Calgary Metropolitan Plan Performance Indicators Report


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The performance indicators report to measure progress towards implementation of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan.

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Calgary Metropolitan Plan Performance Indicators Report

  1. 1. # $ % # ?➔ ➔ # $ ?➔ ➔% # $ $ ?➔ ➔ % % # $ $ ?➔ ➔ % # $ ?➔ ➔ % ?➔ ➔ % ➔ % ?➔ % ?➔ ➔ ➔➔ % # $ ?➔➔ % % # $ ?➔ ➔ % # $ ?➔ ➔ ➔ % # $ ?➔ ➔ % # $ ?➔ ➔ % # ?➔ # $ ?➔ % # ?➔ Indicators for measuring progress
  2. 2. B SECTION TITLE Performance Measures 1 Executive Summary 2 Population 2 Indicator Development Process 3 Why Indicators? 4 Setting the Context 5 Principles 6 Principle 1 Protecting the natural environment 7 and watershed Surface Water Quality 8 Water Quantity 10 Ecological Footprint 11 Landscape Connectivity 12 Air Quality 13 Principle 2 Fostering the region’s economic vitality 14 Employment 15 Ratio of Residential to 16 commercial/industrial tax base Principle 3 Accommodating growth in more 17 compact settlement patterns Green Field Density 18 Affordable Housing 19 Modal Split 20 Principle 4 Integrating efficient regional 21 infrastructure systems Regional Transportation & Complete Mobility 22 Strategic Water Systems 24 Principle 5 Supported through a regional 25 governance approach Participation Index 26 What’s Next 27 Data Sources 28 Contents
  3. 3. 1 Performance Measures The Calgary Regional Partnership will develop performance indicators to measure progress toward CMP implementation. These indicators will be monitored and reported regularly for public information and to inform updates in the Plan. Policy 5.c.7, p. 51, Calgary Metropolitan Plan, June 2012 ” “
  4. 4. 2 PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS The Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) provides the Calgary Region with clear directions to a brighter future. The Plan outlines the path to effective and manageable growth with the aim of providing an outstanding quality of life for citizens of the region for generations to come. Executive Summary Population MUNICIPALITY As the region continues to evolve, it has become clear that a measurement system is needed to monitor our progress with the CMP. In 2012, the Calgary Regional Partnership’s (CRP) Growth Management and Planning team launched a project to develop a set of key measures (indicators) to track progress towards achieving the Principles and Vision of the CMP. A key focus of the project was collaboration. Representatives from across the CRP’s member municipalities and stakeholder organizations were involved in identifying the best elements for measurement, and in determining which of the CMP’s five Principles these indicators would evaluate. A series of creative workshops were held in late 2012 and early 2013 to facilitate collaboration. These efforts and additional reviews brought the initial list of 242 proposed indicators and evaluative data sources down to the current 17. 40,000 90,000 50,000 100,000 30,000 80,000 20,000 70,000 10,0000 60,000 Airdrie Banff Black DiamonD Canmore Chestermere Cochrane Irricana Nanton Okotoks Strathmore Turner Valley The total population for the Calgary Region in 2076 is estimated to be 3 million. This includes the non-member CRP municipalities as well as First Nation populations. CITY OF CALGARY - CURRENT POPULATION: 1,120,225; PROJECTED POPULATION IN 2076: 2,315,800 Current Population 2076 Estimated Population
  5. 5. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS 3 Indicator Development P rocess A C O L L A B O R AT I V E A P P R O A C H The process of building an indicator program was focused on collaboration, incorporating the knowledge and perspective of staff from around the region. The CRP project team developed the overall process, reviewing and refining the wealth of information that came out of the collaborative workshops and surveys. The timeline to the left shows the events the CRP organized to develop the draft list of indicators. E VA L U AT I O N C R I T E R I A Before the process began, three key evaluation criteria were developed in order to ensure the consistency and transparency of outcomes: • Meaningful: Does this indicator tell us something important about the Principles of the CMP? Will it allow us to understand the direction and magnitude of change over time? • Measurable: Are we able to obtain data on this indicator? • Understandable: Will this indicator be easily understood, and will it allow us to reflect and adapt our actions over time? The following graphic provides an overview of the steps in the CRP indicator development process. DEVELOPMENT OF INDICATORS SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY January 2014
