Piracy Briefing:
November, 2008

                                                                Somalia and
             ...
The scope of the Problem

• Piracy incidents
  have increased,
  both in the
  number and
  intensity of
  incidents
Who are the Pirates - I

              • Somalia’s pirates
                are allegedly
                disgruntled forme...
Opinions Differ About Pirates - II

• The Somali
  government has
  described the pirates
  as an oceanic “mafia”
  and sa...
Still Other Viewpoints About Pirates -III

                            • Other reports simply describe the
               ...
Pirate Organization – “Mother Ships”

                      • The pirates are
                        said to be using
   ...
Latest Trends – Gulf of Aden Piracy
In short, the trends in latest
   piracy incidents are as follows:
• Targeting larger ...
Pirates Up the Ante With Tanker Capture
                     • The latest pirate
                       acquisition, the S...
Are the Pirates Linked to Al-Qaeda?
• A divergence of opinion is apparent among experts
  about whether or not the pirates...
Are the Pirates Linked to Al-Qaeda - II
• quot;I do not have any evidence that the pirates
  have links with al Qaeda. We ...
Islamic insurgent group Al-Shabaab




• ERRI analysts fear and anticipate that the pirates are or will
  be associated wi...
Terrorists and Pirates Together
          • The two groups could form a
            symbiotic relationship…with
          ...
Current Weapons of the Pirates:
• So far, the weapons used by the pirates have been
  basic infantry issue and many are su...
What Would that Mean to the World?
• ERRI analysts suggest that pirate
  connections to Al-Shabaab would
  be tantamount t...
Suggested Anti-Piracy Measures…



• Although they are in short supply, overhead surveillance by
  pilotless drones could ...
Anti-Piracy Law Enforcement?
              • Of course, on the lower
                end of the response
                s...
Private Security Approach to
            Combating Pirates
• Some experts are suggesting that
  the job of protecting comm...
More Piracy Counter-Measures
• Acquired surveillance
  information could also
  be relayed to Task
  Force 150, or similar...
High-End Anti-Piracy Measures…
               • Anti-ship missiles
                 could also be used to
                ...
ERRI/Emergency Net News
    We’ll help you better understand your world


                  • More Information?
      EMER...
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Somalia Piracy Brief2008

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Preliminary briefing on Somalia Piracy

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Somalia Piracy Brief2008

  1. 1. Piracy Briefing: November, 2008 Somalia and Gulf of Aden EmergencyNet By C. L. Staten Sr. National Security Analyst Emergency Response & Research Institute (ERRI) © Copyright, 2008, Emergency Response & Research Institute and the author. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. The scope of the Problem • Piracy incidents have increased, both in the number and intensity of incidents
  3. 3. Who are the Pirates - I • Somalia’s pirates are allegedly disgruntled former fishermen who have now turned to piracy…
  4. 4. Opinions Differ About Pirates - II • The Somali government has described the pirates as an oceanic “mafia” and said they had netted millions of dollars in “booty”…
  5. 5. Still Other Viewpoints About Pirates -III • Other reports simply describe the pirates as “clan members” from the Puntland area of Somalia… • And still others say that the pirates are connected to various government factions and/or that they are paying protection money to local clan leaders, who Somalia Clan “Technicals” protect them on the shore…
  6. 6. Pirate Organization – “Mother Ships” • The pirates are said to be using what are called “Mother ships,” which allegedly provide command & control and re- supply several smaller “raider boats”
  7. 7. Latest Trends – Gulf of Aden Piracy In short, the trends in latest piracy incidents are as follows: • Targeting larger cargo / oil / gas / chemical tankers • Approaches / attacks conducted from 2-3 small speedboats with 3-5 armed persons each. The number of boats involved in each incident seems to be increasing. Source: NATO Shipping Centre http://www.shipping.nato.int/
  8. 8. Pirates Up the Ante With Tanker Capture • The latest pirate acquisition, the Sirius Star and it cargo of $100m worth of crude oil, has dramatically increased the stake for shippers through the Gulf of Aden…
  9. 9. Are the Pirates Linked to Al-Qaeda? • A divergence of opinion is apparent among experts about whether or not the pirates currently have direct links to Al-Qaeda or other jihadists… • ERRI analysts said a study of available Open Source Literature (OSINT LIT) at the time of this report would suggest that equally reputable experts have taken opposing viewpoints on both sides of this important question. There is no clear consensus on this issue at this time…we continue to study it.
  10. 10. Are the Pirates Linked to Al-Qaeda - II • quot;I do not have any evidence that the pirates have links with al Qaeda. We may speculate and think about it, but I personally do not have any evidence,quot; said Africom commander U.S. General William Ward. -- Source: “No links between Somali pirates, al Qaeda: US,” Tue 25 Nov 2008, 13:42 GMT, Reuter’s, at: http://africa.reuters.com/top/news/usnJOE4AO0GO.html
  11. 11. Islamic insurgent group Al-Shabaab • ERRI analysts fear and anticipate that the pirates are or will be associated with the Al-Shabaab insurgent group (a.k.a. Ashabaab al mujahideen.)
  12. 12. Terrorists and Pirates Together • The two groups could form a symbiotic relationship…with the pirates providing funding for Al-Ashabaab from hijackings/ransom, and Al- Ashabaab providing security for the pirates bases on the shore…
  13. 13. Current Weapons of the Pirates: • So far, the weapons used by the pirates have been basic infantry issue and many are surplus from the former Soviet Union. They are commonly available on the black markets, all over the world…
  14. 14. What Would that Mean to the World? • ERRI analysts suggest that pirate connections to Al-Shabaab would be tantamount to linking them to Al-Qaeda, who are believed to be trying to establish a base in the Horn of Africa area. Such a base could then be used to infiltrate and destabilize other African nations…a potentially disastrous outcome for the continent.
  15. 15. Suggested Anti-Piracy Measures… • Although they are in short supply, overhead surveillance by pilotless drones could help locate pirate boats before they could undertake attacks. Predator-type platforms could be used to locate and target pirate boats during their commission of an international crime/act of war.
  16. 16. Anti-Piracy Law Enforcement? • Of course, on the lower end of the response spectrum… naval “fast boats” and special operating or law enforcement forces can be used in an attempt to confront and arrest the pirates.
  17. 17. Private Security Approach to Combating Pirates • Some experts are suggesting that the job of protecting commercial shipping should be the responsibility of the companies themselves. A number of private security companies are reportedly negotiating to provide armed security guards for ships at risk.
  18. 18. More Piracy Counter-Measures • Acquired surveillance information could also be relayed to Task Force 150, or similar forces…so they could undertake interdiction action in a timely manner.
  19. 19. High-End Anti-Piracy Measures… • Anti-ship missiles could also be used to destroy pirate “mother” or other hostile and larger ships…should it be decided that is the only reasonable resolution to the problem.
  20. 20. ERRI/Emergency Net News We’ll help you better understand your world • More Information? EMERGENCY RESPONSE & RESEARCH INSTITUTE (ERRI) EmergencyNet News Service 6348 North Milwaukee Avenue - #312, Chicago, Illinois 60646, USA Voice/Voice Mail: 773-631-ERRI Fax: 773-631-4703 Internet E-Mail: sysop@mail.emergency.com Web Page: http://www.emergency.com © Copyright, 2008, Emergency Response & Research Institute and the author. All rights reserved. This presentation may contain military and law enforcement sensitive information and should not be freely distributed to the general public. Contact ERRI/EmergencyNet News for more information about any usage of this presentation.

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