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Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy


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Seventh Lecture in the
Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour
University of New South Wales
Title: Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy
Sydney, Australia

Published in: Business, Technology
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Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy

  1. 1. “Coupling Australia’s Researchers to the Global Innovation Economy” Seventh Lecture in the Australian American Leadership Dialogue Scholar Tour University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia October 14, 2008 Dr. Larry Smarr Director, California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology Harry E. Gruber Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering, UCSD
  2. 2. Abstract An innovation economy begins with the “pull toward the future” provided by a robust public research sector. While the shared Internet has been rapidly diminishing Australia’s “tyranny of distance,” the 21st Century global competition, driven by public research innovation, requires Australia to have high performance connectivity second to none for its researchers. A major step toward this goal has been achieved during the last year through the Australian American Leadership Dialogue (AALD) Project Link, establishing a 1 Gigabit/sec dedicated end-to- end connection between a 100 megapixel OptIPortal at the University of Melbourne and Calit2@UC San Diego over AARNet, Australia's National Research and Education Network. From October 2-17 Larry Smarr, as the 2008 Leadership Dialogue Scholar, is visiting Australian universities from Perth to Brisbane in order to oversee the launching of the next phase of the Leadership Dialogue’s Project Link—the linking of Australia’s major research intensive universities and the CSIRO to each other and to innovation centres around the world with AARNet’s new 10 Gbps access product. At each university Dr. Smarr will facilitate discussions on what is needed in the local campus infrastructure to make this ultra-broadband available to data intensive researchers. With this unprecedented bandwidth, Australia will be able to join emerging global collaborative research— across disciplines as diverse as climate change, coral reefs, bush fires, biotechnology, and health care—bringing the best minds on the planet to bear on issues critical to Australia’s future.
  3. 3. “To ensure a competitive economy for the 21st century, the Australian Government should set a goal of making Australia the pre-eminent location to attract the best researchers and be a preferred partner for international research institutions, businesses and national governments.”
  4. 4. The OptIPuter Creates an OptIPlanet Collaboratory Using High Performance Bandwidth, Resolution, and Video Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment (SAGE) Amsterdam Chicago Just Finished Sixth and Final Year Czech Republic September 2007 Calit2 (UCSD, UCI), SDSC, and UIC Leads—Larry Smarr PI Univ. Partners: NCSA, USC, SDSU, NW, TA&M, UvA, SARA, KISTI, AIST Industry: IBM, Sun, Telcordia, Chiaro, Calient, Glimmerglass, Lucent
  5. 5. OptIPuter Step I: From Shared Internet to Dedicated Lightpaths
  6. 6. Shared Internet Bandwidth: Unpredictable, Widely Varying, Jitter, Asymmetric 10000 12 Minutes 100-1000x Stanford Server Limit Computers In: 1000 Normal Time to Move UCSD Internet! Australia a Terabyte 100 Outbound (Mbps) Canada Czech Rep. India Data Intensive 10 10 Days Sciences Japan Korea Require Mexico Australia Fast 1 Moorea Predictable Netherlands Bandwidth Poland 0.1 Taiwan United States 0.01 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1000 10000 Source: Larry Smarr and Friends Inbound (Mbps) Measured Bandwidth from User Computer to Stanford Gigabit Server in Megabits/sec
  7. 7. The Large Hadron Collider Uses a Global Fiber Infrastructure To Connect Its Users • The grid relies on optical fiber networks to distribute data from CERN to 11 major computer centers in Europe, North America, and Asia • The grid is capable of routinely processing 250,000 jobs a day • The data flow will be ~6 Gigabits/sec or 15 million gigabytes a year for 10 to 15 years
  8. 8. EXPReS-Oz eVLBI Using 1 Gbps Lightpaths October 2007 Image Credit: Paul Boven, Data Streamed at 512 Mbps Image created by Paul Boven, JIVE Satellite image: Blue Marble Next Generation, courtesy of NASA Visible Earth
  9. 9. Next Great Planetary Instrument: The Square Kilometer Array Requires Dedicated Fiber Transfers Of 1 TByte Images World-wide Will Be Needed Every Minute!
