips to reduce the flies’ impact on your farm’s production. • Feed a larvicide or an insect growth regulator early in the season starting 30 days before flies typically emerge. Continue to feed until 30 days after a killing frost. • Pour-ons. During spring turnout time, you can use a product that is labeled to control internal parasites, as these products also have efficacy against horn flies. Later in the year, use products only labeled for flies and/or lice. Using pour-on dewormers multiple times throughout the year could lead to internal parasite resistance issues. • Dust bags/cattle rubs. The advantage of a dust bag or rub is that, if placed at a site where all cattle must use it (watering trough, mineral lick), it can provide economical control of face and horn flies. Proper placement and keeping it charged with insecticide are the keys. Also, strips that can be mounted to mineral feeders can also be an efficient way to apply insecticide to the face of cattle. • Topical sprays. Timely application of fly sprays or paint ball style packets throughout the year can be effective in reducing the fly population, but can be time-consuming if cattle are grazing an extensive area. • Fly tags. The key to using tags is to wait until you have 200 flies/cow to place the tags. If applied too early, there will be decreased efficiency. Use pyrethroid tags for two consecutive years, then switch to an organophosphate tag for one year to reduce pyrethroid resistance. Also, there are new generation fly tags that contain different insecticides and are quite helpful in quite helpful in controlling fly populations. Always follow label directions on the number of tags/cow. Be sure to remove tags at the end of the season to prevent resistance problems. • Don’t mix classes of chemicals in the pour-ons, topicals, and fly tags within the same year. Use the same class 1-2 years, then rotate. • Fly predators. Not all flies are bad. Fly predators, nature’s own self-inflicted enemy, can be your ally in the fight against pest flies. These are tiny, non-stinging, non-biting wasps that feed on fly larvae and interrupt the breeding cycle of flies, destroying the next generation of flies before they hatch into disease-carrying adults. These predators can be used in areas where cattle tend to congregate and manure tends to accumulate, just apply the predators to manure piles in these areas. Replenish your fly predator supply once a month from April to September; otherwise the fly life cycle will only be broken for a few weeks. A multifaceted approach is best for attaining your goal of “controlling” flies, so using just one strategy from the above list probably won’t give you the results you anticipate. Since there are so many products on the market for fly control, work with your Extension specialist or veterinarian to develop a plan to control flies that best suits your cattle operation. If you have any questions, please contact me;, or 865-974- 3538.
  12. 12. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 12 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Dixie Dairy Report March 2021 Calvin Covington Dairy product and milk prices. February prices for butter, cheese, and nonfat dry milk powder (NDM), three of the four dairy products used to calculate federal order class prices, were all lower than a year ago and last month. The fourth product, dry whey, continues to inch higher due to strong export demand. Dry whey is now over $0.50/lb. and the highest price in nearly four years. The March Class I Mover (based on February product prices) is $15.20/cwt. The Mover is $0.34/cwt. lower than February, and $2.26/cwt. lower than last March. February Class II, III, and IV prices are $14.00/cwt., $15.75/cwt. and $13.19/cwt., respectively. All are lower than last February. Class II is down $2.84/cwt., Class III $1.75/cwt. and Class IV $3.01/ cwt. lower than last February. Better news, March began with improving prices for cheese, and especially butter. During the first week of March, CME butter gained $0.1955/lb. to close at $1.6900/lb. on March 5. The end of “old crop” butter trading on February 26 (butter manufactured before December 1, 2020) is responsible for part of the price increase. Plus, increased export interest due to a domestic price over $0.50/lb. lower than the Oceania butter price. However, the butter inventory is over 30% higher than a year ago and production continues at historical highs. Higher butter prices may only be temporary. Not as impressive as butter, but still an increase, CME block cheddar gained $0.064/lb. and barrel $0.0375/lb. during the first week of March. On March 5 block closed at $1.7325/lb. and barrel at $1.5075/lb. There are various reports indicating cheese demand is picking up due to reopening and expanded openings of food service establishments. January cheese production numbers show a mixed signal. American cheese production was 5% higher than last January, but Italian cheese production was 0.8% lower. NDM has shown some price weakness the last few weeks. Exports were 10% lower in January compared to last January, and inventory almost 9% higher. More milk and cows. January milk production, according to USDA, was 1.4% higher than last January. Higher production was due to a combination of 85,000 more cows and 0.6% more milk per cow, compared to a year