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Kddcnewsletter.2020 01-02-nb (1)

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KDDC January-February 2020

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Kddcnewsletter.2020 01-02-nb (1)

  1. 1. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 1 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Milk MattersJ a n u a r y - F e b r u a r y w w w. k y d a i r y. o r g KENTUCKY Supported by Kentucky Dairy PartnersAnnual Meeting page 6-7 Want to Improve your Income? page 20 What Will Chapter 11 Reorganizations Do to the Milk Market? page 10-11 continued on page 11 Little Things, Big Impact: January Alltech and KDDC Meeting Series Elizabeth Lunsford I n early January, farmers from across the state gathered for a week of dairy meetings that highlighted small things that can be done on every dairy that could potentially have a substantial impact on the farm’s bottom line. Most of the time, producers think big-impact items come with a big price tag, but as most also end up realizing, this is simply not always the case. “Attendance at the meetings was outstanding,” said Dr. Jeffrey Bewley, dairy housing and analytics specialist at Alltech. “We covered a wide range of topics addressing real-world problems that farmers can change now. Producer feedback was excellent and very encouraging.” The meetings started in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, then traveled from Campbellsville to Glasgow and ended in Flemingsburg. In total, the meetings brought in around 200 attendees, a turnout that greatly pleased everyone. Dr. Elizabeth Eckelkamp, an extension specialist at the University of Tennessee, gave a presentation on “starting with the basics,” and Dr. John Laster from the Todd County Animal Clinic spoke about milk quality. Jenna Guinn of Alltech discussed heat stress and Dr. Bewley spoke about changing the game with dairy analytics, while Alltech’s John Winchell presented on forage management. This wide range of topics and information gave attendees a chance to focus on many different areas and potentially revealed great opportunities for them. Included below are 10 key points from the meetings: 1. Pre-treating heifers can greatly decrease instances of mastitis in first-lactation animals. Every 100,000-increase in somatic cell count translates to 5# of milk, proving that pre- treating heifers can pay. 2. When it comes to mastitis prevention, environment is everything, and finding new ways to control flies can also be key. 3. Keeping score of your mastitis prevention, setting goals for all to see, and keeping track of where you are on your journey can be beneficial for both owners and employees. The best indicators don’t simply measure performance; they improve it. Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s) are for everyone — how are you displaying yours? 4. Summer–winter ratio is a new metric used to quantify seasonal effects on cow performance. Summer heat, especially in the Southeast, can have an impact on milk production — but are you measuring the level of that impact? This ratio not only sets an indicator of where you are, it also allows you a way to measure investments made into heat abatement and improvement over time. 5. Creating adequate air-flow through the barns is another key to managing heat stress. Observing the trajectory of the fans,
  2. 2. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 2 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund 2020 KDDC Board of Directors & Staff Executive Committee President: Richard Sparrow Vice President: Charles Townsend, DVM Sec./Treasurer: Tom Hastings EC Member: Tony Cowherd EC Member: Freeman Brundige EC Past President: Bob Klingenfus Board of Directors District 1: Freeman Brundige 731.446.6248 District 2: Josh Duvall 270.535.6533 District 3: Keith Long 270.670.1388 District 4: Bill Crist Jr. 270.590.3185 District 5: Tony Compton 270.378.0525 District 6: Mark Williams 270.427.0796 District 7: Greg Goode 606.303.2150 District 8: Steve Weaver 270.475.3154 District 9: Jerry Gentry 606.875.2526 District 10: Richard Sparrow 502.370.6730 District 11: Stewart Jones 270.402.4805 District 12: John Kuegel 270.316.0351 Equipment: Tony Cowherd 270.469.0398 Milk Haulers: Alan Wilson 606.875.7281 Genetics: Dan Johnson 502.905.8221 Feed: Tom Hastings 270.748.9652 Nutrition: Dr. Jeffrey Bewley 270.225.1212 Dairy Co-op: Justin Olson 765.499.4817 Veterinary: Dr. Charles Townsend 270.726.4041 Finance: Michael Smith 859.619.4995 Heifer Raiser: Bill Mattingly 270.699.1701 Former Pres.: Bob Klingenfus 502.817.3165 Employee & Consultants Executive Director: H.H. Barlow 859.516.1129 kddc@kydairy.org DC-Central: Beth Cox PO Box 144, Mannsville, KY 42758 bethcoxkddc@gmail.com 859.516.1619 • 270-469-4278 DC-Western: Dave Roberts 1334 Carrville Road, Hampton, KY 42047 kddcroberts@gmail.com 859.516.1409 DC-Southern: Meredith Scales 2617 Harristown Road, Russell Springs, KY 42642 mescales2@gmail.com 859.516.1966 DC-Northern: Jennifer Hickerson 4887 Mt Sterling Road, Flemingsburg, KY 41041 j.hickersonkddc@gmail.com 859.516.2458 KDDC 176 Pasadena Drive • Lexington, KY 40503 www.kydairy.org KY Milk Matters produced by Carey Brown President’s Corner Richard Sparrow A s we begin a new year and a new decade it is important to take a look at where we are as an industry, and more important where we are heading. I had a boss who told me, “Every once in a while you need to drive a stake in the ground to see if you are going forward or falling further behind.” Nationally, the market research says that dairy is in 94% of the households in America. That is an impressive statistic. There is no doubt dairy farmer funded promotion has had a positive impact on that trend. Milk price wise, we are receiving the best milk price since 2014-2015, and at least in the short-term, milk price looks relatively good. In Kentucky, the 2020 KDDC Milk Program has been approved by the Agricultural Development Board, with enhanced payouts on all quality levels. The Milk Program has been, and I hope will continue to be the shining star of KDDC, putting new dollars in Kentucky dairy farmers’ pockets. All of these things are good; however, there is more work to be done. I believe most every problem Kentucky dairy farmers have could be solved or reduced if we could enhance the value of the local milk supply. The biggest advantage Kentucky dairy farmers should have is the proximity to high Class I processing plants. However, today there is not enough difference in price a Kentucky dairy farmer receives compared to a dairy farmer located hundreds of miles away from that same Kentucky processing plant. There is more than one way to change this equation. We can seek improvements in the Federal Order Program. Also, we can urge local milk cooperatives to pay higher premiums in Kentucky. Historically, this only happens if there is competition for the milk supply. As we look ahead, it is my hope that KDDC can lead the Kentucky Dairy industry in some new way to enhance our local milk supply. Our collective survival depends on it.
