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Public Safety and Security in the 21st Century

Launch of the first report of the Strategic Review of Policing in England and Wales.

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Public Safety and Security in the 21st Century

  1. 1. Rick Muir, Director of the Police Foundation
  2. 2. • The Strategic Review of Policing in England and Wales is a major independent review of policing chaired by Sir Michael Barber and hosted by the Police Foundation • The Review is funded by CGI, the Dawes Trust and Deloitte • This report is the culmination of Phase 1 which explores the challenge facing policing • Phase 2 will go on to look at how we should respond to that challenge: role and purpose, collaboration, legitimacy, workforce, organisation and governance • The findings are based on a Call for Evidence, interviews with key stakeholders, police force visits, focus groups, data analysis and a review of relevant literature Introduction
  3. 3. 1. The public safety challenge 2. The public security challenge 3. Looking ahead 4. The role of the police 5. Phase Two Structure
  4. 4. 1. The public safety challenge
  5. 5. Traditional crime has fallen by 70%
  6. 6. Although knife crime has increased by 49%
  7. 7. The perception of ASB as a problem has declined
  8. 8. Cyber crime and fraud now make up 44% of all crime
  9. 9. Reported domestic abuse offences have increased by 77%
  10. 10. Reported rape has increased 260%
  11. 11. Mental health incidents have increased by 28%
  12. 12. Missing persons incidents have increased by 46%
  13. 13. The number of protests has increased
  14. 14. Reported hate crime has increased by 144%
  15. 15. The number of people arrested for terrorism offences grew significantly
  16. 16. Organised crime has become more sophisticated •increased awareness, reporting and activity in the area of modern slavery and human trafficking (MSHT), with more than 5,000 offences recorded by the police in 2018/19 involving over 7,000 victims from 130 countries; •the rise of County Lines drug trafficking, whereby children and young people have been exploited by organised crime groups to directly export crack cocaine and heroin into small towns and rural areas. The change in the competitive dynamics within the drugs market seems to be the most significant factor in explaining the recent rise in serious violence, particularly knife crime; •many organised crime groups have moved away from traditional robbery and violence into more profitable and less risky “white collar” activities, such as money laundering and fraud. These opportunities have also opened the way for new actors to get involved in crime, operating alone or as part of loose online networks.
  17. 17. Conclusion • The scope, variety and complexity of the public safety challenge facing the country cannot be successfully tackled by the police alone or as currently resourced and configured. • We need to think radically in Phase Two about the role the police play as part of a wider system of public safety. • Once we have done that we need to address the skills and resources the police require to perform their role and look at the way in which the police service is organised.
  18. 18. 2. The public security challenge
  19. 19. Public concern about crime has been growing
  20. 20. More people think that crime is rising even though fewer think they will be a victim
  21. 21. Public confidence in the police is high but has declined in the last year
  22. 22. Confidence in the police is lower among black people and people of mixed ethnicity
  23. 23. Conclusion • The police retain a strong bedrock of public support but it has eroded somewhat and we do not yet know if that is the start of a trend. • Among some minority communities trust and confidence are lower and addressing the reasons for that is a core challenge for policing in the years ahead. • How to meet public expectations and strengthen legitimacy will be a core component of Phase Two.
  24. 24. 3. Looking ahead
  25. 25. • Most of the sources of greater complexity in police work identified will persist and intensify. • The information space will become an ever more central terrain in which public safety and security are negotiated and policing will need to address what its role is in tackling internet harms. • The challenges of dealing with the consequences of social fragmentation and disadvantage will remain pressing and some of these could become greater. • High impact disruptive events could become more frequent, requiring greater agility and collaboration across policing. • The policing of social tension and the maintenance of public order may become more challenging. Having the resources, approaches and legitimacy to successfully respond to this will be key. • The fiscal situation for the UK could be difficult due to the impact of COVID 19 and an ageing society. • Unless otherwise addressed there is a risk that that the gap between public expectations and what the police are able to deliver will grow. Looking ahead
  26. 26. 4. The role of the police
  27. 27. • We need to think about the role of the police because it is unrealistic to expect the police to deal successfully with all of the demands we have described. • The existing ways of thinking about this (listing functions and the Peelian Principles) are unsatisfactory. • We need to be clearer about what the police should do and what role they should play as part of a wider system of actors. Why this is important
  28. 28. • The public like visible local policing • When provided with information about police demand the public support a focus on high harm matters • The public have a ‘traditional’ view of the role: focused on crime and immediate threats of harm What the public think
  29. 29. 1. The police are not just crime fighters 2. The police operate as part of a wider system of actors who contribute to public safety and security 3. The police should seek to prevent crime and harm, but we need to be clear about what their role should be 4. The police have an important role in safeguarding those with complex needs but we need to think about the parameters of that role 5. How the police do their work is an important component of public security Our 5 working assumptions
  30. 30. 5. Phase Two
  31. 31. • What is the role of the police, and how should it evolve over the next 20 years, building on the working assumptions set out in this report? • What should be the relationship between the public police service and other agencies and actors involved in public safety and security? • How can the legitimacy of policing be strengthened, particularly with those parts of our community among whom confidence in the police is lower? • What are the implications of questions 1, 2 and 3, and of the changing landscape described in this report, for the future police workforce? • How should the public police service be resourced? • How should it be organised, locally, regionally and nationally? • How should it be governed and held to account? 7 key questions
  32. 32. Website policingreview.org.uk Twitter @policingreview Email strategicreview@police-foundation.org.uk How to engage with us

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Launch of the first report of the Strategic Review of Policing in England and Wales.

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