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Physik aus dem Tagebuch eines Sterns

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Saturday Morning Physics for high school students.
"Physics from the diary of a star"

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Physik aus dem Tagebuch eines Sterns

  1. 1. Physik aus dem Tagebuch eines Sterns Concettina Sfienti Johannes Gutenberg-Universität - Institut für Kernphysik, Mainz Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  2. 2. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  3. 3. Der Mensch besteht auf... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  4. 4. Der Mensch besteht auf... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  5. 5. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  6. 6. ...Es war eine dunkle stürmische Nacht Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  7. 7. ...Es war eine dunkle stürmische Nacht Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  8. 8. ...nicht mal ein kleines BANG Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  9. 9. ...nicht mal ein kleines BANG Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  10. 10. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  11. 11. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 106 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  12. 12. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 106 oC 103 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  13. 13. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  14. 14. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  15. 15. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wasserstoff (H) 93.6% Helium (He) 6.3% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  16. 16. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wasserstoff (H) 93.6% Helium (He) 6.3% }99.9% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  17. 17. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wasserstoff (H) 93.6% Helium (He) 6.3% }99.9% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  18. 18. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC Nach dem erstem 3 Minuten ... Wasserstoff (H) 93.6% Helium (He) 6.3% }99.9% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  19. 19. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 600 mJ 20 oC “Einige” Jahren später... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  20. 20. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 600 mJ 20 oC 14000 mJ -270 oC “Einige” Jahren später... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  21. 21. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 600 mJ 20 oC 14000 mJ -270 oC “Einige” Jahren später... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  22. 22. Zeit Temperatur 250 sek 109 oC 600 mJ 20 oC 14000 mJ -270 oC “Einige” Jahren später... ? ... “wir sind aus Sternenstaub”!? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  23. 23. ≈10 Trilliarden (1022) Sternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  24. 24. Was wissen Sie über die Sonne? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  25. 25. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Mittlere Entfernung: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  26. 26. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Mittlere Entfernung: 149.600.000 Km ≈ 1.5 × 108 Km Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  27. 27. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Äquatordurchmesser: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  28. 28. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Äquatordurchmesser: 1.392.684  Km Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  29. 29. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Masse: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  30. 30. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Masse: 1,32 x 1030 Kg Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  31. 31. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Fallbeschleunigung: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  32. 32. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Fallbeschleunigung: 274 m/s2 Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  33. 33. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Fallbeschleunigung: 274 m/s2 NASA 20G Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  34. 34. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Fallbeschleunigung: 274 m/s2 NASA 20G Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  35. 35. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Fallbeschleunigung: 274 m/s2 NASA 20G MIELE 200G Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  36. 36. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Oberflächetemperatur: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  37. 37. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Oberflächetemperatur: 5.778 K Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  38. 38. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  39. 39. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  40. 40. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wiensches Verschiebungsgesetz Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  41. 41. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Hauptbestandteil: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  42. 42. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Hauptbestandteil: Wasserstoff (92.1%) Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  43. 43. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  44. 44. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  45. 45. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  46. 46. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? ...QM nötigWednesday, March 19, 2014
