Creative Cape Town Annual 2010


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Creative Cape Town Annual 2010

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  3. 3. Creative Circle Michael and Frederica, Joost Sophie of Mich Stevenson Ar t ael son Art Buchannan Square keeps Gallery IG Prod fighting fit at Cape Town’s Mandy from Orange Films Orange nine Fin most original and ed coolest gym – The vir tually invent Armoury Boxing th e ar t of Inscape Club. Tamsin is sparring here production with Buchanan’s college ne sales agent, Ivo Nanine of Nani a Finewear, brings C ape Town’s East Nestle (021 425 sense of style ... nancial City precinct, 1000). o r Wo o d s t o c k a s locals know it, is set to follow the same global trend seen i n L o n d o n ’s E a s t MCape rTown’s vCBDs ehas initiated, irro ing o er as trends limited space and rising costs INDuSTRIAL ChIC Andrew from Buchanan Studios’ Tiaan Vorster, Chamele ing Futu in immediately fell in love with the a partner in End and New York’s the migration of many SME’s into semi-industrial feel of the building Meatpacking District, Woodstock and the eastern city area. and changed his mind about how he Meyer+Vorster Architects agers L where an expanding No longer just a “destination point”, intended to use the space. The fact landscape of creative the precinct now boasts a number that there are mostly creative tenants, and entrepreneurial of high profile addresses and has another production company in the businesses have boosted inner city development. become part of a strip of services and retail venues that enhance each complex, and Ogilvy over the road, he gets the feeling that this is the Alastair and Antonello of Spanish Theatre other’s trade. “next place to be”. It’s connected La Bottega, a B u c h a n a n The combination of its unique the dots between The Palms Lifestyle Square has been aesthetics, its vibe, its proximity to Centre, The Biscuit Mill and Old Castle delicious Italian er Cera renovated into what town and its superb location, has Brewery. eatery is now R100 million attracted a creative community h Av I N G A F I N e T I M e worth of impressive of tenants who feel that there is a Nanine Finewear, one of the Gary of The Showro sa commercial space, reflecting feeling of excitement here. That it’s original tenants, always loved Showroom know the funky and cosmopolitan out the place to launch an innovative or the old, high ceilings and funky thing or two ab revival of Woodstock. Light Cit upmarket product or service. industrial feel of the building shoes ... Traditionally part of the GOOD STOCk and is naturally excited about the old meat-packing district, Nick from Stockhome, a custom transformation that has taken place. Archite an eclectic mix has been design kitchen company, says the For her, the space is a well-priced, lf created by combining the character of the building was the perfectly conceptualized creative Debbie is one ha original factory feel with key attraction to Buchannan Square. space – a visible and accessible of the creative duo behind The Best Models sexy, minimalist styling and They have noticed an increase in address with well-known landmarks the spaciousness of modern trade from people who choose to nearby Blind Company interiors. The best of the Blind Co pass that way, en route into town, due Inscape Design College feel their buildings’ raw, authentic to the shared profile of businesses new space at Buchanan Square design element s – like in the area. lends itself perfectly to creativity. As e, Nic of Stockhom home Su the steel doors, face brick Box Living furniture company educators in fields such as graphic n exterior and cobblestone were already in the area. Buchanan design, interior design, architectural a custom desig ny p athways – have b e en Square had all the attributes they drafting and interior decorating, their kitchen compa Meyer + retained and enhanced were looking for: great development, position couldn’t be better. to a l l ow m o r e n a t u r a l centrally situated on the Woodstock T h e s y m b i o t i c r e l at i o ns h i p light and capitalize on the W ith space s tar ting f rom a attracted a cluster of creative tenants Archite strip and neighbours whose nature between businesses in Buchanan spectacular views of Table r e a s o n a b l y p r i c e d R 7, 0 0 0/m 2 , who enjoy the community vibe of of business would compliment theirs. Square, and in the area on the Mountain, Signal Hill and compared with similarly renovated the complex. The Armour y, The Tristan from Box Living feels there whole, boosts the district in an For more information on Living Table Bay Harbour. office buildings in the area that are Hills and Buchanan Buildings make is a good energy about the place, unprecedented way. As for everyone re, commanding prices upwards of up Buchanan Square – 19,900m2 of and that it’s more exciting than in Buchanan Square, they just really, Buchanan Squa R10.000/m 2 Buchanan Square has contemporary workspace in total. town, especially from a creative, really like their neighbours. call Ivo Nestle on entrepreneurial aspect. 021 425 1000
  4. 4. Design minded Zayd Minty, editor, Creative Cape Town supports and nurtures the Creative Cape Town Annual creative and knowledge Contents economy of the Central City of Cape Town. Its aim is to ensure 2010,The World Design that the Central City becomes a leading centre for knowledge, Capital Bid 2014 Issue innovation, creativity & culture in Africa & the South. In our inaugural Creative Cape Town Annual, of local designers. We also created the space for PUBLISHER & PAGE 08 / 01 WINNING THROUGH DESIGN CREATIVE DIRECTOR Lorelle Bell explains why this is important to all Capetonians published in 2009, we introduced you to our very cultural stakeholders in the Company’s Garden to Brendon Bell-Roberts active and creative Cape Town Central City. We find a common agenda. PAGE 30 / 02 WHAT’S REALLY GOING ON Is Cape Town a future-orientated city? By Edgar Pieterse sketched out Creative Cape Town’s decision to The city centre has seen ongoing growth of creative EDITOR place its key support behind design in the next eventing. Highlights so far this year include the Spier Zayd Minty PAGE 32 / 03 REIMAGINING THE fUTURE Mark Swilling talks about past problems and future choices few years with such lead projects as the East City Contemporary, which radically changed people’s Design Initiative and World Design Capital