Physical Features of Asia
• Asia- Land of the rising sun
- East –seat of ancient civilizations
of Assyrians, Babylonians,
...
• 5 regions are identified by a combination
of landforms, water forms, climate,
vegetation, language, ethnicity, cultural
...
•Climate - the weather
averaged over a long
period of time
• Weather - the day-to-day
conditions of a particular
place.
Tropical
Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid
• close to the equator where the
heat of the sun is felt the whole
year round
• Wea...
Tropical
Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid
Classified as:
• Humid tropical climate
• Tropical rain forest
• Tropical monsoon c...
Tropical
Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid
Tropical
Semi-arid
ArcticTemperate
Arid
• Occur in regions with little
precipitation
•drier than semiarid climates
•covers...
Tropical
Semi-arid
ArcticTemperate
Arid
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
• average temperature between 10°C-
40°C in their warmest month
• average tempera...
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Mediterranean Climate
• occurs on the western sides of the
continent between 30° ...
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Mediterranean Climate
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Maritime Temperate Climate
• experiences cool summers and wild
winters
•Usually h...
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Maritime Temperate Climate
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Continental Climate
•Experienced in the interior of a large
landmass
• hot summer...
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Continental Climate
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Continental Subarctic or Taiga
Climate
• very cold and dry
• cold snowy winters a...
Tropical Semi-arid Arctic
Temperate
Arid
Continental Subarctic or Taiga
Climate
Factors that Affect the Asian Climate
1.Latitude
- divided into four latitudinal zones
a. tropical zone- 23.5° north and 2...
Factors that Affect the Asian Climate
2. Oceanicity
- The measure of the degree to which
the climate of a region is influe...
3. Monsoon
- Wind system that influences large
climatic regions.
- May-Sept. > Southeast Monsoon or wet
monsoon > HABAGAT ...
- a direct manifestation of climate
the plant life or the plant ground
cover of a region, not the life forms,
structure, s...
Ice (No vegetation)
North Pole
South Pole
No land
Grassland
No land
Equator
Forest
Forest
Grassland
Desert
Grassland
tundr...
Types of Vegetation
1.Tundra Vegetation
- “tundra” Russian word = “a marshy plain”
- Arctic tundra and Alpine tundra
Types of Vegetation
2. Forest Vegetation
a.Taiga or boreal forest- Covers the
whole northern hemisphere of the high
latitu...
Taiga Forest
Broadleaf Forest
Rainforest
Types of Vegetation
3. Grassland Vegetation
- Known as “steppe” in Asia
- Usually found at the highland areas of
Asia part...
Types of Vegetation
3. Desert Lands
•Regions which receives an average of
less than 10 inches of rainfall a year.
•Evapora...
Land forms- natural
features of the earth's
surface
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
-a place on Earth’s-a place on Earth’s
surface that is muchsur...
Tien Shan Karakorum
Kunlun
Pamir Mountains
Asian mountains contain great
environmental diversity, which ranges
from cold and hot deserts to tropical
rainforests.
The...
Mount Everest
- world’s highest mountain
- Lies in Nepal, Tibet border
- High point reaches 8,848 meter
- Leo Oracion, Erw...
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
-an opening which
allows hot magma,
ash and gases to
escape fr...
Mount Fuji,
Japan
Mount Apo,
Philippines
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
a low area of land
between hills or
mountains,
typically with ...
Huang Ho river
Valley
-rich deposit of
yellow loess,
provided alluvial
farmlands for the
Chinese.
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
- broad, nearly level
stretches of land
that have no great
cha...
Central Plain
of Luzon
Asia’s plains and river valleys played an
essential part in the growth and development
of the early...
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
- a piece of land that
is surrounded by
water but connected
to...
Arabian
Peninsula
Korean
Peninsula
Due to the strategic location of
Asia’s Peninsulas, these landforms
were developed as trading ports
between nations.
Kowlo...
Volcanoes
Peninsulas
Hills
Plains
Valleys
Islands
Mountains
Plateaus
any area of land
smaller than a continent
and entirel...
Borneo
Island
Sumatra
Island

Largest
Islands
of Asia
Other Islands in Asia are known for their
scenic beauty such as:
Islands of Bali Indonesia Nicobarin Island in India
Phuke...
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
Hills are elevations of
the earth's surface
that have distinct...
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
A plateau is a large
highland area of
fairly level land
separa...