ago. Dairy farmers continue to send fewer cows to the butcher with January dairy cattle slaughter down 7.1% or 21,200 cows less than last January. Of the 24 reporting states, January production was up in 15 states. The highest production increases were in the center of the country. Indiana up 10.1%, South Dakota up 9.6%, Texas up 5.3%, Minnesota up 5.7%, Michigan up 4.3%, and Wisconsin up 3.1%. On the west coast, January production was 0.7% lower in California and down 1.9% in Washington. Lower production in both states was due to less milk per cow. Turning to the three Southeast reporting states, January was the eighth consecutive month with lower production in Florida, down 5.1%. Georgia production remains flat. While Virginia, after showing production increases in 11 of the past 12 months, was 3.0% lower in January. Milk production will continue above year ago levels until there is a significant reduction in cow numbers. The Dairy Margin Coverage program’s January gross margin was only $7.14/cwt. This is $3.58/cwt. lower than last January, and the lowest January margin since 2013. One would expect low margins will result in more cows going to slaughter, thus reducing milk production, but time will tell. 2020 total dairy consumption up over 2019. Dairy consumption (total solids) in 2020 was 1.6% higher than 2019. Exports were responsible for all of the increase. Exports increased 12.9% and accounted for 15.7% of total demand. On the other hand, domestic demand declined 0.2%. Looking at individual dairy products, commercial disappearance of American cheese in 2020 compared to 2019 was flat. Other cheese disappearance was 1% lower and butter was up 2.5%. Total estimated fluid milk sales in 2020 were only 0.1% lower than 2019. Conventional fluid sales were down 1%, but organic DAIRY PRODUCTS SALES REPORT (DPSR) PRICES * YEAR APPALACHIAN FLORIDA SOUTHEAST TOTAL (average daily packaged fluid milk sales – million lbs.) * 2016 8.80 7.59 12.34 28.79 2017 8.81 7.55 12.17 28.53 2018 8.81 7.40 11.81 28.02 2019 8.61 7.33 11.32 27.26 2020 9.14 7.33 11.04 27.51 Change 2020 vs. 2019 6.20% -0.09% -2.47% 0.91% *average daily adjusts for Leap Year Source: Agricultural Marketing Service
  13. 13. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 13 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Milk Prices FMMO 5 March 2021 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $18.60 April 2021 Class 1 Advanced Price (@ 3.5% BF) $ 18.91 FMMO 7 March 2021 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $19.00 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $ 19.31 PROJECTED* BLEND PRICES – Base Zones – SOUTHEASTERN FEDERAL ORDERS MONTH APPALACHIAN FLORIDA SOUTHEAST ($/cwt. at 3.5% butterfat - base zone) January 2021 $17.42 $19.26 $17.59 February $17.45 $19.59 $17.82 March $17.66 $19.79 $18.19 April $17.94 $20.21 $18.36 May $18.46 $20.46 $18.69 June $18.64 $20.80 $19.08 * Projections in bold sales were up a strong 10%. Conventional whole milk sales were up 2.6% while reduced fat sales were down 4.5%. The impact of the Food Box program on 2020 dairy sales cannot be overlooked. Our estimates show the program utilized at least 1.65% of total milk production in 2020 which includes about 5% of total American cheese production and at least 2% of fluid milk sales. In the three Southeastern federal orders, estimated packaged fluid milk sales were almost 1.0% higher in 2020 compared to 2019. As the table below shows, all of the sales increase was in the Appalachian order. The table on page twelve shows sales of packaged fluid milk within the respective federal order, not packaged milk processed by plants pooled in each order. For example, plants in the Appalachian order process and package more milk than is sold in the Appalachian order. Florida order plants process and package only about 80% of the total fluid milk sold in the Florida order. The other 20% comes from plants outside the Florida order. Southeast order plants process about 70% of their order’s packaged milk sales, but supply about 5% of Florida order sales. We estimate fluid milk plants in all three orders combined, process and package about 90% of the total packaged fluid milk sold in the three orders. Most of the remaining 10% of sales are varieties of fluid milk not processed and packaged by Southeast plants. Milk prices. Last month our January blend prices projections were lower than actual due to a large decline in Class I usage, and a lower Class I utilization. January Class I producer milk, compared to last January, was 8.7% lower in Florida, 10.2% lower in the Southeast, and 5.6% lower in the Appalachian order. Producer milk in all three orders declined as well, but not as much as the decline in Class I milk, thus lowering Class I utilization. Florida January Class I utilization was only 79%, it was 68% in the Southeast order and 71% in the Appalachian order. Our current projections show January as the lowest blend prices for the year. Blend prices are projected a little higher in February, due to the February Mover $0.40/cwt. higher than January, and assuming Class I sales recover from January. Blend prices are projected to slowly increase through the remainder of the year. The first quarter of 2021 will be a challenge, with blend prices averaging about $2.50/cwt. lower than the first quarter of last year.
