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Session ii max presentation

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Session ii max presentation

  1. 1. FEATS Project<br />Agricultural Development and Trade<br />Landlocked Status, Agricultural Productivity and Trade Facilitation<br /> Zambian Case<br />Presenter<br />Maximilian Mainza<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Introduction<br />agricultural productivity<br />landlockedness and Trade facilitation<br />Conclusions and Recommendations<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />The Zambian economy represent an extraordinary case of an undiversified and landlocked economy. <br />The economy has since 2001 steadily grown at an average of 4.5%<br />challenges faced by the Zambian government<br />The Zambian Government recognise the significance of the agriculture sector<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />The study was undertaken in two phases by drawing on both qualitative and quantitative analytical approaches.<br />First phase focused on Secondary literature and primary data collection ( stakeholder interviews)<br />Second Phase focused on a case study of an agricultural area ( Mumbwa district) to further interrogate the findings of phase one among the affected communities.<br />
  5. 5. Agricultural Productivity<br />Generally there is a downward trend in agriculture productivity among small-scale farmers for most of the crops. <br />Data shows that the labour is more productive in industry as compared with agriculture. <br />It is evident that if Zambia is to exploit its export potential there is a need to increase smallholder productivity in these crops.<br />the total livestock population of Goats, cattle and pigs are far less than the human population.<br />
  6. 6. Agricultural Productivity<br />Factors affecting Crop productivity include:<br /> neglect of the sector/government failure, <br />dependence on rain, <br />research and development for improved seed varieties, <br />weak business orientation of farmers,<br /> high transaction costs problems, <br />land tenure system, trade policies,<br /> limited agricultural finance , etc<br />
  7. 7. Agricultural Productivity<br />Factors affecting Livestock productivity include: prevalence of animal diseases;<br /> high cost of veterinary drugs; <br /> inadequate livestock nutrition and water; <br />poor animal husbandry practices/management; <br /> inadequate marketing infrastructure; <br />lack of appropriate livestock research, etc <br />
  8. 8. landlockedness and Trade facilitation<br />Zambia's land-locked status makes it potentially harder to reach export markets and realize economies of scale, as well as access cheap import.<br />Priority needs include: <br />improving efficiency in customs administration through upgrading the customs infrastructure; <br />upgrading road and rail networks and reducing transport costs; <br />Integrating border agencies and developing a single processing and payment window, etc <br />
  9. 9. landlockedness and Trade facilitation<br />However, landlockedness is also advantageous in some ways. <br />The country borders eight other countries and is the origin, destination or transit country for five of the eighteen major transit corridors in sub-Saharan Africa.<br />Zambia is a beneficiary of a number of technical assistance activities in the area of trade facilitation. <br />
  10. 10. Recommendations<br />Government to increases its expenditure especially on feeder roads, extension services and key irrigation infrastructure for small-scale farmers.<br />Government to ensure fairness in the cash crops sector <br />Government as a custodian of land must ensure grant and enforcement of land rights<br />The government should properly coordinate the activities of these donors to ensure effective and efficient use of funds.<br />Government to investment in irrigation facilities. <br />
  11. 11. Recommendations<br />Government to investment in feeding stocks<br />Out-Grower Schemes sponsors should provide a transparent production and marketing chain.<br />scheme sponsors in collaboration with the farmers design contracts that are balanced in terms of risks, incentives and fairly applied enforcement modalities.<br />Scheme sponsors must also ensure that inputs and other services are delivered timely and handled properly.<br />
  12. 12. Recommendations<br />CSOs should continue strengthening the research and information dissemination to all stakeholders. <br />CSOs must work closely with the government<br />It is recommended that CSOs design programmes targeted at sensitising the farmers on the commercial side of agriculture. <br />Donors to provide assistance to small-scale agriculture productivity<br />
  13. 13. Recommendations<br />Government should continue to participate actively in global and regional trade negotiations and strategies<br />Government should implement a comprehensive and coordinated policy related to trade facilitation<br />Donors to lobby their governments to reduce market access and entry barriers<br />Donors to Assist in the development and smooth functioning of various corridors to reduce the costs of imports and exports.<br />
  14. 14. Recommendations<br />Regional Organizations should bolster the already vibrant informal cross-border trade<br />They must make trade in agricultural products more transparent and reduce technical barriers to regional trade.<br />COMESA and SADC should also coordinate their initiatives related to trade facilitation with a view to substantially reducing the costs of trading among their member countries<br />
  15. 15. End<br />Thank You<br />

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