Calgary Region Airshed Zone: Working for municipal members
To monitor, analyse and provide information on air quality and develop strategies to manage air quality issues within CRAZ. To have air quality that is not harmful to human health and the environment.Calgary Region Airshed Zone Working for Municipal Members February 2013 www.craz.ca
About CRAZWhat is the Calgary Region Airshed Zone (CRAZ)?• One of 9 Airsheds established under Alberta Environment’s Clean Air Strategy;• Created in 2005 by a broadly-based regional group representing industry, community and environmental groups, local governments, and the Province;• Official Society Status was granted to CRAZ in 2007;• A member of the Alberta Airsheds Council - officially recognized and boundary approved by Alberta Environment and the Clean Air Strategic Alliance in 2008; (CRAZ’ regional boundaries are presented on the next slide.) CRAZ’ Vision is to pursue strategies and programs that ensure regional air quality that is not harmful to human health and the environment. CRAZ’ Mission is to monitor, analyse and provide information on air quality and develop strategies to manage air quality issues within CRAZ.
CRAZ’ BoundariesCRAZ’ region includes 43 municipalitiesand First Nations that are home to 1.4million Albertans. The region includesmore than 200 industrial sites that reportair emissions.Regional economic activities havesignificant engagement with air quality –tourism, agriculture, rock, forestry.Air quality issues do not respectmunicipal boundaries and requireregional approaches and solutions.
Airshed Zones RoleRole & Function of Alberta’s AirshedsPrincipal airshed zone functions: Ambient air quality monitoring and reporting; Operating the Provincial air monitoring network; Developing a region-wide baseline air monitoring system; Collaborating with industry on data acquisition and analysis; Understanding major factors that air quality and evaluating possible impacts on human health and ecosystems; Conducting management plans to respond to specific risks; Implementing education and awareness programs to promote air quality issues; Representing members in regulatory and policy initiatives.
Continuous MonitoringCRAZ operates three Continuous Ambient Air Monitoring Stations for AESRD.The Air Quality Program Manager is working with AESRD to relocate one station in Calgary as well as siting a new station for the Airdrie area. Real-time air quality data is available on the CRAZ website: www.craz.ca
Passive Monitoring Passive Monitoring GridCRAZ operates a region-wide networkof 40 passive air quality monitoringdevices.This unique program is providingbaseline air quality data for areas in theregion where no monitoring has everbeen conducted, and will establish ascientific basis to monitor and evaluateair quality change.
Mobile Air Monitoring LaboratoryCRAZ has a Mobile Air Monitoring Laboratory (MAML) equipped to monitor H2S, S02, PM 2.5, THC, Wind direction and speed and outdoor Temperature.
Education Outreach Programs• Presentations – Children & Youth in Calgary, Banff, Strathmore, Airdrie, an d Black Diamond have received this presentation• Photo Contest• Mayor’s Environment Expo, Calgary• Gauge and Save Campaign – Partnered with Calgary Co-op 2010/11/12 – Partnered with Husky Energy 2011
Health Issue Management PM/03 Plan• Particulate Matter (PM) and Ozone (O3) have significant adverse effects on human health and the environment• The planning threshold for Ozone was exceeded in 2004-2006 and the planning threshold for Particulate Matter was exceeded in 2008- 2010• CRAZ developed the PM/O3 Plan in 2008• The main focus of the PM/03 Plan is: – Reduce O3 precursor emissions that resulted in exceedences of the planning trigger – Avoid future exceedences of O3 – Reduce PM emissions to ensure that exceedences for PM do not occur in the future
Health and Air Quality• Significant adverse human health and environmental effects have been demonstrated upon exposure to PM/03: – Irritates eyes and respiratory tract – Linked to asthma, bronchitis, acute and chronic respiratory symptoms – Exposure to high levels results in chest tightness, coughing and wheezing – Impairs visibility (haze) – Contributes to acid rain formation – Agricultural crop loss and noticeable leaf damage• Transportation and industry are highlighted as key issues
PMO3 Management PlanIn 2010-11, the Particulate Matter/Ozone Audit Committee undertook a review of the objectives, action items and timelines that were in the Plan that was developed in 2008.In 2010, CRAZ commissioned - a study “Identifying Drivers for Local Anthropogenic Ozone in the Calgary Region” - a Literature Review and Assessment of PM and Ozone Precursor Reduction Opportunities was commissioned.Both reports are available on the website, www.craz.ca
PMO3 Management PlanIn 2011-12 the Particulate Matter/Ozone Audit Committee undertook the following projects: - All Source Emissions Inventory for the CRAZ area - Community Based Social Marketing (CBSM) project Phase 2 – Commuter Options for Cochrane area - Awareness Plan initiationIn 2012-13, we are working on the next phases of the above projects: - Geospatial Examination of Subregions within the Emissions Inventory - Pilot Project for the CBSM project - working with the University of Calgary and Alberta Health Services Health Marketing Team on the Awareness Campaign.
SSRP• The South Saskatchewan Regional Plan (SSRP) will identify and set resource and environmental management outcomes for air, land, water, and biodiversity.• SSRP will guide future resource decisions while considering social and economic impacts.CRAZ submitted a response forthe Air Quality section in the SSRP draft report
Role for Municipal Members CRAZ’ Strategic Roles for Municipal Members:• CRAZ provides cost-effective, science-based and locally-accountable way to represent the interests of municipalities, most of which do not have the resources to carry out air studies alone. CRAZ operates the Provincial air monitoring system, and is implementing a region- wide air monitoring network that will establish air quality baselines and will be effective for risk identification and assessment. With endorsement from our municipal members, CRAZ provides a science- based, unified municipal response to emerging regional air quality management issues (including Provincial “orders”) such as “PMO3”. CRAZ is the lead regional multi-stakeholder voice in the development of provincial air policies and programs, and leads the integration of air quality in the regional land use framework. A critical issue for CRAZ is finding effective ways for municipalities to “mandate” CRAZ to undertake air quality monitoring and management planning.
CRAZ Commitment to Municipal MembersCRAZ offers municipalities:- Cost-effective, technical and scientific support to pursue effective engagement with regulators on emerging risk and issues.- Effective regional and provincial representation on air quality policy and regulatory issues (we work directly and through the Alberta Airshed Council with CRP, AUMA/AAMDC).- Engagement and communication programs with industry and citizens to secure regional solutions to air quality issues.- Positive, collaborative forums on issues at which municipalities, industry and NGOs participate as equals.- Support for municipal governments developing education and communication projects.- Cost sharing by all stakeholders based on the polluter-pay principle.
Funding CRAZ• CRAZ supports the “polluter-pay” principle. This means every individual, municipality and industry is responsible for the costs associated with their emissions! 1. Industry - emissions-based, starting w/ SO2 & NO2; 2. Municipalities: $0.10/per capita; 3. NGO/Public: $50/year
Air is a preciousresource… THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION ANY QUESTIONS? CRAZ is an efficient and effective way to develop multi-stakeholder responses to regional air quality issues. www.craz.ca