  3. 3. ©2020 Alltech, Inc. All Rights Reserved. With the most researched yeast on the market, the Alltech On- Farm Support program and our team of Elite Dairy Advisors are able to provide the best nutritional support and service to your herd. Our team serves as a new tool for nutritionists, producers and laborers to analyze your needs and develop a customized program for your operation. Our Alltech products and services work together to increase your herds efficiency and overall profitability. The support behind the product matters. For more information please contact Elizabeth Lunsford Territory Sales Manager elunsford@alltech.com 859.553.0072
  4. 4. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 4 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Executive Director Comments H H Barlow H appy New Year everyone!! We’ve had a very mild winter so far; milk prices are improved and we’re praying for a successful 2020. It’s a new decade and none of us really know what the future holds. But we have so much to be thankful for so let’s remember to be grateful for our blessings and the opportunities that are before us. Projections for blend prices in 2020 are expected to average $1.35 higher than 2019, according to Calvin Covington’s Dixie Dairy Report. Demand for dairy was up nearly 2% this past year and with the good economy, it is expected to increase in 2020. Also, dairy exports are expected to increase because of USMCA and the China trade deal. This is good news after several years of tough prices. Even though I’m very optimistic about dairy’s future, we have significant challenges ahead. The Dean and Borden bankruptcies are definitely cause for concern. Dean has been approved by the court to keep operating as usual for a period of time, approximately one year. In conversations with Borden officials, they too plan to keep operating as usual. They publicly state they are financially sound, and this bankruptcy filing is to improve their financing and credit concern with lenders. Both companies have private equity firms involved in their ownership, who are far removed from us dairy farmer who produce the raw product. All dairymen must watch to see how these situations transpire. Market security in 2020 will absolutely be the number one priority for KDDC and all dairymen this year. How do we address market security? • Concentrate on producing high quality milk…High quality milk will have an advantage in any market. • Work with your coop, processor and hauler to secure your hauling. • Be proactive in complying with new animal welfare rules being implemented in 2020. • Get informed and be active with fellow dairymen and KDDC in engaging with coops and processors to create new markets and more value for Kentucky milk. These four points will aid dairymen in addressing market security. On another front, for market improvement, KDDC is taking a leadership position in the Southeast Stakeholder’s Dairy Task Force. This group represents ten southeastern dairy states. We are studying Federal Order rules that affect all producers and we will be making proposals to adjust these rules to improve southeast dairy markets. Some of the points to be discussed include transportation credits, touch base requirements, diversion limits, multiple component pricing and new product development. We will have a series of conference calls and a July meeting to draw specific proposals for USDA consideration. Some of the actions are dependent upon legislation; therefore, the task force plans to take action immediately after the fall election. KDDC Highlights for 2020: Our first endeavor was the KDDC Alltech Winter Management meetings January 13-16. Alltech provided the speakers, with Dr. Jeffrey Bewley being the featured presenter on the topic “Little Things Make a Big Impact”. Our Dairy Partner Conference will be held February 25-26. We have an excellent program planned, with our featured speaker being Shelley Mayer, Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin executive director. The agenda is listed in this newsletter. A great feature of KDDC is our Dairy Consultant Program. They are available to help all dairymen with nutrient management plans, no-discharge manure permits, Ag water quality plans and energy grants. They are also available to troubleshoot milk quality challenges and sign-up for the milk quality premium program (MILK). A new initiative for KDDC this year will be the establishment of young dairymen peer groups in our four regions across the state. It’s time to create new young leaders in our industry for the future. There is a summertime tour planned for July 7 with details coming later. As there always is, I’m sure there will be some trying times in 2020, but strive to maintain a positive attitude, planning for success and, I believe we will have a good year!!! Go Cats!!! And make plenty of cheese dip for March Madness!!! Dairy Revenue Protection (DRP) Is Here! This recently released USDA product (DRP) is designed to protect dairy farmers from the decline in quarterly revenue from milk sales. Contact us today for more information about protecting one of the biggest risks to your operation. In Business Since 1972 1-800-353-6108 www.shelbyinsuranceagency.com sia@iglou.com We are an equal opportunity provider
  5. 5. NAAB Name NM$ Rel% CM$ PTAM Rel% 7HO12821 EVEREST 963 92 996 1,488 97 7HO12788 FRAZZLED 948 94 957 2,096 99 7HO13454 ROCKETFIRE 937 90 945 2,999 96 7HO12659 PASSAT 930 92 938 1,705 97 7HO12819 OUTSIDERS 884 92 889 2,251 98 7HO12421 MILLINGTON 874 96 902 1,540 99 7HO12266 YODER 872 99 900 1,020 99 7HO13504 JAGUAR 838 88 876 1,487 93 7HO12864 INFERNO 822 90 845 921 94 7HO13334 PHANTOM 821 93 848 2,256 98 12/19 CDCB/HA Genomic Evaluation: All bulls, except YODER, qualify for semen export to Canada. 7HO12788 FRAZZLED7HO12788 FRAZZLED Pine-Tree 9839 Fraz 7613-ET Photo by Herges Customer satisfaction is guaranteed when you choose Select Sires-home to breed leaders for both NM$ and CM$. Contact your local Select Sires representative today to add these elite sires to your breeding program. 7HO12421 MILLINGTON7HO12421 MILLINGTON S-S-I La 17798 Genevieve-ET (VG-86-VG-MS) Larson Acres, Inc., Evansville, WI, Photo by Fisher 7HO13454 ROCKETFIRE7HO13454 ROCKETFIRE S-S-I Rocktfir 5033 8223-ET (GP-80) Photo by Herges
  6. 6. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 6 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund KENTUCKY DAIRY PARTNERS ANNUAL MEETING February 25 & 26, 2020 Sloan Convention Center, 1021 Wilkinson Trace, Bowling Green, Kentucky KDDC Young Dairy Producers Meeting Tuesday, February 25 (All Times are Central Time) 8:30 Registration for KDDC Young Dairy Producers Conference 9:00 AM-11:00AM Trade Show Set up 9:30-10:15 “Protecting and Transitioning Farm for Current Owners and Future Generations” – Chris Emison, Attorney, Pitt and Emison 10:15-11:00 “Lean Farming” – Jeffrey Bewley, Alltech 11:00 Break 11:15-12:00 “Make the Wheels Turn. Kentucky Dairy Farmers: Where are we Headed, How are we Getting there and Who’s Driving?” – Shelly Mayer, Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin 12:00-1:30 PM Lunch and Trade Show Opens 1:00 - 5:00 ADA of Kentucky Board Meeting 1:30-2:30 “Got Questions? Consumers Do Too! The WHOLE Milk Story in 2020” – Sherry Bunting, AgMoos and FarmShine 2:30-3:15 “Management in Uncertain Times” -Steve Isaacs, University of Kentucky 3:15 Break 3:45-4:30 “Bovine Hoof Health” -Ernest Hovingh, Penn State University 4:30- 6:00 Visit Trade Show 6:00 - 8:00 Dairy Awards Dinner -Keynote Speaker- Warren Beeler, GOAP Wednesday, February 26 (All Times are Central Time) 8:00 AM Registration & Trade Show Open 8:20 Welcome – Dr. Richard Coffey, University of Kentucky 8:30-9:15 “Delivering Dairy to Consumers through Dietitian Partners” – Karman Meyer, RD, LDN 9:15-10:00 “Lameness Prevention and Management”-Ernest Hovingh, Penn State University 10:00 Break 10:30-11:15 Dairy Alliance Speaker 11:15-12:00 “Biosecurity and Infectious Disease Management” – Ernest Hovingh, Penn State University 12:00-12:45 “Who’s Writing Your Story? Don’t Wait for the Press to Report your Story, Make Headlines Today”-Shelly Mayer, Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin 12:45 – 2:00 PM Lunch - KDDC Annual Business Meeting – Trade Show Exhibits (Bidding Ends on Silent Auction Items) 2:00 – 2:45 “How Genetic Selection Can Make Your Life Easier”- Jeffrey Bewley, Alltech 2:45-3:00 Wrap up and Evaluations Tentative Schedule subject to change
  7. 7. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 7 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Dairy Producers - PRE-REGISTRATION FORM - Dairy Farmers only Young Dairy Producer/KY Dairy Partners Conference February 25-26, 2020 ADDRESS FIRST ATTENDEE HOME PHONE SECOND ATTENDEE CELL PHONE EMAIL ADDRESS NO. OF COWS COUNTY Check all that apply: ON-LINE REGISTRATION IS ALSO AVAILABLE AT KYDAIRY.ORG Dairy farmers: • There is a charge of $30 per dairy farm family to attend Feb 25 and/or Feb 26 (LIMIT 4 PER FARM) • There is also a charge of $50 per hotel room night. • Both fees are payable at the conference but please send registration to the address below. ___Acknowledge $30 charge per dairy farm (one charge for one or two days-not each day) ___I will attend the YDPC on Tuesday, Feb 25 (full day of meeting.) ___I will attend Ky Dairy Awards Banquet Tuesday evening , Feb 25 ___I will need a hotel room for Tuesday night, Feb 25. Cost is $50 per room night for a dairy farmer available to qualified young producers (n/c for KDDC board members). ___I will attend Wednesday, Feb 26 - Ky Dairy Partners Meeting and lunch All fees payable to KDDC at the conference. Mail registration form to: Ky Dept of Agriculture • c/o Eunice Schlappi • 111 Corporate Drive • Frankfort, KY 40601 Or email to: Eunice.schlappi@ky.gov If you have any questions, contact Eunice Schlappi at 502-545-0809