bid. We perceptions of the City Hall, bringing more than CREATIVE CAPE TOWN PAGE 34 / 04 THE cONTINENTAL cONTExT 10th Floor, Africa is a hotbed of socially responsible design. By Mugendi M’Rithaa recognised in our work the importance of design as 20,000 people to an exhibition of South African The Terraces, 34 Bree Street a cross cutting area of support to reach a wide range contemporary visual culture, over two months. Cape Town, 8001 PAGE 36 / 05 SOcIALLY cONScIOUS DESIGN T +27(0)21 419 1881 Architects are setting new standards in Cape Town of creative industries in the city. We showed too how We also saw the appointment of a dynamic new F +27(0)21 419 0894 this focus on design could build on the gains of the director for the Iziko South African National Gallery, E PAGE 40 / 06 OPEN AccESS cITY Andrew Boraine addresses the developmental challenges of the IRT massive infrastructure developments brought by the Riason Naidoo, and a new CEO for Iziko Museums, 2010 World Cup – not just changing the way we use Rooksana Omar. The wonderful Fugard Theatre PAGE 49 / 07 THE THINGS WE MAkE art southafrica Photographer Guto Bussab presents Cape Town’s flourishing creative economy the city, but also how we position the city to the world. opened in the East City and is the new home for ART SOUTH AFRICA MAGAZINE Importantly we suggested our local distinctiveness the theatre company Isango Portobello. The design P.O.Box 16067, Vlaeberg, 8018 PAGE 60 / 08 WHERE cREATIvE TALENT MEET T +27(0]21 465 9108 The Cape Town International Convention Centre. By Rashid Toefy is the strongest raw material we have in positioning store Church opened in the East City as did the Open f +27[0]86 656 931 us as a creative capital. Innovation Studios. The East City Design Initiative has E PAGE 62 / 09 HOME IS WHERE THE MUSIc IS Rashid Lombard on photography and the Cape Town International Jazz Fetival The response to the annual was brilliant, both from grown in significance and interest. Die Antwoord, a advertisers and readers. A total of 6,000 copies were sub-cultural music group became a global sensation CONDITIONS OF ACCEPTANCE PAGE 66 / 10 cREATIvE cENTRAL No responsibility can be taken for the The East City neighbourhood is home to talented designers and entrepreneurs distributed free to creatives, politicians, the media courtesy of the “interweb” outperforming any South quality and accuracy of the reproductions, and business leaders. Delegates at the 2009 Loerie African band in history internationally. as this is dependent on the quality of the PAGE 68 / 11 INSPIRING INNOvATION material supplied. No responsibility can The Cape Craft & Design Institute and its love of the local. By Erica Elk Awards were the first to receive the annual. We have This year’s edition of the Creative Cape Town Annual be taken for typographical errors. The continued our relationship with this vibrant awards is dedicated to Cape Town’s bid for World Design publishers reserve the right to refuse and PAGE 70 / 12 NETWORkED INTELLIGENcE edit material. All prices and specifications Jenny McKinnell on Cape Town’s networked IT entrepreneurs event by not only launching the 2010 edition during Capital 2014. We launched our bid at this year’s are subject to change without notice. The the Loeries again, but creating a whole new event, Design Indaba, four months before the 2010 World opinions expressed in this publication are PAGE 72 / 13 GOLD REWARD not necessarily those of the publisher. The 32nd annual Loerie Awards. By Andrew Human Creative Week Cape Town, aimed at showcasing the Cup. We continued to work extensively behind the No responsibility will be taken for any creativity in the city. scenes prior to and during the World Cup, recognising decision made by the reader as a result PAGE 74 / 14 IMAGINE cITY HALL of such opinions. COPYRIGHT Creative Makeovers expose how the old City Hal as a vibrant cultural facility Since last year our work has grown in leaps and that the event’s success will spur people to look for Cape Town. All rights reserved. No part bounds. We now have a very popular Facebook more ways to keep inspired and connected in and of this publication may be reproduced PAGE 78 / 15 cREATIvE LEADERSHIP or transmitted in any form or by any Cape Town is a leading destination for creative students presence, a regular e-newsletter, a well-liked for the city. Win or lose, we believe the bid process means without written consent from the publisher. Creative Cape Town does creative clusters programme. Via the special edition itself will be highly beneficial, not just for the creative not accept responsibility for unsolicited PAGE 80 / 16 kNOWLEDGE SHARED IS kNOWLEDGE MULTIPLIED* material. ISSN-2075-5732 Finding a common voice for design in Cape Town. By Mel Hagen of City Views, focussed on Creative Week Cape Town, community but also to the city as a whole. We value we plan to reach many new audiences. Through your engagement with it. our work we helped foster the Cape Town Design Network, an organisation responsive to the needs Zayd Minty
  5. 5. SAFE CLEAN CARING INFORMED THE CENTRAL CITY IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT: KEEPING THE CAPE TOWN CENTRAL CITY WHAT DOES THE CCID DO? management and The CCID offers safety and security, quality urban social development services to stakeholders in the Central City. 13% CCID 2009/2010 Budget Security R15,199,909 52% 8% Urban Management R 6,115,526 21% Social Development R 1,763,329 6% 6% Marketing & Events R 2,318,267 8% Operational Costs R 3,838,100 13% CITY VI TOTAL R29,235,131 100% 52% 21% C L EAN | SA F E EWS | CA R I NG CREATIVES Septemb er 2010 erk Straatw on ti habilita has job rects for men proje men. and wo 140 0 lts 021 425 ung adu drug n and yo ven’s Man y childre eets have severe than The Ha t the the str often visio e n is to g ome. living on problems. More from sh on ive h omeles 5 4700 addicti money they rece ir next “fix”. 021 42 not, the used to buy the READ OUR mestea d begging is that requests give The Ho sidential therefore MONTHLY prov ides re family The CCID of the public do not CITY VIEWS d care an r boys. n fo tegratio 461 7470 members handouts directl r y. offering news and views in 021 money o on the central city: Ons Pleal k 50 000 copies distributed sidenti pro vides re ertaking ile und ntral City throughout the city. care wh ation proces s t the Ce Contac ent District’s reunific for girls . rovem ment Imp Develop 4829 ) Social 021 465 (CCID’s nt for further e e. Departm n or assistanc Shop tio rpenters informa The Ca rehabilitation 082 928 386 2 s provide ices and skills | Dean 0113 serv r adults . 19 1881 2 t 021 4 -Rala 082 26 training fo 61 5508 Pa an Sira la 0112 0214 Headm ams 082 262 Willi n Institu te Mark rt nership Salesia Projects peto wnpa Youth , skills on educati on provide nd rehabilitati . ga uth trainin vulnerable yo 50 to 14 021 425