  6. 6. 4 PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS U n d erstan d ing P rogress The Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) developed by the Calgary Regional Partnership (CRP) provides direction in a number of areas that are key to our vitality as a region. It offers the foundation for our growth, success and sustainability. At its core, developing a set of indicators for the CMP is about understanding progress. We need a consistent system of measurement that will allow us to track our success in achieving the Plan’s Vision and Principles. Developing a set of indicators will allow the Partnership, its members and its citizens to understand the state of the region over time, and will allow us to reflect and adjust course as necessary. P U R P O S E O F I N D I C AT O R S Indicators are simply a measure that tells us something important about the condition of a system. They help measure progress towards our goals and objectives. Monitoring indicators over time provides us with valuable information about the direction and amounts of change in a system (trends). These trends offer early warning signals that something is wrong in a system. The engine light in your car is a good example of an indicator. When the light comes on, it warns that your vehicle requires immediate attention. The key in selecting indicators for the Calgary Region is to identify measures that can send us an early warning signal or tell us that we are on track to achieving our goals. They can also help us understand how well our actions are promoting and supporting our Vision and Principles. Indicators can be quite broad, and change in an indicator does not automatically tell us specifically what is happening. For example, if a doctor takes your temperature (indicator), s/he may find that you have a fever. However, knowing your temperature is higher than normal does not tell you the cause. In the same way, indicators for the Calgary Region can alert us to changes, but understanding why these changes are occurring will require more in-depth investigation. Selecting the right indicators for complex regional social, economic, environmental and infrastructure systems is a difficult and important task. The overwhelming complexity of our region means we must identify a reasonable number of meaningful, clear indicators that can be measured over time. The sustainability of the region requires that we continually improve our understanding of the system and adapt to changing conditions. As Lewis Carroll wrote in Alice in Wonderland, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will take you there.” Indicators provide us with a tool to ensure we stay on course to our destination: realizing the Vision and Principles of the CMP. P L A N A C T R E F L E C T A D J U S T Why Indicators?
  7. 7. In 2009 when CRP developed the basis for planning growth in the region, an analysis was done to understand how much land would be used if we continued developing on a ‘business as usual model’ compared to a more conservative development approach. The map shows the difference between business as usual development footprint of 125,000 hectares and the model adopted as part of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan development footprint of 48,000 hectares. Setting the Context ADOPTED CMP SCENARIO New development = 48,000 hectares The adopted approach respects important ecological elements and processes while providing for growth and the efficient provision of infrastructure and transit. TREND SCENARIO New development = 125,000 hectares The Trend Scenario reflects a continuation of current policies and trends. Nanton Turner Valley Black Diamond Okotoks Cochrane Canmore Calgary Chestermere Irricana Strathmore Airdrie Banff PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS 5
  8. 8. 6 PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS Principles Indicators • Water quality • Water quantity • Ecological footprint • Index of landscape connectivity • Air quality • Diversity of employment by sector • Ratio of residential to commercial/industrial tax base • Greenfield density • Affordable housing • Modal split • Update on regional transportation • Update on strategic water systems 2 3 4 5 1 Protecting the natural environment and watershed Fostering the region’s economic vitality Accommodating growth in more compact settlement patterns Integrating efficient regional infrastructure systems Supported through a regional governance approach • CRP Participation Index
  9. 9. Protecting the natural environment and watershed 7 The Calgary Metropolitan Plan is focused on ensuring that the natural landscapes, ecologies and water sources are identified, respected and stewarded to ensure their function and integrity over time as the region grows. There are four strategies that provide direction on protecting the natural environment and watershed: Protect our watersheds: Looking ahead 60 years, it is vital to protect and conserve our region’s environmental assets and watershed. The effective management of our water is a key consideration, given the magnitude of the water challenges we face in the region today and into the future. Enhance ecological infrastructure: As stewards of our natural environment, we are committed to protecting and maintaining healthy ecosystems throughout the region. Ensuring that our forests and grasslands continue to conserve water sources is a priority. Landscapes that have large patches of natural vegetation to the northwest, west and southwest of Calgary are of particular importance. Address climate change: While Alberta is home to 11 per cent of the country’s population, we are responsible for one-third of Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This is why the provincial government is committed to reducing GHG emissions while maintaining economic growth. By 2050, Alberta plans to reduce emissions by 200 megatonnes, a reduction of 24 per cent from 2005 levels. Work together for change: The Calgary Regional Partnership (CRP) is proud to initiate and support research partnerships with leading organizations and institutions in the region. In addition, the CRP collaborates on all key plans and studies in the watershed to help ensure the protection and preservation of our valuable natural resources. Principle Protecting the natural environment and watershed 1
