The Malaria ProjectFrom Advocacy to Implementation                      Gene Rosengarden                      gene.rosenga...
Setting the Stage   Advocacy – Defining the Objective        Eliminate tariffs on anti-malaria commodities              ...
Regulating International Trade   Product-specific approach   Country-specific approach   Country by product   Examples...
The Importance of the Tariff in Formulating TradePolicy   Tariff and statistical descriptions – 2 systems in one   The s...
Defining the Product Terms of Reference   The World Customs Organization (WCO) (Established 1960)   Intergovernmental or...
Defining the Product Terms of Reference – TheHarmonized System (1988)   An international tariff and statistical classific...
Our Agenda   For the 5 major classes of anti-malaria commodities:        Seek to establish the proper HS classifications...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Malaria - Gene Rosengarden, 2012

360 views

Published on

Malaria - Gene Rosengarden, 2012

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Malaria - Gene Rosengarden, 2012

  1. 1. The Malaria ProjectFrom Advocacy to Implementation Gene Rosengarden gene.rosengarden@verizon,net
  2. 2. Setting the Stage Advocacy – Defining the Objective  Eliminate tariffs on anti-malaria commodities  Bednets  Insecticides  Diagnostic kits  Medications  Insecticide sprayers  Facilitate clearance of shipments at the border Implementation – Carrying out the objectives  Questions  How do governments regulate their international trade?  How to legally define the terms of reference, i.e. anti-malaria commodities?
  3. 3. Regulating International Trade Product-specific approach Country-specific approach Country by product Examples  Customs tariffs  Quotas  Antidumping duties  Anti-subsidy duties  Embargoes
  4. 4. The Importance of the Tariff in Formulating TradePolicy Tariff and statistical descriptions – 2 systems in one The significance of international trade data  You cannot responsibly regulate the international trade of a country unless you have access to complete and reliable foreign trade statistics The tariff description is generally the starting point for defining trade policy in terms of product orientation
  5. 5. Defining the Product Terms of Reference The World Customs Organization (WCO) (Established 1960) Intergovernmental organization focused on;  Harmonization and standardization of customs procedures and programs  Major commercial programs  Tariff classification systems  Customs valuation  Customs rules of origin  Trade facilitation  Trade supply chain security  Methodologies for facilitating international trade  Enhancement of Customs enforcement and compliance activities
  6. 6. Defining the Product Terms of Reference – TheHarmonized System (1988) An international tariff and statistical classification for all goods used by almost 200 countries  Set in a legal framework suitable for the imposition of tariffs and other taxes.  Aim is to classify each product in one place and one place only  Approximately 5000 categories  Each country may subdivide categories to reflect its tariff and international trade statistical requirements System is maintained by a committee of its signatories in order to promote uniformity of interpretation and to keep the system abreast of changes in technology and trading patterns.
  7. 7. Our Agenda For the 5 major classes of anti-malaria commodities:  Seek to establish the proper HS classifications  Provides uniform HS treatment on universal basis  Facilitates analysis of trade  Encourage all malaria countries to immediately publish its international data for these goods based on WCO recommendation  Provides specific focus on goods of interest  Develop unique categories in the Harmonized System (effective 2017)  Provides world wide opportunity for capturing and monitoring trade data, for assessing needs and for coordinating supply efforts  Provides basis for seeking tariff reduction/elimination  Seek elimination of tariffs based on WCO classification decisions  Seek preferred border clearance status  Permits expeditious release of shipments at the border thereby facilitating internal distribution

×