  6. 6. Winning 01 through design Cape Town is bidding for World Design Capital 2014. Lorelle Bell explains why this is important to all Capetonians 01/DESIGNING CAPE TOWN When it comes to Cape Town there is a distinct difference between TOP The new Central Terminal Building of the Cape what visitors and even proud residents would choose in a show-and- International Airport opened on November 7, 2009. Rod Stevens of Blueprint Architects working together tell. Invariably it’s the iconic natural landscape that is reflected in the with a dynamic consulting team designed this key images. But it’s the experience of people – their diversity, warmth, gateway to Cape Town for the Airports Company of South Africa. fAcING PAGE An artistically remade generosity, hospitality and ingenuity – that get a mention. Hopefully, one zebra, part of the “Not All is Black and White” project impact of that big 2010 event will be that the world gets to appreciate held during the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Each of the this city, this country and, in fact, this continent, not as a combination 33 zebras, placed strategically around the city, was inspired by a quote from Nelson Mandela. of exotic beauty spots, wild life and trouble, but as modern, urban and Photo: Anita van Zyl effective place in which people, rather than the big five, live. 010
  7. 7. 01/DESIGNING CAPE TOWN vuvuzelas So the new images are of people – blowing , wearing makarapas, costumed in wigs, flags and oversized sunglasses, celebrating, mingling and enjoying themselves. And they’re doing this in urban spaces, in restaurants, pubs, public squares, whole city roads, using trains and buses. Whatever the impact of the FIFA World Cup, one result has been that citizens of Cape Town have been reintroduced to their city. But Cape Town, home to 3.4 million people, is – like many cities the world over – grappling with meeting the needs of a burgeoning urban population, together with creating an environment for the investment and business development needed to fuel the economic growth that must support them. Cities that work are sustainable ones, that prioritise people – their engagement with the city and their connection and ease of access to opportunities for work, services, education and cultural and leisure activities. Issues of proximity to these opportunities and public transport are therefore key; and densification, intensification of use and vibrant public spaces TOP The Grand Parade was the key are critical aspects of urban design and development. official fan park during the World Cup, with the Cape Town City Hall Apartheid social engineering turned Cape Town into a gaining iconic prominence in the sprawling city where the majority of citizens were (and still are) process. 560 000 people used this fan park to enjoy the soccer and an cut off from each other, from resources and opportunities. A entertainment programme. huge housing backlog, unemployment, poverty and unequal OPPOSITE It’s the fans that make access to education and health services are just some of the a World Cup special. Cape Town showed its party colours with locals challenges facing the city. and international fans turning up in large numbers to make and What, you may wonder, does this have to do with design? experience the vibe in the streets Everything really. Employing design thinking and processes of the city. First time visitors were inspired by the energy and warmth of in addressing Cape Town’s challenges is critical if we want to locals around the country. create a future city that is sustainable and fair. 12
  8. 8. 01/WORLD DESIGN CAPITAL A project of the International Council for Societies of Industrial The Cape Town Stadium adds a new quality to the already iconic view of Cape Town with its spectacular location between Table Mountain and the Atlantic Ocean. The stadium was part of an extensive redevelopment of the city including Design (Icsid), a non-profit organisation that protects and the central Cape Town train station, public spaces, promotes the interests of the profession of industrial design, the bicycle lanes, highways, bridges, public art and a new bus rapid transport system. These projects World Design Capital initiative is a “city promotion project” that have left a significant legacy for citizens, making advances the value of design to cities. Recognising that more than the city centre a vibrant stage for future mega- events and positioning it as a must-experience half the world’s population now resides in urban areas, World destination. Photo of stadium on facing page: Bruce Sutherland, Design Capital aims to advance the use of design to address the challenges arising out of this increasing urbanisation. According to the organisers, design is “an increasingly fundamental tool in all levels of public and private development. For cities, design is at their very core and is leveraged in business, with citizens, as well as in government to make cities more attractive, more liveable and more efficient.” The future success of cities, they argue, “lies in the hands of those who plan, design and manage the shared spaces and functions of their city”. One of the mechanisms for acknowledging cities doing this is the conferral of World Design Capital status on a city. A biennial award, World Design Capital status is awarded to cities that are committed to using design in addressing challenges and implementing their vision for a future city. This status allows the designated city to showcase its design achievements and aspirations through a yearlong programme of design-led events and activities. The current recipient of the award is Seoul. World Design Capital is different from other design competitions which focus on specific design sectors in that it is explicitly awarded to cities that use design for their social, economic and cultural development. The bidding process for World Design Capital 2014 opens in the third quarter of 2010. In the first phase, bidding cities are required to submit an application detailing their city’s design assets, as well as their vision and plans for a future city. From these submissions two cities are shortlisted, the finalists then required to expand on their bid proposal. The second round judging process includes a visit by an Icsid panel. The winning city is announced two years before the yearlong programme of events begins. 14 15
