Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione                      White Spaces:                 Technological Context &          ...
OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE     • Introduction     • Regulatory implications & ...
OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione  1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE       • Introduction       • Regulatory implicatio...
WHITE SPACES: preliminary definitionsDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione “… to allow unlicensed radio transmitters to op...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione  Introduction (1/2)In the EU2020 growth strategy, and in parti...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     Introduction (2/2)The possible use of white spaces, althou...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (1/5)In its Opinion on Cognitive Tec...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (3/5)RSPG recommends that (Opinion o...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (4/5) 4. Administrations, when imple...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (5/5)6. where applicable, ETSI-devel...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Some RSPG activities in progressSome activities are in progres...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CEPT technical activities (1/4) In 2007, the European Commissi...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione    CEPT technical activities (2/4)On 27 June 2008, in response...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione    CEPT technical activities (3/4)In 2011 the CEPT Electronic ...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione    CEPT technical activities (4/4) The main conclusion when de...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     UK road-map (1/3)Since its launch in 2005, the OFCOM Digit...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     UK road-map (2/3)November 2009: OFCOM published a discussi...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     UK road-map (3/3)OFCOM also plans to work with stakeholder...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     UK approach (1/2)White Space technology will work in a sim...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     UK approach (2/2)                        Database-assisted...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (1/5)In the meantime, starting in June 201...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (2/5) The Consortium Partners are BBC, BSk...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (3/5)The biggest TVWS trial in the world, ...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (4/5)Devices being trialled concern WiFi, ...
WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (5/5)  Machine-to-Machine Communications: ...
Obiettivi Programma ISBUL                                   “Infrastrutture e Servizi a BandaDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Fo...
Programma ISBULDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Il Programma di Ricerca, del valore di 700.000 euro, è  articolato s...
Program Management                                             F.AnanassoDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione            ...
AGCOM Research ProgramsDirezione Studi, Ricerca e FormazioneThe ISBUL Research Program (2008-2010) addressed juridical,tec...
Program Management (AGCOM)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione         WP 1.                  WP 2.                   WP ...
Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione     “tag cloud”                                Telepresence                         ...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (1/12)  www.agcom.it                  F. An...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (2/12)  www.agcom.it                  F. An...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (3/12)  www.agcom.it                  F. An...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (4/12)                      A Geographic Pr...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (5/12)          DVB-T/H transmitters within...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (6/12)  www.agcom.it                  F. An...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (7/12)                 DVB-T/H transmitters...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (8/12)  www.agcom.it                  F. An...
AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (9/12)                 DVB-T/H transmitters...
AN ENABLING TOOL:                                    CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (10/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione ...
AN ENABLING TOOL:                                    CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (11/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione ...
AN ENABLING TOOL:                                    CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (12/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione ...
OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE     • Introduction     • Regulatory implications & ...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione         U.S. FCC (1/6)RSPG Opinion on Cognitive Technolog...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione          U.S. FCC (2/6)  www.agcom.it                 F. ...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione          U.S. FCC (3/6)In September 2010 the FCC approved...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione          U.S. FCC (4/6)It would not be required to includ...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione          U.S. FCC (5/6)Thus, in February 2011 (Order DA 1...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione          U.S. FCC (6/6)  In September 2011 FCC announced ...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione             IEEEStandardisation work is underway at the I...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE                                    International Telecom.Union (ITU) (1/2)Direzione Studi, Ric...
WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e FormazioneInternational Telecom.Union (ITU) (2/2)Analysis of results...
OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE    • Introduction    • Regulatory implications & cog...
WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (1/5) Qualcomm and Nokia propose Authorized ...
WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (2/5) ASA entails a dynamic use of spectrum ...
WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (3/5)                                from to...
WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (4/5)                                       ...
WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (5/5)According to Nokia and Qualcomm, relati...
OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE     • Introduction     • Regulatory implications & ...
CONCLUSIONSDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Next steps about White Spaces (1/2)Taking into account the preliminary na...
CONCLUSIONSDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Next steps about White Spaces (2/2) 4. Technical and regulatory considera...
Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione      Thank you for your attention !!!                              f.ananasso@agcom....
