Karen Davies CDG2012 Evidence-based research

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'Producing the evidence for effective evidence-based librarianship' - Karen Davies, from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, at the CDG National Conference on 18 July 2012 talked about how to produce the evidence for evidence-based research.

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  • Eldredge, JD. 2000. Evidence-based librarianship: an overview. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 88(4), 289-302.Eldredge, J. 2006. Evidence-based librarianship: the EBL process. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 341-354.
  • Booth, A. and Brice, A. 2004. Appraising the evidence. In: Booth, A. and Brice, A., eds. Evidence-based practice for information professionals: A handbook. London: Facet. pp.104-18.
  • Eldredge, JD. 2002. Evidence-based librarianship levels of evidence. Hypothesis, 16(3), 10-13.Crumley, E. and Koufogiannakis, D. 2002. Developing evidence-based librarianship: Practical steps for implementation. HealthInformation and Libraries Journal, 19(2), 61-70.Koufogiannakis, D., Slater, L. and Crumley, E. 2004. A content analysis of librarianship research. Journal of Information Science, 30(3), 227-239.  Richardson, WS., Wilson, MC., Nishikawa, J. and Hayward, RSA. 1995. The well-built clinical question: A key to evidence-based decisions. ACP Journal Club, 123, A12-13.Booth, A. 2004. Formulating answerable questions. In: Booth, A. and Brice, A. eds. Evidence based practice for information professionals: A handbook. London: Facet Publishing. pp.61-70.
  • Karen Davies CDG2012 Evidence-based research

    1. 1. Producing the Evidence for Effective Evidence Based Librarianship Karen Davies CDG Conference 18 July 2012
    2. 2. What is EBL?• “Evidence-based librarianship (EBL) provides a process for integrating the best available scientifically-generated evidence into making important decisions” (Eldredge, 2006).• An “applied rather than theoretical science … to solve practical problems” (Eldredge, 2000).
    3. 3. EBM: Levels of Evidence Systematic Reviews Meta analysis Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials Cohort Studies Case Studies Expert Opinion Booth and Brice, 2004
    4. 4. Research MethodologiesNon-research Qualitative research Systematic Reviews Focus Audits, Meta analysis groups, Delp surveys, hi etc techniques, i Randomized Controlled nterviews Clinical Trials Cohort Studies Case Studies Expert Opinion
    5. 5. EBL In The Real World“Real world” – setting /preferences / cost /circumstances NeedReview Defined /outcomes Application Question answerable Critically Appraisal Evidence Resources evaluate
    6. 6. Question• Types of question – Prediction – Intervention – Exploration• Domains – six / seven• PICO / SPICE
    7. 7. Evidence• Has this problem already been researched?• Is there any relevant research outside the LIS area? – Education – Management – Marketing
    8. 8. No Relevant Research Identified - I• E-mail a discussion list for unpublished research / feedback from others• Do the research yourself• Employ someone else to do the research• Student placement / work experience• Student dissertation
    9. 9. Potential Research Issues• Time• Lack of personal skills / self-confidence• Lack of senior or management support• Cost
    10. 10. No Relevant Research Identified - II • Collaborate • Mentor • Networking • Funding sources

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