  10. 10. 46 Natural Conditions of Water Quality 5 Good Conditions of Water Quality Why we are measuring this: The quality of the water in our watershed is vital to both human and ecological health. We need to understand how development, industry and agricultural practices may influence water quality over time. Data source: Bow River Basin Council 2010 Conditions Indicator: Natural and Good 2 1 Natural Conditions for this indicator are considered to be in a natural state Good Conditions cumulative impacts are considered to be minimal, and the indicator is in a desired state 1 Aquatic Plants and Algae 2 Riparian Assessment and Condition 3 Dissolved Oxygen 4 Water Temperature 5 Dissolved Oxygen 6 Water Temperature 7 Total Suspended Solids 8 Phosphorus: total P 9 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 10 Bacteria: e.Coli 11 Aquatic Plants and Algae 12 Dissolved Oxygen 13 Phosphorus: total P 14 Bacteria: e.Coli 15 Water Temperature 16 Dissolved Oxygen 17 Water Temperature 18 Phosphorus: total P 19 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 20 Bacteria: e.Coli 21 Nitrogen: nitrate 22 Dissolved Oxygen 23 Water Temperature 24 Total Suspended Solids 25 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 26 Dissolved Oxygen 27 Water Temperature 28 Dissolved Oxygen 29 Water Temperature 30 Bacteria: e.Coli 31 Nitrogen: nitrate 32 Dissolved Oxygen 33 Phosphorus: total P 34 Bacteria: e.Coli 35 Water Temperature 36 Dissolved Oxygen 37 Dissolved Oxygen 38 Water Temperature 39 Nitrogen: nitrate 40 Bacteria: e.Coli 41 Aquatic Plants and Algae 42 Dissolved Oxygen 43 Water Temperature 44 Total Suspended Solids 45 Nitrogen: nitrate 46 Aquatic Plants and Algae 1 Bow River Surface Quality Index 2 Bacteria: e.Coli 3 Bow River Surface Water Quality Index 4 Bow River Surface Water Quality Index 5 Bacteria: e.Coli Nose Creek Western Irrigation District to Highwood Highwood to Carseland Carseland to Bassano Bassano to Oldman River 12 28 29 30 31 14 15 22 24 25 eeee 27 26 36 45 46 16 17 8 911 5 34 42 43 44 4 5 2 3 18 19 20 1 21 37 38 39 40 41 Jumpingpound Creek Ghost River Elbow River Fish Creek 23 34 s 3332 Seebe to Bearspaw 1 6 10 35 ououu 13 Surface Water Quality 8 Protecting the natural environment and watershed
  11. 11. Why we are measuring this: Over the long term, the indicators will form part of an adaptive management reporting system based on the most current data available. Adaptive management is a proactive process that optimizes decision-making, and aims to improve management and reduce uncertainty through performance assessment. Data source: Bow River Basin Council 2010 Conditions Indicator: Fair and Cautionary Elbow River Seebe to Bearspaw Nose Creek Highwood to Carseland Carseland to Bassano Bassano to Oldman River EElEllbbbbb kkk2 1 7 1 2 9 10 12 13 16 18 4 11 3 8 4 5 6 3 15 14 17 Western Irrigation District to Highwood 1 Nitrogen: nitrate 2 Riparian Assessment Condition 3 Riparian Assessment Condition 4 Nitrogen: nitrate 5 Bacteria: e.coli 6 Bow River Surface Water 9 Phosphorous: Total P 10 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 11 Riparian Assessment Condition 13 Bow River Surface Water Quality Index 14 Total Suspended Solids 15 Phosphorous: Total P 16 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 17 Total Suspended Solids 18 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 19 Riparian Assessment Condition 20 Bow River Surface Water Quality Index 21 Total Dissolved Phosphorus 1 Bacteria: e.coli 2 Phosphorous: Total P 3 Aquatic Plants and Algae 4 Riparian Assessment Condition Fair Conditions are shifting away from desired state but have not yet reached a cautionary threshold Cautionary Conditions have deteriorated such that the indicator is in an undesired state, and is no longer within desired threshold levels 21 Fair Conditions of Water Quality Risk 4 Cautionary Conditions of Water Quality Risk Protecting the natural environment and watershed 9
  12. 12. Percentage of Licensed Water Diverted vs Used Indicator: C anm ore 46% N anton 32% TurnerValley 56% Irricana 47% B lackD iam ond 42% O kotoks 97% C ochrane 77% Strathm ore 66% C algary (C hesterm ere Airdrie) 38% Why we are measuring this: We live in a water-short region, and the quantity of available water will be a key factor in the quality of our future. Data source: Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development 2012 54% 68% 44%53%58% 3% 23% 34%62% % of Licensed Unused % of Licensed Used Banff does not have provincially regulated water licensing due to being on Federal Land. Water Quantity 10 PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND WATERSHED
