EGNOS in Africa presentation 24.05.2012

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EGNOS in Africa presentation 24.05.2012

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EGNOS in Africa presentation 24.05.2012

  1. 1. and Africa Brussels, 24th May 2012
  2. 2. Outline• Introduction: EGNOS and Galileo• EGNOS in Africa: technical rationale• Advantages of precise satellite navigation in Africa• The policy context• Overall implementation plan •Previous achievements •Current activities •The way forward• Conclusions and discussion
  3. 3. 25 May, 2012 Europe’s contribution to satellite navigation consists of two systems Autonomous infrastructure • Performances similar to GPS • Global coverage • 5 services • European Geostationary Navigation Overlay System • Satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) • Improves GPS performance: integrity and accuracy • European coverage • 3 services3 The European GNSS Programmes GPS: Global Positioning System
  4. 4. 25 May, 2012 EGNOS improves GPS over Europe 1 3 geostationary EGNOS satellites: relay error corrections to users GALILEO, GPS and GLONASS satellite 5 constellation4 EGNOS position accuracy 2 GPS position accuracyNavigation Land EarthStations (NLES):uplink error corrections to Ranging and IntegrityEGNOS satellites Monitoring Stations (RIMS): receive GPS data and send it to MCC 3 Mission Control Centres (MCC): process GPS data to determine errors
  5. 5. EGNOS as part of a worldwide SBAS coverage system WAAS EGNOS EGNOS SDCM Service Area MSAS GAGAN Satellite coverage areaSource: Stanford University
  6. 6. Outline • Introduction: EGNOS and Galileo • EGNOS in Africa: technical rationale • Advantages of precise satellite navigation in Africa • The policy context • Overall implementation plan •Previous achievements •Current activities •The way forward • Conclusions6
  7. 7. Advantages of precise satellite navigation in Africa •Transports •Aviation •Rail •Inland waterways and maritime Applications •Tracking and tracing •Land management •Cadastre and cartography •Agriculture •Energy and mining industry Expected socio- •Cost-benefit analysis (CBA)economic benefits •Potential for regional integration
  8. 8. Aviation 25 May, 2012Benefits for passengers, airports, airlines and the environment Use Impact Safer Instrumental vertical landing, guidance, reduces accident probability fewer accidents Route optimisation with Fuels savings, the use of ADS-B CO2 emissions (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) reduction Phasing out of current Costs ground-based equipment reduction for for aid to navigation airports Reduction of Less delays, decision height diversions and during landing cancellations
  9. 9. Rail Current situation EGNOS benefits • Railway network: is poor, mostly on single line and with low traffic • Extremely high costs of classical • Satellite-based positioning can safety equipment elude the necessity of balises along the line • Strong costs savings on: • track control, signalling • Ground-based equipment, maintenance, control systems investments (balise) are • Socio-economic benefits: expensive and • potential expansion of normally not the rail network economically advantageous for • Safety, availability, low traffic railways capacity and reliability25 May, 2012 9
  10. 10. Rivers and inland waterwaysEGNOS precise positioning increases safety and navigability as compared to radar and visual positioning,Radar Position Accuracy EGNOS Position Accuracy Position variable by Same accuracy as with • Speed DGPS sensors but without • Distance the need for local ground infrastructures • Weather (rain, waves,..) W W Recommended Fairways: Recommended Fairways:5x the width of the largest ship 2.8x the width of the largest ship 10
  11. 11. Case study: Congo river basin95% of the Central African Navigation to Bangui isRepublic (CAR) imports (c. blocked for 5-6 months per270€m per year) transit year due to rocky sills andthrough the Congo. decline in the Oubangui level . Photo courtesy of Jürgen Runge - Cyriaque-Rufin Nguimalet EGNOS can support navigation and dredging vessels operations through the ‘shallow’ areas, allowing all season navigation (with a substantial impact on CARs imports).
  12. 12. Other maritime applications Port approach and coastal navigation •Savings on investments at the local level (substitute to ground DGPS stations) •Increased safety •Opening-up of previously ill-equipped small ports •Commercial and recreational vessels. Lagos Keys (Nigeria) – Photo courtesy timbuktuchronicles
  13. 13. Tracking and tracing Multimodal and container transport • Low cost services for freight applications • Container tracking in Inland Container Depots Case study: METIS project (EUROMED I) • Multimodal transport: road-sea-road • From Italy to Morocco via Algeria and Tunisia Dar Es Salaam portTin Can Island port (Nigeria) – Photo courtesy OTAL
  14. 14. Land management Cadastre •High accuracy, free of charge •Particularly useful for rural parcels measurements •Supports land reform programmes and helps solving land disputes Cartography •High accuracy, low-cost service •Hydrographical survey •Cartography and geographic data collectionCourtesy: South African National Geo-Spatial Information (NGI)
  15. 15. Precision Agriculture Use: •Efficient irrigation and water management •Precise spraying for better use of pesticides and fertilizers Impact: •Reduces environmental impact •Increased agriculture productivity and cost savings to the farmers •Contributes to food securityA deep tillage rig set up for variable rate P & K in South AfricaPhoto courtesy agleader
  16. 16. Energy and mining industry • Routine surveying (by foot and airborne Photo courtesy Merret Survey pipeline surveillance) • Maintenance tasks (corrosion monitoring • Network expansions and modernisation16
