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Powerpoint kutsonova melody week 1

Basic Elements of Music

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Powerpoint kutsonova melody week 1

  1. 1. Basic Elements of Muisic Melody, Harmony, Scales
  2. 2. Melody A timely arranged linear sequence of pitched sounds that listeners perceive as a single entity.
  3. 3. Listening Activity Define melody and harmony of the following composition in your own words. A. Vivaldi, Concerto “Spring” from the “Four Seasons”, 1st movement, Allegro
  4. 4. Range The distance between the lowest and the highest notes in the melody.
  5. 5. Wide Range Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, in D Major, 1st Movement concerto-no-5-in-d-johann-sebastian-bach/
  6. 6. Narrow Range Brahms, Violin Concerto in D, 3rd movement concerto-in-d-johannes-brahms/
  7. 7. Melodic Motion Disjunct – melody moves by large leaps. Conjunct – melody rises and falls slowly, with only small changes between one note and the next.
  8. 8. Conjunct Motion Beethoven, “Ode to Joy” from Symphony No. 9 Start listening at 2:30 mark.
  9. 9. Disjunct Motion Piazzolla, “Spring”
  10. 10. Listening Activity Define the melodic motion of the following composition. Is it conjunct, disjunct, or a combination of both? F. Chopin, “Nocturne in E-Flat Major”, op. 9 no. 2
  11. 11. Melodic Contour or Shape • Ascending • Descending • Arch
  12. 12. Ascending Melody R. Strauss, “Don Juan”
  13. 13. Descending Melody Handel, “Joy to the World” – the opening of the melody.
  14. 14. Arch D. Shostakovich, “Romance from The Gadfly”
  15. 15. Listening Activity Define the melody of this composition in terms of range, motion, and contour. J. S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 6, 1st Movement
  16. 16. Harmony Two or more notes played together at the same time. Two notes played at the same time – an interval. More than two notes played at the same time – a chord.
  17. 17. Intervals Please read and study page 1, Intervals: _music/melody1.shtml
  18. 18. Consonant Intervals Consonance in music – a combination of notes that sounds pleasant. Please replay the following intervals: • Unison • Major and Minor Thirds • Perfect Fourth • Perfect Fifth • Major and Minor Sixths • Octave /harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  19. 19. Dissonant Intervals Dissonance – a combination of notes that sounds unpleasant or harsh. Please replay the following intervals: • Major and Minor Seconds • Tritone • Major and Minor Sevenths _music/harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  20. 20. Chords Please read all four pages on the Harmony and Tonality section of this website: • of_music/harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  21. 21. Scales Scales are various combinations of musical intervals. Please study the following: _music/melody2.shtml
  22. 22. Diatonic Scales • Major – happy. Chopin, Etude in G Flat Major • Minor – sad. Rachmaninov, Prelude in C Sharp Minor
  23. 23. Pentatonic Scale Is widely used in music around the world, especially in folk music. Watch from 3:00 to 6:30: Gang and Zhanhao, “Butterfly Lovers” Violin Concerto, start listening at 1:50 Traditional music from Uganda
  24. 24. Chromatic Scale Is not happy or sad Schoenberg, Piano Concerto – is based on series of chromatic tones. Rimsky-Korsakoff, Flight of the Bumblebee – the melody is based on a chromatic scale.
  25. 25. Other Scale Types Whole Tone Scale – based on whole steps • Debussy, “Volies” Microtone Scale – a scale based on the intervals that are less that ½ step. • Composer Harry Partch created a 43-note scale and new instruments. Please watch various selections from this documentary. M&list=PL325E98023B8838E2
  26. 26. Listening Activity Define the melody and harmony in the following example using terms discussed in this part. J. S. Bach’s “Air on the G String”
  27. 27. Required Readings • • 834 • of_music/melody1.shtml • • • • • • - read (1)The Staff, Clefs, and Ledger Lines and (2)Steps and Accidentals in the Basics area