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White Spaces: Technological Context & International Outlook

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Giornata di studio sui White Spaces, che si è tenuta lunedì 24 ottobre 2011, 9.30 - 17.00 – Sala Agorà, Incubatore d’Imprese Innovative del Politecnico di Torino (I3P).

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White Spaces: Technological Context & International Outlook

  1. 1. Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione White Spaces: Technological Context & International Outlook Fulvio Ananasso Director of Studies, Research & Education Giornata di studio “White Spaces: dalla TV ad Internet” Torino, 24 Ottobre 2011 www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011
  2. 2. OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE • Introduction • Regulatory implications & cognitive functionalities for using white spaces based on RSPG activities • Some RSPG activities in progress • CEPT technical activities • UK approach and trials • The Italian scenario – the ISBUL Research Program and “Catasto delle Frequenze” 2. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE • U.S. FCC approach and trials • IEEE • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 3. WHITE SPACES – A COMMECIAL INITIATIVE (ASA) 4. CONCLUSIONS www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 2
  3. 3. OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE • Introduction • Regulatory implications & cognitive functionalities for using white spaces based on RSPG activities • Some RSPG activities in progress • CEPT technical activities • UK approach and trials • The Italian scenario – the ISBUL Research Program and “Catasto delle Frequenze” 2. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE • U.S. FCC approach and trials • IEEE • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 3. WHITE SPACES – A COMMECIAL INITIATIVE (ASA) 4. CONCLUSIONS www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 3
  4. 4. WHITE SPACES: preliminary definitionsDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione “… to allow unlicensed radio transmitters to operate in the broadcast television spectrum at locations where that spectrum is not being used by licensed service (this unused TV spectrum is often labeled as „white Space‟)” [Source: FCC] “‟White Space‟ is a label indicating a part of the spectrum, which is available for a radiocommunication application (service, system) at a given time in a given geographical area on a non-interfering / non-protected basis with regard to other services with a higher priority on a national Basis” [Source: CEPT Report 24] White spaces power time frequency Spectrum in use www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 4
  5. 5. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Introduction (1/2)In the EU2020 growth strategy, and in particular the DigitalAgenda, one of the key objectives for the EU policy is toenhance the quality of life of European citizens.This includes lowering access barriers to spectrum for newuses and users, in so promoting innovation and competition,strengthening the internal market and fostering digital inclusionand social cohesion.Spectrum management can contribute to efforts to bridge thedigital divide through enabling ubiquitous broadband access,highly contributing therefore to the objectives of smart, inclusive,sustainable growth envisaged in the EU2020 strategy.In this context, the RSPG (Radio Spectrum Policy Group),established by the European Commission, plays a major role.The possible use of white spaces spectrum has already beenaddressed in the RSPG work on Digital Dividend, CognitiveTechnologies, Short Range Devices under the CUS model(Collective Use of Spectrum), and in general the RSPP (RadioSpectrum Policy Program). www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 5
  6. 6. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Introduction (2/2)The possible use of white spaces, although a general concept,has been recently addressed mainly in the frequency band470-790 MHz (TV band), based on the activities related to thedigital switchover of broadcasting networks.Some aspects related to the possible use of white spaces werediscussed at European level by the RSPG (Radio SpectrumPolicy Group), chaired by AGCOM in 2010 (presently vicechair).Examples are the following RSPG Opinions :  Opinion on Cognitive Technologies, February 2011  Opinion on the Radio Spectrum Policy Program, June 2010  Opinion on the Digital Dividend, September 2009  Opinion on Collective Use of Spectrum, November 2008 www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 6
