American Revolution


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American Revolution

  1. 1. The American Revolution Continental Congress Flag Stripes are taken from East India Company Betsy Ross Flag Symbol of revolution But never adopted by congress East India Company
  2. 2. 13 Colonies <ul><li>War was a financial disaster for France and Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Britain 14 million pounds in debt </li></ul><ul><li>300,000 pounds per year to defend BNA (France is gone but FNP and Spanish in Louisiana) </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to cover this amount and how to administer Quebec leads to unrest in 13 colonies </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Revolution <ul><li>Perception vs reality </li></ul><ul><li>King George a tyrant </li></ul><ul><li>Britain- unfeeling and callously passes ‘Intolerable Acts’ </li></ul><ul><li>Imposes ‘burden’ on colonists </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Revolution <ul><li>King George III: German speaking </li></ul><ul><li>George I brought over from Hanover in Germany as successor to the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of ‘foreign’ line of kings parliament assumed more power than king. </li></ul><ul><li>George III suffering from an illness that made him pee blue and go ‘mad’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Revolution <ul><li>‘ Intolerable Acts’: Navigation Act </li></ul><ul><li>series of laws from the 1660s controlling trade in the Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Goods must pass on British ships between British colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Enforced in the 1770s because of colonists smuggling with the French during the war </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Revolution Navigation Act (cont’d) <ul><li>Called for trial by captain of the ship NOT trial by jury of peers </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Revolution <ul><li>Townshend Act – taxes on tea, glass, paints and paper </li></ul><ul><li>Stamp Act taxation on documents </li></ul><ul><li>“ No Taxation without representation” </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Revolution <ul><li>Response </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Massacre: British troops clash with protesters </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Tea Party: East India Company tea thrown into the harbour </li></ul><ul><li>Quartering Act </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Revolution <ul><li>Terrorists or Freedom fighters? </li></ul>
  10. 10. American Revolution <ul><li>Quebec Act: The last straw. </li></ul><ul><li>No assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Ohio River Valley blocked for settlement </li></ul><ul><li>Rights for Roman Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>Some American merchants and settlers in Quebec dismayed by lack of vote and being a minority </li></ul>
  11. 11. American Revolution <ul><li>Continental Congress – 1774 Invites Quebec delegates </li></ul><ul><li>1775 The Continental Congress decides to invade Quebec to seize its ports and eliminate the region as a staging ground to attack New York and New England </li></ul><ul><li>Two American armies invade in 1775 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Washington’s Letter to Quebec <ul><li>Washington and the Continental Congress hoped to soften Canadiens reaction to the invasion by publishing a “Letter to the Inhabitants of Canada” in the summer of 1775. </li></ul><ul><li>Read the letter and identify the ways in which the Americans tried to convince Canadiens to assist the “liberation.” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Outcome of the American Invasion <ul><li>Carleton defeated the Americans at Quebec and drove the survivors out of the colony </li></ul><ul><li>A 1777 British invasion of New York launched from Quebec ended in disaster at Saratoga </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec was not attacked again during the war (or again until 1812) </li></ul>