Session iv presentation rk+csend

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Session iv presentation rk+csend

  1. 1. Second FEATS International Conference<br />Harnessing Agriculture for Development through Trade<br />geneva, 21 february 2011<br />Further Development of Inclusive Trade Policy Making Index (ITPMI)<br />By Dr Lichia Saner-Yiu and Rashid S. Kaukab<br />yiu@csend.org, rsk@cuts.org<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Structure of Presentation<br /><ul><li>Beginning: Objectives and conceptual development
  3. 3. First Application: FEATS first phase country research studies on trade policy making processes and role of stakeholders (2009)
  4. 4. Evolution: Technical improvements
  5. 5. Second Application: Results of 2010 survey during second phase FEATS research
  6. 6. Way Forward</li></ul>2<br />
  7. 7. I. Beginning<br />Why Inclusiveness?<br /><ul><li>Key aspect of good governance
  8. 8. Legitimacy
  9. 9. Quality of outcomes
  10. 10. Ownership and implementation
  11. 11. Inclusive process inclusive development</li></ul>3<br />
  12. 12. I. Beginning<br />Objectives of ITPM Index<br /><ul><li>Raising awareness about political economy aspects
  13. 13. Assessing inclusiveness of a country’s trade policy making process
  14. 14. Identifying the weaknesses and gaps for targeted actions and capacity building
  15. 15. Identifying best practices by cross-country comparison
  16. 16. Improving domestic ownership of trade policies</li></ul>4<br />
  17. 17. I. Beginning<br />Conceptual Development<br /><ul><li>Development of analytical framework
  18. 18. Constructing initial ITPM Indices for five project countries
  19. 19. Validation of the framework and the initial IPTM Index values and finalization</li></ul>5<br />
  20. 20. I. Beginning<br />ITPMI: Main Actors<br />1. Ministry Responsible for Trade Policy Making<br />2. Other Relevant Government Ministries<br />3. Private Sector<br />4. CSOs <br />6<br />
  21. 21. I. Beginning<br />ITPMI: Action Variables<br />7<br />2, 3, 4<br />Regular participation and inputs<br />Faithful representation<br />Investment in knowledge and expertise<br />1<br />Identification of stakeholders<br />Creation of awareness<br />Establishment of consultative forums<br />Regular functioning of forums<br />Regular information flow<br />
  22. 22. 8<br />No<br />Few / Little<br />Yes<br />Many/Most<br />Some<br /><ul><li>0 value assigned
  23. 23. when no action has been taken by the actor concerned
  24. 24. low value of 0.25
  25. 25. when some action has been taken but much remains
  26. 26. maximum value of 1
  27. 27. when appropriate action has been taken by the actor concerned
  28. 28. high value of 0.75
  29. 29. when quite a lot has been done but some gaps remain
  30. 30. intermediate value of 0.5
  31. 31. when action has been taken but is not sufficient</li></ul>I. Beginning<br />ITPMI: Values for Action Variables<br />
  32. 32. II. First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />9<br />
  33. 33. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />10<br />
  34. 34. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />11<br />
  35. 35. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />12<br />
  36. 36. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />13<br />
  37. 37. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />14<br />
  38. 38. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />15<br />
  39. 39. II: First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />16<br />
  40. 40. II. First Application: ITPMI 2009<br />Gaps and challenges classified in three broad categories<br /><ul><li>Related to capacity
  41. 41. Related to institutional and structural issues
  42. 42. Related to challenges internal to each group of stakeholders</li></ul>17<br />
  43. 43. III. Evolution<br />Collaboration with CSEND started in 2010.<br />The aim was to strengthen the methodological aspects of the Index making<br />A second generation of the ITPMI questionnaire was developed jointly <br />Data was collected during the FEATS conferences in the participating countries in late 2010.<br />The aim of the 2nd round of data collection and analyses was to validate the action variables <br />The 2010 survey also serves as a pre-test to assess the effectiveness of the ITPM Questionnaire<br />18<br />
  44. 44. Changes made to the 2009 Questionnaire<br />Adaptation of the questions according to the action variables (AVs) based on the results of the 2009 questionnaire<br />Systematic inclusion of the actor types<br />Assessment of relative importance of AVs<br />Adding qualitative questions to check completeness of the Index<br />19<br />
  45. 45. IV. Second Application: ITPMI 2010<br /><ul><li>The 2010 Questionnaire has 27 quantitative questions and 2 open questions
  46. 46. Total number of respondents, n = 100</li></ul>20<br />
  47. 47. Actor Types<br />21<br />
  48. 48. Results Of Second Application (ExaMples)<br />QS2H- Do you feel that you have benefited from participating in the trade policy consultation process (knowledge & expertise) ? <br />22<br />
  49. 49. Results Of Second Application (ExaMples)<br />QS2C- Did the ministry responsible for trade policy making and implementation establish formal consultative mechanisms?<br />23<br />
  50. 50. Results Of Second Application (ExaMples)<br />QS2F2 - Canyou provide inputs on trade policy to relevant authorities? <br />24<br />
  51. 51. 2nd application: ITPMI 2010<br />25<br />
  52. 52. factor analysis<br />Method: Principal Component Analysis / VarimaxRotation<br />Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) measure of sampling adequacy: 0.779 <br />Bartlett's Test of Sphericity: .000 <br />Total variance explained: 59.20% <br />Factors extracted: 3<br />26<br />
  53. 53. factor analysis<br />Result:<br />Three theoretical dimensions can be meaningfully bundled together through factor analysis; <br />Questions regarding governance, participation and representativeness constitute a factor on their own.<br />27<br />
  54. 54. Rotated Component Matrix 1<br />28<br />Factor 1: Governance<br />
  55. 55. Rotated Component Matrix - 2<br />29<br />Group 2<br />
  56. 56. Rotated Component Matrix - 3<br />30<br />Group 3: Representtion<br />
  57. 57. V. Way Forward<br />31<br />ENVISAGED IMPROVEMENTS<br /><ul><li> Technical improvements
  58. 58. Wider data base and benchmarking</li></ul>EFFECTIVE USAGE FOR INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT APPROACH<br /><ul><li>Beyond one-off exercise
  59. 59. Beyond FEATS project countries
  60. 60. Beyond trade policy</li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU !<br />32<br />

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