  13. 13. Global Hectares Per Person Indicator: Canmore Banff Nanton Turner Valley Irricana Black Diamond Okotoks Cochrane Airdrie Strathmore Calgary Chestermere 12.59 7.23 9.39 9.08 8.94 8.95 7.50 8.33 10.65 9.23 10.70 10.57 Why we are measuring this: The ecological footprint measurements are taken to represent how much land is needed to sustain the average individual’s lifestyle habits (food, clothing, shelter, waste, etc). Data source: Statistics Canada. National Household Survey 2011 If the entire world lived like the Calgary Region we would need 4.97 earths to sustain today’s population. Ecological Footprint PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND WATERSHED 11
  14. 14. Indicator: Why we are measuring this: Landscape connectivity is a measure of how (and to what extent) resources of interest (wildlife, water, nutrients, social actors) are able to flow, disperse, migrate or interact across the landscape. Landscape connectivity includes both the physical dimensions and patterns in the landscape (structural connectivity) and the responses to that structure (functional connectivity). Maintaining landscape connectivity is recognized as one of the key principles for ensuring long-term ecological health and sustainability. Data source: Quinn, M.S., P. Pina Poujol, M.E. Tyler and G. Chernoff. 2014. Modeling a rapidly urbanizing regional landscape to assess connectivity of natural integrity for ecological flows. Spaces and Flows [in review] 1 40km Generalized Connectivity Index Nanton Turner Valley Black Diamond Okotoks Cochrane Canmore Banff Calgary Chestermere Irricana Strathmore Airdrie This indicator shows areas in green with a high degree of natural integrity (less disturbed natural areas), which are associated with critical ecological infrastructure and the provision of essential ecological goods and services. Areas that are progressively yellow and red have lower levels of natural integrity. As the map shows, patterns emerged that illustrate where the high connectivity routes are dominant (running north-south in the western part of the region and west-east in the lands to the east). However perhaps most importantly, the spatial analysis identifies where blockage in the system could have implications across the region and therefore indicates where further analysis is needed to understand what is occurring and what should be done to ensure this critical intersection is not lost or is improved. . Medium LOW Human infrastructure on the landscape becoming a barrier to ecological flows. HIGH Landscapes are very well connected, allowing ecological flows with few human barriers. LandscapeConnectivity 12 PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND WATERSHED
  15. 15. Indicator: NO2 (ppb) Indicator: (average 24 hour) Why we are measuring this: Understanding the air quality in our region gives us insight into development and transportation issues, while also helping us understand the potential impacts on human health and climate change. Data source: Calgary Regional Airshed Zone (CRAZ) 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 10 µg/m³ CRITERIA:MONTREAL: 9 TORONTO: 6 WINNIPEG: 7 SASKATOON: 6 EDMONTON: 8 CALGARY: 12 VICTORIA: 6 MAIN MAN-MADE SOURCES: COAL, AEROSOLS Indicator: (average 24 hour) PM2.5 (ug/m3) MAIN SOURCES: VEHICLES (66%), INDUSTRY, UTILITIES 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 OTTAWA: 8 MONTREAL: 16 WINNIPEG: 10 VANCOUVER: 19 VICTORIA: 9 SASKATOON: 11 EDMONTON: 16 CALGARY: 15 Indicator: CO (ppm) WINNIPEG CALGARY MONTREAL SASKATOON TORONTO VANCOUVER EDMONTON OTTAWA 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 Indicator: 03 (ppb) 25 20 17 23 13 14 15 16 CALGARY EDMONTON MONTREAL TORONTO VICTORIA VANCOUVER SASKATOON WINNIPEG OTTAWA26 27 19 21 22 12 24 18 “the two Calgary air monitoring stations, with a bit of conservatism, provide data that is representative of the whole CRP region” Calgary Region Airshed Zone (CRAZ) 2013. Ground-level ozone (03 ), Nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ), Particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and Carbon monoxide (CO) OTTAWA: 5 Air Quality PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND WATERSHED 13
  16. 16. 14 FOSTERING THE REGION’S ECONOMIC VITALITY As a partnership, we will work together to develop and enhance business opportunities for the private sector, improve our ability to attract and retain our labour force, promote the overall environment for business investment and enhance national and global recognition. There are two strategies that provide direction on economic vitality: Plan for resilient communities: Together, we are building a regional framework for a sustainable future. By coordinating our efforts, instead of duplicating them, we directly reduce the pressure on residential taxes to support constantly growing local needs. Through effective land use strategies, enhanced infrastructure provision and improved regional transit mobility options, the Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) helps increase the economic competitiveness of the region and its municipalities. The Calgary Metropolitan Plan gives municipalities an opportunity to participate in region-wide solutions to common municipal issues while respecting local autonomy. The implementation of solutions is in the hands of the individual councils. Working together, we support the future growth and vitality of our member communities. Support sustainable rural economies: Recognizing the connections and relationships that exist between communities, the Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) acknowledges and respects the vital and historic importance of rural lands, industry and culture in our region. The Plan recognizes and supports the important contribution of the rural municipalities to our past and future successes. Principle Fostering the region’s economic vitality 22
