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Floriane Muller, Pablo Iriarte, University of Geneva Library, Switzerland Measuring the impact of piracy and open access on the academic library services

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LIBRARY
MEASURING THE IMPACT OF
PIRACY AND OPEN ACCESS
ON THE ACADEMIC LIBRARY
SERVICES
Pablo Iriarte
Floriane Muller
ILDS conference, Paris,
October 4th, 2017
Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch
Floriane.Muler@unige.ch
LIBRARY
AGENDA
1. Context
2. Methods: Data Analysis
3. Results & Discussion
4. Conclusions
LIBRARY
CONTEXT
ILL/DD Trends
Shift from paper to e-resources
Open Access
Piracy
4
ILL/DD TRENDS
IN SWISS UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
5
ILL/DD TRENDS
IN SWISS MEDICAL LIBRARIES
6
ILL/DD TRENDS

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Floriane Muller, Pablo Iriarte, University of Geneva Library, Switzerland Measuring the impact of piracy and open access on the academic library services

  • 1. LIBRARY MEASURING THE IMPACT OF PIRACY AND OPEN ACCESS ON THE ACADEMIC LIBRARY SERVICES Pablo Iriarte Floriane Muller ILDS conference, Paris, October 4th, 2017 Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch Floriane.Muler@unige.ch
  • 2. LIBRARY AGENDA 1. Context 2. Methods: Data Analysis 3. Results & Discussion 4. Conclusions
  • 3. LIBRARY CONTEXT ILL/DD Trends Shift from paper to e-resources Open Access Piracy
  • 4. 4 ILL/DD TRENDS IN SWISS UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES
  • 5. 5 ILL/DD TRENDS IN SWISS MEDICAL LIBRARIES
  • 7. 7 PORTION OF ACQUISITION BUDGET DEVOTED TO E-RESOURCES
  • 8. 8 YET, FOR THE FIRST TIME IN 2016 1 679 037 1 713 114 1 935 068 1 900 846 1 550 000 1 600 000 1 650 000 1 700 000 1 750 000 1 800 000 1 850 000 1 900 000 1 950 000 2 000 000 2013 2014 2015 2016 Full-text article requests at University of Geneva Library
  • 9. 9 THE STATE OF OPEN ACCESS On october 3rd, 2017 https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1 DOI: 10.1038/nature.2017.22418
  • 10. 10 PIRACY Bohannon J. Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone. Science [Internet]. 28 avr 2016 [cité 3 oct 2017]; Disponible sur: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/04/whos-downloading-pirated-papers-everyone
  • 11. 11 SO… When it comes to obtaining the full-text of an article… …To what resources and services can/do our scholars turn ?
  • 12. LIBRARY DATA ANALYSIS Our data sources Data cleaning, processing & merge
  • 13. 13 OUR DATA SOURCES WOS SCI ed. (articles cited by UNIGE members in 2015-6) E-journals Serial collection ILL/DD Insitutional Repository oaDOI SciHub
  • 14. DATA CLEANING, PROCESSING & ENRICHMENT WOS SCI CITATIONS Web of Science SCI edition n2015 = 3'833 n2016 = 3'989 DOI included in the reference ? Use Crossref API to retrieve detailed metadata Use Crossref OpenURL web service to find the DOI from the available metadata Dataset used for data analysis and merging NDOI=223'283 No Ndoi=48'521 (18%) Yes Ndoi=228'092 (82%) Retrieve all citation data for those works On March 3rd, 2017, extract all works published in 2015 and 2016, Affiliation enhanced = University of Geneva cit2015 =171'267 cit2016 =193'178 CitTotal = 364'445 223'283 Valid DOIs 32 duplicates 18'542 Bad DOIs 13'765 DOI found (28%) 34'756 Not found (72%) DOI found N=13'765 No DOI N=34'756 Excluded references (missing data) N=53'330 Valid DOIs Bad DOIs or duplicates N=18'574 UniqueRef2015 =143'142 UniqueRef2016 =158'563 UniqueRefTotal =276'613 Deduplicate
  • 15. DATA CLEANING, PROCESSING & ENRICHMENT ILL/DD OpenILLink (ILL Tool used at Medical & Science library at UNIGE) Orders2015-2016 = 7'509 Requested doc has DOI or PMID ? Use NLM E- utilities service to obtain equivalent DOI Use Crossref OpenURL web service to find the DOI from the available metadata Dataset used for data analysis and merging N=3'728 (50%) No N=2'772 (27%) Yes N=4'737 (63%) Export all anonymised orders meeting following criteria - Request date: 2015 & 2016 - user requesting doc is affiliated to UNIGE or Univ. Hospital (HUG) 1'523 DOI found 3'781 No DOI found No DOI N=3'781 DOI obtained = ? No DOI obtained = ? Excluded references (missing data) N=3'781 (50%) Which one ? DOI N=9 PMID N=4'728 No DOI N=2'532 (54%) DOI N=2'196 (46%) DOIs N=1'523 Very small because our OpenILLink Tool had a DOI problem
