Visual Dictionary-Cantilever


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Visual Dictionary-Cantilever

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary By Cantilever
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>This perforated white sheet blocks air flow. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation Materials (Soffit) <ul><li>Needed to allow airflow to the attic space. </li></ul>Soffit
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Materials (Ridge) <ul><li>This allows air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge. </li></ul>Ridge Vent
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation Materials (Gable) <ul><li>Used to exhaust excess </li></ul><ul><li>heat and humidity from </li></ul><ul><li>an attic space. </li></ul>Gable Vent
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation Materials (Turbine) <ul><li>Used to pull in air and also exhaust heat and humidity from an attic. </li></ul>Roof Turbine
  7. 7. Backhoe/Front-end Loader Combo <ul><li>A Backhoe is an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation. This machine is most commonly used in excavation. This backhoe bucket is 24’’ wide. </li></ul><ul><li>A Front-End Loader is an earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earth or rubble. The front-end loader bucket measured 79’’. </li></ul>Backhoe Front End Loader
  8. 8. Batter Boards <ul><li>Batter Boards are temporary frames built just outside the corners of the site to layout the planned excavation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arches <ul><li> Segmental </li></ul><ul><li>Roman </li></ul>
  10. 10. Brick Arch with Keystone Keystone
  11. 11. Arch Centering <ul><li>This is the temporary formwork supporting a dome, vault, or arch. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Running Bond 4 th Course Headers </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish Bond </li></ul>This bond consists of only stretcher lain bricks. This bond consists of stretcher brick. Every 4 th course begins an alternation between stretchers and headers.
  13. 13. Brick Bonds Header Rowlock Soldier Stretcher
  14. 14. Brick Bonds Sailor Sailor Rowlock
  15. 15. Brick Bonds Header
  16. 16. Brick Sizes <ul><li>Standard Norman </li></ul><ul><li>3 ½’’ x 2 ¼’’ x 8” 3 ½’’ x 2 ¼’’ x 11 ½’’ </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bulldozer <ul><li>A Bulldozer is a heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Cladding (Brick)
  19. 19. Cladding (EIFS)
  20. 20. Cladding (Stone) Random Rubble
  21. 21. Cladding (Wood Board)
  22. 22. Cladding (Wood Shake) <ul><li>Shingles are sawn from wood blocks; they are tapered and generally have a relatively smooth surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Shakes are split from wood blocks; they are less uniform in thickness than shingles, are sometimes grooved, and frequently have little taper. </li></ul>Shakes?
  23. 23. Code Requirements (Window) <ul><li>This window opening is 24” x 24” (4sq.ft.) The sill sits 20” off of the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>IBC requires a 24” minimum width and 20”minimum height. This window fails due to its sq.ft opening which is required to be 5 sq.ft. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Code Requirements (Stairs) <ul><li>IBS Code requires a minimum 4” riser and 10” tread. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control joints are groove inserted into a concrete surface to &quot;control&quot; cracking. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation joints are used to relieve stress due to confinement of a slab. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Concrete Masonry Unit vs Brick <ul><li>A concrete masonry unit (CMU) is a large rectangular brick used in the construction of foundations and wall structures and is typically 8”x 16”. </li></ul>8’’ 2 ¼’’ 2 ¼’’ 2 ¼’’
  27. 27. CMU Sizes <ul><li>CMU face dimensions stay the same although the depths come in variety. On the left the CMU is 3’’ while the one on the right is 12’’. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Decorative CMU Ribbed Split-Face
  29. 29. Doors (Flush)
  30. 30. Doors (8-Panel) Top Rail Bottom Rail Panel Stile Lock Rail
  31. 31. Doors <ul><li>A Transom is a small hinged window above a door or another window. </li></ul><ul><li>A Sidelight a framed area of fixed glass alongside a door or window opening </li></ul>Transom Sidelight
  32. 32. Door Hands Left Hand Reverse Right Hand Reverse
  33. 33. Door Hands Left-Hand Normal Right-Hand Normal
  34. 34. Electrical Components Transformer Meter Service Panel
  35. 35. Electrical Components Service Head Duplex Receptacle
  36. 36. Electrical Components Transformer Box
  37. 37. Framing Elements <ul><li>1. Anchor Bolts </li></ul>
  38. 38. Framing Elements 2. Sill Plate 3. Floor Joists 4. Sub-flooring 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud 7. Top Plate 8. Ceiling Joist
  39. 39. Framing Elements 9. Rafter of Gable Style Truss 10. Roof Decking
  40. 40. Framing Elements 11. Sheathing 12. Stringer