  17. 17. Agriculture Utilities Real Estate Arts, Entertainment & Rec. Waste & Remediation Wholesale Trade Public Admin. Other Services Finance & Insurance Information & Culture Manufacturing Mining, Quarrying, Oil & Gas Education Hospitality Construction Health Care & Soc. Assist Retail Trade Management NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES SECTOR 40K 60K 80K 100K20K Employment Diversity Indicator: The employment diversity chart seen here represents the region as a whole (this includes Airdrie, Banff, Black Diamond, Calgary, Canmore, Chestermere, Cochrane, Irricana, Nanton, Okotoks, Strathmore and Turner Valley). 797,067 2011 2026 1,000,000 Total employment in the Calgary Region is growing from 797,067 jobs in 2011 to just over one million in 2026, and just under 1.5 million by 2076, meaning regional employment would grow by 87 percent over the coming 65 years. Source: Calgary Regional Partnership HELP WANTED Why we are measuring this: Understanding employment diversity gives us an understanding of our economic resilience — the more diverse our economy, the more resilient we are. Data source: Statistics Canada census data from 2011 (May 1-May 7 dates of data acquisition) Agriculture Utilities Real Estate Arts, Entertainment & Rec. Waste & Remediation Wholesale Trade Public Admin. Other Services Finance & Insurance Information & Culture Manufacturing Mining, Quarrying, Oil & Gas Education Hospitality Construction Health Care & Soc. Assist Retail Trade Management NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES SECTOR 40K 60K 80K 100K20K Employment FOSTERING THE REGION’S ECONOMIC VITALITY 15
  18. 18. Tax Base Ratio Indicator: Why we are measuring this: The tax base ratio will give us insight on land use in the region and our ability to provide the land base necessary for economic diversity. Data source: Municipal tax base data 2012 Ratio of Residential to Commercial/Industrial Tax Base Tax Assessment 16 FOSTERING THE REGION’S ECONOMIC VITALITY
  19. 19. We will emphasize the uniqueness of existing municipalities and the development of more complete, healthy, transit-supportive communities, with employment and services located where people live. There are three strategies that provide direction on how we grow: Develop compact settlements: Higher density infill development across the region makes good sense for the environment, the economy, our budgets and our quality of life. This type of managed growth and development has many benefits, including preserving agricultural land, reducing infrastructure expenses, promoting public transit and encouraging the effective use of green spaces. Create sustainable and resilient communities: Building sustainable and resilient communities requires planners to consider all aspects of community life, including social, environmental and economic factors. The Calgary Metropolitan Plan helps by providing a framework for member municipalities to use as they decide how to create their own unique, sustainable communities. Support for sustainable rural development: Most of the undeveloped land in our region is categorized as traditional working landscape. These are our farms and ranches, and prime agricultural land. These lands, and the communities within them, are important not only for their economic contribution, but as a valuable link to the history and spirit of our region. Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) policies are designed to ensure that we acknowledge and support the rural communities and their unique contribution to the region. Principle Accommodating growth in more compact settlement patterns 23 ACCOMMODATING GROWTH IN MORE COMPACT SETTLEMENT PATTERNS 17
  20. 20. UPGRA (Units Per Gross Residential Acre) Indicator: Why we are measuring this: Measuring the density of housing units in the region helps us understand land use density and compactness in new development areas, and helps reduce the fragmentation of agricultural land. When municipalities adopted the Calgary Metropolitan Plan they agreed to plan their new Greenfield communities at 8 – 10 units per acre. This density range is measured using a standard methodology. The indicator illustrates what the approved average densities are in greenfield communities (Area Structure Plans). Data source: Calgary Regional Partnership Geographic Information Systems 10.0 CANMORE 8.3 COCHRANE 8.5 CALGARY 7.5 AIRDRIE 6.0 IRRICANA 6.9 STRATHMORE 6.3 CHESTERMERE 5.0 NANTON 5.9 TURNER VALLEY 5.4 BLACK DIAMOND 4.5 OKOTOKS Banff does not have any greenfield development areas due to the population cap that is set by Parks Canada. Greenfield Density 18 Accommodating growth in more compact settlement patterns
