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The OptIPlanet Collaboratory Supporting Researchers Worldwide


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Australian American Leadership Dialogue
Title: The OptIPlanet Collaboratory Supporting Researchers Worldwide
La Jolla, CA

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The OptIPlanet Collaboratory Supporting Researchers Worldwide

  1. 1. The OptIPlanet Collaboratory Supporting Researchers Worldwide Talk Australian American Leadership Dialogue Calit2@UCSD January 15, 2008 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for “Living in the Future” <ul><li>“ Convergence” Laboratory Facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks </li></ul></ul>UC Irvine Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated…
  3. 3. The OptIPuter Project – Creating High Resolution Portals Over Dedicated Optical Channels to Global Science Data <ul><li>NSF Large Information Technology Research Proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calit2 (UCSD, UCI) and UIC Lead Campuses—Larry Smarr PI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partnering Campuses: SDSC, USC, SDSU, NCSA, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, NASA Goddard, KISTI, AIST, CRC(Canada), CICESE (Mexico) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engaged Industrial Partners: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>$13.5 Million Over Five Years—Now In the Six and Final Year </li></ul>NIH Biomedical Informatics Research Network NSF EarthScope and ORION
  4. 4. My OptIPortal TM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane <ul><li>20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24” Monitors, ~$50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC </li></ul>Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2
  5. 5. Nearly One Half Billion Pixels in Calit2 Extreme Visualization Project! Connected at 2,000 Megabits/s! UC Irvine UC San Diego UCI HIPerWall Analyzing Pre- and Post- Katrina Falko Kuester, UCSD; Steven Jenks, UCI
  6. 6. Cluster-GL for Heterogeneous Systems (CGLX) Framework for OptIPortals <ul><li>CGLX features: </li></ul><ul><li>Crossplatform Hardware Accelerated Rendering. </li></ul><ul><li>Synchronized Multi-Layer OpenGL Context Support. </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Event Management. </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable Multi Display Support. </li></ul>Network Layer Cluster Layer Render Node Layer MAC OS10 Wall Linux 64bit Wall High Performance Network Graphics Hardware Driver LINUX (UNIX) MAC OS 10 CARBON X AGL GLX CGLX (cglXlib) Open GL Application CGLX Tools GL event 2 event 1 Dsp. 0 Dsp. 1 event 0 Dsp. 2 Serial Mode Threaded Mode current event store store Dsp. 0 Dsp. 1 Dsp. 2 Event Queue
  7. 7. AALD Melbourne August 18, 2007 Keynote Talk What I suggest is that we pose a stretch goal. While I was at the University of Melbourne I had them measure their bandwidth from a campus PC to a server in the U.S. and found roughly 2-3 megabits/sec . Let’s say by the time that the Leadership Dialogue gets back to San Diego in mid-January that we actually have established a gigabit per second link between at least one Australian university, say the University of Melbourne and Calit2—that is a bandwidth increase of 400-fold ! The trans-pacific fiber carrying 10 gigabit/sec already exists between San Diego, Seattle, and Australia through your Australian Advanced Research Network (AARNET). Australia also has the different universities all hooked together at that 10 gigabit per second. But what we haven’t had is a driving application and a deadline.
  8. 8. Five Months From Challenge to Reality! <ul><li>Aug 15, 2007 LS visits U Melbourne for first time </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 18, 2007 LS delivers AALD keynote and sets stretch goal </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 20, 2007 V-C Davis accepts challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 28, 2007 Calit2/UM discussions start on establishing gigabit link </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 29, 2007 UM V-C Davis asks Mark Raphael to organize team </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 7, 2007 Premier Brumby and V-C Davis supply funds </li></ul><ul><li>Sept-October Last mile on UM campus; extensive Calit2/UM talks </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2, 2007 Agreement on overall plan for Jan event </li></ul><ul><li>November Extensive discussions on how to build OzIPortal </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 30, 2007 First light path “ping” between Calit2 and UM </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 12, 2007 First video transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 18, 2007 CGLX runs on Melbourne OzIPortal </li></ul><ul><li>Dec-Jan Extensive testing of integrated system </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 15, 2007 AALD meeting at Calit2 – Showtime! </li></ul>
  9. 9. AARNet International Network
  10. 10. AARNet Domestic Network
  11. 11. AARNet Pioneered Uncompressed HD VTC with UWashington Research Channel-- Supercomputing 2004 Canberra Pittsburgh
  12. 12. Source: Maxine Brown, OptIPuter Project Manager
  13. 13. An Emerging High Performance Collaboratory for Microbial Metagenomics CICESE UW JCVI MIT SIO UCSD SDSU UIC EVL UCI OptIPortals OptIPortal UC Davis UMich
  14. 14. OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally UZurich SARA- Netherlands Brno-Czech Republic [email_address] [email_address] [email_address] KISTI-Korea [email_address] AIST-Japan CNIC-China NCHC-Taiwan Osaka U-Japan
  15. 15. Source: Cindy Zheng
  16. 16. Campus Preparations Needed to Create Lambda “On-Ramps” to Their Campus Researchers Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  17. 17. UCSD Planned Optical Networked Biomedical Researchers and Instruments <ul><li>Connects at 10 Gbps : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Microarrays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Genome Sequencers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Spectrometry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light and Electron Microscopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole Body Imagers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul>Cellular & Molecular Medicine West National Center for Microscopy & Imaging Biomedical Research Center for Molecular Genetics Pharmaceutical Sciences Building Cellular & Molecular Medicine East CryoElectron Microscopy Facility Radiology Imaging Lab Bioengineering [email_address] San Diego Supercomputer Center
  18. 18. The Market Stakes are Very Big: Global ICT Spending ($US Billions) <ul><li>Source: WITSA’s 2004, Digital Planet: The Global Information Economy. </li></ul>2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 3,400 3,100 2,800 2,500 2,200 1,900 1,600 Source: Peter Cowhey, UCSD
  19. 19. The Cheap Revolution Scientific American, January 2001 Number of Years 0 1 2 3 4 5 Performance per Dollar Spent Data Storage (bits per square inch) (Doubling time 12 Months) Optical Fiber (bits per second) (Doubling time 9 Months) Silicon Computer Chips (Number of Transistors) (Doubling time 18 Months) Source: Peter Cowhey, UCSD
  20. 20. Predicting Bandwidth Utilization and Innovation <ul><li>The research networks lead “high end” commercial use by about 7 years </li></ul><ul><li>The research networks lead “high end” consumer use by about 12 to 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>The leading edge use for pictures and sound today is illegal sharing of movies and music </li></ul><ul><li>The leading edge tomorrow will be interactive visual and data applications for work and personal uses </li></ul>Source: Peter Cowhey, UCSD