Almost one fifth of the continent is usually
made up of plateaus.
Highest plateaus of Asia are located in the
Himalayas.
T...
Deccan Plateau Anatolian Plateau
Arabian Plateau
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
Desert
archipelago
- a hot dry place with- a hot dry place wit...
Rub Al Khali or
“empty quarter”
of the Arabian
Peninsula
-world’s largest
expanse of sand
that reaches
250,000 km.
- exper...
Karakum or
“black Sand,
Turkmenistan
Kyzylkum or “Red
Sand”,
Uzbekistan
Thar or Great Indian
Desert, Western India and
Sou...
Dasht-e Kavir,
Iran
Dasht-e Lut, Iran
Negev Desert,
Israel
Salt Deserts
Volcano
Peninsula
Hill
Plain
Valley
Island
Mountain
Plateau
Desert
archipelago
sometimes calledsometimes called
an island ...
INDONESIA- Largest archipelago in the world
JAPAN
Maldives
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A river is a natural
watercourse, usually
freshwater, flowing
toward an oc...
Asia’s rivers are the lifeblood of its people
Yuan River,
Largest river in
China
Yangtze river,
longest river in
Asia
Tigris and Euphrates
River
Yangtze and Huangho
River
Ganges River
Merkong River,
“Mother of Waters”
Chao Phraya River Cagayan River
Ob River
Yenisei river
Lena River
Three Known Rivers of North Asia
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A lake is a body of water
that is surrounded by
land.
Asian lakes are marvelous sources of water
and other resources
Dead Sea
-Lowest point on earth
-Deepest lake in the world
...
Caspian Sea,
largest saltwater
lake in the world.
Lake Baikal, contains
20% of the world’s
surface freshwater
Tonle Sap, Largest freshwater lake in
Southeast Asia
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A gulf is a portion of the
ocean that penetrates
land.
-vary greatly in si...
Asian gulfs had become important shipping
channels among nations.
Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Suez
Gulf of Thailand, provides profitable
fishing grounds for the country.
Gulf of Aden, provides an outlet to
the west for Pe...
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A bay is a body of water
partially surrounded by
land. A bay is usually
sm...
Bay Of Bengal
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
the body of salt
water covering
approximately 70
percent of the
earth's su...
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A sea generally refers to
a large body of salt water,
but the term is used...
Lake
Ocean
Waterfalls
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A waterfall is a river or
other body of water's
steep fall over a rocky
le...
Lake
Ocean
Waterfall
Bay
Gulf
Sea
River
Strait
A strait is a narrow
body of water that
connects two larger
bodies of water
Ls 106 asia
Ls 106 asia
Ls 106 asia
Ls 106 asia
Ls 106 asia
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Ls 106 asia

  1. 1. Physical Features of Asia • Asia- Land of the rising sun - East –seat of ancient civilizations of Assyrians, Babylonians, Akkadians, Persians • Largest continent on Earth • Lies almost entirely in the Northern Hemisphere • Occupies 1/3 of the land surface of the Earth
  2. 2. • 5 regions are identified by a combination of landforms, water forms, climate, vegetation, language, ethnicity, cultural traditions • Boundaries: N-Arctic Ocean E-Bering Strait & Pacific Ocean SW-Red Sea & Mediterranean Sea S-Indian Ocean • Ural Mountains-Europe & Asia
  3. 3. •Climate - the weather averaged over a long period of time • Weather - the day-to-day conditions of a particular place.
  4. 4. Tropical Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid • close to the equator where the heat of the sun is felt the whole year round • Weather usually hot and humid • Home to the world’s rainforests.