  21. 21. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Percent of tenant households living in unaffordable housing Percent of owner households living in unaffordable housing 39% Calgary Region 38% Alberta 18% Alberta 21% Calgary Region Housing Affordability Indicator: Why we are measuring this: Affordable housing is a key element in supporting a diverse population, workforce and region. Data source: StatsCan’s 2011 NHS tables Affordable housing costs less than 30% of before-tax household income. (CMHC 2014) Affordable Housing Accommodating growth in more compact settlement patterns 19
  22. 22. Indicator: Transportation Movement 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Comparative Modal Split The Median Commuting time for someone in the Calgary Region is 24.7 min. The Albertan median is 20.5 minutes TICK-TOCK Why we are measuring this: Modal split will help us understand the changes in movement around the region that reflect the land use, transportation and transit objectives of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan. Data source: City of Calgary Transportation Zone data Calgary Region Toronto (CMA) Montreal (CMA) Vancouver (CMA) Berlin Sydney Chicago 71% Car as Driver 16% Transit 5% Car As Passenger 5% Walking 1% Cycling 1% Other Calgary Region Modal Split Other 24.7 min. 20.5 min. Modal Split 20 Accommodating growth in more compact settlement patterns
  23. 23. INTEGRATING EFFICIENT REGIONALINFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS 21 We will work toward a regional infrastructure system that promotes practical and fiscal efficiencies. This system will incorporate complete transportation and mobility systems for the movement of people and goods, and regional water and wastewater servicing approaches in support of member communities. Our collaboration will ensure the most effective use of financial resources as we work with industry in alignment with the Calgary Metropolitan Plan and the Province of Alberta. There are four strategies that provide direction on integration of regional infrastructure: Integrate and invest in regional infrastructure: By working together, we are able to achieve much more than we would in isolation. Our coordinated, regional approach to identifying future capital funding considerations supports the most efficient use of provincial, local and regional funding over the long-term. Citizens benefit from enhanced, expanded and coordinated services at a reduced cost. Plan for regional transportation and complete mobility: Collaboration between partners is an essential part of promoting public transportation throughout the region and helping citizens move easily between local, regional and inter-city destinations. An effective, region-wide transportation system has many benefits. It is key to our ability to lead the country in economic growth, improved accessibility and a reduction in negative environmental impacts. At the same time, it maximizes our resources and minimizes infrastructure costs by reducing the duplication of services and improving overall quality of service. Develop and implement strategic regional water, wastewater and storm water systems: Collaborating in the provisioning of water and wastewater services offers several key advantages across the region. Citizens, in particular, benefit from a planned, effective approach to service growth and expansion, with access to long-term planning opportunities. Investigate a regional waste management system: Working collaboratively, it is possible to develop waste management and recycling services that benefit citizens all across the region. In addition to maximizing financial resources, these solutions protect and preserve our natural resources and environment. Principle Integrating efficient regional infrastructure systems 24
  24. 24. 22 INTEGRATING EFFICIENT REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS RegionalTransportation &CompleteMobility Regional transit implementation supports the Principles of the CMP by helping to facilitate growth in more compact settlement patterns and by providing a sustainable option to move people around the region by connecting communities, enhancing their quality of life, helping to sustain our natural environment by taking vehicles off the road and by helping to attract economic growth through Transit Oriented Development (TOD) best practices. These objectives are all captured in the Regional Transit Plan developed in 2009. In order to implement key objectives of the 2009 Regional Transit Plan, work program priorities have been developed. These priorities include: • Development of a regional transit governance body • Development of a regional transit brand (completed 2013) • Regional Fare Integration • TOD Toolbox (completion May 2014) • Providing implementation capacity and support-expertise • Private/public contractual framework • Rail Progress has been made in the scoping of a regional transit governance body and with the development of the new “on-it” regional transit brand. The Transit oriented development toolbox will be completed May 2014 and new initiatives are underway with rail. All of these priorities will help implement regional transit and in turn provide the Region with connectivity and sustainability through the promotion of more compact development.
