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Where next for Open Scholarship?

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Slides for a talk given at the Centro Cultural de la Ciencia in Buenos Aires on 4 September 2017. The opportunities and challenges for open research practices become more complex as those practices become common. Is open research just “good research” or is it a fundamental change in our approach? I will argue that seeing open research in oppositional terms is not productive, and that thinking of it as an ongoing process of opening up practice that has been ongoing for centuries may make implementation and adoptions easier and more rapid.

Published in: Science
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Where next for Open Scholarship?

  1. 1. Where next for Open Science? Finding a positive rhetoric for “the opens” @cameronneylon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0068-716X These Slides - https://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/where-next-for- open-scholarship
  2. 2. What is Open Science/Research?
  3. 3. Why are we so upset with success?
  4. 4. Is it merely reactive? Does it have its own substance?
  5. 5. As a concept…open is reactionary; it gains meaning largely through a consideration of what it is not. Tkacz (2012)
  6. 6. Three framings towards a positive (and old) rhetoric of the opens
  7. 7. 1. The (Political) Economics of Clubs
  8. 8. Elinor Ostrom (1990) Governing the Commons
  9. 9. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me. Thomas Jefferson
  10. 10. Elinor Ostrom (1990) Governing the Commons
  11. 11. Elinor Ostrom (1990) Governing the Commons
  12. 12. Which clubs are sustained over time?
  13. 13. What is the return to the club?
  14. 14. *
  15. 15. 2. Knowledge as a product of translation
  16. 16. ESOTERIC EXOTERIC Ludwig Fleck (1981 [1935]) Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
  17. 17. *
  18. 18. Lotman’s stages of reception 1. Exoticism 2. Translation/Adaption 3. Abstraction 4. Dissolution 5. Re-transmission Yuri Lotman (2009) Dialogue Mechanisms in Universe of the Mind
  19. 19. *
  20. 20. *
  21. 21. Which clubs are sustained over time?
  22. 22. 3. Cultural Science on sustainability
  23. 23. CULTURE GROUP Hartley and Potts (2014) Cultural Science
  24. 24. CULTURE GROUP ENVIRONMENT Hartley and Potts (2014) Cultural Science
  25. 25. “Science” is an old culture that has survived over a long period
  26. 26. [I will answer Linus’ objections] partly, because the Learned Author, whoever he be (for ‘tis the Title-Page of his Book that first acquainted me with the name of Franciscus Linus) having forborne provoking Language in his Objections, allowes me in answering them to comply with my Inclinations & Custom of exercising Civility, even where I most dissent in point of Judgement.” Boyle (1662)
  27. 27. Openness is an old aspiration
  28. 28. “Of my being somewhat prolix in many of my Experiments, I have these Reasons to render[…] That in divers cases I thought it necessary to deliver things circumstantially, that the Person I addressed them to might, without mistake, and with as little trouble as is possible, be able to repeat such unusual Experiments” Boyle (1627) New Experiments
  29. 29. “that not alone scientific readers, but those of every class, [...] to approach the source from whence this species of knowledge is derived” James Samuelson and William Crookes
  30. 30. “…merely an amateur, a lover of truth, who was impelled by curiosity ” Grant Allen
  31. 31. (Gradual, limited) openness is an old aspiration
  32. 32. Diversity is a first order principle for knowledge creation
  33. 33. “Open” is an old, but incomplete project…
  34. 34. …and always will be
  35. 35. @cameronneylon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0068-716X These Slides - https://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/where-next-for- open-scholarship
  36. 36. References 1. Tkacz (2012) From open source to open government: A critique of open politics, http://www.ephemerajournal.org/contribution/open-source-open-government-critique-open-politics-0 2. Hartley and Potts (2014) Cultural Science, https://www.bloomsburycollections.com/book/cultural-science-a-natural- history-of-stories-demes-knowledge-and-innovation/ 3. Boyle (1627-1691) A defence of the doctring of the spring of the air, http://quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A28956.0001.001/1:6?rgn=div1;view=toc 4. Fleck (1981[1935]) Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact, http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/chicago/G/bo25676016.html 5. Lotman (2009) Dialogue Mechanisms in Universe of the Mind, http://www.iupress.indiana.edu/product_info.php?products_id=21492 6. Ostrom (1990) Governing the Commons, http://www.cambridge.org/cy/academic/subjects/politics-international- relations/political-theory/governing-commons-evolution-institutions-collective-action- 1?format=PB&isbn=9781107569782#Ii164gTK70IeIoy0.97 7. Buchannan (1965) An Economic Theory of Clubs, http://www.jstor.org/stable/2552442 8. Lightman (2017) Popularizers, participation and the transformations of nineteenth-century publishing: From the 1860s to the 1880s, https://doi.org/10.1098/rsnr.2016.0029 9. Collins and Evans (2016) Why Democracies Need Science, http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd- 1509509607.html 10. Neylon (2017) Openness in Scholarship: A return to core values? (this paper), http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/46638

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