  14. 14. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 14 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund 2020 KDDC Dairy Production Milk Quality Awards
  17. 17. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 17 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund THANK YOU TO THE SPONSORS OF OUR 2020 KENTUCKY DAIRY AWARDS We appreciate your participation and support in the recognition of Kentucky’s dairy farm families that work continuously to provide quality wholesome milk. MILK Kentucky's official state beverage since 2005. COUNTY RHA MILK FAT PROTEIN WINNER RICHARD SPARROW/ FAIRDALE FARMS OWEN 32067 1212 990 SECOND HS DAIRY BUTLER 31739 1125 927 THIRD SUMNER DAIRY WARREN 31657 1111 951 2020 KENTUCKY PRODUCTION AWARDS COUNTY RHA MILK FAT PROTEIN WINNER H AND H DAIRY ADAIR 29647 1055 838 2020 DAIRY PROFICIENCY AWARD WINNER COUNTY SCORE WINNER ADAM PING PULASKI 62.08 SECOND WAYNE H MARTIN TODD 105.42 THIRD ROGER LAWHORN ADAIR 125 KENTUCKY MILK QUALITY AWARDS COUNTY WINNER DICKIE COURTNEY MASON KENTUCKY MILK QUALITY HAULER AWARD
  18. 18. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 18 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Brenda Komar Memorial Dairy Scholarship Application Fabian Bernal, M.S., P.A.S. (Dairy Advisory Manager, MANA) I n life, Brenda Komar was the light of all gatherings and friendships. After her passing, all I can remember is her smile and her kind, powerful words of encouragement. It is very unusually to run into someone with a strong, yet selfless personality that radiates love and kindness. But first, let me tell you of my story and how I came to meet Brenda Komar. With all odds against me, I came to this beautiful dairy farm to my first ever consulting/large farm evaluation where I was completely on my own. I had heard of the management team and I was quite nervous, but I knew this was an opportunity like no other. Before I had a chance to meet with Billy Komar, I ran into a very strong woman with a huge smile that introduced herself to me and told me that we should chat before walking around the farm. Not once did she question my capabilities or who I was, she just extended her hand with a friendly welcome. She gave me a couple of key points to look at, but more so she gave me one piece of advice that I carry with me even today “Fabian, let me tell you. You are better off if you listen before you talk, and I am not only talking about my husband, but the people on the farm and the animals too.” I think of this often and since then it has became part of my process when visiting farms around the world. Thinking back, her and the Komar family were some of the first people that gave me an opportunity when I did not have a lot to offer. Brenda extended a helpful hand even when it was not asked for. Over time I consulted with her on many occasions to the point that I relied on her in some of the most difficult cases that I have ever dealt with for some direction and deep thought. At some point, Brenda became so close that I started calling her mama and she called me her Colombian son. She taught me to be quiet and that I am better off to listen than talk when the situations are difficult and when you are in front of those that will question your capabilities, your knowledge and your worth. She helped many of us understand the value of friendship and strong leadership. Never with a demeaning word, yet always strong. The shared smiles and experiences I will always treasure, and I know those that know her will agree that there is no better way to remember and honor her memory than a scholarship that helps others achieve their dreams even in the most difficult circumstances. In the Komar family I have found knowledge, true friendship and complete acceptance. Please join all of us honoring Brenda’s memory and her dedication and passion for the industry. The family of Brenda Komar has established an annual scholarship in the amount of $1000.00 in remembrance of Brenda and her dedication and love of the dairy profession. An individual must meet the following requirements for consideration. REQUIREMENTS Applicants must: • Be enrolled in an agriculture-related field • Be a high school senior planning to major in a field of agriculture • Be a Kentucky student • Be a student currently enrolled at an accredited college or