  25. 25. Commuter Rail, Long Term Regional Express Route, Long Term Regional Express Route, Short Term Airdrie ICE Bow Valley Route LRT CRP Municipalities CRP Boundary Turner Valley Black Diamond Okotoks Nanton Cochrane Calgary Chestermere Irricana Strathmore Airdrie The map above illustrates the proposed regional transit system for the Calgary region. Banff Canmore Long Term Regional Transit Plan INTEGRATING EFFICIENT REGIONALINFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS 23
  26. 26. Strategic Water Systems The context for regional water and wastewater servicing has been evolving over the past couple of years.  Communities have shifted their growth aspirations, CRP membership has changed, and the City of Calgary has confirmed their water and wastewater-servicing model.  As well, several sub-regional servicing entities have emerged. Due to the changing context the region is working in, it is time for CRP to review its role in regional water and wastewater servicing. To that end, a Steering Committee has been established that focuses on land use, growth and servicing from a regional perspective. This committee will be tasked with navigating CRP’s role regarding regional servicing and growth management. Research Initiatives CRP continues to work closely with the Province and other research partners to fund, coordinate and integrate watershed research and management. This work will inform our responses to regional water, wastewater and storm water servicing. CRP’s current research agreement with Dr. Quinn, Dr. Tyler and the Miistakis Institute for the Rockies is entering the third and final year. Miistakis is conducting social and ecological footprint mapping, assessing ecohydrology (greenflow) potential, and examining ecological governance models and mechanisms. Water - Today and Tomorrow 1.3 Million PeOPLE 2012 WATER WATER 3.0 Million PeOPLE 2070+ The available water supply remains unchanged 24 INTEGRATING EFFICIENT REGIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS
  27. 27. SUPPORTED THROUGH A REGIONAL GOVERNANCE APPROACH 25 We will enable collaborative implementation and maintenance of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan and Calgary Regional Partnership activities, emphasizing a commitment to consensus- based decision making. There are three strategies for supporting a regional approach to governance: Collaborate for a sustainable region: The Calgary Regional Partnership (CRP) and its member municipalities are committed to collaborative decision-making that values the perspectives of all members. We will enable collaborative implementation and maintenance of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) and CRP activities. Our focus includes a commitment to consensus-based decision making that ensures every member is heard. Through collaboration, it will be possible to achieve the vision,principles and strategies that are at the heart of the Plan. Implement a regional decision-making model: The Calgary Regional Partnership (CRP) is committed to achieving our regional decisions by consensus first. In fact, arriving at consensus has been a successful practice within the Partnership since 1999. In very rare cases when consensus may not be reached, we have a decision-making model in place to make regionally significant decisions. Our model represents both the population of the region and the CRP municipal membership. It is a democratic model striking a balance between the principles of one municipality/one vote and representation by population. Coordinate implementation: The purpose of the Calgary Metropolitan Plan (CMP) is to make our region stronger by collaborating on the issues that impact us all. Within this collaborative framework, each member has an opportunity to pursue approaches that are uniquely suited to their specific issues, needs and priorities. What the Calgary Metropolitan Plan looks like in each community is up to the members themselves. It is not a“one-size-fits-all” plan. Instead, it recognizes and respects the uniqueness of each municipality. Members are encouraged to collaborate on and pursue the solutions that are right for them. Principle Supported through a regional governance approach 25
  28. 28. % of time Indicator: Nanton Turner Valley Black Diamond Okotoks 53% 61% 48% 90% Why we are measuring this: This indicator will allow us to understand CRP member participation in various meetings and workshops, and will also help track involvement in decision-making. Data source: Calgary Regional PartnershipRep. attends meetings Cochrane 77% Canmore 43% 25% Calgary 91% Chestermere 36% Irricana 39% Strathmore 23% Airdrie 65% 0% - 25% 26% - 50% 51% - 75% 76% - 100% Banff Participation Index 26 SUPPORTED THROUGH A REGIONAL GOVERNANCE APPROACH