  7. 7. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (1/5)In its Opinion on Cognitive Technologies (RSPG10-348 Final), RSPGaddressed different methods Cognitive Radio can use to acquire informationabout the operating radio environment -- both separately or in combination.  Sensing is a functionality whereby a scan of (a dedicated part of) the spectrum is made to provide a real-time “map” of the radio environment. Sensing is a technology that is still under development  A Cognitive Pilot Channel (CPC) is a dedicated carrier providing frequency usage information for the intended band in a given area – e.g. transmitting beacon signals. CPC as a concept is still in the equipment research phase. Both technical and business evaluations are currently ongoing on the implementation of a CPC. Some of these research activities on the CPC are ongoing in Europe, e. g. in the framework of FP7 and ETSI TC-RRS.  Usage of a Data Base seems the most feasible and flexible way forward to provide reliable real time information updates on spectrum usage. Manufacturers will have to ensure that the CR device can connect to the suitable database(s) and provide the appropriate geo-location information and possibly other information that can be used to classify its use (e.g. fixed / mobile, indoor / outdoor, master / slave etc.). www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 7
  8. 8. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (3/5)RSPG recommends that (Opinion on Cognitive Technologies):1. implementing measures to introduce the CR technologies could be left to Member states as long as border coordination issues are addressed for each band concerned and the work of CEPT and standardization bodies, including ETSI, as well as the following recommendations are taken into account;2. a platform shall be created to allow researchers, academia, manufacturers, operators, service providers and regulators to coordinate research activities; this platform could be built upon already existing platforms with comparable purposes, notably COST-TERRA;3. Administrations and the EC should request ETSI to study the relevant means that could be implemented in order to secure the access from CR devices to the relevant database and the exchange of information between them; www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 8
  9. 9. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (4/5) 4. Administrations, when implementing CR technologies that require to utilize databases should -- possibly with CEPT indications guidance: a. indicate how the databases should be certified or accredited, supplied and updated by national regulatory bodies, and to supply relevant information to CR systems; b. provide information to database managers on algorithms (HS); c. provide information on incumbents -- directly or through a designated entity; 5. Administrations, in relation with the EC and TCAM (Telecommunications Conformity Assessment and Market Surveillance Committee), should give ETSI relevant information on suitable data elements, equipment behavior and output signal radio characteristics, in order to allow ETSI to develop harmonized standards; www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 9
  10. 10. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Cognitive functionalities (5/5)6. where applicable, ETSI-developed Cognitive Radio harmonized standard should include: a. instruction for measurement / tests in support of the R&TTE-Directive; b. relevant information on how CR device could access only certified or authorized databases; c. HS (Harmony Search) information that should be given to CR devices from the database for a given period of time; d. information to be supplied by the CR device to the database including appropriate geo-location information; e. means to secure transmission between the database and CR device;7. the European standardization bodies should liaise with similar institutions to foster worldwide coordination; a successful deployment of CRS will require economies of scale;8. TCAM should keep updated Notified Bodies regarding specific requirements under the R&TTE Directive for CR devices;9. EC should investigate whether research facilities can be made available to carry out some early stage testing on CR devices. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 10
  11. 11. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Some RSPG activities in progressSome activities are in progress (e.g. RSPG WG on CollectiveUse and other spectrum sharing techniques in WP2011) such as:  review of innovative sharing arrangements applicable to the frequency spectrum in general;  analysis of sharing techniques to facilitate utilization of white space spectrum (generic approach), including review of progress on white spaces implementation in the broadcasting bands;  requirements for further RSPG work on shared access to spectrum.Particular attention on possible new regulatory approaches tospectrum sharing by different users (primary users / incumbentsand new users), based on sharing conditions to give, if possible,some rights to the new users, making it possible for them toprovide services with a predictable quality of service (QoS).It is now under consideration a new draft concept called ASA(Authorized Shared Access), recently proposed by an industryconsortium. The new concept needs further investigation. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 11
  12. 12. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CEPT technical activities (1/4) In 2007, the European Commission requested the CEPT (European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations) to study technical considerations regarding harmonization options for the Digital Dividend in the band 470- 862 MHz and to inspect preliminarily the practicability of implementation of new / future applications within the white space spectrum in that band. A project team from the CEPT Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) Spectrum Engineering Working Group - WG SE PT43 - is in charge of defining technical and operational requirements for CR operation in the “white spaces” of the UHF broadcasting band (470-790 MHz), with the aim at guaranteeing the protection of incumbent radio systems. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 12