  8. 8. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 8 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Six Key Critical Management Practices to Beat the Heat Donna M. Amaral-Phillips, UK Extension Professor and Dairy Nutritionist Key #1. Feed should be mixed twice daily. During the warmer parts of the year, TMR mixes (or silages) should be mixed and fed at least twice daily. Less frequent mixing allows the feeds to heat in the wagon and feedbunk which can result in cows eating less feed. Less feed consumed usually results in lower milk production. Once a day mixing may have been an option during the colder parts of our winters, but is not an option when temperatures start climbing. For those with outside feeding areas, shade cloth over the feedbunk helps keep cows cooler and encourages them to eat during the day. Key #2. Cows eat most of their feed overnight when temperatures tend to decrease and cows are able to cool off. With the decreases in overnight temperatures, cows tend to consume more feed during these very early morning hours. The key here is to make sure that quality feed is available when cows want to eat. During the hotter parts of the summer, cows may consume almost 70% of their feed in these overnight/ early morning hours. Thus, batch sizes need to be adjusted for this key change in feed intake during different parts of the day. Key #3. Use of fans and sprinklers can help cows cool off while in the holding pen, eating areas, and resting areas. Cows are the most comfortable when their environmental temperature is between 40 and 70 °F. As the temperature (and humidity) rise, cows undergo heat stress. The bottom line is that heat stress results in cows eating less, reduced fertility, and decreased milk production. Heat stress can be reduced by placing sprinklers (that wet the cow’s coat) and fans in holding pens and over feedbunks. Sprinklers are placed on a timer and run approximately for 2 minutes and off for 10 to 12 minutes and increase in frequency they are on with increasing temperatures. Fans should run continuously. In addition, fans are placed over the freestalls or resting area. All fans should come on automatically when temperatures are greater than 65°F. Key #4. Rebalance rations with new forages. New forages should be analyzed and these results used to balance rations accordingly. Also, with summertime feeding, mineral balances (e.g. potassium) are shifted slightly to account for not only the nutrient composition of new forages but also the stresses and additional mineral losses associated with coping with the heat. Key #5. Minimize heat stress on dry cows. Shade and access to fans and sprinklers have been shown to increase milk production this next lactation of the dry cow herself, and future production of her daughter and granddaughter. Minimizing stresses on this group of cattle is critical to getting them to milk well (8-10 lbs more milk) during the next lactation. Allowing these cows access to shade, fans, and sprinklers reduces heat stress on these cows, improves immune function, reproductive performance, and early-life calf survivability. Do not forget baby calves; they undergo heat stress also. Placing hutches under shade trees helps decrease the temperature in the hutch, improves calf health, and weight gain. Calves housed in barns need fans for air movement and heat abatement. Key # 6. Make sure that heifers on pasture have adequate forage and plenty of cool, clean water. Cool season grasses, i.e. fescue, are more sensitive to soil water deficiencies and have optimum growth with temperatures are between 65 and 75°F. As a result, cool season grasses are often dormant during the summer months. To prevent mastitis in pre- fresh heifers, proper fly control is important. In addition, do not allow heifers to “swim“ in ponds for cooling. Remember cows can experience heat stress throughout the year when temperatures get above 65ºF
  9. 9. Zack Burris 270-576-7001 Offer good throug March 15, 2020OFFER GOOD THROUGH MARCH 15, 2020
  10. 10. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 10 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund $$$$Billion Question(s) - Answers Yet to Come: What will Chapter 11 Reorganizations do to the Future of the Southeast Milk Market? Julie Walker, AgriVoice It’s the elephant in every room of every dairy discussion in the Southeast these days. It’s the deep undertow on mental attitudes which otherwise would be a bit more upbeat due to this current cycle of higher milk prices. It’s this Billion Dollar$$$ que$tion - plus a few other related questions: How will the Dean Foods and Borden Chapter 11 (reorganization) Bankruptcy Proceedings determine the future of available markets and ‘take-home pay’ to dairy farms in the Southeast? • What will our closest markets for our milk be like in a year or two? • How much ‘take-home pay’ will be available to farmers to spend in their local communities, and in turn, to support and maintain their local ag economies? What are farmers budgeting for? • Will there even be a ‘close-by’ market for producers in all locale of the southeast? • How many plants will stay open, and how many may close? • Which ones will they be, and what functions will be performed by such facilities? (For instance, Borden closed processing operations at their Cincinnati plant just days before their January filing, yet the facility remains open as a distribution center.) • Will any transition of both companies keep enough dollars flowing into regional ag economies - in the Southeast, and across the country - to keep those rural areas alive? Chapter 11 Bankruptcy proceedings of two major processors/ milk buyers in the Southeast are underway in two Federal Court Districts in two different locations. Collectively, the companies receive milk at 18 plants in the Southeast; there are 11 Dean Foods plants and 7 Borden plants. According to several industry estimates, those plants are the usual home market for an estimated 60%+ of milk produced in the Southeast. Most know by now that Dean Foods filed bankruptcy on November 12, 2019 as “Southern Foods Group, LLC, d/b/a Dean Foods,” with proceedings taking place in the US Federal Court, Texas-Southern District, at a Houston courthouse. Borden Chapter 11 proceedings, filed on January 5, 2020, are taking place under the official name of “Borden Dairy Company, LLC,” in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware. From the day of any milk company Chapter 11 Bankruptcy filing, producers are protected for payment for their milk. However, an almost unheard of circumstance occurred in the early days of both of these bankruptcy filings: Independent producers (those who contracted directly with the companies, without membership in a co-op), did in fact receive payment for the milk delivered in the 30-45 days prior to the filing. Normally, these types of producers are viewed as ‘unsecured creditors’ in the court’s eyes, and normally, any payment at all is usually pennies on the dollar, and takes place years after a filing when a Chapter 11 is completed. However, both companies deemed independent producers and others in their milk processing supply chains as ‘critical vendors,’ and pleaded for the court to allow payments as usual. The Court granted those requests. That was the first hurdle as these proceedings will be negotiated through the courts and as potential buyers make offers and inquiries. Milk cooperatives, which are bound to pay their members for milk shipped through the co-op, have been affected differently. Unless funds have been transferred in recent days, it appears several of them have not yet received payment after evaluating court documents. On Dec. 2, 2019, Southeast Milk Inc. filed a ‘Reclamation Demand” (Document 374) for payment of $13,527,796.54 owed to them by Dean Foods per the Nov.12 filing date. On Jan. 10th, 2020, a “Verified Statement of the Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors . . .” (Document 673) contained statements that Land O’Lakes was owed $10.5 Million, California Dairies, Inc. (CDI) was owed $6,499,148, and Select Milk Producers had unsecured claims of $4,484,598.96. Earlier documents also stated that DFA was owed in excess of $172.9 million. Thus far in court documents (at least at the publishing of this article), there was little, if any, further mention of any transactions with DFA. The amounts owed to each, and what will ultimately be settled with each entity, is yet to be known. For now, it’s business as usual for farmers as they continue to receive payments for their milk, and as retailers receive deliveries of processed products. The HUGE factor in both the bankruptcies is each company’s obligation to the Central States, Southeast and Southwest Areas Pension Fund. Dean Foods alone owes that fund in excess of $769.8 Million Dollars as of January 10, 2020. Phrased differently, the Pension Fund is a creditor of approximately 3/4
