Wwii 1942 43 turning points

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Wwii 1942 43 turning points

  1. 1. World War II 1942-43 Turning Points
  2. 2. Russia, 1942 <ul><li>The Russian counterattack fizzled outside of Moscow, but protected the city </li></ul><ul><li>The Germans regroup and attack to the north (Leningrad) and south (Stalingrad) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Stalingrad, 1942-43 <ul><li>Germans want the oil fields of the Caucasus region </li></ul><ul><li>Begin Sept. 1, 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Germans capture much of the city in street to street fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 23, 1942 Germans get trapped in the city </li></ul><ul><li>German Commander Von Poulus ordered to fight to the death </li></ul><ul><li>Between Jan. 31 and Feb. 2, 300,000 German troops surrender </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Lend-Lease <ul><li>Begins to Britain in 1941 before USA in war </li></ul><ul><li>Begins to the Soviets through Iran in 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>Stalingrad was part of this supply route </li></ul>
  5. 5. The End of the War on the Eastern Front <ul><li>From Stalingrad onward the Germans were on the defensive </li></ul><ul><li>Russians advance all the way to Berlin </li></ul><ul><li>Largest tank battle in history 5-15 July 1943 at Kursk </li></ul><ul><li>Jan. 27, 1944 Siege of Leningrad broken </li></ul><ul><li>16 April Berlin offensive begins </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1942-43 in the Pacific <ul><li>At the same time as Pearl Harbor (Dec. 1941) the Japanese attack, Philippines, Hong Kong, Singapore and Dutch East Indies (oil) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Coral Seas (May 1942) ( First Battle where aircrafts carriers do not see each other ) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Midway June, 1942 Japanese lose 4 carriers to U.S. 1 </li></ul><ul><li>A process of Island hopping begins in the Pacific ( Guadalcanal ) </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Leyte Gulf (Philippines) Oct. 1944 (Largest naval battle ever in history) Japanese lose have of their remaining fleet and 4 more carriers ( kamikazes begin) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Operation Husky: Invasion of Italy <ul><li>1942 El Alamein won by British cutting Germans off from Middle East oil </li></ul><ul><li>1943 Germans finally defeated in North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>9 July 1943 Allies land in Sicily </li></ul><ul><li>Italians deposed Mussolini during the Sicily invasion and removed the Fascist government </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler moved the Germans in to take over the country and rescued Mussolini by plane to Germany </li></ul><ul><li>9 Sept. 1943 Allies land at Salerno on the Italian mainland </li></ul><ul><li>4 June 1944 to get to Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting continued until 2 May 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Mussolini hung with his mistress near Milan in April 1945 </li></ul>
  8. 10. “ The Longest Day” D-Day: 6 June 1944 <ul><li>Operation Overlord </li></ul><ul><li>Allies open a second front in France against the Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Land on five beaches named Utah and Omaha (American) Juno (Canadian) Sword and Gold (British and Polish) </li></ul><ul><li>Rommel felt that whoever won the beaches that day would win the war </li></ul>

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