  13. 13. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CEPT technical activities (2/4)On 27 June 2008, in response to the EC Mandate, the CEPT Report 24(Report C) was issued : “A preliminary assessment of the feasibility of fittingnew / future applications / services into non-harmonised spectrum of thedigital dividend (namely the so-called "white spaces" between allotments)”.Such Report is a preliminary view of the practicability of implementation ofnew / future applications in the white space spectrum -- 470-862 MHz band.  The re-planning activity started after Geneva 06 Agreement and the WRC-2007, that identified digital dividend at 800 MHz, has reduced the potential for white spaces availability.  Any new white space applications should be used on a non protected and non interfering basis.In parallel, the Frequency Management Working Group (WG FM) mustcooperate with ETSI to identify possible candidate bands for servicesimplementing CR technologies. Two categories of bands are considered:  bands already used by systems evolving towards CR by implementing cognitive functionalities, and  bands, already assigned to primary systems, where secondary systems can be introduced provided that harmful interference is avoided by means of cognitive technologies. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 13
  14. 14. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CEPT technical activities (3/4)In 2011 the CEPT Electronic Communications Committee (ECC) approvedthe ECC REPORT 159 on “Technical and operational requirements for thepossible operation of cognitive radio systems in the „white spaces‟ of thefrequency band 470-790 MHz”.The report identifies a range ofpossible deployment scenarios forwhite space devices (WSDs)and, in the absence of specificsystem characteristics related toWSDs, sets up some keyassumptions, such as the use ofOFDM technology for WSDs, inorder to perform first sharingstudies. This resulted in a numberof different recommendations forthe technical and operationalrequirements that should beapplied to WSD operating in thefrequency band 470-790 MHz toprotect the various incumbents. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 14
  15. 15. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CEPT technical activities (4/4) The main conclusion when dealing with protection of broadcasting services is that the use of a geo-location database appears to be the most feasible option. Administrations who intend to authorize the use of geo-location database to assist WSD use, will have to decide on the most appropriate parameters and algorithms that are the most relevant for their own specific national circumstances. The report also dealt with some aspects about the protection of Program Making & Special Events (PMSE), Radio Astronomy (RAS) in the 608-614 MHz band, Aeronautical Radio Navigation (ARNS) in the 645-790 MHz band, and Mobile / Fixed services in bands adjacent to 470-790 MHz band. However, the methodologies adopted are not fully developed. Some issues were not fully defined and require further assessment, taking into account the innovative nature of cognitive techniques, the ongoing research and industry activities in this field. It is then recognized that the Report may need to be updated in a relatively short timeframe, in order to reflect the latest technology developments and to deal with some aspects not fully defined and developed in the Report. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 15
  16. 16. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK road-map (1/3)Since its launch in 2005, the OFCOM Digital Dividend Review (DDR) hasconsidered how to make the spectrum freed up by digital switchover (DSO)available for new uses. This includes the capacity available within thespectrum that will be retained to carry the national DTT multiplexes afterDSO, and lies between 470 and 790MHz.In the 2007 statement on DDR, OFCOM considered the use of interleavedspectrum by license-exempt devices concluding that this should be theappropriate use as long as it would not cause harmful interference tolicensed uses -- including DTT and PMSE.February 2009: OFCOM published a consultation entitled “Digital dividend:cognitive access. Consultation on license-exempting cognitive devices usinginterleaved spectrum” -- on the sensing threshold levels that would beneeded for license-exempt devices making use of sensing alone.July 2009: in a subsequent (the “July 2009 Statement”) “Digital dividend:cognitive access. Statement on license-exempting cognitive WSDs usinginterleaved spectrum” OFCOM concluded that, for use by a license-exemptdevices, the beacon approach was inferior to the other two  appropriate toproceed with regulation enabling both sensing and geo-location. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 16