  11. 11. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 11 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund of a Billion dollars by Dean Foods. Borden’s obligation, while considerably less, is still the largest creditor in that proceeding as well. . However, the next phase of ‘on-the-record’ offers and counter offers is set to begin with significant hearings in February. As of the last week of January, there were 858 documents (and counting!) filed in the Dean Foods Case, and 228 (and counting!) filed in the Borden proceedings. The next major event in the Dean Foods situation is an ‘Omnibus’ Hearing scheduled for February 19th. A hearing is set for February 24, 2020 in the Borden case. More will be known as documents are filed in the days leading up to those hearings. That is where real answers will lie - not in speculation, not in rumors, not in “I heard this . . statements,” but in documents filed with the court. At the current time, there are many public reports referencing either a ‘sale’ or a ‘merger’ with Dairy Farmers of America in the Dean proceedings. Accurate details which will confirm or deny those rumors will be found in court documents. It is no secret the Department of Justice is making inquiries into such a merger or sale, but again, the results of those inquiries are yet to be known. At a December 20th hearing for Deans, an attorney representing a “Group of Bondholders” stated there would be offers ready for the court’s consideration in the coming months as well; those offers have yet to appear or be evaluated. In short, we are in a wait-and-see mode as to what a southeast dairy farm future will look like in the Southeast. To keep up with the legal filings and related information, here are some resources: • Dean Foods Bankruptcy: https://dm.epiq11.com/case/ DNF/dockets • Borden Bankruptcy: https://donlinrecano.com/Clients/ bdc/Index • General News Releases: www. DeanFoodsRestructuring.com • Related information: http://www.milkshedsblog.com NOTE: The Dean Foods Chapter 11 is believed to be the largest dairy company Chapter 11 in the nation’s history. Borden is sizable in its own right, although small compared to Dean Foods. Both proceedings have multiple moving parts varying from farmer payments to daily processing and delivery expenses to licensing and cross-licensing of brands to anything else. Any information you read about either should only be considered current as of that moment, and what is a fact today may be old news by tomorrow. Read carefully, and make sure the information you receive is accurate. how clean they are and where they are placed is crucial for making sure that this investment is doing what it should. 6. Make comparisons with your own data or even with your neighbors’. Knowing where you are now is key to knowing where you are going. 7. How are you using data on your operation? Who is your chief information officer (CIO)? Farmers are flooded with information and data but ensuring that you are using that data to its greatest potential is key. Connecting production to finance, trying to understand the basics and treating data as the asset that it is can help producers to manage KPIs on their operation. 8. Keep an eye out for dandelions going into the seed stage — this is the time that cover crops and first-cutting grass stands are approaching a high-quality forage stage. 9. Consider using lower day-length silage corn to reduce the harvest window and maximize starch levels in silage. Chip five representative plants a couple of weeks prior to corn silage harvest to check for whole-plant dry matter, as doing so will allow you to maximize quality and starch. 10. Consider brown midrib corn silage for increased fiber digestibility and milk production. Plant at the recommended populations and use the correct day length for your ground. Through people like Dr. Bewley and Jenna Guinn, Alltech offers new tools that use your herd code and RAC code to help pull together a comprehensive report that outlines all aspects of your operation, as well as benchmarks for improvement. For access to this report for your herd, please contact Elizabeth Lunsford at (859) 553- 0072. Thank you to all our sponsors and to those who attended these meetings. The feedback was remarkable, and Alltech and KDDC look forward to receiving more feedback and hearing ideas about how more of these meetings could be held in the future. continued from cover
  12. 12. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 12 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Hey Doc, While You’re Here... Charles Townsend DVM, Burkmann Nutrition I t’s a cold night and the wildcats just pulled off a win, now it’s time to finish this article. I’m at the Georgia Dairy Conference and just listened to a day’s worth of talks about Milk Quality and Robotic milking. I guess you’re thinking that I’m going to write about the conference and what I learned, nope… this article is going to cover vaccinations on the dairy, sorry.” So, what is the best vaccination protocol for a dairy? Really there is no prefect protocol that fits every dairy. The best protocol is a protocol that you have worked out with your veterinarian that fits the disease that you see on your dairy. What I’m going to do in this article is give some basics that you can take to your veterinarian and talk to him or her about what is best for you and your operation. Let’s start with your heifer operation. I am convinced that every calf needs a nasal vaccine against pneumonia at the day of birth. There are 2 vaccines that you can consider, TSV-2 or Inforce 3. You should consult your veterinarian to see what they would recommend. One thing to consider is that this vaccine should be administered before 4 days of age. Studies have shown that giving vaccine between 4 and 21 days shows to not be very effective. What we are looking for is to get the immunity up in that newborn calf as soon as possible, hence the reason I want that vaccine in the calf before 4 days of age. So, what about Calf guard? Does this vaccine really work? Let me answer the last question first. Yes, the vaccine works but there is a caveat. This vaccine needs to be given before the calf receives any colostrum. Colostrum deactivates the vaccine, so if you can’t get the vaccine into the calf before the calf receives colostrum then you’re just wasting your money. There is a fairly new vaccine against Corona virus that is labeled for 3 days or older. The route of administration is intranasal. This vaccine has shown to be effective against the enteric type of disease compared to colostrum deprived calves. I have not used this vaccine or know of anyone that has used this vaccine, so I can’t give any hands-on experience. Talk to your veterinarian to see if this vaccine is something that you need to use. The next thing that we need to vaccinate the calves with is a 4-way virus combined with a 5-way Lepto, this should be done at 4-6 months of age. I would recommend a modified live vaccine. They have shown to be the most effective vaccine when compared to a killed vaccine. This vaccine needs a booster in 3-4 weeks. The lepto vaccine needs to be followed with the letters HB. This tells us that it has Hardjo bovis incorporated into the vaccine. Lepto hardjo bovis is the main Lepto that we are concerned with in cattle. The other vaccine that I would use is a 7-way clostridial vaccine, another name for the vaccine is 7-way blackleg. Again, this should be boostered in 3-4 weeks. The next time for vaccination is before breeding. Booster the 4-way with 5-way lepto (9-way vaccine). This vaccine covers IBR, PI3, BRSV, BVD and 5 different strains of Lepto. Summary: Calf vaccine protocol 1-3 days old: Nasal vaccine Option: calf guard (before colostrum administered to the calf) 4-6 months: 9-way vaccine with HB 7-way Blackleg vaccine Both should be boostered in 3-4 weeks Option: Brucella abortus (veterinarian administered only) Ask your veterinarian if this is recommended for your herd. Now, lets look at your cow herd and let’s start with the dry cows. There are a lot of different vaccines we can look at. But for this article I’m going to just give the main vaccines that you should use in your herd and some options. Remember that the best vaccine schedule is the one that you work out with your veterinarian. Dry off: This is the time that I would recommend a 9-way vaccine. I still recommend the vaccine with HB included. There are a lot of different trains of thought on if killed or MLV is best. And again, it depends on if you have vaccinated before and what you have used. If you vaccinated with an MLV vaccine and you boostered the vaccine, then the thinking is that a killed vaccine will be just as good as an MLV. Killed vaccine is safe for pregnant cows. A cow that is vaccinated with the same MLV vaccine within the last 12 months then a MLV vaccine is safe in pregnant cows. This will protect you against Lepto and the viral part of shipping fever. The next thing that you need to look at is a scour vaccine. This vaccine is to protect the calf against multiple agents that cause scours in calves. This vaccine needs to be boostered if the cow has not been vaccinated with the vaccine before. If the cow has been vaccinated with the vaccine before then you only need to vaccinate annually. 7-way blackleg should be vaccinated at this time. I recommend this vaccine when you are using prostaglandin in the herd. This should be given annually. The last thing that we need to look at is the vaccine that protects against Coliform mastitis. This vaccine needs to start at dry off and then needs to be boostered in 3-4 weeks. Most dairies will booster when they move the cows to the close-up group.
