To respond to the need for increased focus on water in development policies, the Commission and EU Member States agreed to launch the EU Water Initiative (EUWI) at the occasion of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development. The EUWI is an international political initiative (not a financial mechanism) which aims at strengthening commitments toward the MDG targets and toward a sustainable use of water resources. It works through partnership approach, globally and regionally, bringing together the European Commission, EU countries, and governments in partner countries, civil society groups, local governments and water operators in the private sector. The region of focus are ACP (in particular Sub-Saharan Africa), Latin American, Mediterranean and Eastern European and Central Asian countries. Through these national and regional policy dialogues, the EUWI aims to improve coordination & cooperation and deliver more effective development assistance. For example, in Africa, where there are 60 trans-boundary rivers, effective management can help lay the foundation for strong regional cooperation. The partnership will also improve the efficiency of financial mechanisms through coordination and streamlining of existing and future activities.
Andre Liebaert's Green Week Water Presentation
Green Week 2012 Water in the EU Development Policy DG DEVCO/C2
Water and development – the policy framework• EC Communication and Council resolution of 2002 • Under IWRM framework • Access to water and sanitation • Transboundary water management • Cross-sectoral coordination• EU Consensus for Development 2005• Agenda for Change 2011 2
The EU Water Initiative (2002)• Launched at WSSD: dialog platform, based on a participatory multi-stakeholder approach and using strategic partnerships in defined regions. – Partnerships in Africa and Latin-America – Policy dialogues in EECCA and MED – Financial strategies and Research network (SPLASH) – Establishment of EU-ACP Water Facility in 2004 – New component EU-China Water Platform• Strengths: – Political mandate, aligned to EU Development Policy – Collegial engagement and multi-stakeholders approach – Link with principal aid disbursement instruments – Demand-responsiveness to regional priorities.
Water - what do we finance Aid is delivered all over the world but for Water and Sanitation the greatest percentage has been given to ACP and neighbourhood countries Neighbourhood ACP 24% 68% Asia 4% Latin Americ a 4%DEC.2011 4
Water - what do we finance• Geographical Programmes National and Regional Programmes (DCI, EDF, ENPI).• ACP-EU Water Facilities (9th and 10th EDF): € 712 million committed to boost the sustainable delivery of water and sanitation.In total for the period 2003-2010, € 2,9 billion committed for WSS projects.• 2012 EU MDG Initiative, ~ 260 million euro will be allocated to WSS projects in 18 countries. Since 2004, 32 million persons have gained access to improved water supply and 9 million to sanitation facilities. 5
Looking ahead - Latest developments• 2011 Hungarian Presidency paper on strengthening water in EU development policy. – EU Development Ministers agreed to: • better integrate the role of water in EU development policy • strengthen the policy and implementation framework • revitalise the EU Water Initiative — Conclusions of the EU Environment Council June 2011: • Called for a strengthened policy and implementation framework for water management in developing countries • Recognised the inter-linkages between water and other sectors• Bonn Conference on water-energy – food security nexus• World Water Forum Marseille – Ministerial declaration 6
Latest developments: Agenda for Change (2011) • Increase impact of EU development cooperation – inclusive growth and sustainable development • Support to Regional development through cross border cooperation on water, energy and security. • Agriculture and Energy: tackle inequalities and give poor people better access to land, food, water and energy without harming the environment. • Poverty reduction and MDGs remain central objectives. • Sub-Saharan Africa and Neighbourhood remain priority regions.DEC.2011 7
Looking ahead: Rio+20• Role of water within the green economy, with special attention to the interaction between water, energy and food security.• Operational Goals and Targets : Universal access to safe and clean drinking water and basic sanitation Sustainable water use, through improved implementation of IWRM and increased water efficiency
Looking ahead: Elements for a new Water Policy• Access to Water and sanitation (beyond MDGs)• Water for inclusive growth: the water – energy – agriculture nexus. Involving economic actors• Effects of climate change in the water cycle• Water governance• Transboundary water management - peace and security 9
Looking ahead: Global dimension of EU Blueprint• Benefit from experience, expertise and knowledge in management of EU Waters, resource efficiency, wastewater management, water reuse, research & innovation• Policy coherence – water in traded products 10
Looking ahead: towards a new policy framework Main principles:Reinforce the catalytic role of Recognize inter-linkageswater in inclusive growth and between water and othersustainable development sectors of development policy
Looking ahead: towards a new Policy Synthesis• Align with new developments • New EU development policy • Commitments in Rio + 20 • Global aspects of EU Blueprint• Implementation framework • Complementarity between EU and MS instruments – Aid effectiveness • Responsive to strategies of partner regions • Policy dialogue and coordination – revitalised EUWI 12