  10. 10. Dedicated 10Gbps Lightpaths Tie Together State and Regional Fiber Infrastructure Interconnects Two Dozen State and Regional Internet2 Dynamic Optical Networks Circuit Network Under Development NLR 40 x 10Gb Wavelengths Expanding with Darkstrand to 80
  11. 11. Global Lambda Integrated Facility 1 to 10G Dedicated Lambda Infrastructure Interconnects Global Public Research Innovation Centers Source: Maxine Brown, UIC and Robert Patterson, NCSA
  12. 12. AARNet Provides the National and Global Bandwidth Required Between Campuses 25 Gbps to US 60 Gbps Brisbane - Sydney - Melbourne 30 Gbps Melbourne - Adelaide 10 Gbps Adelaide - Perth
  13. 13. Two New Calit2 Buildings Provide New Laboratories for “Living in the Future” • “Convergence” Laboratory Facilities – Nanotech, BioMEMS, Chips, Radio, Photonics – Virtual Reality, Digital Cinema, HDTV, Gaming • Over 1000 Researchers in Two Buildings – Linked via Dedicated Optical Networks UC Irvine Preparing for a World in Which Distance is Eliminated…
  14. 14. Discovering New Applications and Services Enabled by 1-10 Gbps Lambdas Maxine Brown, Tom DeFanti, Co-Chairs i Grid 2005 THE GLOBAL LAMBDA INTEGRATED FACILITY September 26-30, 2005 Calit2 @ University of California, San Diego California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology 21 Countries Driving 50 Demonstrations Using 1 or 10Gbps Lightpaths Sept 2005
  15. 15. OptIPuter Step II: From User Analysis on PCs to OptIPortals
  16. 16. My OptIPortalTM – Affordable Termination Device for the OptIPuter Global Backplane • 20 Dual CPU Nodes, 20 24” Monitors, ~$50,000 • 1/4 Teraflop, 5 Terabyte Storage, 45 Mega Pixels--Nice PC! • Scalable Adaptive Graphics Environment ( SAGE) Jason Leigh, EVL-UIC Source: Phil Papadopoulos SDSC, Calit2
  17. 17. Prototyping the PC of 2015: Two Hundred Million Pixels Connected at 10Gbps Data from the Transdisciplinary Imaging Genetics Center 50 Apple 30” Cinema Displays Driven by 25 Dual- Processor G5s Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2@UCI NSF Infrastructure Grant
  18. 18. Using OptIPortals to Analyze Supercomputer Simulations Mike Norman, SDSC Two 64K Images From a Cosmological Simulation of Galaxy Cluster Formation
  19. 19. On-Line Resources Help You Build Your Own OptIPuter
  20. 20. Students Learn Case Studies in the Context of Diverse Medical Evidence UIC Anatomy Class electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago
  21. 21. CoreWall: Use of OptIPortal in Geosciences Using High Resolution Core Images to Study Before Paleogeology, Learning about the History of The Planet to Better Understand Causes of Global Warming 5 Deployed In Antarctica After electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago
  22. 22. Using HIPerWall OptIPortals for Humanities and Social Sciences Software Studies Initiative, Calti2@UCSD Interface Designs for Cultural Analytics Research Environment Jeremy Douglass (top) & Lev Manovich Calit2@UCI (bottom) 200 Mpixel HIPerWall Second Annual Meeting of the Humanities, Arts, Science, and Technology Advanced Collaboratory (HASTAC II) UC Irvine May 23, 2008
  23. 23. The New Field of Scalable Cultural Analytics Imagine a “Mapofscience.Com” Visualization of Connections Between "Cultural Paradigms": e.g., Between Paradigms in World Cinema – Here Colors Would Represent Movie Genres. Such an Interactive Interface Allows a Researcher to “Zoom Into” Features of a Cultural Field to Individual Examples Mapping to UCI HIPerWall with Steve Jenks Source: Lev Manovich, Noah Wardrip-Fruin, Jeremy Douglass, Calit2@UCSD
  24. 24. OptIPuter Step III: From YouTube to Digital Cinema Streaming Video
  25. 25. AARNet Pioneered Uncompressed HD VTC with UWashington Research Channel--Supercomputing 2004 Canberra Pittsburgh
  26. 26. e-Science Collaboratory Without Walls Enabled by iHDTV Uncompressed HD Telepresence 1500 Mbits/sec Calit2 to UW Research Channel Over NLR May 23, 2007 John Delaney, PI LOOKING, Neptune Photo: Harry Ammons, SDSC
  27. 27. iGrid Lambda Streaming Services: Telepresence Meeting Using Digital Cinema 4k Streams 4k = 4000x2000 Pixels = 4xHD Streaming 4k with JPEG 2000 Compression ½ Gbit/sec Lays Technical Basis for Global Keio University Digital President Anzai Cinema Sony UCSD NTT Chancellor Fox SGI Calit2@UCSD Auditorium
  28. 28. iGrid Media Streaming Services CineGrid @ iGrid2005 4K Distance Learning 4K Virtual Reality 4K Supercomputing Visualization 4K Anime 4K Digital Cinema Source: Laurin Herr
  29. 29. CineGrid @ Holland Festival 2007 As Seen In the Calit2@UCSD Auditorium Era la Notte, June 20-21, 2007 (Live!)
