Dr Muzong Kodi: What is Corruption?

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An online edition of Dr Muzong Kodi's presentation "What is Corruption?", given at Aidco headquarters in June 2009.

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Dr Muzong Kodi: What is Corruption?

  1. 1. Dr Muzong Kodi Associate Fellow, Africa Programme, Chatham House, London, UK What is corruption? A socio-anthropological perspective on the perception of corruption
  2. 2. Content of the presentation <ul><li>Why is context critical? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Culture and corruption </li></ul><ul><li>3. Policy implications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why is context critical? <ul><li>Corruption takes various forms depending on </li></ul><ul><li>- political, economic, social and economic realities of a country or region; </li></ul><ul><li>Driving forces underlying corruption vary as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Different solutions for each context. </li></ul><ul><li>Thorough diagnostics of the context a precondition for effective anti-corruption </li></ul><ul><li>solutions. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Culture and Corruption <ul><li>Sociologists and anthropologists: strong link between culture and corruption. </li></ul><ul><li>Main cultural factors determining form and extent of corruption: </li></ul><ul><li>- generalised trust; </li></ul><ul><li>- religion; </li></ul><ul><li>- acceptance of hierarchy; </li></ul><ul><li>- attitudes toward authority; </li></ul><ul><li>- gender. </li></ul><ul><li>CAVEAT: culture only partially accounts for the variance of levels of corruption. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Policy implications <ul><li>Giorgio Blundo et al.: “zero tolerance” of corruption is not a workable solution where corruption is pervasive and most actors are complicit. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposition: “advance in small steps, outlining steadily dividing lines between the acceptable and the unacceptable”. Debatable. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessity to base anti-corruption initiatives on a thorough analysis of the values and principles of local societies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dr Muzong Kodi Associate Fellow, Africa Programme, Chatham House, UK

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