  9. 9. 01/COMPETITIVE EDGE TOP Cape Town is a major African hub for design, filled with great designers, design events, design education and support institutions, and publications. MIDDLE AND BOTTOM Award Cape Town is bidding for World Design Capital 2014. While winning architect, Carin Smuts has worked on a number of community centres throughout the province, such as the Dawid cities bidding for the prestigious award are not publicly Klaaste Multipurpose Centre (Lainsburg) and Guga S’Thebe announced, it is understood that Bilbao is bidding along with Arts Centre in Langa. fAcING PAGE TOP The Cape Town Klopse Carnival is a unique a number of Chinese cities. Cape Town, which hopes to clinch city festival arising from the period of slavery and the creolized history of the city. It is a well loved working class celebration of the 2014 award, has neither the obvious design assets of a the city with its own unique music, fashion and performance. Photo: Jacques Marais Bilbao nor the budget of China. fAcING PAGE BOTTOM Luyanda Mphalwa’s low cost housing It strengths, however, are numerous and include the city’s design solutions show what’s possible when design meets social responsibility. His beautiful, award winning design proposals for unique locality, set against a national park, and the distinction a more dignified “RDP” home uses sustainable technology. Photo: Guto Bussab of being cupped between two national heritage sites: the iconic Table Mountain frames Cape Town, while Robben Island, symbol of South African political resistance, lies just offshore. Cape Town’s culturally diverse population, a blend of many cultures, including a diverse indigenous population, the progeny of slaves from African colonies, South East Asia, India and European immigrants, gives the city its rich creolised character. The city’s food, music, dance and language reflect this rich variety – as does Cape Town’s wealth of good designers and designs. The CBD alone is home to more than a thousand creative industry enterprises, nearly a half of which are design- related. They include large architecture and urban design practices, advertising agencies and IT companies, as well as smaller enterprises like fashion, jewellery and surface designers. The leading-edge design conference and expo, Design Indaba, has been held annually in Cape Town for the past 14 years and the annual Toffie Popular Culture Festival, launched in 2009, offers workshops on a wide range of design disciplines. Many Cape Town designers have been awarded numerous global design awards, notably the architects Luyanda Mpahlwa, winner of the Curry Stone Design Prize for his 10x10 low-cost housing solution, and Carin Smuts, winner of the 2008 Global Award for Sustainable Architecture; and the team of industrial designer Philip Goodwin, electronics designer Stefan Zwahlen and project leader John Hutchinson, who won the Index Design Award for the Freeplay Fetal Heart Rate Monitor. Local environmental design is also having an impact. The Green Goal programme, which helped offset the World Cup’s carbon footprint, has been widely acclaimed. At the same time a locally designed electric car, the Joule, is ready to go into production. So we do have design to share. But, more importantly, the city has a compelling story to tell, particularly in how it is using design to overcome the huge challenges caused by apartheid. 16 17
  10. 10. A series of photos taken in the 1950’s and 60’s hark back to a period when the city centre had an active public culture. District Six was the epitome of energy, culturally rich with a dense cosmopolitan ecosystem 01/THE STORY containing all the elements of a good city: pedestrian friendly, vibrant public spaces and cultural institutions and well used public transport. TOP “Fairyland” by Cloete Breytenbach. Courtesy of the District Six OF CAPE TOWN Museum. BOTTOM “The British Cinema” by Jansjie Wissema. Courtesy of the District Six Museum. fAcING PAGE “Boy on Bus” by Cloete Breytenbach. Courtesy of the District Six Museum 2014 is a landmark year in South Africa’s history, marking two decades of democracy. Apartheid was designed to divide. The story of Cape Town since 1994 has been about learning to reconnect. At the turn of the twentieth century, Cape Town was a relatively contained port city with a diverse population of just over 100,000, mainly residing between Table Mountain and the sea. The Grand Parade – a public space located virtually in the centre of the early city – was the place where Capetonians gathered to celebrate, do business, sometimes even protest. With the establishment of the Union of South Africa in 1910, huge buildings began to be added to the landscape as the city’s status as provincial and legislative capital grew. In addition, Cape Town’s profile as the country’s cultural centre was reflected in the opening (in 1930) of the South African National Gallery in the Company’s Garden. While racial segregation and discrimination were already promoted by national government, the city remained a relative melting pot. District Six (the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town), perched just above and to the east of the central city, within sight of the docks, symbolised this diversity. Settled in the 1800s by a mixed community of freed slaves, merchants, immigrants and labourers, the area’s population expanded with migrants escaping rural poverty, until it was home to about ten percent of the city’s population. Its dense, vibrant, culturally rich mix of races, languages and religions gave District Six its cosmopolitan character. Cape Town’s own version of jazz – modelled after the musical traditions of Africa rather than America – has its roots here, as do many renowned writers, educationists, political activists and artists. Sports clubs, community centres, places of worship for different religions, schools and many small businesses provided for the needs of this diverse community. As white South Africans grew more affluent, benefiting from the unfair labour policies promoting their interests – in 1947, a local bylaw placed the onus on Cape Town employers to pay for repatriating black South Africans when their work contracts expired, 18