  30. 30. Cisco CWave for CineGrid: A New Cyberinfrastructure for High Resolution Media Streaming* Source: John (JJ) Jamison, Cisco PacificWave 1000 Denny Way (Westin Bldg.) Seattle StarLight Northwestern Univ Level3 Chicago 1360 Kifer Rd. McLean Sunnyvale 2007 Equinix 818 W. 7th St. Los Angeles CENIC Wave Cisco Has Built 10 GigE Waves on CENIC, PW, & NLR and Installed Large 6506 Switches for Calit2 Access Points in San Diego, Los Angeles, San Diego Sunnyvale, Seattle, Chicago and McLean CWave core PoP for CineGrid Members 10GE waves on NLR and CENIC (LA to SD) * May 2007
  31. 31. OptIPuter Step IV: Integration of Lightpaths, OptIPortals, and Streaming Media
  32. 32. The Calit2 OptIPortals at UCSD and UCI Are Now a Gbit/s HD Collaboratory NASA Ames Visit Feb. 29, 2008 HiPerVerse: First ½ Gigapixel Distributed OptIPortal- 124 Tiles Sept. 15, 2008 Calit2@ UCI wall Calit2@ UCSD wall UCSD cluster: 15 x Quad core Dell XPS with Dual nVIDIA 5600s UCI cluster: 25 x Dual Core Apple G5
  33. 33. Command and Control: Live Session with JPL and Mars Rover from Calit2 Source: Falko Kuester, Calit2; Michael Sims, NASA
  34. 34. U Michigan Virtual Space Interaction Testbed (VISIT) Instrumenting OptIPortals for Social Science Research • Using Cameras Embedded in the Seams of Tiled Displays and Computer Vision Techniques, we can Understand how People Interact with OptIPortals – Classify Attention, Expression, Gaze – Initial Implementation Based on Attention Interaction Design Toolkit (J. Lee, MIT) • Close to Producing Usable Eye/Nose Tracking Data using OpenCV Leading U.S. Researchers on the Social Aspects of Collaboration Source: Erik Hofer, UMich, School of Information
  35. 35. New Year’s Challenge: Streaming Underwater Video From Taiwan’s Kenting Reef to Calit2’s OptIPortal My next plan is to stream stable Remote Videos Local Images and quality underwater images to Calit2, hopefully by PRAGMA 14. -- Fang-Pang to LS Jan. 1, 2008 March 6, 2008 Plan Accomplished! March 26, 2008 UCSD: Rajvikram Singh, Sameer Tilak, Jurgen Schulze, Tony Fountain, Peter Arzberger NCHC : Ebbe Strandell, Sun-In Lin, Yao-Tsung Wang, Fang-Pang Lin
  36. 36. OptIPuter Step V: The Campus Last Mile
  37. 37. CENIC’s New “Hybrid Network” - Traditional Routed IP and the New Switched Ethernet and Optical Services ~ $14M Invested in Upgrade Now Campuses Need to Upgrade Source: Jim Dolgonas, CENIC
  38. 38. AARNet 10Gbps Access Product is Here!!! • HD and Other High Bandwidth Applications Combined with “Big Research” Pushing Large Data Sets Means 1 Gbps is No Longer Adequate for All Users • AARNet Helps Connect Campus Users or Remote Instruments • Will Permit Researchers to Exchange Large Amounts of Data within Australia, and Internationally via SXTransPORT © 2008, AARNet Pty Ltd 38 Slide From Chris Hancock, CEO AARNet
  39. 39. The “Golden Spike” UCSD Experimental Optical Core: Ready to Couple Users to CENIC L1, L2, L3 Services Quartzite Communications To 10GigE cluster Goals by 2008: Core Year 3 node interfaces >= 60 endpoints at 10 GigE CENIC L1, L2 >= 30 Packet switched Wavelength Quartzite Selective Services Corewavelengths ..... Switch >= 30 Switched >= 400 Connected endpoints Lucent To 10GigE cluster node interfaces and other switches To cluster nodes ..... Glimmerglass Approximately 0.5 Tbps ..... To cluster nodes GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks Arrive at the “Optical” Production OOO Switch To cluster nodes Center of Hybrid Campus 32 10GigE ..... Switch GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks Force10 ... To Packet Switch CalREN-HPR GigE Switch with Dual 10GigE Upliks other Research nodes Cloud GigE Funded by 10GigE NSF MRI Campus Research 4 GigE 4 pair fiber Grant Cloud Cisco 6509 Juniper T320 OptIPuter Border Router Source: Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2 (Quartzite PI, OptIPuter co-PI)