  • 16. 16 OUR PROCESS TO VERIFY ACCESSIBILITY / USAGE For each article (with a valid DOI and corresponding metadata) cited in UNIGE 2015-6 publications in WOS SCI, check if ISSN is amongst print / online suscription resources and corresponding year match ? Query DOI in OaDOI API and get answer regarding status: OA or closed ? DOI is present in SciHub requests from Switzerland IP address (2015-16 partial data) DOI is present in 2015-2016 ILL/DD requests DOI is amongst our insitutional repository and if yes, what is full-text status (Green OA) Usable dataset N=3'728 (50%) Usable dataset N=33'876 Nprint= 9'671 Nonline=79'758 Dataset usable for data analysis and merging NDOI=223'283 (80%) Cleaned dataset N=33'993Keep only articles: 220’527
  • 18. 18 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
  • 19. 19 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it
  • 20. 20 SOME LIMITATIONS • Imperfect data sources o Sci-hub data is partial and we don’t know all about it o SFX / catalog data : one-time 2017 snapshots. o Not all UNIGE papers are in WOS o WOS citations data are not so clean (missing metadata, no DOI or DOI not valid) o Half of ILL requests could not be analysed • Imperfect Unique identifiers o No PMID to DOI easy reliable conversion tool o Undeclared DOI ? • Short time-frame o Publication takes time. Researchers may cite articles they have gotten long ago (so not in our 2015-6 radar) • Other factors o Eg. Free ILL/DD may have a role is trends o Researcher may resort to many other article providing « sources » o Do they cite unread articles ? • Only journal articles
  • 22. 22 CITED IN 2015 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY WITHIN DATA SOURCES
  • 23. 23 CITED IN 2016 ARTICLES AVAILABILITY WITHIN DATA SOURCES
  • 24. 24 THE HIDDEN FIGURES 2015: 18’595 2016: 14’412 ???
  • 25. 25 DISTRIBUTION OF CITED ARTICLE BY YEAR PUBLISHED Distribution of the 115’045 different articles cited in 2015 publications Distribution of the 127’738 different articles cited in 2016 publications
  • 27. 27 CONCLUSIONS • Need for articles should still be present as our researchers cite more and more • Confirmed some feelings we had: ✓ OA is growing faster than the rest ✓ The library offers nice coverage. ✓ Piracy is not so high in Switzerland ✓ We don’t know all sources (and practices) • But : we can’t explain the slight 2016 usage decrease of our e-journals. • More research needed (survey ? direct observation ? …) • Repeat for all resources provided by university and develop as a promotion tool for library services incl. ILL/DD?
  • 28. 28 SELECTED REFERENCES • Bohannon, John. 2016. « Who’s downloading pirated papers? Everyone ». Science, avril. doi:10.1126/science.aaf5664. • DOAJ. 2017. « Directory of Open Access Journals ». Consulté le octobre 3. https://doaj.org . • « DOCLINE® Presentations ». 2017. Staff Presentations. Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/docline/doclinepresentations.html . • « Jahresberichte der Universitätsbibliothek Bern & Libernensis ». 2017. DigiBern. Consulté le octobre 3. http://www.digibern.ch/katalog/jahresberichte-der-universitaetsbibliothek-bern-libernensis. • OFS Office fédéral de la statistique. 2017a. Proportion des frais d’acquisition de documents sur supports électroniques par rapport aux frais totaux d’acquisition de documents. Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/fr/home/statistiques/culture-medias-societe-information- sport/culture/bibliotheques.assetdetail.3104351.html . • ———. 2017b. « Statistique suisse des bibliothèques su-f-16.02.02.02 & su-f-16.02.02.04 ». Consulté le octobre 3. https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/fr/home/statistiques/culture-medias-societe-information- sport/culture/bibliotheques.html . • Piwowar, Heather, Jason Priem, Vincent Larivière, Juan Pablo Alperin, Lisa Matthias, Bree Norlander, Ashley Farley, Jevin West, et Stefanie Haustein. 2017. « The State of OA: A Large-Scale Analysis of the Prevalence and Impact of Open Access Articles ». e3119v1. PeerJ Preprints. doi:10.7287/peerj.preprints.3119v1. • Singh Chawla, Dalmeet. 2017. « Half of papers searched for online are free to read ». Nature, août. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22418. • « Universitätsbibliothek Basel: UB Hauptbibliothek: Jahresberichte der UB ». 2017. Consulté le octobre 3. http://www.ub.unibas.ch/ub-hauptbibliothek/wir-ueber-uns/weiteres/jahresberichte-der-ub/ .
  • 29. LIBRARY THANK YOU VERY MUCH! Pablo.Iriarte@unige.ch Floriane.Muller@unige.ch