  11. 11. fAcING PAGE TOPP19 The school programme at the Lwandle Migrant Museum in Somerset West tells the story of black exclusion in the Cape. fAcING PAGE MIDDLE A public art piece by Berni Searle (2000) speaks to the complex space people of mixed descent inhabited during apartheid. In particular it talks to some of the difficult politics in the Cape, which often sets it apart from other South African provinces. Photo by Nick Aldridge fAcING PAGE BOTTOM A kinetic public art piece by Kevin Brand on the desolate windswept landscape of contemporary District Six, originally part of the District Six Sculpture Festival (1997). The work refers to the extreme loss experienced by former residents, who were forcibly removed to poorly serviced dormitory suburbs outside of the city, while their beloved District Six was reduced to rubble. Courtesy of District Six Museum. THIS PAGE TOP AND BOTTOM LEfT The Athlone Towers, detonated on August 22, 2010, became an alternative icon for people from the Cape Flats. It was this industrial feature, rather than Table Mountain, which gave the area its defining feature. It’s importance for the Cape Flats was recognized in the logo of an important arts festival in 1986, which was banned by apartheid authorities. Design by Gaby Cheminais. THIS PAGE BOTTOM RIGHTAfrikaaps! Afrikaans as claimed back by people of colour has found fresh resonances in Cape Town’s positive brand of Hip Hop. Photo courtesy of Dylan Vally. effectively discouraging their employment in the city – their social status decreased and they started moving out of the crowded, integrated inner-city. Residential segregation became a feature of Cape Town and the city’s solution to its lack of housing was to develop sub-economic housing on the Cape Flats strictly along racial lines. While racial prejudice was already deeply rooted in the colonial-era town planning, the twentieth century saw this prejudice enacted into law. As far back as the 1920s, black South African men were designated guest workers in urban areas. Town planning laws reinforced this system: a 1937 law prevented black South Africans from buying land except from other so-called “Africans”; hostels (as opposed to homes) catering for male workers were erected in the township of Langa in 1948. The net outcome of this programme of discrimination denied black South Africans an opportunity to live and work in the city. Life for non-white families historically resident in Cape Town became equally miserable, residents of mixed-race neighbourhoods like District Six banished to the urban fringe. In 1966 District Six was declared a white neighbourhood in terms of the Group Areas Act. Residents were forced from their homes, their homes bulldozed and their lives all but erased. The reasons provided by government for the removals were that the area was a slum, crime, prostitution, gambling and alcoholism rendering it dangerous. Most residents believed that the reason for their removal was the land’s value, being close to the CBD, the harbour and the mountain. All counted, about 150,000 people, including 60,000 residents of District Six, were forced out of the central city, causing wholesale destruction of areas and communities. Ironically, the area was never developed for whites and remained a stark, empty scar on the landscape for about 30 years. The only development was the contested construction of the Cape Technikon, now the Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT). 20 21
  12. 12. TOP Until the 1950’s the city was still comfortably connected to the sea. The much- loved boardwalk played an important role in the lives of citizens and the city had a sense of scale and density that made it socially rich and economically viable. MIDDLE In the 1960’s transport planners devised what would later become known as “Solly’s Folly”, building part of a ring road that was planned to go around the city, effectively cutting the city off from the sea. The project was never completed, but it signalled a long period of preference for cars over pedestrians. BOTTOM By the 1970’s a series of modernist buildings, many in the “brutalist” style, often government buildings, were completed. This started a trend that would continue into the 1990’s, of architecture that turned its back on people. Together with underinvestment in public space and with many Capetonians moving to suburbs, the city centre lost much of its earlier vibrancy. fAcING PAGE TOP A historical photo of the connection of city to sea, which was destroyed shortly after this picture was taken. By 1950 the foreshore had been reclaimed from the sea leaving a large empty tract of land on which the foreshore highways would be built. BOTTOM AND RIGHT Today Cape 01/DISCONNECTED CITY Town is reclaiming common ground: new public spaces have been created, or old ones revived, public art commissioned and During high apartheid (1948-1989) segregation became more sidewalks extended. An urban park extreme and municipal housing schemes were located further is in development around the Cape Town stadium. A beautification from white residential areas and separated from those of other project in Long Street has seen storeowners customising newly race groups by industrial areas, railway lines and greenbelts. installed pot plants by the CCID. While these developments decoupled people of different races A new public art piece by Gavin Younge, entitled Olduvai, stands from each other, modernisation and industrialisation were in outside an extension to the CTICC. the process of influencing the city’s development in a way that also disconnected people from the central city. Modern ships being larger, the docks required expansion and plans to reclaim land from the foreshore went ahead, releasing land for development. This land could have helped realise an earlier vision of the urban design of the city – one of the sea being connected visually through wide boulevards to the parliamentary precinct, and Table Mountain beyond. Instead, an increase in the number of motor vehicles and the need for more roads took precedence, and the city’s foreshore area became a mess of car parks, broad roads and overpasses, cutting off the city from the sea and resulting in it being virtually inaccessible to pedestrians. The interpretation of modern architecture – seen in the design of buildings like the Civic Centre and the Reserve Bank, which stood closed off from the streets – served to dehumanise the city further. If well-designed buildings are meant to make a positive impact on their environment and the surrounding community, this trend in architecture achieved the reverse. A once vibrant city, Cape Town closed in on itself, shutting out its citizens and encouraging decay, crime and degeneration. 22