  5. 5. Tropical Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid Classified as: • Humid tropical climate • Tropical rain forest • Tropical monsoon climate • Tropical wet and dry savanna
  6. 6. Tropical Semi-arid ArcticTemperateArid
  7. 7. Tropical Semi-arid ArcticTemperate Arid • Occur in regions with little precipitation •drier than semiarid climates •covers broad east west bands near 30° north and south latitude •in Arabian Peninsula, Northwestern part of India and North Asia
  8. 8. Tropical Semi-arid ArcticTemperate Arid
  9. 9. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid • average temperature between 10°C- 40°C in their warmest month • average temperature between 3°C- 18°C. • Mediterranean climate, Humid Subtropical climate, Maritime temperate climate and continental climate
  10. 10. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Mediterranean Climate • occurs on the western sides of the continent between 30° and 45° latitude • experienced at the lowland of northern Pakistan, Southern coast of South Korea and Japan
  11. 11. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Mediterranean Climate
  12. 12. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Maritime Temperate Climate • experiences cool summers and wild winters •Usually humid •accompanied by considerable amounts of precipitation
  13. 13. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Maritime Temperate Climate
  14. 14. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Continental Climate •Experienced in the interior of a large landmass • hot summers and cold winters • usually dry •Siberia and Central Russia
  15. 15. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Continental Climate
  16. 16. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Continental Subarctic or Taiga Climate • very cold and dry • cold snowy winters and warm summers • continental severe winter, polar climate and tundra climate
  17. 17. Tropical Semi-arid Arctic Temperate Arid Continental Subarctic or Taiga Climate
  18. 18. Factors that Affect the Asian Climate 1.Latitude - divided into four latitudinal zones a. tropical zone- 23.5° north and 23.5° south of the equator. b. subtropical zone- 23.5°to 35° north and south of the equator c. mid-latitude zone- 35° and 55° latitude. d. high latitude zone- above 55° latitude
  19. 19. Factors that Affect the Asian Climate 2. Oceanicity - The measure of the degree to which the climate of a region is influenced by a maritime airflow from the oceans. - Remoteness and proximity from any ocean influence climate.
  20. 20. 3. Monsoon - Wind system that influences large climatic regions. - May-Sept. > Southeast Monsoon or wet monsoon > HABAGAT (Philippines) - Northeast Monsoon or dry monsoon > AMIHAN (Philippines) 4. Elevation The higher the elevation the colder the temperature.
  21. 21. - a direct manifestation of climate the plant life or the plant ground cover of a region, not the life forms, structure, spatial extent, or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics
  22. 22. Ice (No vegetation) North Pole South Pole No land Grassland No land Equator Forest Forest Grassland Desert Grassland tundra Forest Vegetation pattern
  23. 23. Types of Vegetation 1.Tundra Vegetation - “tundra” Russian word = “a marshy plain” - Arctic tundra and Alpine tundra
  24. 24. Types of Vegetation 2. Forest Vegetation a.Taiga or boreal forest- Covers the whole northern hemisphere of the high latitude lands. b. broadleaf forest- characterized by a temperate humid plant community. c.the rainforest- occur inside the earth’s equatorial regions.
  25. 25. Taiga Forest Broadleaf Forest Rainforest
  26. 26. Types of Vegetation 3. Grassland Vegetation - Known as “steppe” in Asia - Usually found at the highland areas of Asia particularly in West Asia, China and North Asia
  27. 27. Types of Vegetation 3. Desert Lands •Regions which receives an average of less than 10 inches of rainfall a year. •Evaporation is greater than rainfall •Found in the middle and lower latitudes  Middle latitude > cold deserts  Low latitude > hot deserts
  28. 28. Land forms- natural features of the earth's surface
  29. 29. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau -a place on Earth’s-a place on Earth’s surface that is muchsurface that is much higher than the landhigher than the land around itaround it Desert archipelago
  30. 30. Tien Shan Karakorum Kunlun Pamir Mountains
  31. 31. Asian mountains contain great environmental diversity, which ranges from cold and hot deserts to tropical rainforests. The Himalayas forms a continuous 2, 413 km mountain range along northern portion of the Indian subcontinent.
  32. 32. Mount Everest - world’s highest mountain - Lies in Nepal, Tibet border - High point reaches 8,848 meter - Leo Oracion, Erwin Emata and Romeo Garduce (Filipino)
  33. 33. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau -an opening which allows hot magma, ash and gases to escape from below the surface Desert archipelago
  34. 34. Mount Fuji, Japan Mount Apo, Philippines
  35. 35. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau a low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it Desert archipelago
  36. 36. Huang Ho river Valley -rich deposit of yellow loess, provided alluvial farmlands for the Chinese.
  37. 37. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau - broad, nearly level stretches of land that have no great changes in elevation Desert archipelago
  38. 38. Central Plain of Luzon Asia’s plains and river valleys played an essential part in the growth and development of the early civilizations. River valleys offered abundant yield providing early Asians an opportunity to live and prosper in these places.
