Improved strategies for learning a second language
Improved Strategies For Learning a Second Language<br />By: Caleb Baker<br />
A New Look<br />The goal of this presentation is to give the viewers a different look at gaining the knowledge of a second language. <br />It can be very beneficial, and easier than you may have experienced.<br />New strategies have been, and continue to be developed every day.<br />
Why change the process? <br /><ul><li>Second language acquisition has shifted from focus on the teacher more focus on the learner (Kitakawa, 2008). </li></ul>- Research had confirmed that new, more modern methods can be more efficient and faster than traditional language learning methods (Tarone & Broner, 2001). <br />
Different Strategies<br />Language Play<br />Language is a fun way to learn new words in another language.<br />New theories conclude that even if the language is spoken badly, learning has taken place (Tarone & Broner 2001).<br />
Language Play: Important?<br />Yes. Playing with the language helps to improve vocal abilities.<br />It also helps develop language into memory.<br />Keeps the learner interested in the material.<br />(Tarone& Broner 2001). http://www.davidcrystal.com/DC_articles/Clinical5.pdf<br />
Language Play Chart<br /><ul><li> This is the evaluation of a fifth grade class with the implementation of language play in the classroom.
Vocalization and internalization are two of the most important factors when learning a language.
This chart depicts how much more effective the strategy of language play is.</li></li></ul><li>Cognitive and Social Strategies<br />
Cognitive Strategies<br />Cognitive Strategies are the necessary evil when learning anything.<br />They have to do with the memorization and retention of words, meanings, phrases etc.<br />Nobody wants to memorize anything, but many times it is the main way of learning (Kitakawa, 2008).<br />
How it works<br />When learning anything, it is necessary to memorize. <br />In most situations it is done by repetition through. <br />The difference can be in the type of repetition. <br />
Social Strategies<br />Social strategies are techniques that learners use when they are not necessarily making an effort to learn. <br />These kinds of methods can be taught, or just taught to use. <br />Most teachers have found that these techniques can substitute for traditional memorization, and even get higher outcomes (Cohen, 1996) (Tarone & Broner, 2001).<br />
Rehearsal and Interacting<br />Rehearsal refers to the learner’s dialogue with someone or even themselves. <br />Interacting with other learners and with native speakers is also a form of Social Strategy. <br />Both of these types are fun, and most of the time very useful (Cohen, 1996).<br />
References<br />Cohen, A. D., (1996). Second language learning and use strategies: Clarifying the issues. <br />Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Retrieved form http://www.carla.umn.edu/strategies/resources/sbiclarify.pdf<br />Kitakawa, A., (2008). An experimental study of language learning strategies : Particular focus on the patterns of strategy use by japanese university learners of English. Iwate<br /> University Repository. Vol. 17, No. 7, pp. 149-169<br /> <br />Tarone, E. E., Broner, M.A., (2001). Is it fun? Language play in a fifth-grade Spanish immersion classroom. Modern Language Journal. Vol. 85, No. 1, pp. 363-379<br />