  41. 41. Gypsum Board <ul><li>A rigid board made of layers of fiberboard or paper bonded to a gypsum plaster core, used instead of plaster or wood panels in construction to form walls. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Heat Pump/Air Handling Unit <ul><li>One advantage of heat pumps is that it can heat and cool. </li></ul><ul><li>A disadvantage is that they are noisy. </li></ul>Heat Pump Air Handling Unit
  43. 43. Air Compressor/Condenser <ul><li>This unit takes the heat from the inside and emits it outside. It takes air and refrigerates it and disperses it through the interior. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Insulation <ul><li>Insulation is added to buildings for the retention of interior temperature and energy efficiency. </li></ul>Rigid Board Batt
  45. 45. Insulation Loose Fill Foam-in-Place
  46. 46. Lintel <ul><li>A horizontal structural member, such as a beam or stone, that spans an opening, as between the uprights of a door or window or between two columns or piers. </li></ul>Angle Steel Concrete
  47. 47. Mortar Joints Concave (Tooled) 5/8’’ Multi-Residential Type N Beaded (Tooled) 3/8’’ Office Type N
  48. 48. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>OSB is a non-veneer engineered wood product formed by layering strands (flakes) of wood in specific orientations. Layer upon layer is added then sealed in a thermal press with wax and resin. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Plumbing <ul><li>A lavatory is washbowl or basin, installed with running water. </li></ul><ul><li>Normally installed with 1 ½’’ diameter piping. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Plumbing <ul><li>Water Closet </li></ul><ul><li>Normally </li></ul><ul><li>Requiring min. </li></ul><ul><li>3” piping for </li></ul><ul><li>Draining. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Plumbing
  52. 52. Plumbing <ul><li>Vents provide relief of sewer gases… </li></ul>
  53. 53. Plumbing <ul><li>Under mount Sink </li></ul>
  54. 54. Plywood <ul><li>A Veneer is thin layers of finely grained wood glued together to make plywood. Dimensions are 4’x8’. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Radiant Barrier
  56. 56. Rebar <ul><li>This is #4 Rebar. Diameter ½’’. </li></ul><ul><li>The deformations along the rebar are helpful in grabbing the concrete and provide strength. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>A Gutter is a narrow channel which collects rainwater from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure. </li></ul><ul><li>A Downspout is a vertical pipe for carrying rainwater down from a roof gutter. </li></ul>Gutter Downspout
  58. 58. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>A Splashblock is placed beneath a downspout to divert water away from a building. </li></ul>Splashblock
  59. 59. Steep Roof Materials (Tar Paper) <ul><li>Tar Paper is used, among other things, for waterproofing roofs to prevent ingress of moisture. </li></ul>
  60. 60. Steep Roof Materials (Clay Tiles) Clay
  61. 61. Steep Roof Materials (Metal Shingles) <ul><li>A Shingle is a thin oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house or other building. </li></ul>Metal Shingles
  62. 62. Steep Roof Materials (Pre-formed Metal) <ul><li>This is a roof made up of large manufactured metal sheets. Typically these sheets are made of either galvanized or aluminized steel. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Steep Roof Shapes Gable Gable Gambrel
  64. 64. Steep Roof Shapes Hip Mansard
  65. 65. Steep Roof Terms Fascia Ridge Valley Eave and Soffit Rake
  66. 66. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge- the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes. </li></ul><ul><li>Eave- the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof </li></ul><ul><li>Soffit-undersurface of horizontal part of building </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia-the exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Steep Roof Terms (No Fascia) <ul><li>This structure has left the rafter ends open by not installing fascia or soffit material. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Stone (Rubble) Random
  69. 69. Stone (Ashlar) Random Coursed
  70. 70. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>A vapor retarder is a material that restricts or reduces the rate and volume of water vapor. </li></ul>Usually faces the warm-in-winter side of a building.
  71. 71. Waterproofing
  72. 72. Weep Hole <ul><li>Weep Holes are small openings </li></ul><ul><li>left in the outer walls of masonry </li></ul><ul><li>construction as an outlet for water </li></ul><ul><li>inside a building to move outside </li></ul><ul><li>the wall and evaporate. </li></ul><ul><li>Most common method is by leaving </li></ul><ul><li>out the mortar in a head joint. </li></ul>
  73. 73. Welded Wire Fabric
  74. 74. Windows <ul><li>This is a sliding window because it is opened by sliding one side in the horizontal direction. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Windows <ul><li>This is a double hung window because it is 2 windows stacking on top of each other and is opened by sliding one over the other. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Windows <ul><li>This is a casement </li></ul><ul><li>window because it is </li></ul><ul><li>crank operated and </li></ul><ul><li>hinged on one side. </li></ul>