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The Gatekeeper is dead!
Long live the Gatekeeper!
 STM Innovation Seminar 3 December 2010, London
Thankyou Clay Shirkey.
Now where’s my **** filter?
Some of the people
who contributed to
this presentation...
@communicating Plausible        Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson
     John  Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant        ...
Back to them later...
Me: A brief history
Finished highschool 1990...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/elsie/105716382 CC-BY
Undergrad 1991-94
“You need to spend half a
          day a week in the library
          reading the new journals”
                        ...
PhD 1995-99
http://web.archive.org/web/19990421174831/www.sciencemag.org/
http://web.archive.org/web/19990208214440/http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
Over the course of my PhD...
...info retrieval went from...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/486261295 CC-BY-SA
...to...
The last generation to
            remember “the library”



http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhoweaa/436923541 CC-BY
...to think of journals
                                        as printed objects...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/mori...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/polaroidia/4301528813 CC-BY




            ...to physically search
Who are you?
“The mission of STM is to create a platform for
exchanging ideas and information and to
represent the interest of the STM ...
...publishing industry...?
So where can
       you add value?




http://www.flickr.com/photos/picsbycam/3564466980 CC-BY
We share a problem



http://www.flickr.com/photos/schnurrbart/43568532 CC-BY-SA
Too much stuff...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/miczanin/4726970804 CC-BY-SA
Too little resource
For me the resource is...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/robbie73/3387189144 CC-BY-SA
...for you it is...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC-BY-SA
Information overload...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/dylanroscover/3450505729 CC-BY-SA
Filter failure?



http://www.flickr.com/photos/daveyll/332723930
http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/2247299538 CC-BY
Filters block.



http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
You think this is
  a good thing...



http://www.flickr.com/photos/robmcm/1671702203 CC-BY-SA
...you’re “protecting your
community from a deluge”




http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrehan00/3700858676 CC-BY-SA
...keeping us on the
                                     straight and narrow...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/481...
Or are we just limiting
our ability to explore...?




http://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/2174000357 CC-BY
Filters block.



http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
The right filter for me?
 Right filter for now?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman/3595748169 CC-BY
In the last year...?




http://flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/
...in the past 24 hours?
On Google I set the filter...




       ...in your journal it’s hidden
An example.
http://totallysynthetic.com/blog/?p=1903
“Retracted for scientific reasons...”
...even though its a useful reaction
...even if I am interested in
oxidation by contaminants
To get the whole picture...
...and its getting worse
Retractions per 100k papers
                                               30
           Retractions per 100k publications...
Your filter has failed me...



http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardmoross/3947406286 CC-BY
Crude. Binary. Inappropriate.
A gatekeeper is needed
                            in a broadcast world...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/m0dlx/506786451 CC-...
Someone had to choose...



http://www.flickr.com/photos/baccharus/4473818003 CC-BY
Today is different...
...we can’t reduce the flow...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/bladeflyer/442496389 CC-BY
We need to recognise the
world looks like this...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/fraz5356/4754482759 CC-BY
Floods of information...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/4289349768 CC-BY
...content from all directions
http://www.flickr.com/photos/ocarchives/4418399902 CC-BY
http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC-BY




                                       ...and embrace that
 ...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/flavinsky/3410980137 CC-BY
Every book its reader...
           Ranganathan’s third
           law of libraries
Every book its reader...
           Ranganathan’s third
           law of libraries
And today it is
technically feasible
All we need to do
is connect them...



http://www.flickr.com/photos/adrian_s/8271860 CC-BY
It’s not filter failure



http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
A discovery deficit...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/4078337883 Public Domain
Is search the answer?




http://www.flickr.com/photos/ezioman/2095747903 CC-BY
A blunt instrument...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/kylemay/1430449350 CC-BY
...not every problem is a nail
http://www.flickr.com/photos/bb_matt/207102083 CC-BY
So is there an answer?
Remember this graph?
                                               30
           Retractions per 100k publications




  ...
Remember this graph?
                                               30
           Retractions per 100k publications




  ...
http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
Remember these people?
@communicating Plausible        Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson
     John  Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant        ...
Social aggregation...
...but also...
http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
Social annotation
...but also...
http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
A network of linked objects...
Primed for discovery...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/qnr/1263648697 CC-BY-SA




           Each interaction adds value...
...and each
                                                           interaction
                                       ...
...adding pieces to my collection

http://www.flickr.com/photos/klmircea/3210506796 CC-BY-SA
...indexing and curating
http://www.flickr.com/photos/koalazymonkey/3650487959 CC-BY
My collection.
My collection.
Not your collection.
My filters.
Not your filters.
?
Simply connect.
People with content...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/pedrosimoes7/2382514343 CC-BY
...content with content...




http://www.flickr.com/photos/nufkin/243437309 CC-BY
...but above all...
Connect people with people
http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
The gatekeeper is dead...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/tracy_olson/461251265 CC-BY-SA
We are the gatekeeper...



