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Interpreting Shadows on the Elephant in the Room

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Talk on the economics of sustainability models for scholarly communication given at ScienceEurope/LIBER workshop in Antwerp on 27 April 2017. Focuses on very fundamental issues of what happens in economic terms with scholarly communication and how cultural institutuions as well as formal institutions play a key role in supporting groups, clubs in economic terms, that take knowledge and covert to being more public like.

Published in: Science
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Interpreting Shadows on the Elephant in the Room

  1. 1. Interpreting the Shadows on the Elephant in the Room Why Economic Arguments Fail to Explain Scholarly Communications @cameronneylon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0068-716X Slides:
  2. 2. https://www.flickr.com/photos/28879143@N05/3906915492  pwjamroCC  BY
  3. 3. https://www.flickr.com/photos/letsgoout-­‐bournemouthandpoole/10438068606  Lets  Go  Out  Bournemouth  and  Poole  CC  BY
  4. 4. Hanabusa Itchō(1652–1724)  from  Library  of  Congress  Collection  via  Wikimedia  Commons  – Public  Domain
  5. 5. https://www.flickr.com/photos/bay_lee777/15812474896  Sumoyra Haze  CC  BY
  6. 6. From  Hand  Shadows:  the  Complete  Art  of  Shadowgraphy(1913)  Louis  Nikola  Public  Domain  Asserted
  7. 7. He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me. Thomas Jefferson
  8. 8. …knowledge is a club good
  9. 9. How do we sustain public-making?
  10. 10. How do we sustain the club?
  11. 11. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Decorated_Indian_elephant.jpg Faraz UsmaniCC  BY
  12. 12. https://www.flickr.com/photos/115654243@N04/22116546695  Stephen  Clarkson  CC  BY
  13. 13. • Collective (Public-Like) Goods are difficult for large groups to provision • Small groups can work together • Large groups will fail except under specific circumstances
  14. 14. Institutions are the the prescriptions that humans use to organize all forms of repetitive and structured interactions Ostrom – Governing the Commons
  15. 15. Culture is one of these institutions…
  16. 16. CULTURE GROUP Hartley and Potts (2014) Cultural Science
  17. 17. CULTURE GROUP ENVIRONMENT Hartley and Potts (2014) Cultural Science
  18. 18. Knowledge as a product of translation
  19. 19. ESOTERIC Ludwig Fleck (1981 [1935]) Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
  20. 20. ESOTERIC EXOTERIC Ludwig Fleck (1981 [1935]) Genesis and Development of a Scientific Fact
  21. 21. *
  22. 22. *
  23. 23. So what does any of this have to do with economics of publishing…?
  24. 24. Ted  Bergstrom,  photo  of  slide  from  Watching  Your  Cards  in  the  Big  DealScience   Europe  Meeting  on  Business  Models  in  Scholarly  Publishing,  Fair  use  asserted
  25. 25. *
  26. 26. https://www.flickr.com/photos/mattandkim/94501077  Shever CC  BY
  27. 27. *
  28. 28. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Midyat_Silver_Jewelry_1310249_Nevit.jpg  Nevit DilmenCC  BY-­‐SA
  29. 29. Photo  Credit:  Ivy  Allen  /  USFWSPublic  Domain
  30. 30. How can we prevent APC pricing being tied to prestige?
  31. 31. https://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/5890978600  Library  of  Congress  No  known  copyright
  32. 32. https://www.flickr.com/photos/ggphoto36/6834262219    Gary  Giddens  CC  BY
  33. 33. Can we shift the behaviour of institutional underwriters?
  34. 34. https://www.flickr.com/photos/amanderson/32953072660  amanderson2  CC  BY
  35. 35. ENVIRONMENT
  36. 36. https://www.flickr.com/photos/43555660@N00/12277867315  Carine06  CC  BY-­‐SA
  37. 37. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hoehlengleichnis.svg  LiquidianCC  BY-­‐SA
  38. 38. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Elephant_show_in_Chiang_Mai_P1110469.JPG  Deror AviCC  BY  SA
  39. 39. https://www.flickr.com/photos/dno1967b/7753070058  Daniel  OinesCC  BY
  40. 40. 1. Focus on community building
  41. 41. 2. Support collective models
  42. 42. 3. Define service requirements
  43. 43. 4. Build infrastructures
  44. 44. Prestige = Price
  45. 45. Build sustainable communities in an environment where public-making is good for those communities
  46. 46. @cameronneylon http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0068-716X Slides: http://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/ sustainable-futures-for-research-communication

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