Creating an outline


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Creating an outline

  1. 1. CREATING AN OUTLINE Camille Purugganan Eunice Del Rosario
  2. 2. WHAT IS AN OUTLINE?  an outline is a blueprint or plan of your paper. It shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts.  It is a way of formally arranging and developing your ideas.  There are 2 types of an outline: topic outline and sentence outline.
  3. 3. TOPIC OUTLINE  Topic outline  Summarizes the main topics and subtopics of the article in words or phrases. Example: I. Economical effects (Main idea) A. Alcohol (Sub-idea) 1. Cost of alcohol purchases (Detail of A) 2. Cost of DUIs (Detail of A) B. Drugs (Sub-point) 1. Cost of drug purchases (Detail of B) 2. Cost of drug arrest (Detail of B)
  4. 4. II. Psychological effects A. Alcohol 1. Mental impairment 2. Mental addiction B. Drugs 1. Mental impairment 2. Mental addiction III. Physical effects A. Alcohol 1. Liver disease 2. Alcohol poisoning B. Drugs 1. Brain damage 2. Drug overdose
  5. 5. SENTENCE OUTLINE  Sentence outline Uses complete sentence for each topics and subtopics as it is more informative compare to topic sentence. Example:  I. Alcohol and drug abuse can affect one economically. A. The cost of alcohol abuse is high and getting higher. 1. The costs of DUIs can be enormous. 2. Alcohol costs are always rising because of rising production costs as well as state and local taxes. B. The cost of drug abuse can be high. 1. Even the arrest for the possession of a minute amount of drugs can result in high bail and court cost. 2. The cost of drugs fluctuates drastically according to the type of drug, its availability, and the amount.
  6. 6. II. Alcohol and drug abuse can have severe psychological effects. A. Alcohol abuse can damage a person psychologically. 1. Alcohol is a depressant and can alter the personality of anyone. 2. The abuse of alcohol can lead to the psychological addiction to alcohol. B. Drug abuse can be detrimental to one psychologically. 1. Drugs impair one's ability to function normally because of the hallucinations or numbness of "getting high." 2. Drugs can become a psychological addiction.
  7. 7. III. Alcohol and drug abuse can affect one physically. A. Alcohol and drug abuse can cause physical problems. 1. The most common disease among alcoholics is cirrhosis of the liver. 2. The massive consumption of alcohol can lead to alcohol poisoning and death. B. Drug abuse has many physical implications. 1. Drug abuse has been linked to the damage of brain tissue. 2. The unpredictability of drugs can lead to an overdose and death.
  8. 8. Creating an Outline Most analytical, interpretive, or persuasive essays tend to follow the same basic pattern. This page should help you formulate effective outlines for most of the essays that you will write. I. Introduction A. Sentence to get the attention of your readers: B. One-sentence thesis statement: II. Body A First main idea: a. Supporting evidence for the first idea: b. Supporting evidence for the first idea: c. Supporting evidence for the first idea:
  9. 9. B. Second main idea: a. Supporting evidence for second main idea: b. Supporting evidence for second main idea: c. Supporting evidence for second main idea: C. Third main idea: a. Supporting evidence for third main idea: b. Supporting evidence for third main idea: c. Supporting evidence for third main idea: III. Conclusion A. Restatement of your thesis: B. Insightful sentence to end your essay:
  10. 10. PARTS OF AN OUTLINE  Introduction  It is the first paragraph of your outline, wherein you discuss what your topic is all about. At the end of the introduction is thesis statement.  Thesis statement  is a one statement that will discuss the purpose of your paper.
  11. 11.  Body  is made up of several paragraphs. It is where topics and its subtopics is written. Body covers what the thesis statement is trying to prove.  Conclusion  consist of one paragraph that summarizes your paper.
  12. 12. STEPS IN CREATING AN OUTLINE  1st : Identify your main topic.  2nd : Search and gather information of your topic.  3rd : Determine what kind of outline you want to use.  4th: Identify your main categories and its subcategories.  5th : Organize your information in an outline form.
  13. 13. FOUR MAIN COMPONENTS FOR EFFECTIVE OUTLINES  Parallelism  each topics and subtopics should preserve parallel structure.  Coordination  all topics and subtopics should have a significance at each other.  Subordination  topics should be in general form while subtopics should be in a specific form.  Division  Each topics should be divided into 2 or more subtopics.
  14. 14. PURPOSE OF OUTLINING  Shows the relationship of ideas  Simplifies  Effective  Helps Writing Speaking organize your ideas
  15. 15. References:        TOPIC%20AND%20SENTENCE.pdf  %20outlining.pdf 