                   ...all of us
Enable. Don’t block.
Build platforms.
Not destinations.
Sell services.
Not content.
Don’t think about filtering.
Don’t think about control.
Enable discovery.



http://www.flickr.com/photos/joiseyshowaa/2374526016 CC-BY
cn@cameronneylon.net
http://cameronneylon.net
http://slideshare.net/cameronneylon
Twitter:     @cameronneylon
Friendfeed: ...
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper
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Slides from a talk given at the STM Innovation Seminar in London, on 3 December 2010. Similar material to "Discovery Deficit" talk given at RLUK but focussed more on STM publishers and with some new examples.

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The Gatekeeper is Dead! Long live the Gatekeeper

  1. The Gatekeeper is dead! Long live the Gatekeeper! STM Innovation Seminar 3 December 2010, London
  2. Thankyou Clay Shirkey. Now where’s my **** filter?
  3. Some of the people who contributed to this presentation...
  4. @communicating Plausible Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson John Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant Pedro Beltrao Neil Saunders Steve Wilson @gnat Branwen Hide Simon Coles Dupuis Simon Philips Pawel Szcsesny Paul Miller Tony Hey Jeremy Frey Nico Adams Richard Akerman Cavalli Gabriel JonMat Todd Stephen BrennerTim O’Reilly Noel Gorelick Dave de Roure Rich Apodaca Udell ISIS LSS Group Jeremiah Faith Jean-Claude Bradley Nicholas Cole Michael Barton JOHN WILLINSKY Phil Lord Victoria  Stodden Martyn Bull Stephen Friend David CrottyClay Shirky @t John Cumbers Bora Chris Leonard Grace BaynesEva Amsen Egon  Willighagen Mark Borkum Brian Kelly Tony Williams Dan Hagon Maxine Clarke Andrew Milsted Zivkovic Mitch Koch Lab Michael Nielsen Martin Fenner Steph Hannon WaldropGreg Wilson Brian Matthews Leigh Dodds Bill Hooker Glyn Moody Yaroslav Nikolaev Jenny Rohn Rafael Sidi Lee Smolin Frank NormanRicardo Vidal Iain Emsley Paulo Nuin Ariel Waldmann Timo HannayKen Shankland Lorie LeJeune Jonathan Gray PT Sefton Microsoft STFC Deepak Singh Shirley Wu ISIS Computing Group Helen Berman Andrew Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Liz Lyons PLoS Kasarskis Jen Dodd Lee Dirks Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Carole Goble Jon Eisen Jenny Hale Lakshmi Shastry Steve Koch NPG Ben Goldacre Chad OrzelBill Flanagan Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Matt Wood SciFoo 2008/9 Friendfeed Hope Leman Rufus Pollock Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs Jo BadgeAllyson Lister Lisa Green TIM HUBBARD Rebecca Goulding campers Euan Adie John Andy Powell Harry Collins Gavin Bell Jim Downing Matt Johnson Wilbanks Mike Ellis DUNCAN HULL Garret Lisi Jamie McQuay ALAN CANN Catherine Jones Andrew Farke Gavin Baker Peter Suber Sabine HossenfelderFlickr The BioGangKevin KellyPaul Walk Arfon Smith Kaitlin Thaney Richard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvany
  5. Back to them later...
  6. Me: A brief history
  7. Finished highschool 1990... http://www.flickr.com/photos/elsie/105716382 CC-BY
  8. Undergrad 1991-94
  9. “You need to spend half a day a week in the library reading the new journals” My project supervisor, 1994 http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/486261295 CC-BY-SA
  10. PhD 1995-99
  11. http://web.archive.org/web/19990421174831/www.sciencemag.org/
  12. http://web.archive.org/web/19990208214440/http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/
  13. Over the course of my PhD...
  14. ...info retrieval went from...
  15. http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevecadman/486261295 CC-BY-SA
  16. ...to...
  17. The last generation to remember “the library” http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhoweaa/436923541 CC-BY
  18. ...to think of journals as printed objects... http://www.flickr.com/photos/moria/212136629 CC-BY
  19. http://www.flickr.com/photos/polaroidia/4301528813 CC-BY ...to physically search
  20. Who are you?
  21. “The mission of STM is to create a platform for exchanging ideas and information and to represent the interest of the STM publishing community in the fields of copyright, technology developments, and end user/library relations.”