  13. 13. 01/RECONNECTING THE CITY Political opposition to apartheid reached its zenith in the 1980s and Cape Town’s streets once again rang to the sounds of voices and footsteps as Capetonians reclaimed the city in political marches, masses and mass meetings. Fitting then, that when Nelson Mandela was released, it was on the Grand Parade that tens of thousands of residents gathered to greet him at his first public appearance. Bounded by the City Hall, the Castle and the Cape Town railway station, the Grand Parade’s significance as the centre of public life 01 in Cape Town had been in decline and the space was used mainly for parking and market stalls trading in a miscellany of goods. This trend continued during the 1990s and it was only recently that the Grand Parade was upgraded and successfully used as Cape Town’s official FIFA Fan Fest during the World Cup. There are now plans to revitalise this public space, restoring it for the use of everyone. For the past decade the inner city itself has been the centre of a major regeneration project, driven and funded by a private/public partnership. While the Cape Town Partnership facilitates strategic collaboration that has brought development and investment to the city, its operational arm, the Central City Improvement fAcING PAGE TOP A historic image of the City Hall, which looks out over the busy Grand Parade, home to the oldest running markets in the country. fAcING PAGE MIDDLE A crowd assembled on Strand Street for the Cape Town Peace March, September 13, 1989. Photo by Eric Miller. This important moment, District, has created a safe, clean environment. led by key civic and religious personalities, brought people of difference together as one, in the face of a crumbling apartheid state. It resulted in similar marches The restoration of District Six to its historic claimants happening throughout the country heralding the beginning of political change in the country. fAcING PAGE BOTTOM 38 Special Café is one of a number of cafes in the planned design and informatics innovation hub in the East City. Cafes and bars provide the meeting place of the new creative class developing in Cape Town. and redevelopment of the area is underway, albeit TOP Nelson Mandela delivers his first public speech in 27 years on the day of his release, City Hall, Grand Parade, Cape Town, February 11, 1990. Photo by Chris Ledochowski BOTTOM LEfT The struggle for rights continues in the new South Africa. Despite massive changes, there are still major challenges to be addressed: painstakingly slowly and beset with political challenges. equal education, housing and massive unemployment are key issues. BOTTOM RIGHT Cape Town has a high population of young people, with more than half the The area linking it to the Central City is, however, population under the age of 30, and 27% under 14 (Census 2001). The role and involvement of young people in the city’s development is thus essential. Here youth commemorate the Soweto uprising during the World Cup. enjoying a rapid reawakening. The East City, as it’s called, is occupied by an increasing number of creative industry enterprises, as well as artists, musicians and writers, and theatres, coffee shops and restaurants – reprising the precinct’s role as the centre of creativity in the city. This is also where the East City Design Initiative is planned, an innovation hub focused on design and ICT that will provide the space and impetus for those in creative industries to benefit from the growing knowledge economy. What was once the Cape Technikon is now a campus of the Cape Peninsula University of Technology where the unique Faculty of Informatics and Design promotes socially conscious design, and staff and students collaborate with communities to find design solutions to social challenges. 24 25
  14. 14. 01/RECONNECTING THE CITY The Dignified Spaces programme of the City of Cape Town has created new public spaces in previously under-resourced suburbs (townships) around the city including developments around transit malls, government services buildings and in a number of instances commemorating important historical Woodstock and Salt River were once at the centre of the (now ailing) textile moments in these areas. industry.Photos by Yasser Booley. Today it is the studio and manufacturing spaces Service Centres and Pay of furniture designers like Pedersen and Lennard, fashion designers like Darkie Points in Khayelitsha, (2002), and design stores and galleries like Art South Africa and Blank Projects. by Piet Louw Architects, are part of the dignified spaces programme. For decades the clothing and textile sector, with a base in the suburbs of Salt River and Woodstock, was a robust industry and a major contributor to the Cape Town economy. When this failed, the area degenerated. But, like many cities worldwide that have used design to revive locales, this precinct is experiencing a process of regeneration, led in large part by the presence of designers and design-related businesses. Furniture designers Pedersen+Lennard and Haldane Martin, lighting designers Heath Nash and Brett Murray, fashion design company Darkie Clothing all have studios here. The area has also witnessed a proliferation of art galleries, advertising agencies and design shops. In the old clothing and textile district, a cosmopolitan environment has arisen, where design and lifestyle are key elements of its character. Cape Town is a city with a cosmopolitan offering of art, culture, entertainment and leisure, adding another string to Cape Town’s marketing bow as a destination. Cape Town has also recently benefited from the beginnings of an Integrated Rapid Transport (IRT) system. A network of road, rail, pedestrian walkways and bicycle paths, it has the potential of connecting people and giving them greater access to different areas, resources and opportunities. Through the application of design, the IRT could potentially unleash sustainable, economic development and densification in the nodes surrounding stations. Beyond the central city, there have been other initiatives that reflect Cape Town’s commitment to addressing the fragmentation of its layout. The municipality’s Dignified Places Programme is one example and aims to create positive, inspiring, safe spaces in the most under-resourced areas of the city for people to meet, trade and relax. 26 27
