2014 CARB checkup by Sean Edgar of CleanFleets

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A presentation on how new regulations by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) will impact construction fleets. Presented at the CalAPA Northern California Paving Contractors Dinner April 23, 2014 at the California Automobile Museum in Sacramento.

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  • The goal of the T&B regulation is to move the fleet closer to 2010 engine technology by 20232010 engine technology is…The cleanest on-road compression ignited (diesel) engines for particulate matter (PM)0.01 grams of PM per brake horsepower hour standardPM from diesel engines was designated a toxic air contaminant in 1998 meaning “Any air pollutant that may cause or contribute to an increase in mortality or in serious illness or that may pose a present or potential hazard to human health.”As well as the cleanest on-road compression ignited (diesel) engines for oxides of nitrogen (NOx)0.2 grams of NOx per brake horsepower hour standard NOx is a pre-cursor to smog and is harmful to human health & property
  • Here is the engine model compliance schedule for heavier vehicles.1996 and newer engines must meet PM BACT beginning January 1st, 2012 through January 1st 2014.Beginning January 1st, 2014, pre 1994 engines must meet 2010 equivalent emissions or be replaced with engines with a later compliance dateFollowing this schedule, all engines will be powered by 2010 engine model year equivalent emissions by January 1st, 2023Fleets following the engine model year compliance schedule for heavier trucks have no reporting requirements, but, fleets that want, or might want to take advantage of flexibilities need to report
  • The second option for heavier trucks is the phase-in option.As reflected in this chart, fleets can phase-in their heavier trucks for PM BACT The advantage to this over the engine model year compliance schedule is that fleets can select which trucks to filter and have two additional years to do soFleets must report by 1/31/2012 to use the phase-in compliance schedule
  • 2014 CARB checkup by Sean Edgar of CleanFleets

    1. 1. Construction Fleet Check-up CARB Truck & Equipment Rules Presented by Sean Edgar Director April 23, 2014
    2. 2. CleanFleets Company Overview  Fleet engineering services support to fleet owners for over a decade  Assigned to cover CARB in 2000  Training and fleet compliance services to major associations and to CARB Presentation Overview  Portable engines  Offroad engines  Truck & Bus engines  Tomorrow’s hearing will provide many contractors more time to comply
    3. 3. CARB is Almost 50 Years Old Major initiatives:  Catalytic converters  Lead removal from gasoline  Low sulfur diesel  MTBE/oxygenated fuels  ZEV/PZEV/ULEV/SULEV
    4. 4. The Problem With Diesel Trucks % of Total On-Road Vehicles Heavy Duty 2% Light & Medium 98% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Total Vehicle Emissions 30% 65% NOx PM10
    5. 5. CARB Portable Rule
    6. 6. Fleet Requirements  Starting January 1, 2010, all portable diesel-fueled engines shall be certified to meet a federal or California standard for newly manufactured nonroad engines (that is, certified to Tier 1, 2 or 3 nonroad engine standards).  Each fleet is subject to and shall comply with the following weighted PM emission fleet averages expressed as grams per brake horsepower-hour (g/bhp-hr) by the listed compliance dates:
    7. 7. CARB Offroad Regulation  Regulatory Definition: “diesel fueled or alternative diesel fueled off-road compression ignition vehicle engine with maximum power of 25 horsepower (hp) or greater that is used to provide motive power in a workover rig or to provide motive power in any other motor vehicle that (1) cannot be registered and driven safely on-road or was not designed to be driven on-road, and (2) is not an implement of husbandry or recreational off-highway vehicle.  What’s out: “vehicles that were designed to be driven on-road, and have on-road engines are considered on-road and are specifically excluded from this regulation.”
    8. 8. Offroad Vehicle 2014 Action Plan
    9. 9. CARB Onroad (Truck & Bus Regulation)  Regulatory Definition: “Affected vehicles are those that operate on diesel- fuel, dual-fuel, or alternative diesel-fuel that are registered to be driven on public highways, were originally designed to be driven on public highways whether or not they are registered, yard trucks with on-road engines or yard trucks with off-road engines used for agricultural operations, both engines of two-engine sweepers, schoolbuses, and have a manufacturer’s gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) greater than 14,000 pounds (lbs).”  Sean’s Definition: If it looks like F450 or 4500 truck and bigger, if it drives like a truck and has a truck engine then it’s a truck regardless of DMV registration or whether it drives on public roads.
    10. 10. 201 Engine Technology by 2023  What is 2010 Engine Technology?  Cleanest for PM & NOx  When do I need to buy 2010 Engine Technology?  Depends on fleet size, or  Contractors license, or  Truck type
    11. 11. Heavy Trucks (>26K lbs GVWR) “Engine Model Year” Schedule Schedule for Heavier Trucks and Buses Engine Year PM Filter 2010 MY Engine Pre-1994 Not required January 1, 2015 1994-1995 Not required January 1, 2016 1996-1999 January 1, 2012 January 1, 2020 2000-2004 January 1, 2013 January 1, 2021 2005 or newer January 1, 2014 January 1, 2022 2007-2009 Already equipped January 1, 2023
    12. 12. Heavier Trucks Phase In Option Phase In Option for Heavier Trucks Compliance Date Vehicles w/ PM Filters January 1, 2012 30% January 1, 2013 60% January 1, 2014 90% January 1, 2015 90% January 1, 2016 100%
    13. 13. Truck and Bus Changes Tomorrow
    14. 14. Roadside Inspection Program Source: www.youtube.com and search “Diesel Crackdown”
    15. 15. Delinquent Citation Enforcement • DMV “registration holds” (~2000 to date) • CHP “out of service process” per Vehicle Code section 27159 (~500 to date -- vehicles held) • CARB obtains judgments in Sacramento Superior Court under authority of California Health and Safety Code section 44011.6 (~ 3,500 obtained to date) • CARB executes judgments to place liens on property, etc.
    16. 16. Enforcement Going Forward • Roadside Inspections • Weigh Stations • TRUCRS “Compliance by Internet and Mail” • “Competitive Compliance” 1-(800) END SMOG
    17. 17. My Contact Info Sean Edgar Director CleanFleets.net 916-520-6040 Sean@ CleanFleets.net

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