Youteach assignment


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Youteach assignment

  1. 1. Chapter 6: Nonverbal Messages<br />Caitlin Kearney<br />COMM 215<br />
  2. 2. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Body Communication<br />Kinesics- the study of communication through body movement, identifies 5 types:<br />Emblems<br />Illustrators<br />Affect Displays<br />Regulators<br />Adaptors<br />
  3. 3. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Body Appearance: others may form a general impression of you from your body build, height, weight, skin, eye, and hair color.<br />Facial Communication: movements in the face may communicate happiness, surprise, fear, anger, sadness, disgust, contempt, and interest. <br />
  4. 4. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Eye Communication: <br />Occulesis is the study of the messages communicated by the eyes, which vary depending on the duration, direction, and quality of the eye behavior. <br />We use eye contact to monitor feedback, secure attention, regulate the conversation, and signal the nature of the relationship, signal status, and compensate for physical distance.<br />
  5. 5. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Touch Communication    1. Tactile Communication- communication by touch, also referred to as haptics, is perhaps the most primitive form of communication.    2. The Meanings of Touch- touch may communicate 5 major meanings: <br />Positive emotions<br />Playfulness<br />Control<br />Ritualistic<br />Task- Related    3. Touch Avoidance- avoiding touch from others<br />
  6. 6. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Paralanguage- the vocal but nonverbal dimension of speech.<br />    1. People Perception- forming impressions based on their paralanguage as to what kind of people they are. <br />    2. Persuasion- the rate of speech is the aspect of paralanguage since speech rate is related to persuasiveness. <br />
  7. 7. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Silence<br />    1. The Functions of Silence- serves many purposes including to hurt, prevent communication, achieve special effects, and more.<br />    2. The Spiral of Silence Theory- argues that you’re more likely to voice agreement than disagreement. It claims that when a controversial issue arises, you estimate the opinions of others and figure out which views are popular and which are not.<br />
  8. 8. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br /> Spatial Messages and Territoriality:<br />Proximity Distances- 4 proxemic distances correspond closely to the major types of relationships: <br />1. Intimate Distance (6-18 inches)<br />2. Personal Distance (18inches- 4 feet)<br />3. Social Distance (4-12 feet)<br />4. Public Distance ( 12- 25 feet)    <br />Protection Theory- you establish a body buffer zone around yourself as protection against unwanted touching or attack.<br />Expectancy Violations Theory- explains what happens when you increase or decrease the distance between yourself and another in an interpersonal interaction.<br />Territoriality- the possessive reaction to an area or to particular objects. <br />
  9. 9. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />ArtifactualCommunication- consists of messages conveyed by objects that are made by human hands.<br />   Space Decoration- the surroundings or decoration of a place influence on perceptions should be obvious to anyone who has been into a hospital, with its sterile walls and furniture.<br />    Color Communication- takes place on many levels. Colors influence our perceptions and behaviors. <br />    Clothing and Body Adornment- serves a variety of functions. It also seems to influence your own behavior and behaviors of groups. Tattoos and Body Piercings are included in this category. <br />
  10. 10. Channels of Non-Verbal Communication<br />Temporal Communication- consists of the messages communicated by your own time orientation and treatment of time. <br />Psychological time- refers to a person’s emphasis on, or orientation toward, the past, present, or future. <br />
  11. 11. Functions of Nonverbal Communication:<br />   A. Forming and Managing Impressions- you form impressions of others through nonverbal communication, while others are forming nonverbal opinions about you.<br />    B. Forming and Defining Relationship- you communicate affection, support, and love nonverbally.<br />    C. Structuring Conversation and Social Interaction- turn-taking cues may be verbal, but often they’re non-verbal: a nod of the head shows you’re listening and showing feedback.<br />    D. Influencing and Deceiving- you can influence others by nonverbal signals. Also, you can deceive nonverbally by misleading them to think something is true when it is false.<br />    E. Expressing Emotions- using facial expressions, you can express emotions nonverbally. Avoiding eye contact with someone you don’t want to interact with is another nonverbal example. <br />
  12. 12. Nonverbal Communication and Culture:<br />    A. Culture and Gesture- there is much variation in gestures and their meanings among different cultures. Example: Gesturing with a thumb up in Australia is considered rude.<br />    B. Monochronism & Polychronism-Monochronic people or cultures schedule one thing at a time. Examples: U.S., Germany, Switzerland. Polychornic people or cultures enjoy scheduling multiple things at the same time. Examples: Arabs, Latin Americans, Mediterranean peoples. <br />    C. Cultural Time- formal vs. informal time and monochronism vs. polychoronism. Informal Time: terms like “forever”, “immediately”, “soon”, ect. Formal Time: correct time.<br />    D. Culture and Colors- colors vary greatly in their meanings from one culture to another. Example: Red in China signifies prosperity and rebirth, while in Africa it means death or blasphemy. Black signifies old age in Thailand, and in much of Europe death. <br />