  17. 17. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK road-map (2/3)November 2009: OFCOM published a discussion document entitled “DigitalDividend: Geolocation for Cognitive Access. A discussion on usinggeolocation to enable licence-exempt access to the interleaved spectrum”(the “November 2009 Consultation”).November 2010: based on the responses received, workshops held withkey stakeholders and further analysis, OFCOM published its Implementinggeo-location consultation, seeking comments from interested stakeholders,including potential database administrators.September 2011: OFCOM published a statement which set out OFCOM‟sintention to allow White Space Devices (WSDs) to access the TV whitespace providing that no harmful interference is caused to existing services.In this document the approach is based on the geo-location database use,along with the ultimate ability of the regulator to control the emission levelsallowed by databases and to prevent WSDs from transmitting if necessary.OFCOM also explained the UK‟s preference for a harmonised approach toWSDs across Europe, which it considered would deliver greatest benefits forcitizens and consumers. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 17
  18. 18. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK road-map (3/3)OFCOM also plans to work with stakeholders to make information aboutexisting licensed services that operate in the TV band available to prospectivedatabase providers.OFCOM will alsospecify consultfurther on thedatabaserequirements andthe providers thatwish to beaccredited byOFCOM.OFCOM expectsthat White Spacetechnology couldbe launched inthe UK in 2013. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 18
  19. 19. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK approach (1/2)White Space technology will work in a similar way to Wi-Fi, whichuses a wireless router to send and receive information to otherwireless devices. The main difference is that the White Spacerouter – or „master‟ device as it is known technically – will firstneed to consult a list of databases hosted online. It will notify oneof these databases of its location and update it on a regular basis.The database will then return details of the radio-frequencies andpower levels it is allowed to use. This will ensure that the devicesdo not interfere with existing licensed users of the spectrum, whichinclude Digital Terrestrial Television and wireless microphoneusers. OFCOM has decided to allow multiple third-party providersto develop databases, which will create a competitive marketplaceand incentivize operators to provide the best database.OFCOM has decided to make White Space devices licenseexempt. This means that they will be allowed to operate withoutthe need for an OFCOM license on the condition that they do notcause harmful interference to existing users of the spectrum. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 19
  20. 20. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK approach (2/2) Database-assisted access to white spaces: 1. WSD consult a list of WSDBs on a website hosted by Ofcom or third party and selects its preferred WSDB; 2. WSD sends its location and device attributes to a selected WSDB; 3. WSDB returns operating parameters (e.g. Maximum radiated power & frequency) to the WSD based on protection criteria and requirements defined by Ofcom; WSDM will take information by a database of incumbent licensed users and, based on a technical algorithm, will identifies available TV channels and computes maximum permitted WSD power; 4. WSD radiates according to the operating parameters specified by WSDB. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 20
  21. 21. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (1/5)In the meantime, starting in June 2011, trials are underway inCambridge (UK) to explore the use of white spaces inbroadcasting band for other wireless applications.The trial is attempting to show how this unused broadcastingspectrum can be used to supplement existing wirelessbroadband and cellular networks without impacting on TVbroadcast services in order to meet the increasing demand formobile data.The consortium involved in the trial includes broadcasters,operators, consultants, software companies and manufacturers.Some of the applications they are hoping to demonstrate usingwhite space technology include wireless data services in urbancentres, home networks, mobile broadband in rural areas andsupport to an array of intelligent connected devices thatcommunicate with one another (“Internet of Things”). www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 21
  22. 22. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (2/5) The Consortium Partners are BBC, BSkyB, BT, Cambridge Consultants, Microsoft Corp, Neul, Nokia, Samsung, Spectrum Bridge Inc. and TTP. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 22
  23. 23. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (3/5)The biggest TVWS trial in the world, made possible with a multi-site testlicence from OFCOM  ~14 UHF channels are available for use, in the range 470 to 790 MHz  in depth test and measurement programme designed to feed into regulatory framework development  mix of urban and rural access point locations  multiple geo-location databases  multiple use cases www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 23