  22. ...publishing industry...?
  23. So where can you add value? http://www.flickr.com/photos/picsbycam/3564466980 CC-BY
  24. We share a problem http://www.flickr.com/photos/schnurrbart/43568532 CC-BY-SA
  25. Too much stuff... http://www.flickr.com/photos/miczanin/4726970804 CC-BY-SA
  26. Too little resource
  27. For me the resource is... http://www.flickr.com/photos/robbie73/3387189144 CC-BY-SA
  28. ...for you it is... http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC-BY-SA
  29. Information overload... http://www.flickr.com/photos/dylanroscover/3450505729 CC-BY-SA
  30. Filter failure? http://www.flickr.com/photos/daveyll/332723930
  31. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/2247299538 CC-BY
  32. Filters block. http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  33. You think this is a good thing... http://www.flickr.com/photos/robmcm/1671702203 CC-BY-SA
  34. ...you’re “protecting your community from a deluge” http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrehan00/3700858676 CC-BY-SA
  35. ...keeping us on the straight and narrow... http://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/4813974125 CC-BY
  36. Or are we just limiting our ability to explore...? http://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/2174000357 CC-BY
  37. Filters block. http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  38. The right filter for me? Right filter for now? http://www.flickr.com/photos/lotzman/3595748169 CC-BY
  39. In the last year...? http://flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/
  40. ...in the past 24 hours?
  41. On Google I set the filter... ...in your journal it’s hidden
  42. An example.
  43. http://totallysynthetic.com/blog/?p=1903
  44. “Retracted for scientific reasons...”
  45. ...even though its a useful reaction
  46. ...even if I am interested in oxidation by contaminants
  47. To get the whole picture...
  48. ...and its getting worse
  49. Retractions per 100k papers 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year https://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt
  50. Your filter has failed me... http://www.flickr.com/photos/richardmoross/3947406286 CC-BY
  51. Crude. Binary. Inappropriate.
  52. A gatekeeper is needed in a broadcast world... http://www.flickr.com/photos/m0dlx/506786451 CC-BY-SA
  53. Someone had to choose... http://www.flickr.com/photos/baccharus/4473818003 CC-BY
  54. Today is different...
  55. ...we can’t reduce the flow... http://www.flickr.com/photos/bladeflyer/442496389 CC-BY
  56. We need to recognise the world looks like this... http://www.flickr.com/photos/fraz5356/4754482759 CC-BY
  57. Floods of information... http://www.flickr.com/photos/mikebaird/4289349768 CC-BY
  58. ...content from all directions http://www.flickr.com/photos/ocarchives/4418399902 CC-BY
  59. http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC-BY ...and embrace that as a good thing...
  60. http://www.flickr.com/photos/flavinsky/3410980137 CC-BY
  61. Every book its reader... Ranganathan’s third law of libraries
  62. Every book its reader... Ranganathan’s third law of libraries
  63. And today it is technically feasible
  64. All we need to do is connect them... http://www.flickr.com/photos/adrian_s/8271860 CC-BY
  65. It’s not filter failure http://www.flickr.com/photos/emperley3/4705354106 CC-BY-SA
  66. A discovery deficit... http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/4078337883 Public Domain
  67. Is search the answer? http://www.flickr.com/photos/ezioman/2095747903 CC-BY
  68. A blunt instrument... http://www.flickr.com/photos/kylemay/1430449350 CC-BY
  69. ...not every problem is a nail http://www.flickr.com/photos/bb_matt/207102083 CC-BY
  70. So is there an answer?
  71. Remember this graph? 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year https://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt
  72. Remember this graph? 30 Retractions per 100k publications 25 20 15 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Year https://github.com/neilfws/PubMed/blob/master/data/retractions.txt Where did it come from...?
