Eliminate ACs – goods for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Fighting the disease is commodity dependent Policy makers need to know specifically what they are to do.
Malaria - Gene Rosengarden, 2012
The Malaria ProjectFrom Advocacy to Implementation Gene Rosengarden gene.rosengarden@verizon,net
Setting the Stage Advocacy – Defining the Objective Eliminate tariffs on anti-malaria commodities Bednets Insecticides Diagnostic kits Medications Insecticide sprayers Facilitate clearance of shipments at the border Implementation – Carrying out the objectives Questions How do governments regulate their international trade? How to legally define the terms of reference, i.e. anti-malaria commodities?
Regulating International Trade Product-specific approach Country-specific approach Country by product Examples Customs tariffs Quotas Antidumping duties Anti-subsidy duties Embargoes
The Importance of the Tariff in Formulating TradePolicy Tariff and statistical descriptions – 2 systems in one The significance of international trade data You cannot responsibly regulate the international trade of a country unless you have access to complete and reliable foreign trade statistics The tariff description is generally the starting point for defining trade policy in terms of product orientation
Defining the Product Terms of Reference The World Customs Organization (WCO) (Established 1960) Intergovernmental organization focused on; Harmonization and standardization of customs procedures and programs Major commercial programs Tariff classification systems Customs valuation Customs rules of origin Trade facilitation Trade supply chain security Methodologies for facilitating international trade Enhancement of Customs enforcement and compliance activities
Defining the Product Terms of Reference – TheHarmonized System (1988) An international tariff and statistical classification for all goods used by almost 200 countries Set in a legal framework suitable for the imposition of tariffs and other taxes. Aim is to classify each product in one place and one place only Approximately 5000 categories Each country may subdivide categories to reflect its tariff and international trade statistical requirements System is maintained by a committee of its signatories in order to promote uniformity of interpretation and to keep the system abreast of changes in technology and trading patterns.
Our Agenda For the 5 major classes of anti-malaria commodities: Seek to establish the proper HS classifications Provides uniform HS treatment on universal basis Facilitates analysis of trade Encourage all malaria countries to immediately publish its international data for these goods based on WCO recommendation Provides specific focus on goods of interest Develop unique categories in the Harmonized System (effective 2017) Provides world wide opportunity for capturing and monitoring trade data, for assessing needs and for coordinating supply efforts Provides basis for seeking tariff reduction/elimination Seek elimination of tariffs based on WCO classification decisions Seek preferred border clearance status Permits expeditious release of shipments at the border thereby facilitating internal distribution