  39. 39. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau - a piece of land that is surrounded by water but connected to mainland via an isthmus Desert archipelago
  40. 40. Arabian Peninsula Korean Peninsula
  41. 41. Due to the strategic location of Asia’s Peninsulas, these landforms were developed as trading ports between nations. Kowloon Peninsula, Hong Kong
  42. 42. Volcanoes Peninsulas Hills Plains Valleys Islands Mountains Plateaus any area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded by water. Islands may occur in oceans, seas, lakes, or rivers ex. Sri Lanka, Singapore, Maldives Deserts archipelago
  43. 43. Borneo Island Sumatra Island  Largest Islands of Asia
  44. 44. Other Islands in Asia are known for their scenic beauty such as: Islands of Bali Indonesia Nicobarin Island in India Phuket Island in Thailand The islands of the continent serve as stepping places for traveling in wide oceans.
  45. 45. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau Hills are elevations of the earth's surface that have distinct summits, but are lower in elevation than mountains Desert archipelago
  46. 46. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau A plateau is a large highland area of fairly level land separated from surrounding land by steep slopes. Desert archipelago
  47. 47. Almost one fifth of the continent is usually made up of plateaus. Highest plateaus of Asia are located in the Himalayas. Tibetan Plateau, Highest Plateau in the world, 7,358 km high
  48. 48. Deccan Plateau Anatolian Plateau Arabian Plateau
  49. 49. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau Desert archipelago - a hot dry place with- a hot dry place with little or no rainlittle or no rain -- The hottest deserts of the world are found in Southwestern portion of the continent
  50. 50. Rub Al Khali or “empty quarter” of the Arabian Peninsula -world’s largest expanse of sand that reaches 250,000 km. - experience little or no rain at all within a year
  51. 51. Karakum or “black Sand, Turkmenistan Kyzylkum or “Red Sand”, Uzbekistan Thar or Great Indian Desert, Western India and Southwestern Pakistan
  52. 52. Dasht-e Kavir, Iran Dasht-e Lut, Iran Negev Desert, Israel Salt Deserts
  53. 53. Volcano Peninsula Hill Plain Valley Island Mountain Plateau Desert archipelago sometimes calledsometimes called an island group oran island group or island chain, is aisland chain, is a chain, cluster orchain, cluster or collection ofcollection of islandsislands
  54. 54. INDONESIA- Largest archipelago in the world JAPAN
  55. 55. Maldives
  56. 56. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A river is a natural watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing toward an ocean, a lake, a sea, or another river.
  57. 57. Asia’s rivers are the lifeblood of its people Yuan River, Largest river in China Yangtze river, longest river in Asia
  58. 58. Tigris and Euphrates River Yangtze and Huangho River Ganges River
  59. 59. Merkong River, “Mother of Waters” Chao Phraya River Cagayan River
  60. 60. Ob River Yenisei river Lena River Three Known Rivers of North Asia
  61. 61. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A lake is a body of water that is surrounded by land.
  62. 62. Asian lakes are marvelous sources of water and other resources Dead Sea -Lowest point on earth -Deepest lake in the world -Saltiest body of water on earth
  63. 63. Caspian Sea, largest saltwater lake in the world. Lake Baikal, contains 20% of the world’s surface freshwater
  64. 64. Tonle Sap, Largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia
  65. 65. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A gulf is a portion of the ocean that penetrates land. -vary greatly in size, shape, and depth - generally larger and more deeply indented than bays
  66. 66. Asian gulfs had become important shipping channels among nations. Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Suez
  67. 67. Gulf of Thailand, provides profitable fishing grounds for the country. Gulf of Aden, provides an outlet to the west for Persian Gulf oil.
  68. 68. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A bay is a body of water partially surrounded by land. A bay is usually smaller and less enclosed than a gulf. The mouth of the bay, where meets the ocean or lake, is typically wider than that of a gulf.
  69. 69. Bay Of Bengal
  70. 70. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait the body of salt water covering approximately 70 percent of the earth's surface
  71. 71. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A sea generally refers to a large body of salt water, but the term is used in other contexts as well. Most commonly, the term refers to a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, and is commonly used as a synonym for ocean.
  72. 72. Lake Ocean Waterfalls Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A waterfall is a river or other body of water's steep fall over a rocky ledge into a plunge pool below. Waterfalls are also called cascades
  73. 73. Lake Ocean Waterfall Bay Gulf Sea River Strait A strait is a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water

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