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Universities and File Sharing

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Universities and File Sharing

  1. 1. Universities and File Sharing Should the Feds intercede?
  2. 2. Overview <ul><ul><li>HR 4137:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Develop a plan for offering alternatives&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;explore..deterrents to prevent such illegal activity&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S 1642: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot; unauthorized distribution...may subject the students to...penalties&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Current Model <ul><ul><li>RIAA and prelitigation letters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In Jan. 2008, 407 letter to 18 universities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracking down students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UNL estimated $11 per letter to match IP w/ student. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stanford claims it requires almost 3 full-time staff members and is charging students who receive notices ($100-$500). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other schools returning letters to RIAA. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic IP's make matching challenging. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No legal obligation to comply with RIAA's requests. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Option One: Block P2P Applications and Protocols <ul><ul><li>Technology challenges:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;tools fail to stop the majority of network infringement. Others bring about temporary peace, but only at the expense of limiting student access to critical resources and applications.&quot; - EFF </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Darknets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide more anonymity and will grow if universities block access. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ohio University as test case. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>received over 1287 pre-litigation letters. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Darknets. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Options Two: Alternative Source <ul><ul><li>Examples: Napster, Ruckus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cornell University: alumna covered more than $200,000 to provide Napster to entire student body. (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tennesse quoted $18 million dollars to cover all state universities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free service developed in 2007 by Ruckus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In test at American University, almost half of the students did not use. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lobbying for inclusion. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Conclusion <ul><ul><li>Alternatives too problematic for inclusion in federal student loan bill. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology is ever changing and research needs to continue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space needs for Universities to share best practices in handling copyright issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RIAA needs to find a better tactic. </li></ul></ul>

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