  13. 13. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 13 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund We have a problem when all the vaccines are used, we then have more than 2 gram negative vaccines. This can cause some issues. This can cause the cow to become toxic and immune compromised which will make the vaccine less effective and possibly a sick or dead cow. How do we fix it? If the scour vaccine doesn’t need to be boostered, then you can move one of the gram negative vaccines to the close up group. If you need to give all the vaccines, then move one of the gram negative vaccines to 2 weeks prior to dry off. This will help with having too many gram negative vaccines. Next is the fresh cow. This is the worse time to vaccinate a cow. The recommendation now is to move the vaccine to at least 30 days after freshening. This will give the cow time to recover from the stress of the freshening process and give the immune system time recover and respond to a vaccine. So, the only vaccine that I would recommend at this time is the vaccine against coliform mastitis. Remember this is just the basics and this will cover most of the diseases that you will deal with, but there are circumstances within the herd that another vaccine will help. Vaccines like Staph vaccine, mannheimia, tetanus, clostridial perfringens type A, pink eye, may be called for but these vaccines are vaccines that you need to talk to your veterinarian about. Summary: Cow protocol Dry Off: 9-way vaccine (MLV or Killed) (gram negative) 7-way Clostridial Scour vaccine (gram negative) – if the cow needs a booster, then move the 9-way to 2-3 weeks before dry off. Coliform mastitis vaccine (gram negative) Close up: Coliform mastitis vaccine Scour vaccine 30 days post freshening: Coliform mastitis vaccine Keep safe and may this year prove to be a blessing to you and your family! 58TH ANNUAL KENTUCKY NATIONAL DAIRY SHOWS & SALES MAKE PLANS TO ATTEND THE 2020 KENTUCKY NATIONAL DAIRY SHOW & SALE KENTUCKY FAIR & EXPOSITION CENTER, PAVILION - LOUISVILLE, KY - ALL TIMES ARE EDT AYRESHIRE/MILKING SHORTHORN FRIDAY, APRIL 3 • 11AM SHOW • 2PM SALE SALE MANAGED BY: KY AYRSHIRE CLUB AYRESHIRE CONTACT BILLY BRANSETTER (270) 528-6336 MILKING SHORTHORN CONTACT: DAVID CROSHAW (859) 583-6682 BROWN SWISS FRIDAY, APRIL 3 • 9AM SHOW • 11AM SALE SALE MANAGED BY: KY BROWN SWISS BREEDERS’ ASSOCIATION RICHARD SPARROW (502) 370-6730 GUERNSEY FRIDAY, APRIL 3 • 2PM SHOW • 4PM SALE SALE MANAGED BY: KY GUERNSEY BREEDERS’ ASSOCIATION MICHAEL SMITH (859) 619-4995 HOLSTEIN THURSDAY, APRIL 2 • 11AM SHOW • 1PM SALE SALE MANAGED BY: KY HOLSTEIN CATTLE CLUB ROBERT COLVIN (270) 572-6046 DALE TURNER (859) 583-1695 JERSEY THURSDAY, APRIL 2 • 1PM SHOW • 3PM SALE SALE MANAGED BY: JMS & KY JERSEY CATTLE CLUB GREG LAVAN (614) 322-4454 More info and Updates: www.kyagr.com Facebook: Kentucky National Dairy Shows and Sales Ethan Berry - KY Department of Ag (502) 782-4134 • ethan.berry@ky.gov ONLINE BIDDING AVAILABLE! LOG ON TO WWW.COWBUYER.COM & JERSEYAUCTIONLIVE.COM THANK YOU TO OUR 2020 SPONSORS!!
  14. 14. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 14 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Dixie Dairy Report January 2020 Federal order blend prices. 2019 saw needed improvement in order blend prices. As shown in table 1, 2019 blend prices in the three southeastern federal orders will average about $2.00/cwt. higher than 2018. Last January we projected about $1.00/cwt. increase in 2019 over 2018. All of the 2019 increase occurred in milk’s skim portion. The butterfat value of milk in 2019 was slightly lower than the previous year. For 2020, we project blend prices about $1.25/cwt. higher than 2019. Dairy commodities. Most of the projected price increase in 2020 will be due to increasing nonfat dry milk powder (NFDM) prices. Butter was the price driver in 2017 and 2018, but NFDM was the price driver in 2019 and will continue to be so in 2020. NFDM averaged about a quarter higher in 2019 compared to 2018, and is projected to gain another $0.17/lb. in 2020. See dairy product sales prices in table 2. Remember each one penny increase in the NFDM price increases the Class IV skim price by $0.09/cwt. A combination of lower inventories (both in the U.S. and Europe), higher international powder prices, and increased world demand, especially in Asia, are reasons for increasing NFDM prices. Since 2017, the butter price has trended downward, and is projected to continue to do so in 2020. In December, for the first time in three years, the monthly CME butter price fell below $2.00/lb. Dairy farmers have responded to higher butterfat prices by increasing the average butterfat % in their milk production from 3.77% in 2016 to 3.88% in 2018, thus increasing supply. At the end of November, the butter inventory was 18% higher than a year earlier, and Dairy Market News reports cream as plentiful. The butter price is dropping. Since July, the butter price has declined every month with the November CME butter price the lowest in three years. Reasons for the decline include: 1) Increased butter production. Production up 5% in October. 2) Expanding inventories. Inventories have increased each month 1: SOUTHEASTERN FEDERAL ORDERS ACTUAL AND PROJECTED* BLEND PRICES (2015-2020) Year Appalachian Florida Southeast ($/cwt.) @ 3.5% fat @ base zone 2015 $18.58 $20.90 $19.29 2016 $17.09 $19.23 $17.55 2017 $18.79 $20.91 $19.15 2018 $17.29 $19.37 $17.71 2019 $19.39 $21.42 $19.81 2019 vs 2020 +$2.10 +$2.05 +$2.10 2020 $20.61 $22.73 $21.15 2020 vs. 2019 +$1.22 +$1.31 +$1.34 *Projected in bold. 2019 includes actual from January-November with December projected. since July 3). Heavy butter imports, and lower world prices continue to put downward pressure on the domestic butter price. Butter prices are projected lower in 2020, compared to recent years.In regards to dry whey, until Asia starts recovering from swine flu, and rebuilds its swine population, we anticipate no major increase in dry whey prices. Asia is a major buyer of dry whey for its pig feed. Cheese saw over a $0.20/lb. increase in 2019 over 2018. We project the average 2020 cheese price about a nickel per lb. higher than 2019. The good news is that 2020 is starting with no burdensome cheese inventories, which is a positive. We anticipate there could be more volatility in cheese prices, as was with barrels last fall when the monthly barrel price jumped $0.50/lb. from $1.75/lb. in September to $2.25/lb. in November. Supply and demand. How many cows, dairy farmers will milk in 2020 is the big unknown. It appears 2019 will end with about 20,000 fewer cows than at the beginning of the year. However, cow numbers at the end of November were14,000 more head compared to the low in August. 2019 production will be about 0.3% higher than 2018. Under normal conditions, with no change in cow numbers, we can expect an annual increase in total milk production of about 1.5%, due to improved cow performance. The reason why it takes a significant decline in cow numbers to lower milk production over the long-term. Moving to the demand side, as shown in table 3, domestic demand for the year-to-date is up 2.7%. However, exports are down, resulting in a total year-to-date demand only up 0.5%. This is higher than the milk production increase of 0.3%, thus the reason for higher milk prices in 2019. Demand exceeds supply. Looking ahead to 2020 we see improving exports which should lift total demand 1.5 to 2% higher than 2019. This supports our projection for higher milk prices in 2020, demand exceeding milk supply. However, any change in these supply to demand numbers, will quickly change our price projection higher or lower. If cow 2. NATIONAL DAIRY PRODUCTS SALES REPORT PRICES – ANNUAL AVERAGES (2015-2019) AND PROJECTED 2020 Year Butter Cheese Nonfat Dry Milk Powder Dry Whey ($/lb) 2015 $2.0670 $1.5454 $0.9016 $0.3804 2016 $2.0777 $1.6050 $0.8292 $0.2875 2017 $2.3303 $1.6344 $0.8666 $0.4437 2018 $2.2572 $1.5377 $0.7945 $0.3422 2019 $2.2431 $1.7586 $1.049 $0.3799 2020 Projected $2.17 $1.81 $1.21 $0.36
  15. 15. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 15 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Milk Prices FMMO 5 www.malouisville.com January 2020 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $22.41 February 2020 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $ 20.95 FMMO 7 www.fmmmatlanta.com January 2020 Class 1 Advanced Price (@3.5%BF) $22.81 February 2020 Class 1 Advanced Price (3.5%BF) $21.35 3. DAIRY DEMAND MEASURED BY TOTAL SOLIDS OCT 2019 OCT 2018 CHANGE % YTD 2019 YTD 2018 CHANGE % (million lbs) (million lbs) Domestic 2,159.7 2,075.9 4.0% 20,583.4 20,035.5 2.7% Export 354.6 351.7 0.8% 3,347.3 3,769.0 -11.2% Total 2,514.3 2,427.6 3.6% 23,930.7 23,804.5 0.5% numbers start increasing, expect lower milk prices. If demand increases more than projected, look for higher milk prices. Southeast demand. October was a poor month for fluid milk sales in the Southeastern federal orders. As shown below, October fluid sales were below a year ago in all orders, and down a combined 2.6%. For the year-to-date fluid sales are down 3.0% in all three orders, combined. Southeast milk production. November milk production for the three southeast reporting states was: Florida up 2.2% due to more milk per cow; Georgia up 1.4% also due to more milk per cow; and Virginia continued its steady decline down 4.8% and 7,000 less cows. Combined, these three states which account for about two-thirds of southeast milk production, produced about the same volume of milk in November compared to a year ago. 4. FLUID MILK SALES IN THE THREE SOUTHEASTERN FEDERAL ORDERS OCT 2019 OCT 2018 CHANGE % YTD 2019 YTD 2018 CHANGE % (million lbs) (million lbs) Appalachian 272 277 -1.8% 2,670 2,595 -2.8% Florida 229 233 -1.7% 2,242 2,218 -1.1% Southeast 360 374 -3.7% 3,423 3,575 -4.3% Total 861 884 -2.6% 8,326 8,487 -3.0%