  24. 24. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (4/5)Devices being trialled concern WiFi, Rural Broadband andMachine to Machine communications (M2M).Enhanced Wi-Fi: The majority of current Wi-Fi devices operatein spectrum at 2.4 GHz. White Spaces could provide newcapacity, while boosting the range of devices, potentiallyenabling Wi-Fi networks that stretch across towns and cities.This is thanks to the lower frequency of TV White Spaces(typically between 470 and 790 MHz).Rural broadband: White Spaces could be used to provide rurallocations with broadband services. In practice, this could beachieved by building a network of transmitters that use WhiteSpaces to link remote houses and villages to larger towns thatare already connected to the internet. Trials are currently beingundertaken by industry to test this on the island of Bute,Scotland. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 24
  25. 25. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione UK Cambridge Trails (5/5) Machine-to-Machine Communications: A relatively new area of innovation, Machine-to-Machine Communications allows information to be exchanged between devices. Many experts believe that in the coming years billions of devices will be able to connect wirelessly and via the internet for a range of applications. White spaces could be used to wirelessly transmit this information, using its additional range to reach deep inside buildings. This could be especially useful for wirelessly measuring utility meters in consumers‟ homes – just one of a wide number of potential applications. Other examples include using White Spaces to make it easier for scientists to conduct research by automating the measurement of different readings. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 25
  26. 26. Obiettivi Programma ISBUL “Infrastrutture e Servizi a BandaDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Larga e UltraLarga”Porre le basi per un presidio permanente dell‟Autorità sulletematiche tecnologiche, normative, economiche, … relative agliaspetti infrastrutturali delle Reti di Nuova Generazione a bandalarga e ultra larga, al fine di ottenere risultati utili allapromozione e allo sviluppo delle reti, a vantaggio dell‟interacollettività, relativamente a:  Accesso “Fiber To The x” (FTTx) nello sviluppo della NGAN  Broadband Wireless Access (BWA)  Digital Dividend e uso dello Spettro < 3,5 GHz  Neutralità della Rete e Sicurezza delle Infrastrutture di TLC  Contenuti Audiovisivi e Media  Aspetti normativi / opere civili / condivisione condotti e infrastrutture  Aspetti economici, Business Planning e opzioni di finanziamento, modelli investimenti pubblici / privati (PPP)  Impatto della Regolamentazione sull‟Economia; …. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 26
  27. 27. Programma ISBULDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Il Programma di Ricerca, del valore di 700.000 euro, è articolato su 3 aree disciplinari (Progetti Tecnologico, Economico e Giuridico) e 14 sottoprogetti (Work Packages) completato nel 2009 numerose Università coinvolte, con i più importanti accademici della materia -- Milano (Bocconi e Politecnico), Napoli Federico II, Roma (LUISS, Roma Tre, Sapienza e Tor Vergata), Siena, Politecnico di Torino, Imperial College (Londra) valore aggiunto specifico dalla trasversalità dei temi trattati e dall‟approccio metodologico che stimola sia gli approfondimenti “verticali” (all‟interno delle 3 aree disciplinari), sia quelli “interdisciplinari” -- temi trasversali ai diversi progetti / sottoprogetti:  promozione di investimenti efficienti e condivisione dei rischi  ladder of investment e nuovi modelli di accesso  gestione della transizione verso le NGN  mercati geografici e digital divide  digital spectrum dividend www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 27
  28. 28. Program Management F.AnanassoDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Steering Committee inter-Struttura AGCom (SCom) WP 0 (Assistenza Program Management) - C.Leporelli M.Listanti A.Nicita G.Napolitano PROGETTO 1. Quadro PROGETTO 2. Quadro PROGETTO 3. Quadro Tecnico Infrastrutturale Economico Regolatorio Giuridico Normativo (QTI) – A.Milan (QER) – I.Pinto (QGN) A.Vercelli WP 1.1. WP 2.1. Nuovi Modelli WP 2.1.Semplificazione Infrastrutture di Rete Interconnessione Amministrativa Fissa - M.Dècina C.Cambini G. Napolitano WP 1.2. Accesso Radio WP 2.2. Opzioni WP 3.2. Servizi / M.Ajmone Marsan Finanziamento NGN Applicazioni di Pubblica S.Frova Utilità – G. De Minico WP 1.3. Catasto Infrastrutture WP 2.3. Fattori WP 3.3. V. Del Giudice Abilitanti Domanda di Governance di Sistema Servizi - A. Del Monte A. Nicita WP 1.4. NGN Service Layer – L.Paura WP 2.4. Impatto WP 3.4. Investimenti NGN Obblighi Co-locazione WP 1.5. Trasmissione sullo Sviluppo Accordi Condivisione contenuti TV / Economico del Paese Istallazioni – G.Visentini Multimediali – L.Paura F. Sacco www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011
  29. 29. AGCOM Research ProgramsDirezione Studi, Ricerca e FormazioneThe ISBUL Research Program (2008-2010) addressed juridical,technological and economic aspects of Infrastructures andServices for Broadband and Ultra-Broadband Networks, incollaboration with several Italian Universities: - Milan (Bocconi and Polytechnic), Naples (Federico II) - Rome (LUISS, Roma Tre, Sapienza e Tor Vergata) - Siena, Polytechnic of Turin and Imperial College (London)The “SCREEN” Research Program (2012) focuses on Servicesand Contents for Next Generation Networks, in collaboration with: - Universities of Roma (Roma Tre, Sapienza), Bologna, Urbino, IULM (Milan) and telematic University “Nettuno” - Fondazione Ugo Bordoni (FUB) - Bocconi University (Milan) - Federico II University (Naples) - Polytechnic of Turin www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 29