  47. 47. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  48. 48. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Energie Abstand vom Kern Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  49. 49. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Energie Abstand vom Kern Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  50. 50. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Energie Abstand vom Kern Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  51. 51. Wie  haben  wir  es  gemessen? Energie Abstand vom Kern Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  52. 52. Sonnenspektrum Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  53. 53. Häufigkeit  der  Elemente  in  der  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  54. 54. Häufigkeit  der  Elemente  in  der  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  55. 55. Häufigkeit  der  Elemente  in  der  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  56. 56. Häufigkeit  der  Elemente  in  der  Sonne BB-Nukleosynthese Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  57. 57. Häufigkeit  der  Elemente  in  der  Sonne BB-Nukleosynthese ????? ...gebrauchtes Sternmaterial! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  58. 58. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Leuchtkraft: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  59. 59. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Leuchtkraft: 3,846 x 1026 W Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  60. 60. What powers a star? A Gravitational energy B Chemical energy C Radioactivity D Nuclear energy Gravitation Radioaktivität Chemische Reaktionen Kernfusion Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Warum scheint die Sonne? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  61. 61. What powers a star? A Gravitational energy B Chemical energy C Radioactivity D Nuclear energy Gravitation Radioaktivität Chemische Reaktionen Kernfusion Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? WARUM? Warum scheint die Sonne? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  62. 62. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  63. 63. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Luminosity ~ 10,000 years Chemical energy content Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  64. 64. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Luminosity ~ 10,000 years Chemical energy content Luminosity Gravitational potential energy ~ 25 million years Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  65. 65. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Luminosity ~ 10,000 years Chemical energy content Luminosity Gravitational potential energy ~ 25 million years Luminosity ~ 10 billion years Nuclear potential energy (core) Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  66. 66. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Alter: Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  67. 67. Was  wissen  Sie  über  die  Sonne? Alter: 4,57 x 109 J Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  68. 68. Der  ewige  Kampf  gegen  die  Schwerkra@... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  69. 69. Innere Temperatur: 1,57 x 107 K Der  ewige  Kampf  gegen  die  Schwerkra@... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  70. 70. Innere Temperatur: 1,57 x 107 K Der  ewige  Kampf  gegen  die  Schwerkra@... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  71. 71. Kernfusion  in  der  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  72. 72. Kernfusion  in  der  Sonne + Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  73. 73. Kernfusion  in  der  Sonne + Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  74. 74. Kernfusion  in  der  Sonne + Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  75. 75. Die  PP-­‐KeDe Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  76. 76. Huston  wir  haben  ein  Problem! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  77. 77. Huston  wir  haben  ein  Problem! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  78. 78. ≈10 Trilliarden (1022) Sternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  79. 79. Rote  Riesen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  80. 80. Rote  Riesen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  81. 81. Rote  Riesen ..der Kampf geht weiter... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  82. 82. Heliumbrennen ...das  was  das  BB  nicht  geschaffen  hat  .... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  83. 83. Die  Geschichte  von  Mr.  Hoyle Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  84. 84. Huston  wir  haben  noch  ein  Problem Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  85. 85. Das  “Triple-­‐Alpha”  Prozess Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  86. 86. Das  “Triple-­‐Alpha”  Prozess Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  87. 87. Das  “Triple-­‐Alpha”  Prozess Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  88. 88. Das  Ende  unserer  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  89. 89. Das  Ende  unserer  Sonne Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  90. 90. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  91. 91. Der  Geburt... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  92. 92. Der  Geburt... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  93. 93. Der  Geburt... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  94. 94. Hertzsprung-­‐Russell-­‐Diagramm Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  95. 95. Hertzsprung-­‐Russell-­‐Diagramm Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  96. 96. Der  Tod  von  Giganten  .... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  97. 97. Der  Tod  von  Giganten  .... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  98. 98. Der  Tod  von  Giganten  .... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  99. 99. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  100. 100. Leuchtkraft ≈1044 W Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  101. 101. !"#$%&'#%()*+*#,-).%&#$%(/#0#)*#% !"#$%&' !()*+,)-./' 0./,()1-./' "234.5+./' 67587(9' &:;' <+5=>7/?' +/,@(5,@44)(@/'!)5@5'' A/,@(5,@44)(@/' !)5@5' B,@(/' !"#$%&'()*!"#$%&'()*+,-.(#*/*0,1.(*2!3+04* 5(67*8,&7*9:1;7*3<*2=<>?4*>@?*** !"#$%&'#($)*+,#$+-$)"./+0/$1234$ Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  102. 102. !"#$%&'#%()*+*#,-).%&#$%(/#0#)*#% !"#$%&' !()*+,)-./' 0./,()1-./' "234.5+./' 67587(9' &:;' <+5=>7/?' +/,@(5,@44)(@/'!)5@5'' A/,@(5,@44)(@/' !)5@5' B,@(/' !"#$%&'()*!"#$%&'()*+,-.(#*/*0,1.(*2!3+04* 5(67*8,&7*9:1;7*3<*2=<>?4*>@?*** !"#$%&'#($)*+,#$+-$)"./+0/$1234$ ... wir sind Sternenstaub ! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  103. 103. !"#$%&'#%()*+*#,-).%&#$%(/#0#)*#% !"#$%&' !()*+,)-./' 0./,()1-./' "234.5+./' 67587(9' &:;' <+5=>7/?' +/,@(5,@44)(@/'!)5@5'' A/,@(5,@44)(@/' !)5@5' B,@(/' !"#$%&'()*!"#$%&'()*+,-.(#*/*0,1.(*2!3+04* 5(67*8,&7*9:1;7*3<*2=<>?4*>@?*** !"#$%&'#($)*+,#$+-$)"./+0/$1234$ ... wir sind Sternenstaub ! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  104. 104. !"#$%&'#%()*+*#,-).%&#$%(/#0#)*#% !"#$%&' !()*+,)-./' 0./,()1-./' "234.5+./' 67587(9' &:;' <+5=>7/?' +/,@(5,@44)(@/'!)5@5'' A/,@(5,@44)(@/' !)5@5' B,@(/' !"#$%&'()*!"#$%&'()*+,-.(#*/*0,1.(*2!3+04* 5(67*8,&7*9:1;7*3<*2=<>?4*>@?*** !"#$%&'#($)*+,#$+-$)"./+0/$1234$ Warum 1 Kg Gold so viel mehr als 1 Kg Eisen kostet!! ... wir sind Sternenstaub ! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  105. 105. ...und  was  bleibt  übrig? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  106. 106. ...und  was  bleibt  übrig? Das Schwanengesang Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  107. 107. Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  108. 108. Neutronsternen !  !"#$%&'()!*()+,)!&-.!/)-(+#,),!-,0! 1-&+'.! !  !23(!)3,)$!4&03-.!5#,!)(6&!78!'$! Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  109. 109. !  !"#$%&'()!*()+,)!&-.!/)-(+#,),!-,0! 1-&+'.! !  !23(!)3,)$!4&03-.!5#,!)(6&!78!'$! !  !9).3(:),!)3,)!2&..)!5#$!7;<!=&>?),! 0)+!*#,,),$&..)@! Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  110. 110. !  !"#$%&'()!*()+,)!&-.!/)-(+#,),!-,0! 1-&+'.! !  !23(!)3,)$!4&03-.!5#,!)(6&!78!'$! !  !9).3(:),!)3,)!2&..)!5#$!7;<!=&>?),! 0)+!*#,,),$&..)@! !  A3,!B))CDE)C!/)-(+#,),.()+,$&()+3)! &-=!0)+!A+0)!63)F(!.#53)C!63)!03)! F).&$()!2),.>??)3(! Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  111. 111. !  !"#$%&'()!*()+,)!&-.!/)-(+#,),!-,0! 1-&+'.! !  !23(!)3,)$!4&03-.!5#,!)(6&!78!'$! !  !9).3(:),!)3,)!2&..)!5#$!7;<!=&>?),! 0)+!*#,,),$&..)@! !  A3,!B))CDE)C!/)-(+#,),.()+,$&()+3)! &-=!0)+!A+0)!63)F(!.#53)C!63)!03)! F).&$()!2),.>??)3(! !  !9).()?),!&-.!0)$!03>?().(),! 2&()+3&C!3$!G,35)+.-$H!0&.!63+!'),,),! Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  112. 112. Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  113. 113. Neutronsternen Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  114. 114. Wie  es  alles  began  .... Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  115. 115. Die  traurige  Geschichte  von  Jocelyn  Bell Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  116. 116. Warum  spinnen  Neutronsternen? Drehimpulserhaltung L = Iω = konst. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  117. 117. Warum  spinnen  Neutronsternen? Veränderliches Trägheitsmoment Drehimpulserhaltung L = Iω = konst. Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  118. 118. Warum  spinnen  Neutronsternen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  119. 119. Was  wissen  wir  über  Neutronsternen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  120. 120. Was  wissen  wir  über  Neutronsternen? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  121. 121. Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? !"##$% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  122. 122. Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? !"##$% Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  123. 123. Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  124. 124. Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  125. 125. Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  126. 126. !" Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  127. 127. !" Wie  messen  wir  “Neutronsternen”? Wednesday, March 19, 2014
  128. 128. Concettina Sfienti Johannes Gutenberg-Universität - Institut für Kernphysik, Mainz Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Saturday Morning Physics for high school students. "Physics from the diary of a star"

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