  29. 29. WHAT’S NEXT 27 Like most planning endeavors, developing a program to track meaningful indicators is a process of continuous improvement. We currently know very little about the complex social-ecological system that makes up the Calgary Region. As we learn more about the system, it is likely that we will want to add, delete and modify our list of indicators. The selection and use of indicators is most effective when there is a commitment to long-term engagement. In the long term it is possible to strike a balance between adhering to a core set of indicators and being flexible enough to know when change is necessary. As we learn more about our actions in a regional context it may well be useful to begin tracking new indicators or perhaps consider dropping old ones. This process requires a commitment to continuous and regular indicator review as demonstrated below. O N G O I N G I N D I C AT O R D E V E L O P M E N T During the indicator development process, five indicators were identified as being important to the measurement of progress toward the CMP Principles. However, these indicators need more refinement before they are made part of the reporting process: • Percentage of wetlands and class identified and protected (Principle 1) • Water footprint of the Region (Principle 1) • Food security (Principle 3) • Intensification: jobs, housing, population (Principle 3) • Number of completed Regional Context Statements (Principle 5) Over the next indicator reporting period, the CRP will develop a program to create a consistent and effective method to measure these respective indicators and incorporate them in future reports. What’s Next Tracking Our Success BASELINE REPORT 2013 Monitor Indicators Monitor Indicators PROGRESS REPORT 2018 PROGRESS REPORT 2023 • Report on existing indicators • Review indicator program and adapt • Report on existing indicators • Review indicator program and adapt
  30. 30. 28 INDICATORS BIBLIOGRAPHY Water Quality Bow River Basin Council. BRBC State of the Watershed: Summary Booklet. Calgary, 2010. p. 10-33. BRBCWSOWBookletV2-Dec28.pdf . Water Quantity Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development. List of Water Act Municipal Licences & Usage for 2012. Edmonton, 2013. Bow River Basin Council. River Flow Quantity Index. nt&view=article&id=140&Itemid=181. 2010. Ecological Footprint Statistics Canada. National Household Survey 2011. prof/. Oct. 2013. Kuzyk, Les. 2011. Ecological and carbon footprints by consumption and income in GIS: down to a census village scale. City of Calgary. /13549839.2011.615303. Oct. 2013. Mackenzie, H., Messinger, H. and Smith, R. 2008. Size Matters: Canada’s Ecological Footprint, by Income. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. http://www. publications/National_Office_Pubs/2008/Size_ Matters_Canadas_Ecological_Footprint_By_Income. pdf. Oct. 2013. Landscape Connectivity Chernoff, C, Poujol, P, Quinn, M. Tyler, M.E.. Modeling a Rapidly Urbanizing Regional Landscape to Assess Connectivity of Natural Integrity for Ecological Flows. Miistakis Institue, University of Calgary and Mount Royal University. 2013. Air Quality Calgary Region Airshed Zone. Exisiting Air Quality and Meterology in the Calgary Regional Partnership Region (draft). Calgary, 2013. CBC News. Report measures smog muddying Calgary’s skyline. calgary/report-measures-smog-muddying-calgary-s- skyline-1.581278 Calgary, 2006. Clean Air Pollution. http://www.cleanairpartnership. org/. Toronto, 2013. Employment Diversity City of Calgary. Calgary & Region Economic Outlook 2012-2017. Calgary: Chief Financial Officers Department, 2012. Canada, Statistics. National Household Survey 2011. prof/. Oct. 2013. CBC News. Where the jobs are: job gains, losees by province and sector. where-the-jobs-are-job-gains-losses-by-province- and-sector-1.1162224. Canada, 2012. Tax City of Airdrie City of Calgary Town of Banff Town of Black Diamond Town of Canmore Town of Chestermere Town of Cochrane Town of Irricana Town of Nanton Town of Okotoks Town of Turner Valley Town of Strathmore Greenfield Calgary Regional Partnership. 2013. Affordable Housing Canada, Statistics. National Household Survey 2011. prof/. Oct. 2013. CMHC.2014. Housing in Canada Online: definitions of variables. Government of Canada. http://cmhc. Affordable_dwellings_1 , Jan. 2014. Modal Split Hook, W., Lotshaw, S., and Weinstock, A. More Development For Your Transit Dollar: an analysis of 21 North American Transit Corridors. New York, NY: Institute for Transportation and Development Policy, 2013. JOURNEYS. Passenger Transport Mode Shares in World Cities. Singapore: Land Transportation Authority, 2011. Statistics Canada. National Household Survey 2011. prof/.Oct. 2013. Regional Transportation CRP Regional Transit Plan, November 2009. Participation Index Calgary Regional Partnership 2012 and 2013. Indicators Bibliography
  31. 31. Box 2093 Cochrane, AB T4C 1B8 Phone: (403) 851-2509 Fax: (403) 932-6032