  30. 30. Program Management (AGCOM)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione WP 1. WP 2. WP 3. WP 4. La Società La domanda di L‟offerta di servizi I mercati dei dell‟Informazione: servizi digitali digitali e servizi e contenuti utenti, contenuti e Future Internet digitali social networks Task 3.1. Task 4.1. I servizi per gli Innovazione nei Task 1.1. Task 2.1. mercati dei servizi utenti e le Gli utenti Il digital divide digitali imprese Task 1.2. Task 1.2. Task 3.2. Task 4.2. I contenuti L‟e-inclusion Le piattaforme La concorrenza nei nuovi mercati applicative Task 1.3. Task 3.3. Task 4.3. I social AGCOM Future internet: Internet economy networks e motori di ricerca gli scenari Programma di Ricerca Task 3.4. Università / 2012 “Servizi e Contenuti Future internet: i Enti di Ricerca fattori abilitanti per le NGN” (SCREEN) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 30
  31. 31. Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione “tag cloud” Telepresence Cloud Computing Net Neutrality Telemedecine End-User Innovation Netcitizen Internet of things Telework SCREEN E-learning Persuasive Content Unlocking Media Future Internet Social Network Copyright & Copyleft Web 3.0 Blogs Prosumer www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 31
  32. 32. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (1/12) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011
  33. 33. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (2/12) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011
  34. 34. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (3/12) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 34
  35. 35. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (4/12) A Geographic Proximity Query www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 35
  36. 36. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (5/12) DVB-T/H transmitters within 500 m range www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 36
  37. 37. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (6/12) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 37
  38. 38. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (7/12) DVB-T/H transmitters within 1 km range www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 38
  39. 39. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (8/12) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 39
  40. 40. AN ENABLING TOOL:Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (9/12) DVB-T/H transmitters within 10 km range www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 40
  41. 41. AN ENABLING TOOL: CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (10/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 41
  42. 42. AN ENABLING TOOL: CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (11/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 42
  43. 43. AN ENABLING TOOL: CATASTO DELLE FREQUENZE (12/12)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione The returned output from the tool: A DVB-T / H coverage DB can be realized based on available DB, showing the effective occupancy of UHF channels at a given time in a given geographical area. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 43
  44. 44. OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE • Introduction • Regulatory implications & cognitive functionalities for using white spaces based on RSPG activities • Some RSPG activities in progress • CEPT technical activities • UK approach and trials • The Italian scenario – the “ISBUL” Research Program and “Catasto delle Frequenze” 2. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE • U.S. FCC approach and trials • IEEE • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 3. WHITE SPACES – A COMMECIAL INITIATIVE (ASA) 4. CONCLUSIONS www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 44
  45. 45. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (1/6)RSPG Opinion on Cognitive Technologies includes also informationon work outside Europe (FCC and IEEE) and list of FCC documentson Cognitive Radio in U.S. TV White Spaces.In 2002 the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)established a Spectrum Policy Task Force (SPTF) to identify andevaluate changes in spectrum policy that will increase the publicbenefits derived from the use of radio spectrum.Based on SPTF‟s report, the FCC issued a Notice of Inquiry in 2002concerning additional spectrum for unlicensed devices below 900MHz and in the 3 GHz band. This opened up the possibility of usingthe "fallow" UHF TV bands for unlicensed devices. Between 2003 and2010, a series of exploratory documents were followed by Notices ofProposed Rulemaking (NPRMs) and Reports and Orders.In November 2008 the FCC unanimously agreed to open up the whitespace unused spectrum that sits between TV channels for unlicenseduse. Even so, technical issues to allow device makers and serviceproviders to use the spectrum still need to be worked out. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 45
  46. 46. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (2/6) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 46