  15. 15. 01/WHY IS CAPE TOWN BIDDING? Cape Town needs to get better at communicating its design assets and achievements and sharing its design know-how so that best practices can be replicated. Bidding for World Design Capital can help it communicate design innovations. Cape Town already has an extensive range of great designers and design assets (product and graphic designs, film and television animation, advertisements, THIS PAGE Cape Town is a premier events destination. Some of the highlights in the furniture, jewellery, ceramics, fabrics and clothing). The city also has a calendar last year include The Spier Contemporary 2010, Design Indaba, The Cape Creative of major events such as Design Indaba, the Cape Town International Jazz Festival Exhibition with Fringe Arts, Cape Town and the Loeries, an annual award scheme for the advertising industry. International Jazz Festival, Switching on of the City Lights and The Loerie Awards. A number of winners of international design competitions are from Cape Town. Photos: Anita van Zyl, Jacques Marais, Shaen Adey Organisations like Cape Craft and Design Institute (CCDI) and Bandwidth Barn, fAcING PAGE TOP LEfT A CCDI City and programmes like Creative Cape Town are committed to design thinking that Sculpture piece. Photo Anthea Davison. TOP RIGHT Products from the Fringe unlocks potential. Arts pop-up shop. MIDDLE LEfT Anatomy Design stand, Design Indaba. MIDDLE World Design Capital will provide the city with the opportunity to showcase its RIGHT Cape Town is a hub for music and design assets and design savvy to the world. the performing arts. Die Antwoord is a new international music sensation from the city. Most importantly, the award can assist Cape Town in getting design into the BOTTOM LEfT AND RIGHT The District Six Museum’s Offside exhibition dealt with public domain, and in mobilising the city around using design for social change. racism in soccer. 28
  16. 16. fAcING PAGE A street art project by acclaimed artist Faith47 talks to the extreme imbalances in the contemporary South Africa by evoking the 01/ABOUT DESIGN Freedom Charter, a publicly developed manifesto from 1955, against the backdrop of poverty. Photo by Rowan Pybus. BELOW Cape Town’s World Design Capital bid could help the city fast Unfortunately, locally, design has come to be associated almost exclusively with its aesthetic qualities track some of its many forward thinking projects, including the proposed eco-village for Oudemoelen, the innovation hub planned in the East City, and is often equated with elitist, consumerist and expensive, irrelevant things. Instead, it should be the Bellville Science Park, or the cruise liner terminal in the harbour. understood in terms of its solution-finding, problem-solving, transformative potential, and therein lies the heart of Cape Town’s bid. In an emerging society like ours, this potential is critical. Design understanding and skills can help Cape Town to address challenges created by its past and enhance the standard of living for everyone into the future. Design begins with a problem, the interrogation and understanding of this problem, and then proceeds to the development of ideas and processes, as well as evaluation of these, with a view to solving the problem. Take for example some design innovations in the health sector. In South Africa, where cervical cancer is responsible for 25% of cancer deaths among black South African women, Pap smears are expensive. There is also no public Pap smear programme. Professor Lynn Denny, head of the Gynaecological Oncology unit at the University of Cape Town, has designed a cheap, low-tech alternative used to screen for cervical cancer at clinics in under-resourced communities. Nurses use acetic acid swabs, which cause abnormalities in the cervix to show up white, and abnormalities are then treated by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. The alternative is no treatment at all. With a vaccine still several years away, this method saves lives. Another example that draws from knowhow developed in under-resourced communities derives from the high incidence of diseases like TB and HIV in these neighbourhoods. The IT department in CPUT’s Faculty of Informatics and Design has been working with community- and home-based health carers to develop a programme of support for health care workers. Using cell phone technology, the students have developed and tested a programme that helps health practitioners to access support and information to assist them in their work. There is a lesson in this for all forward thinking Capetonians interested in living in a better-designed future. Design is not necessarily an activity confined to the “lifestyle design” disciplines. It is about more than sleek, tactile home products or cleverly conceived buildings. Design is fundamentally about identifying the most effective, efficient, appropriate, and broadly applicable solutions, whether they are products, systems or services. The message is simple: a commitment to design, and design knowledge and training, which the award of World Design Capital offers, will benefit us all. Lorelle Bell is the World Design capital coordinator at cape Town Partnership 30 31
