Old English and before Pronunciation Aspects Grammar of language Spelling that Usage change through Meaning time Vocabulary Durable The most sensitive to the which is why some words are external social and historical forces Non-durable
Origin of words Cultural necessity has forced other words into the language by Borrowing Derivation Creation Which explains why some Words must have been words can resemble one inhertied from some another from language to common ancestor and language graducally changed.
Relationship of Indo-European Languages Indo- European Eastern Western European EuropeanBalto- Indo- Hellenic Italic Celtic GermanicSlavic Iranian
Germanic languages Germanic North West East Germanic Germanic Germanic Dutch, Flemish, Icelandic, Afrikaans, Low Danish and Gothic Norwegian and German, modest Swedish Faeroesean standard German, Yiddish, Frisian and English
Invasions and their influence on thelanguage Every invasion brought changes in the language which still remain in the present. Celts Vikings Germanic Tribes Normands Romans
Conversion of England to Christianity Re-introduced Latin Created monastic environments in which learning and scholarship dlourished.
Beowulf Cynewulfian Old English poetry floweredThe Wanderer The Caedmonian The Seafarer
Danish Invasions Anglo-Saxon Created the first chronicles public schools Importation of Translations fromEuropean scholars Latin to English and books King Alfred ‘The Great’
The rise of London The most important Standard English commercial city in England