  40. 40. Use Campus Investment in Fiber and Networks to Physically Connect Campus Resources HPC System Cluster Condo PetaScale Data Analysis UCSD Storage Facility UC Grid Pilot Digital Collections Research Manager Cluster OptIPortal Research 10Gbps Instrument Source:Phil Papadopoulos, SDSC/Calit2
  41. 41. Green Initiative: Can Optical Fiber Replace Airline Travel for Continuing Collaborations ? Source: Maxine Brown, OptIPuter Project Manager
  42. 42. OptIPortals Are Being Adopted Globally U Melbourne AIST-Japan Osaka U-Japan KISTI-Korea CNIC-China NCHC-Taiwan Russian U Queensland Academy Sciences Moscow SARA- Netherlands Brno-Czech Republic AndEVL@UIC CICESE, Mexico Calit2@UCSD Calit2@UCI Last Week Monash! CSIRO Discovery Center Canberra
  43. 43. “Using the Link to Build the Link” Calit2 and Univ. Melbourne Technology Teams No Calit2 Person Physically Flew to Australia to Bring This Up!
  44. 44. UM Professor Graeme Jackson Planning Brain Surgery for Severe Epilepsy
  45. 45. Smarr American Australian Leadership Dialogue OptIPlanet Collaboratory Lecture Tour October 2008 AARNet National Network • Oct 2—University of Adelaide • Oct 6—Univ of Western Australia • Oct 8—Monash Univ.; Swinburne Univ. • Oct 9—Univ. of Melbourne • Oct 10—Univ. of Queensland • Oct 13—Univ. of Technology Sydney • Oct 14—Univ. of New South Wales • Oct 15—ANU; AARNet; Leadership Dialogue Scholar Oration, Canberra • Oct 16—CSIRO, Canberra • Oct 17—Sydney Univ.
  46. 46. AARNet’s “EN4R” – Experimental Network For Researchers • For Researchers • Free Access for up to 12 months • 2 Circuits Reserved for EN4R on Each Optical Backbone Segment • Access to North America via. SXTransPORT 46 Source: Chris Hancock, AARNet
  47. 47. EVL’s SAGE OptIPortal VisualCasting Multi-Site OptIPuter Collaboratory CENIC CalREN-XD Workshop Sept. 15, 2008 EVL-UI Chicago At Supercomputing 2008 Austin, Texas November, 2008 Streaming 4k SC08 Bandwidth Challenge Entry On site: Remote: SARA (Amsterdam) U Michigan U of Michigan GIST / KISTI (Korea) UIC/EVL Osaka Univ. (Japan) U of Queensland Masaryk Univ. (CZ), Russian Academy of Science Calit2 Requires 10 Gbps Lightpath to Each Site Source: Jason Leigh, Luc Renambot, EVL, UI Chicago
  48. 48. 21st Century Australian Information Infrastructure: Joining the Global Data-Intensive Collaboratory • All Data-Intensive Australian: – Researchers – Scientific Instruments – Data Repositories • Should Have Best-of-Breed End-End Connectivity • Today, that Means 10Gbps Lightpaths • This Requires a Spirited Partnership: – Federal – State – Universities and CSIRO – AARnet The Mutuality Principle at Work!
  49. 49. Broadband Users in Japan: Over 10 Million Homes Have Fiber Connection Eventually Enabling FTTH will Gigabit/sec to the Home 16 16 overtake ADSL ADSL soon # of Customers (Million) 14 14 12 12 10 10 FTTH 8 8 6 6 4 CATV 4 2 2 0 Dec. 2005 Mar. 2006 Jun. 2006 Sep. 2006 Dec. 2006 Mar. 2007 Jun. 2007 Sep. 2007 Dec 05 Mar 06 Jun 06 Sep 06 Dec 06 Mar 07 Jun 07 Sep 07 49 Source: Takashi Shimizu, NTT Network Innovation Laboratories
  50. 50. In the Near Future, Walls of Homes and Offices will be Electroactive Sharp Labs of America / EVL Public-Private Partnership Chairman of Sharp “In Ten Years' Time Entire Walls Could Be Screens” Forbes, June 4, 2007 Studying User-Interaction Issues and Moving Image Synchronization Issues in Future Ultra High Resolution Environments electronic visualization laboratory, university of illinois at chicago