  17. 17. What’s 02 really going on Is Cape Town adapted to be a dynamic future-orientated city? Sean O’Toole explains why Edgar Pieterse might just know the answer Earlier this year, bookshops around the country started the city’s residents, who are excluded from the formal displaying a bright yellow hardcover book. To read its title, economy and must rely on substandard public services you had to tilt your head sideways. Counter-Currents, and their own makeshift shelters.” declared the book’s shocking pink lettering. Make no mistake, Pieterse, a former policy advisor in the The first major book to emerge from the African Centre Office of the Premier of the Western Cape (2004-07) and for Cities (ACC), a newly formed inter-disciplinary currently the holder of the NRF South African Research research centre based at the University of Cape Town and Chair in Urban Policy, is no Afro-pessimist. If anything, he focused on the discipline of urban development, Counter- is a philosophical pragmatist with a deep-seated interest Currents was conceived by its editor, Edgar Pieterse, in understanding the mechanics of Cape Town and its as an experimental “catalogue of ideas”. It also treated relationship to other African cities. Unafraid of theory, Cape Town as a laboratory for new thinking about African he is nonetheless motivated to produce scholarship urbanism and showcased a range of “policies, dreams, that will bring about “meaningful policy discourses and ambitions, critiques, philosophies and learning”. interventions”. Justice, openness and accessibility are The book’s deductive mode of reasoning makes for central to his vision of a future Cape Town. engaging reading. More than this, it also offers a useful “It is a myth to think you can innovate in a technical urban insight into its editor. A committed urbanist, Pieterse, development field in Africa without a direct engagement who took up office at the ACC in August 2007, is a prolific with the people who are meant to benefit from it,” he told author and agile thinker with wide-ranging appetites. architect Kerwin Datu in March. Pieterse, who holds a A warm conversationalist, when his busy schedule allows PhD in Urban Studies from London School of Economics, for a meeting, his research interests include fashioning was in Rio de Janeiro at the time. (He moderated a session an appropriate language to think and speak about the at the World Urban Forum.) specifics of African urbanism; regional development “If we can get a fine-grained understanding of how people policy; and, somewhat uniquely for a scholar, the visual in real terms in actual places navigate and practice the representations of African cities. More plainly put, one city in usually contradictory ways,” this action-orientated could say that Pieterse is critically engaged thinker thinker stated, “then we can begin to produce a new actively re-imagining Cape Town. language, necessarily theoretical, which can get us closer Criticism is an important part of his method. Despite to understanding what is really going on.” It is this sort its sexy packaging, Counter-Currents doesn’t shy away of deep looking that makes Pieterse and the ACC such from highlighting some of the key dilemmas facing a vital contributor to the ongoing debate around Cape contemporary Cape Town. Town’s long-term growth as a city founded on sustainable “The City of Cape Town is heading for disaster and is thinking and action. already in deep crisis if one cares to look close enough,” offers Pieterse in his introduction. “It is manifested most fAcING PAGE Leisure Time: a billboard in Langa by artist Donovan Ward for starkly in the dire situation that faces the majority of the public art project, Returning the Gaze (2000). Photo: Nic Aldridge 32
  18. 18. Reimagining 03 the future We tend to blame our problems on development, inequality and history, argues Mark Swilling, but we forget that we have choices about the future. By Sean O’Toole “Sustainability needs to be firmly grounded in the nitty- provincial context that is overwhelmingly urbanised.” gritty details of design,” writes the pioneering eco-architect Unlike other provinces, the Western Cape is also not Sim van der Ryn in his 1996 book, Ecological Design. Van heavily reliant on resource extraction and its capital, Cape der Ryn’s thinking, which places design at the centre of Town, has an economy that is an agglomeration of small sustainability debates, struck a chord with Mark Swilling and medium enterprises. While unemployment is lower in when he first encountered it. Cape Town than elsewhere, literacy rates and per capita Speaking at a symposium to discuss the East City internet penetration are higher. Cape Town also has the Design Initiative in May, Swilling, a professor and highest rate of basic service connections in country. division head in sustainable development at the School “You have quite an interesting possibility,” said Swilling. “It of Public Management and Planning at the University of is an interesting space to think of making design innovation Stellenbosch, reiterated Van der Ryn’s arguments for the central to our focus.” benefit of his audience. After briefly reviewing initiatives like ECDI and discussing “He has a very significant statement in the introduction the provincial government’s willingness to be “a game to the book,” offered Swilling. “Paraphrased: the crisis changer” in the field of innovation, he concluded that Cape of sustainability is actually a design crisis. Why this word Town was confronted with the need for higher levels of design is so central, not just to dealing with the challenge collaboration. “Are we up to that?” he wondered. All the of sustainability, but to sustainable development in general, indicators suggest yes. is that it marks out a space that is often ignored. We tend to blame our problems on development, on inequality, on history, but we forget that we do have choices about the future, and those choices lie in design.” Central to Swilling’s arguments, which view the challenges facing Cape Town in global macro-economic terms, is the thought that we are faced with the need to re-imagine the world in which we live in very fundamental ways. “This reimagining,” he said, “which is already taking place, is resulting in fundamental redirections in massive investment flows, public and private, around the world, leading to a reconfiguration of cities as we know and understand them.” Swilling, who completed his Ph.D. at the University of Warwick where he is a senior research fellow, argues that fAcING PAGE TOP Blue Line, by Strijdom van der Merwe and AAW Art Cape Town, particularly, is faced with a historic mission. Project Management, is a proposed land art project for Cape Town to mark the extent of the city which would be under water should the sea How so? levels rise with global warming fAcING PAGE BOTTOM The Reclaim Camissa initiative seeks to revive the city’s damaged ecosystem and “Cape Town has an interesting economy if you look at it its associated cultural connections. It plans to raise above ground closely,” he stated. “It is quite different from many of the the tributaries from Table Mountain, which have been sunken in underground tunnels and through which vast quantities of scarce city economies in South Africa and Africa. It sits inside a fresh water are lost into the sea. 34