university TO APPLY Submit the following with the scholarship application: • Resume • Complete transcript • One letter of recommendation from college/university or high school faculty member • One letter of recommendation from an agriculture repre- sentative • High resolution photo suitable for print DEADLINE Applications must be received by June 1, 2021. Mail com- pleted application packets to Kentucky Dairy Development Council, 176 Pasadena Drive, Lexington, Kentucky 40503 or email to AWARD PROCESS • KDDC scholarship review committee will review appli- cations and select a recipient • The recipient will be recognized during the KDDC An- nual Banquet in February 2022 • Payment will be made directly to the student upon proof of term enrollment • The scholarship must be used in the year following the award QUESTIONS For more information and questions, please contact KDDC at 859-516-1129 or
  19. 19. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 19 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Cowherd Equipment Rental Inc. Cowherd Equipment Rental, Inc. Cowherd Equipment Rental, Inc. 1483 Old Summersville Rd. 1483 Old Summersville Rd. Campbellsville, KY 42718 Campbellsville, KY 42718 Office 270-465-2679 Office 270-465-2679 Tony 270-469-0398 Tony 270-469-0398 Vince 270-469-5095 Vince 270-469-5095 Cowherd Equipment Rental, In For More Information: Cowherd Equipment Ren 1483 Old Summersville Campbellsville, KY 427 Office 270-465-2679 Tony 270-469-0398 Vince 270-469-5095 Penta 4030 Tire Scraper JD Head Locks Hagedorn Manure Sp Silage Defacer Penta 4930 Cowherd Equipment Rental, Inc. For More Information: Cowherd Equipment Rental, Inc. 1483 Old Summersville Rd. Campbellsville, KY 42718 Office 270-465-2679 Tony 270-469-0398 Vince 270-469-5095 Penta 4030 Tire Scraper JD Head Locks Hagedorn 5440 Manure Spreader Silage Defacer Penta 4930 Cowherd Eq Penta 4030 T JD Head Locks Silage Defacer Roto-Mix Mixers Tire Scraper Hagedorn 5440 Manure Spreader Penta 4030 JD Head Locks Brenda Komar Memorial Dairy Scholarship Application name address city, state, zip email parent(s)/guardian(s) name parent(s)/guardian(s) address Do you live on a dairy? Y N Are you a high school senior? Y N high school college/university attending major graduation date Please answer the following and submit with application. • After completion of college, what are your career plans and how do they relate to dairy? • What role do you play in your family dairy farm operation? • What qualities do you posses that would move dairy forward in Kentucky? • What is the most important management practice a dairy operation can utilize to be sustainable in the future? • In 500 words or less, describe your future plans and how the Brenda Komar Memorial Dairy Scholarship would assist you in meeting your goals. Submit the following with your scholarship application: • Resume • Complete transcript • One letter of recommendation from college/university or high school faculty member • One letter of recommendation from an agriculture representative • High resolution photo suitable for print
  20. 20. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 20 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Wildcat Wisdom Donna Amaral-Phillips, UK Dairy Extension Group Don't Let the Heat Stress Thief Rob You H eat stress results in milk production, reproductive performance, and health losses for not only milking cows, but also dry cows, heifers, and calves. These effects may not be seen until after a heat stress event and can have long lasting effects. Drops in milk production may lag 24 to 48 hours from a heat stress event. Reproductive effects may last for 6 weeks or more. In dry cows, negative effects are seen in their calves when they become milking cows! To prevent these losses: 1. Check that all fans are working and are correctly angled for maximum air flow over cows. Fans should be serviced where fan blades are cleaned of accumulated dust and fan belts replaced for more efficient energy use. 2. Fans in eating and resting areas as well as the holding pen should come on automatically when temperatures are greater than 65°F. Sprinklers or soakers should be used and placed on a timer, come on when temperatures are greater than 68°F, and run for approx. 