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Powerpoint kutsonova melody week 1

Basic Elements of Music

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Powerpoint kutsonova melody week 1

  1. 1. Basic Elements of Muisic Melody, Harmony, Scales
  2. 2. Melody A timely arranged linear sequence of pitched sounds that listeners perceive as a single entity.
  3. 3. Listening Activity Define melody and harmony of the following composition in your own words. A. Vivaldi, Concerto “Spring” from the “Four Seasons”, 1st movement, Allegro http://magnatune.com/artists/albums/lara-fourseasons/
  4. 4. Range The distance between the lowest and the highest notes in the melody.
  5. 5. Wide Range Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, in D Major, 1st Movement http://content.thespco.org/music/compositions/brandenburg- concerto-no-5-in-d-johann-sebastian-bach/
  6. 6. Narrow Range Brahms, Violin Concerto in D, 3rd movement http://content.thespco.org/music/compositions/violin- concerto-in-d-johannes-brahms/
  7. 7. Melodic Motion Disjunct – melody moves by large leaps. Conjunct – melody rises and falls slowly, with only small changes between one note and the next.
  8. 8. Conjunct Motion Beethoven, “Ode to Joy” from Symphony No. 9 Start listening at 2:30 mark. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljGMhDSSGFU
  9. 9. Disjunct Motion Piazzolla, “Spring” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJzogioRx6A
  10. 10. Listening Activity Define the melodic motion of the following composition. Is it conjunct, disjunct, or a combination of both? F. Chopin, “Nocturne in E-Flat Major”, op. 9 no. 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--ykTqoQnqI
  11. 11. Melodic Contour or Shape • Ascending • Descending • Arch
  12. 12. Ascending Melody R. Strauss, “Don Juan” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=66zOdfCWEqA
  13. 13. Descending Melody Handel, “Joy to the World” – the opening of the melody. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKW_az2HVfk
  14. 14. Arch D. Shostakovich, “Romance from The Gadfly” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDW4VJGKLAQ
  15. 15. Listening Activity Define the melody of this composition in terms of range, motion, and contour. J. S. Bach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 6, 1st Movement http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kj1VvTTTO7Q
  16. 16. Harmony Two or more notes played together at the same time. Two notes played at the same time – an interval. More than two notes played at the same time – a chord.
  17. 17. Intervals Please read and study page 1, Intervals: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_of _music/melody1.shtml
  18. 18. Consonant Intervals Consonance in music – a combination of notes that sounds pleasant. Please replay the following intervals: • Unison • Major and Minor Thirds • Perfect Fourth • Perfect Fifth • Major and Minor Sixths • Octave http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_of_music /harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  19. 19. Dissonant Intervals Dissonance – a combination of notes that sounds unpleasant or harsh. Please replay the following intervals: • Major and Minor Seconds • Tritone • Major and Minor Sevenths http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_of _music/harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  20. 20. Chords Please read all four pages on the Harmony and Tonality section of this website: • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_ of_music/harmony_and_tonality1.shtml
  21. 21. Scales Scales are various combinations of musical intervals. Please study the following: http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_of _music/melody2.shtml
  22. 22. Diatonic Scales • Major – happy. Chopin, Etude in G Flat Major http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pyqLbi2wLU • Minor – sad. Rachmaninov, Prelude in C Sharp Minor http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXQCPAR0EHo
  23. 23. Pentatonic Scale Is widely used in music around the world, especially in folk music. Watch from 3:00 to 6:30: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PnbOWi6f_IM Gang and Zhanhao, “Butterfly Lovers” Violin Concerto, start listening at 1:50 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K_qd-9wD6qA Traditional music from Uganda http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=363Nv-5oYBA
  24. 24. Chromatic Scale Is not happy or sad http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sr2rXc9Qu4A Schoenberg, Piano Concerto – is based on series of chromatic tones. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_dnflTagHM Rimsky-Korsakoff, Flight of the Bumblebee – the melody is based on a chromatic scale. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-yZPrrboTkY http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MK0z3LS45xU
  25. 25. Other Scale Types Whole Tone Scale – based on whole steps • Debussy, “Volies” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FVV0jkZC4jI Microtone Scale – a scale based on the intervals that are less that ½ step. • Composer Harry Partch created a 43-note scale and new instruments. Please watch various selections from this documentary. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HfCjWIQtm- M&list=PL325E98023B8838E2
  26. 26. Listening Activity Define the melody and harmony in the following example using terms discussed in this part. J. S. Bach’s “Air on the G String” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E2j-frfK-yg
  27. 27. Required Readings • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melody • http://openhighschoolcourses.org/mod/page/view.php?id=11 834 • http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/music/elements_ of_music/melody1.shtml • http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/30 • http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/31 • http://cnx.org/content/m10851/latest/ • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmony • http://www.musictheory.net/lessons/40 • http://www.musictheory.net/lessons - read (1)The Staff, Clefs, and Ledger Lines and (2)Steps and Accidentals in the Basics area

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