Who is fighting Who?The Triple AllianceGermanyAustria-HungaryItalyThe Triple EntenteFranceGreat BritainRussia
The Schlieffen Plan Germany declared war Russia, Aug. 1, 1914 Gen. Alfred Von Schlieffen created the Schlieffen Plan, this plan of mobilization called for a two front war against France and Russia This plan called for a small holding action against Russia, while the main army would carry out a rapid invasion of France through Belgium Aug. 3rd, 1914 Germany declared war on France This helped fulfill the two front plan where Germany would fight on two fronts.
Government Propaganda Government Propaganda– ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause Propaganda helped people in the Entente to realize how bad Germany was. No one involved with World War I had any idea of the magnitude of destruction this war would bring and they thought it would end in a few months.
The Western Front Germany hopes for a quick end to the war rested on The Schlieffen Plan Plan of War called for fighting to take place on two fronts: The East and West Called for a vast circling movement through Belgium into Northern France on the Western Front Called for a small holding action of Russia on the East, until France was knocked out. Unsuccessful in attempt to reach France
The Western Front Trench Warfare had begun. The trenches stretched from the English Channel nearly to the Swiss Border.Germany swept through The War had turned into a stalemate Belgium and was stopped short of Paris at The Battle of Marne, Sept. 1914 where taxi cabs tookthe French to the front lines. In 10 months at Verdun, France, in 1916 lost 700,000 men over a few miles of land
The Eastern Front Germans mobilizes against Russia and quickly wipes out the Czars forces. Much more mobile, but the cost of lives wasenormous
Battle of Tannenburg Aug. Aug. 30, 1914 Battle of At the beginning of the War, th Masurian Lake Russian Army moved into Easter Sept. 15, 1914 Europe but they were decisively defeated at two major battles Result of two defeats Russia was no longer a threat to German territory Austria-Hungary had been defeated by the Russians and thrown out of Serbia. To make matters worse, Italiansattacked Austria in may 1915
Aftermath of Russian Defeat Because of war in the trenches, which you will learn about tomorrow, both sides tried to get new allies to widen the war. Nov. 1914, Russia, Great Britain, and France declared war on the Ottoman Empire 1915, they tried to open the Balkan front by attacking Galliopli, near Constantinople Disastrous for the allies Bulgaria entered the war on the side of the Central Powers