2 minutes and off for 10 to 12 minutes with fans running continuously. Soaker time should increase with increasing temperatures. Wetting the cows using soakers helps dissipate heat and is needed for reducing heat loads even though it adds water to barn alleys. 3. Ensure that adequate amounts of cool, clean water are always available— remember those calves! Check water temperature of pastured heifers and cows; open water troughs in the sun heat quickly when not refreshed often!!! 4. Mix feed twice a day with more fed during the cooler hours of the day. 5. Ensure adequate amounts of potassium and sodium are included in the milking cow diets to replace those lost as a result of heat stress. 6. Remember to provide heat abatement to dry cows as heat stress reduces future milk production and calf survivability. 7. Calf hutches should also be shaded to reduce heat stress on baby calves and improve their immunity. Often times, temperatures in hutches are way above ambient temperatures and can reach 100º F on hot days. Dairy Revenue Protection (DRP) Is Here! This recently released USDA product (DRP) is designed to protect dairy farmers from the decline in quarterly revenue from milk sales. Contact us today for more information about protecting one of the biggest risks to your operation. In Business Since 1972 1-800-353-6108 We are an equal opportunity provider
  21. 21. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 21 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Southland Dairy Farmers Continue to Moo-ve in the Right Direction 2 020 is a year that no one will soon forget. It brought circumstances and challenges for all, and companies had to adapt and develop new ways to do business. Southland Dairy Farmers were tasked on how to adjust programming in order to find their way into shut down classrooms and answer the question how can we continue teaching the message of dairy while not leaving our homes? With 2020 becoming the year of virtual, Southland Dairy Farmers presented the opportunity to feature a virtual component ‘Watch Us Now, See Us Later’ that showcases a video and video conference call to meet our instructors and their live teaching cow. “We wanted to make sure teachers were given the tools they needed to continue teaching on the subjects of dairy and agriculture and we wanted to make sure students were still able to have access to these lessons even if it wasn’t in our traditional setting”, said Jim Hill, Southland Dairy Farmers CEO. The virtual component became a success, and it is exciting to see growing requests now coming back for in-person visits. While virtual was a great temporary solution, the reaction of a child seeing the milk hit the jar is not the same on the computer screen. The much anticipated return to live presentations has begun and not a moment too soon. Schools are still able to request virtual presentations, but in-person requests are also available with safety being of the utmost concern while attending. While the world will not be what it once was any time soon, the message of dairy continues regardless of how it is being delivered. Classified Ads Wanted to buy Family milk cow. Red Speckled lineback. Second or third calf preferred. 606-686-2844 evenings •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plans (CNMPs). Livestock manure management and water quality BMPs. Ky Division of Water permitting and compliance. Ben Koostra - Professional Engineer and NRCS Technical Service Provider - Lexington - 859-559-4662 ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• John Deere 468 - net $14,500 Meyer 510 TMR mixers - New-In STOCK Cloverdale 500 T -TMR mixers -New - in Stock Stoltzfus 10 ton Litter spreader $30,000 Gehl R150 skid loader $19,500 Caterpillar 242B skid loader-$17,500 New Holland 790 choppers-@$7500 John Deere 8200 drill $5500 Gehl 8335 feeder wagon $7500 New Idea 363- manure spreader $8500 Artex SB 200- vertical beater- for rental Kemco Bale Wrapper new $29,000 Stoltzfus lime - litter- fert cu 50 $19,500 JD 5085E- loader - 4wd- canopy $34,000 Farmco feeder wagons-15 in stock-call Charlie B. Edgington • 859-608-9745 To place a classified ad, contact any of the KDDC Dairy Consultants or Carey Brown at (859) 948-1256