  16. 16. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 16 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Georgia Dairy Conference Dave Roberts A delegation of eight Kentucky Dairy Development Council (KDDC) staff and board members attended the annual Georgia Dairy Conference in Savannah. The conference has, for several years, been one of the premier dairy meetings in the south as well as the nation. World class presenters touching on timely topics and cutting-edge dairy systems filled the one and a half days. On the way to Savannah the group stopped at Rock House Creamery, a dairy and processing plant. This value added dairy bottled milk, chocolate milk, buttermilk and made cheese. The pasture-based herd is a mix of Holsteins, Jerseys and some crosses. Rock House Creamery is partnering with the University of Georgia to teach classes on processing milk. They also are in the process of marketing their milk on the University of Georgia campus. The next stop was W D Dairy owned by the Everett Williams family. The Williams family milks 1,750 crossbred cows in a 72-cow rotary parlor. Their herd average is currently 27,500 lbs. milking three times a day. Irrigated corn silage, alfalfa and ryegrass is the forage basis for their TMR. Cows were housed in sand bedded free stalls as were young weaned heifer calves. Heifer calves are also fed a TMR the same as the milk cows at six months of age. Baby calves are raised in groups using automatic calf feeders. The conference was held at the Savannah Riverfront Marriott. The Tuesday morning meeting was kicked off by Dr. Deanne Meyer, University of California, Davis covering the topic of Managing Dairy Manure in the Central Valley of California. Many speakers followed covering subjects like Milk Quality Tips-Looking at the Whole Picture, Control the Controllable- Making a Profit in Unprofitable Times, Achieving Excellence, Precision Maternity Care on a Large Dairy, Making Sense of Parlor Performance Numbers, Painting Your Own Picture, Robotic Milking in the Southeast and Robotic Milking-What We Have Learned So Far concluded day one. Wednesday topics included Securing the Future of Dairy, Milk Makes Amazing Campaign Report, Opportunities for the Dairy Case- a Retailers Perspective, Dairy Foods- Evaluation and Innovation and Southeast Dairy Outlook by Calvin Covington. Milk breaks were provided morning and afternoon in the trade show area. The trade show consisted of eighty five dairy related industry displays adjacent to the meeting room. Besides the obvious reasons of attending the conference of gaining new dairy information to bring back to Kentucky, there was another reason to attend. The group was exploring the possibility of taking a larger group of Kentucky producers next year and spending a full day touring South Georgia dairies. KDDC will continue to research such a tour. We would like to thank the Georgia Dairy Producers and Farrah Newberry for their hospitality and including us in their conference.
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  18. 18. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 18 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund T he 2020 Kentucky Dairy Development Council’s Young Dairy Producer Conference and the KY Dairy Partners Meeting is scheduled for February 25-26, 2020 at the Sloan Conference Center in Bowling Green, KY. This year the KY Dairy Awards Banquet will be held the night of the 25th where KY Dairy Production Award winners will be recognized along with the top KY Milk Quality Producer and KY Milk Hauler. The top three herds are recognized in the Production Awards category. It has always been a prestigious honor to receive the Top Overall Herd award in this category. Achieving high production is a strategic effort with nutrition being at the forefront of successfulness. An icon in the Kentucky’s dairy industry’s nutrition sector Dr. Gary Lane recently passed away in December of 2019. Dr. Lane was instrumental in getting the KDDC established among others who saw the significance of such an organization. Dr. Gary Lane serviced many dairies throughout Kentucky contributing sound nutritional expertise to help increase quality milk production within these herds. It is with this type of legacy that KDDC wishes to honor Dr. Lane going forward with the renaming of the Top Overall Herd award to what now will be called the Dr. Gary Lane Production Award. This award exemplifies what Gary stood for, excellence in achieving that one goal of producing high production of quality milk from their herd. KDDC Top Overall Herd Production Award Gets New Name KDDC Director and Allied Industry Corner Richard Sparrow – Richard serves as Presi- dent of KDDC. Richard and his wife, Renelle, have three sons, Joe, Ben and Kirby, and reside in Owenton, KY. Richard is an elder at the First Christian Church in Owenton. Richard re- ceived a degree in Animal Science from the University of Kentucky in 1978. He has worked with producers, processors and haulers for 33 years with three milk cooper- atives. He is the president of the Kentucky Brown Swiss Association and a director of the Brown Swiss Cattle Breeders Associa- tion. Richard and his sons operate Fairdale Farm, LLC, milking 40 registered Brown Swiss. Michael Smith – Mi- chael grew up on a beef cattle and tobacco farm in Jessamine County where he spent his childhood showing registered dairy cattle with his family and being surrounded by the dairy industry. He is still very active in showing and owning dairy cattle of all breeds. Michael and his brothers have owned Guernsey’s, Jersey’s, Brown Swiss and Holsteins. They have ex- hibited dairy cattle all across the country at different state fairs and national shows. His father instilled in him the love for the dairy industry and for the dairy cow. He spent his childhood under the leadership of Dr. Heersche, judging dairy cattle around the country in 4-H and then had the opportuni- ty to represent the University of Kentucky as a member of the Dairy Judging team in 1996. He also served as an assistant coach for the UK Dairy Judging team in 1998. To- day Michael is a Regional Vice President for Farm Credit Mid-America, in Lexington. He covers the areas of Lexington, London, Richmond & Somerset. He has been em- ployed by Farm Credit for the last 16 years. In his time there he has had the opportunity to work with various facets of the dairy in- dustry from dairy heifer raising operations to dairies along with a few dairy cattle bro- kers who shipped cattle around the world. Michael has worked with both good and bad operations and experienced the level of management and business practices it takes to be successful in this endeavor. Alan Wilson – With 40 years’ experience, a 3rd generation milk hauler, with two sons that have been working in the busi- ness for over 15 years. Allan was a collaborator on a Home Land Security project on Bioterrorism in the dairy indus- try, with a host of others. He served 6 years on the KY Milk Handlers Assoc. Advisory Board. He was married to his high school sweetheart for 33 years, until he lost her to cancer. He is the commander of Pulaski Vet- erans Inc. Post #100, a branch of the VFW in Somerset. He is also a board member and secretary/treasurer of a non-profit called Veterans Essentials Thrift Shop that helps provide basic living essential for homeless Veterans placed in housing provided by HUD-VASH program. KDDC’s Board of Directors is compromised of 21 members, 13 dairy farmers, and 8 allied industry representatives. Dairy farmer directors represent the dairy producers within their respective districts. Allied industry members represent segments of the industry such as but not limited to, veterinarians, milk handlers, and feed companies. The officers of the KDDC board include: President, Vice-Presidentm and Secretary-Treasurer. The Executive Committee consists of the officers, the past president, and an elected member at large. The president must always be a dairy farmer. When board meetings are held, there is one purpose in mind; to do what is best for Kentucky’s dairy farmers and its industry.