  73. http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
  74. Remember these people?
  75. @communicating Plausible Accuracy PIERRE LINDENBAUM Mummi Thorissson John Fabiana Kubke Richard Grant Pedro Beltrao Neil Saunders Steve Wilson @gnat Branwen Hide Simon Coles Dupuis Simon Philips Pawel Szcsesny Paul Miller Tony Hey Jeremy Frey Nico Adams Richard Akerman Cavalli Gabriel JonMat Todd Stephen BrennerTim O’Reilly Noel Gorelick Dave de Roure Rich Apodaca Udell ISIS LSS Group Jeremiah Faith Jean-Claude Bradley Nicholas Cole Michael Barton JOHN WILLINSKY Phil Lord Victoria  Stodden Martyn Bull Stephen Friend David CrottyClay Shirky @t John Cumbers Bora Chris Leonard Grace BaynesEva Amsen Egon  Willighagen Mark Borkum Brian Kelly Tony Williams Dan Hagon Maxine Clarke Andrew Milsted Zivkovic Mitch Koch Lab Michael Nielsen Martin Fenner Steph Hannon WaldropGreg Wilson Brian Matthews Leigh Dodds Bill Hooker Glyn Moody Yaroslav Nikolaev Jenny Rohn Rafael Sidi Lee Smolin Frank NormanRicardo Vidal Iain Emsley Paulo Nuin Ariel Waldmann Timo HannayKen Shankland Lorie LeJeune Jonathan Gray PT Sefton Microsoft STFC Deepak Singh Shirley Wu ISIS Computing Group Helen Berman Andrew Peter Binfield Benjamin Good Dorothea Salo Liz Lyons PLoS Kasarskis Jen Dodd Lee Dirks Peter Murray-Rust Richard Akerman Carole Goble Jon Eisen Jenny Hale Lakshmi Shastry Steve Koch NPG Ben Goldacre Chad OrzelBill Flanagan Jon Tansley Michael Eisen Matt Wood SciFoo 2008/9 Friendfeed Hope Leman Rufus Pollock Victor HenningGoogle Björn Brembs Jo BadgeAllyson Lister Lisa Green TIM HUBBARD Rebecca Goulding campers Euan Adie John Andy Powell Harry Collins Gavin Bell Jim Downing Matt Johnson Wilbanks Mike Ellis DUNCAN HULL Garret Lisi Jamie McQuay ALAN CANN Catherine Jones Andrew Farke Gavin Baker Peter Suber Sabine HossenfelderFlickr The BioGangKevin KellyPaul Walk Arfon Smith Kaitlin Thaney Richard Curry Atilla Csordas Ian Mulvany
  76. Social aggregation...
  77. ...but also...
  78. http://friendfeed.com/gbilder/711e6278/so-how-many-retractions-are-there-every-year
  79. Social annotation
  80. ...but also...
  81. http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
  82. http://nsaunders.wordpress.com/2010/11/30/analysis-of-retractions-in-pubmed/
  83. A network of linked objects...
  84. Primed for discovery...
  85. http://www.flickr.com/photos/qnr/1263648697 CC-BY-SA Each interaction adds value...
  86. ...and each interaction measures value... http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3209939998 CC-BY
  87. ...adding pieces to my collection http://www.flickr.com/photos/klmircea/3210506796 CC-BY-SA
  88. ...indexing and curating http://www.flickr.com/photos/koalazymonkey/3650487959 CC-BY
  89. My collection.
  90. My collection. Not your collection.
  91. My filters. Not your filters.
  92. ?
  93. Simply connect.
  94. People with content... http://www.flickr.com/photos/pedrosimoes7/2382514343 CC-BY
  95. ...content with content... http://www.flickr.com/photos/nufkin/243437309 CC-BY
  96. ...but above all...
  97. Connect people with people http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622
  98. The gatekeeper is dead... http://www.flickr.com/photos/tracy_olson/461251265 CC-BY-SA
  99. We are the gatekeeper... ...all of us
  100. Enable. Don’t block.
  101. Build platforms. Not destinations.
  102. Sell services. Not content.
  103. Don’t think about filtering. Don’t think about control.
  104. Enable discovery. http://www.flickr.com/photos/joiseyshowaa/2374526016 CC-BY
  105. cn@cameronneylon.net http://cameronneylon.net http://slideshare.net/cameronneylon Twitter: @cameronneylon Friendfeed: cameronneylon Thanks to: Sciencetwists, Friendfeeders, and the wider online community for ideas, criticism, and conversations. Deepak Singh, Larry Lessig, Andy Powell, and John Wilbanks for presentation inspiration.
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Slides from a talk given at the STM Innovation Seminar in London, on 3 December 2010. Similar material to "Discovery Deficit" talk given at RLUK but focussed more on STM publishers and with some new examples.

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