  22. 22. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 22 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund The Dairy Alliance and Personalizing Your Plate with Dairy for National Nutrition Month T he Dairy Alliance staff and trained dairy advocates appeared virtually throughout March on local news stations to discuss National Nutrition Month® as part of the month-long media campaign. This year, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics’ theme is Personalize Your Plate, discussing how to customize meals to meet individual nutrient needs. This theme in relation to dairy aims to address diets for those who are lactose intolerant, leaning toward a plant-based diet, or have a family to feed, sharing a variety of ways to personalize your plate for long-term healthy eating habits. Highlighting The Dairy Alliance recipes, advocates discussed these chosen topics and how to personalize your plate, sharing how dairy foods complement a plant-based diet and how to include both regular dairy and fermented dairy products in the diet for those with lactose intolerance. A variety of dairy topics were covered throughout the month. Keeping families in mind, the new Dietary Guidelines for Americans were explained with a focus on dairy consumption in younger children and how to get them involved in making meals, as well as using MyPlate as a guide to portions. Sharing milk’s protein content, what preventative dairy foods are and the benefits of their beneficial bacteria, the nutrients provided through milk that are a public health concern and the calcium and vitamin D for building healthy bones were the focus of other interviews that discussed the benefits of the simple addition of milk to the diet. Through these special March interviews, viewers learned the role milk can play as a simple addition to meals for a healthier diet. Highlighting Dairy Programs Virtually D ue to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, The Dairy Alliance last year adapted in-person trainings to virtual presentations. This online platform was on display during a recent Kentucky training series that members of The Dairy Alliance staff took part in. The Kentucky Department of Education and No Kid Hungry Kentucky partnered to host a four-part training titled Connect 30:30 Ready, Set, Breakfast, Go!. This meeting focused on best practices to implementing a successful meal program within Kentucky’s schools. The Dairy Alliance's Alan Curtsinger presented virtually to attendees regarding various equipment options to keep dairy cold and transport meals to students, as well as sharing upcoming equipment grant opportunities. The trainings, which covered dairy-focused breakfast programs like Grab n' Go, Breakfast in the Classroom and Second Chance Breakfast, were attended by school nutrition directors, support staff, and cafeteria managers looking to find new ways to successfully fuel students during the pandemic. These trainings and presentations, though held online, continue to share the importance of dairy.
  23. 23. March - April 2021 • KDDC • Page 23 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Allied Sponsors PLATINUM AgCentral Alltech Bel Cheese Bluegrass Dairy Food Burkmann Feeds Cowherd Equipment CPC Commodities Kentucky Department of Agriculture Kentucky Farm Bureau Kentucky Soybean Board Prairie Farms Shaker Equipment Sales GOLD Farm Credit Services Givens Houchins Inc. Mid-South Dairy Records Owen Transport Select Sires Mid-America SILVER Day and Day Feed Givens Houchins Inc. Grain Processing Corporation KAEB Services Kentucky Veterinary Medical Association Luttrull Feed Nutra Blend Owen Transport South Central Bank Southwest Dairy Museum BRONZE Bagdad Rolling Mills Bank of Jamestown Central Farmers Supply Hartland Animal Hospital Kentucky Corn Growers Association Limestone Cooper Mammoth Cave Dairy Auction QMI Quality Mgt Inc. Nutra Blend Wilson Trucking Special Thanks to Our Sponsors
  24. 24. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 859.516.1129 ph Non-Profit US Postage PAID APR 09 Kentucky National Dairy Show and Sale, Exposition Center, Louisville, KY MAY 20 KDDC Board Meeting, Harden Co Extension Office, 10:00 A.M. E.D.T MAY 25-27 Alltech One IDEAS Conference, VirtuaL JUN 03 Dairy Night at the Hot Rods, Bowling Green, KY JUN 29 KDDC Beef on Dairy Workshop, TBA JUL 15 KDDC Board Meeting, Nelson County Extension Office, 10:00 A.M.E.D.T JUL 21-22 KDDC Value Added Conference, TBA AUG 19-29 Kentucky State Fair, Louisville, KY Calendar of Events