  19. 19. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 19 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plans (CNMPs). Livestock manure management and water quality BMPs. Ky Division of Water permitting and compliance. Ben Koostra - Professional Engineer and NRCS Technical Service Provider - Lexington - 859-559-4662 To place a classified ad, contact any of the KDDC Dairy Conultants or Carey Brown at (859) 948-1256 VISION: To create a vibrant and sustainable dairy industry in Kentucky. MISSION: To educate, promote and represent dairy producers and foster an environment for growth of the Kentucky dairy industry. GOALS: • To increase Kentucky dairy farmers’ profitability • To improve Kentucky dairy farmers’ competiveness • To enhance Kentucky dairy farm families’ quality of life • To assist in the sustainability of Kentucky’s dairy industry I n January, over 400 Kentucky Farm Bureau (KFB) members attended the 101st Annual American Farm Bureau Federation (AFBF) Convention in Austin, TX, to recognize individual and organizational achievements and adopt policy for 2020. On Tuesday, January 21, 2020, AFBF delegates adopted policies that will guide the organization’s work this year and ensure our farmers are able to continue providing safe and abundant food, fiber, and renewable fuel for our nation and the world. During the convention delegates updated Farm Bureau’s dairy policies. After a year-long process to review ways to modernize Federal Milk Marketing Orders, delegates voted to support giving individual dairy farmers a voice by allowing them to vote independently and confidentially on rules governing milk prices. The opportunity to vote on milk pricing rules, along with other proposed changes to marketing orders such as recommending to eliminate transportation credits, continuing support for component pricing in FMMOs 5 and 7, and modification of pooling requirements will form a strong foundation to guide the organization during future reform efforts to better coordinate milk supply and demand in the 2020 Policies Adopted at the 101st Annual American Farm Bureau Federation Convention United States. Delegates also voted to support the creation of a flexible, farmer- and industry-led milk management system. In addition, delegates updated labor and immigration policies in which particular interest was placed on the H-2A program and addressing issues with the adverse effect wage rate and year- round program access to all of agriculture. New policies were also adopted supporting science-based climate change research and the documentation of agriculture’s advances toward climate- smart practices. KFB looks forward to working with grassroots leaders and Congress on the adopted 2020 policies. KFB was well-represented at the national convention. Every year state Farm Bureaus are presented awards in different categories related to programs and initiatives. KFB was honored with awards in all four Award of Excellence categories given, including: Advocacy; Engagement and Outreach; Leadership and Business Development; and Membership Value. Monroe County Farm Bureau member, Vickie Bryant, was elected to the AFBF’s Women’s Leadership Committee and Daviess County Farm Bureau member, Kirby Green, won the AFBF Young Farmers & Ranchers “Excellence in Agriculture Award.” This award recognizes young farmers and ranchers who do not derive the majority of their income from an agricultural operation, but who actively contribute and grow through their involvement in agriculture, their leadership ability, and participation in Farm Bureau and other organizations. Classified Ads
  20. 20. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 20 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund W ant to improve your cow’s production this next lactation and potentially make $450 more per cow? Sound dry cow management practices can accomplish this objective by improving production by 1000 to 4000 pounds of milk this next lactation. Today, feeding and management programs for dry dairy cows and cows transitioning back into the milking herd are as high of a priority as those for the milking herd. The dry period needs to be considered the start of the next lactation and not just the end of the previous lactation where dry cows use dollar resources. Sound feeding and management practices during this time frame can improve performance this next lactation by getting cows to (1) milk better during early lactation, (2) rebreed earlier, and (3) have a better immune system to fight off mastitis infections. Thus, take a few minutes to review your feeding and management program for your dry cows. It will pay dividends by helping improve your dairy business. Feed the correct amount of grain to dry cows. The amount fed and the protein content of a grain mix is determined by the quality and type of forage being fed. As the quality of forage decreases, more grain and a higher protein content grain mix is needed to supply the nutrients needed by the dry cow. If a cow does not receive adequate amount of energy, they lose body condition or weight. In early lactation, cows cannot eat enough so they rely on these body stores to provide some of the needed energy so they can produce milk. These lost body stores potentially could decrease milk production this next lactation. Bottom line: Test forages, use these results to balance rations, and then feed the amount of grain needed to complement the forages being fed. Do not overfeed energy to dry cows, but feed enough protein. Feeding adequate, but not excessive, amounts of energy throughout the dry period is important to keep cows on feed as they transition back into the milking herd. Thus, rations should be balanced to 0.60 to 0.62 Mcal NEl/lb dry matter in the far-off dry period. To achieve this energy density, watch the amount of corn silage and/or grain being fed. For close-up cows that will not be fed a special fresh cow diet after calving, energy density can increase up to approximately 0.66 to 0.68 Mcal NEL/lb dry matter. Close-up diets should provide adequate amounts of metabolizable protein (protein reaching intestines) (1200-1400 g MP/day) and not just adequate amounts of crude protein. Thus, what occurs in the rumen is important when determining protein needs. Bottom line: Work closely with your nutritionist so that adequate, but not excessive amounts of energy and protein are fed. Don’t have fat dry cows. Cows need to go dry at the proper body condition (3.0 to 3.25, but no greater than 3.5 for individual cows) and maintain this body condition and not gain body condition during the dry period. Cows having longer lactations because of breeding issues are often the cows that go dry too fast. Cows that are overconditioned at calving may have more metabolic issues after calving and do not eat as well after calving. After calving they should not lose more than 0.5 body condition score. This loss in body condition score after calving is less than we previously recommended. Cows which lose little to no body condition after calving rebreed quicker and result in an embryo with an improved survivability. Bottom line: Watch body condition of cows in late lactation to make sure cows are not getting too fat. Provide unlimited access to water. Water intake governs feed intake. As water intake is compromised, feed intake decreases which may result in cows losing weight (body condition). Again, cows will not peak as well and will not milk as well this next lactation. During the winter, waterers freeze and adequate water intake can become an issue. Bottom Line: Routinely check waterers and ponds to make sure cattle have unlimited access to drinking water. Provide adequate minerals and vitamins in the grain mix. Minerals and vitamins are important for growth of the fetus and the dry cow herself to fight off infections after calving. Thus, an appropriate mineral and vitamin mix should be force- fed through the grain to ensure adequate intakes. For close-up dry cows, low potassium forages should be fed. Generally, diets for close-up dry cows should contain anionic salts to minimize not only clinical milk fever where we see the classic disease symptoms, but as importantly subclinical milk fever or hypocalcemia, where no symptoms are detected. To determine if adequate amounts of anionic salts are consumed, pH should be measured in urine collected mid-stream for a number of cows after they have been fed anionic salts for at least 1 week, but no longer than 2 to 3 weeks. The amount of calcium supplemented will be determined by whether or not anionic salts are included (higher concentrations and amounts of calcium with anionic salts). Concentrations of magnesium and other minerals are also important in these cows and should be balanced appropriately. Bottom Line: Talk to your nutritionist to make sure you are providing adequate amounts of minerals and vitamins to your dry cows and cows close to calving. Want to Improve Your Income by $450 More per Cow? Donna M. Amaral-Phillips, UK Extension Professor and Dairy Nutritionist