  17. 17. V. Details on concrete applications - Cost-benefit analysis: aviation Outputs Aviation (2/2) EGNOS in Africa cumulative undiscounted net benefits on a 30 years timeframe (2011-41) will amount to c. €1.7b versus investments of c. €359m for the aviation sectorMillions of Euro 1,670 DDC 1,700 50 49 3 1,600 129 Navaids 171 1,500 1,400 136 311 ADS-B 1,311 1,300 1,200 1,100 1,000 Net Present Value 900 (NPV)* 800 for aviation 700 211.1 €m 600 1,180 CFIT 500 400 300 200 100 0 Cumulative Equipage Procedures Infrastructure Infrastructure Cumulative undiscounted investments investments capex opex undiscounted benefits net benefits * With a 8% discount rate 25 May, 2012 The European GNSS Programmes
  18. 18. Cost-benefit analysis: all sectors Total Net Present Value (NPV) surpass 500€m on a 30 years timeframe (2011-41) Millions of Euro Total Net Present Value (NPV)* ~520 €m* With a 8% discount rate
  19. 19. Potential for regional integration 37 % of Africa is 250km from an ILS equipped airport 87 % of Africa is 250km from a main or regional airport MDGs goal 8.C Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small islands developing states
  20. 20. Outline• Introduction: EGNOS and Galileo• EGNOS in Africa: technical rationale• Advantages of precise satellite navigation in Africa• The policy context• Overall implementation plan •Previous achievements •Current activities •The way forward• Conclusions and discussion
  21. 21. Widespread political support to satellite navigation in Africa•Partnership between the European Union and Africa. Connecting Africa and Europe: working towards strengthening transport cooperation COM(2009)301, June 2009•Action Plan on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) Applications COM(2010)308, June 2010•Space for the African citizens High-level Meeting under the Belgian EU Presidency, September 2010•7th Space Council, Resolution on "Global challenges: taking full benefit of European space systems", Brussels, November 2010•Declaration of the 4th EU-Africa Business Forum, Tripoli, 27-28 November 2010
  22. 22. Africa-EU Strategic Partnership3rd Partnership: Regional EconomicIntegration, Trade and Infrastructure• Second Action Plan (2011-13) adopted at the Africa-EU Summit (Tripoli, 29-30 November 2010)• Priority No 2: Support to Air Transport Sector and Satellite Navigation•Activity: (…) For SBAS, setup and activity of Working Groups, staffing of African GNSS program management entity, training of African experts, preliminary backbone infrastructure development and initial operations.•Expected Results: Building of core technical capacity for SBAS (Satellite Based Augmentation Service) within relevant African organizations in each region and implementation of preliminary backbone infrastructure.
  23. 23. Addressing Africa as one Policy ProjectNeighbourhood Policy, EUROMED GNSS Euro- (I & II)Mediterranean Projects Partnership Cotonou Agreement, EGNOS-AFRICA JAES Agreement on Trade,Development and EU-South Africa Cooperation Space dialoguewith South Africa (EGSA project)
  24. 24. African ownership and commitmentEUROMED GNSS project•Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and Mauritania host ground stations on their territoriesSouth African Republic (RSA)•Since 2009: EU-RSA space dialogue•Ground station (RIM) in Hartebeeshoek•21/03/2012: Joint ministerial declaration on cooperation in the area of satellite navigation (EGSA project)Agence pour la Sécurité de la Navigation aérienne enAfrique et à Madagascar (ASECNA)•July 2011: Mandate to proceed with the EU institutions towards the implementation of an EGNOS-based satellite navigation service in Africa•Inclusion of "introduction of GNSS systems" in ASECNA Plan Services et equipment 2009-2013 (to be partially financed through EIB loan)High Level Conference on Satellite navigation in Africa•Jointly organized by RSA and ASECNA•December 2012, Yaoundé, Cameroun (tentative)
  25. 25. Previous achievements (since 2002) Preliminary technical Impact and studies and test Cost-benefit Analysis (ESA) - - economic viability technical feasibility
  26. 26. Current activitiesVI. EGNOS in Africa until now Technical Initial Capacity infrastructure definition Building deployment African project South Africa North Africa office and - - Working Groups EGSA EUROMED GNSS I & II Training platform Sub-Saharan Africa, starting with EUROMED funds Intra ACP 10th EDF ASECNA region 9 m€ 4.5 m€
  27. 27. Capacity building African project office and Working Groups Open tender (Publication: 19/03/2012; contract signature expected: 09/2012) • Staffing an African satellite navigation programme management entity • Setting-up Working Groups on:Expected Associated Certification Industrial Liability Project Costs and Governance Applications Maintenanceperformance benefits policy issues policy management schedule structure Training and platform development Contribution agreement to the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (UNESCO) - (contract signature expected: June 2012) • Training of African experts and the African programme office • Simulation platform for training
  28. 28. Outline• Introduction: EGNOS and Galileo• EGNOS in Africa: technical rationale• Advantages of precise satellite navigation in Africa• The policy context• Overall implementation plan •Previous achievements •Current activities •The way forward• Conclusions and discussion
  29. 29. The way forward Mission Infrastructure Exploitation requirements deployment phase phaseand preliminary Detailed system design & architecture Deployment of stations Starting as definition from 2016 for Precise costs estimation RSA and (incl. breakdown by ASECNA Funding: activity/region) region South Africa (ATNS) Contractual aspects and 10 M€/year for the whole ASECNA Estimated cost: 100M€ continent Definition of the governance schemePlayers involved: AUC, ACP secretariat, RECs, Member States, Space agencies, ANSPs, inter-governmental organisations
  30. 30. Conclusions Main characteristics of EGNOS in Africa• Multi-country project• Delocalised• African ownership of policy, project management and physical infrastructure• Mix of sectorial and horizontal EGNOS in Africa socio-economic benefits is expected to be funded by development aid donors Key aspects of EGNOS funding•In Europe, no substantial cost-recovery mechanism for EGNOS•In Africa, absence of a pan-Africaninstitutional budget
  31. 31. Thank you! www.gnss-africa.orgegnos-portal.gsa.europa.eu 31

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