  21. 21. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 21 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund Feed cows a special diet just before calving. Feeding programs three weeks before the expected calving date are designed to start the transition back into the milking herd. These diets also can help minimize fresh cow problems, such as milk fever, which can decrease milk production this next lactation. These feeding and management programs are designed to use forages with a lower potassium content such as corn silage (if fed to the milking herd) and may include feed additives, such as choline and anionic salts. Bottom Line: Design a feeding and management program for pre-fresh cows (close-up dry cow program) which minimizes health problems around calving time. These programs are not the same as placing cows in milking string or on the milk cow diet before calving. Evaluate feeding and housing situation for dry cows Pre-fresh cows need plenty of bunk and freestall space. By achieving these goals, environmental-related stresses are reduced, intake can be optimized, and the health of the cow can be maintained. Bottom Line: Provide 30 to 36 inches of bunk space per pre- fresh cow and plenty of space for all cows to rest comfortably on a clean, well bedded surface. Additional attention needs to be paid to provide adequate bunk and resting space when large numbers of cows and heifers are due to calve. Don’t forget to minimize heat stress for dry cows. Providing fans and sprinklers/soakers for dry cows has been shown to increase milk production of the dry cow, her offspring and her granddaughter! Studies have shown a 5 lb increase in production in cows provided shade, fans and sprinklers throughout the dry period. Also, the calf has a better immune system and can better respond to a disease challenge. Bottom line: Providing heat abatement for dry cows not only impacts her health and production, but also that of her daughter and granddaughter!! KY MILK MATTERS ADVERTISING RATES Ad Size BW/C (1x) BW/C (3x) BW/C (6x) Full Page $400/$450 $380/$428 $360/$405 1/2 Page $300/$350 $285/$333 $270/$315 1/4 Page $200/$250 $190/$238 $180/$225 Business Card $100/$125 $95/$119 $90/$113 AD SIZE SPECIFICATIONS Full page (bleed)........................................................................................................................................................................................8.75 x 11.25 Full page (no bleed).........................................................................................................................................................................................7.5 x 10 Half page (horizontal)...............................................................................................................................................................................7.5 x 4.875 Half page (vertical)................................................................................................................................................................................3.625 x 4.875 Business Card............................................................................................................................................................................................3.625 x 2.3
  22. 22. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 22 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund MOOVING DAIRY IN 2020 The Dairy Alliance’s Alan Curtsinger presented “Mooving More Dairy in 2020” to local co-op food service administrators at the Green River Regional Educational Center office in Bowling Green, which aids local school systems in Southern Kentucky. Through the presentation, attendees learned how to easily incorporate more dairy products into school meals. Everyone received The Dairy Alliance school meals promotional calendars with different recipe ideas, additional opportunities for cafeteria training and further information on available grants for equipment. Now they have the necessary resources to move more milk with help from The Dairy Alliance. OLYMPIAN LEE KIEFER VISITS DAIRY FARM Members of The Dairy Alliance Kentucky staff, Denise Jones and Tracey True, accompanied Lee Kiefer on a tour of the University of Kentucky Dairy. The dairy tour was an important day of learning for Lee. Lee Kiefer is a Milk Pep Team Milk athlete who participated in the 2012 and 2016 Olympics as part of the USA Fencing team. Staying busy, the Kentucky-native is preparing for the 2020 Olympics and is currently a medical student eager to learn and share milk’s good news on behalf of The Dairy Alliance. On the tour, Lee learned about a wide variety of topics: animal tracking systems and their uses, the general breeding and care process from start to finish, milk production safety and much more. As a medical student, Lee was interested in discovering more of the science in the dairy industry and enjoyed seeing how research has influenced farmers’ practices. Lee walked through the pens with heifers and milking cows before gaining hands-on experience by learning to milk a cow both by hand and with the machine. Now that she’s visited a dairy farm, what’s next in her dairy schooling? Lee expressed interest in visiting a processor to see the next leg in the journey of milk from cow-to-cup. She is a true milk fan ready to share her love of it with others!
  23. 23. January - February 2020 • KDDC • Page 23 KDDC is supported in part by a grant from the Kentucky Agricultural Development Fund S P E C I A L T H A N K S T O O U R S P O N S O R S Allied Sponsors PLATINUM Alltech Ag Central Bluegrass Dairy & Food Burkmann Feeds Cowherd Equipment CPC Commodities Kentucky Department of Agriculture Kentucky Farm Bureau Kentucky Soybean Board Shaker Equipment Sales Southland Dairy Farmers/Southwest Dairy Museum GOLD Arm & Hammer Animal Nutrition Dairy Express Services Dairy Products Assoc. of Kentucky Dairy Farmers of America ME Farm Credit Mid-America Givens and Houchens Trucking Mid-South Dairy Records Select Sires Mid America Todd County Animal Clinic Trenton Farm Supply SILVER Advanced Comfort Grain Processing Corp. KVMA Luttrull Feeds Prairie Farms Owen Transport RSI Calf Systems South Central Bank Southland Dairy Farmers BRONZE Bank of Jamestown Bagdad Roller Mills Central Farmers Supply Double “S” Liquid Feed Genetics Plus H J Baker Kentucky Corn Growers Limestone & Cooper Maryland & Virginia Milk Producers Provimi (Cargill) QMI Wilson Trucking
  24. 24. 176 Pasadena Drive Lexington, KY 40503 859.516.1129 ph www.kydairy.org Non-Profit US Postage PAID FEB 25 Young Dairy Producers Conference, Sloan Convention Center, Bowling Green, KY 8:30 A.M. – 4:30 P.M. CT FEB 25 Dairy Awards Banquet and Auction, Sloan Con- vention Center, Bowling Green, KY 6:00 – 8:00 P.M. CT FEB 26 KY Dairy Partners Meeting and Industry Trade Show, Sloan Convention Center, Bowling Green, KY 8:00 A.M – 3:00 P.M FEB 26 The Dairy Alliance Board Meeting, Sloan Conven- tion Center, Bowling Green, KY FEB 27 Dr. Woodall – DR. Laster Meeting, Hopkinsville, KY Calendar of Events MAR 18 State 4-H Dairy Jeopardy (Contest Reg- istration Deadline March 6th) Barren Co. Extension Office MAR 18-19 Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin Busi- ness Conference, Madison, Wisconsin MAR 27 KDDC Board Meeting, Adair Co. Extension Of- fice, 10:00 C.T. APR 01 4-H Cow Camp, KFEC, Louisville. KY APR 02-03 Kentucky National Show and Sale, KFEC, Louis- ville, KY MAY 17-19 Alltech Ideas Conference, Lexington,KY

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