  47. 47. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (3/6)In September 2010 the FCC approved rules for the use of unlicensedwhite space spectrum in a move that could pave the way for moreunused wireless spectrum to be released in the future.FCC-10-174 (Second Memorandum Opinion & Order) expresses their"final" position on the matter. This document addresses a wide varietyof issues relating to unlicensed use of the TV bands, including: – Protection criteria for Incumbent Authorised Services – Technical rules for TV band devices – Database Requirements for TV band devices – Channels that can be used by TV band devices (e.g. fixed devices cannot operate on channels adjacent to occupied TV channels) – Technical requirements and cognitive capabilities.In particular, FCC-10-174 approves a number of measures to simplifyco-existence with existing services already using the spectrum.The Order eliminates the requirement that radios (incorporating geo-location and database access) must first sense TV broadcast signals. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 47
  48. 48. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (4/6)It would not be required to include spectrum sensing technology innew devices to ensure that these products do not interfere with otherservices.Instead, devices will query a special geo-location database thatmakes sure no one is using that spectrum before it transmits. Thisdatabase check is requested to prevent white space services frominterfering with broadcast TV signals.Among these measures, the Order dedicates two vacant UHFchannels for wireless microphones and other low power auxiliaryservice devices in all areas of the United States.In the event where the two reserved UHF channels are unavailable orinsufficient, unlicensed wireless microphone users are required toregister in the TV band databases to receive the same geographicalspacing protections as licensed Wireless Microphone users.It was also established by FCC-10-174 to select (third party)companies that will manage the database going forward. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 48
  49. 49. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (5/6)Thus, in February 2011 (Order DA 11-131), FCC designate 9entities as TV bands device database administrators, subject toFCC conditions.Entities are: Comsearch, Frequency Finder Inc., Google Inc., KBEnterprises LLC and LS Telcom, Key Bridge Global LLC, NeustarInc., Spectrum Bridge Inc., Telcordia Technologies, and WSdb LLCThe TV bands databases will be used to identify unused channelsthat are available at their geographic locations and the designatedadministrators will develop the databases that are necessary toenable the introduction of this new class of broadband wirelessdevices in the TV spectrum.Each database will be subject to a public trial period of not less than45 days to ensure that the database is providing accurate resultsbefore it is allowed to be made available for regular public use. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 49
  50. 50. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione U.S. FCC (6/6) In September 2011 FCC announced that on September 19, 2011 a 45-day public trial of Spectrum Bridge Inc.‟s TV band database system would be started. That was a limited trial mainly intended to allow the public to access and test Spectrum Bridge‟s database system to ensure that it correctly identifies channels that are available for unlicensed TV band devices, properly registers those facilities entitled to protection, and provides protection to authorized services and registered facilities as specified in the rules. FCC encouraged all interested parties to test the database and provide appropriate feedback to Spectrum Bridge. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 50
  51. 51. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione IEEEStandardisation work is underway at the IEEE in a number of areas as aresult of the FCC‟s action on Cognitive Radio.IEEE 802.22 Working Group on Wireless Regional Area Networks (WRAN)Enabling Rural Broadband Wireless Access Using Cognitive RadioTechnology in TV Whitespaces is working on the project.The IEEE has standardised Cognitive Radio techniques as part of 802.22(WRAN) that was the first WRAN standard to incorporate CR techniques foruse by license-exempt devices on a non-interfering basis in spectrum that isallocated to the TV Broadcast Service.Completed Projects – IEEE 802.22-2011(TM) Standard for Cognitive Wireless Regional Area Networks (RAN) for Operation in TV Bands was published as Official IEEE Standard on July 1st, 2011. – IEEE 802.22.1-2010(TM) Standard for the Enhanced Interference Protection of the Licensed Devices was published as Official IEEE Standard on November 1st, 2010.On-going Project: IEEE P802.22.2 (Standard for Recommended Practice forInstallation and Deployment of 802.22 Systems) www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 51
  52. 52. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE International Telecom.Union (ITU) (1/2)Direzione Studi, Ricerca e FormazioneIn 2007, the ITU World Radiocommunication Conference(WRC-07) adopted new agenda item 1.19 requiring WRC-12 toconsider regulatory measures for the introduction of Software-Defined Radio (SDR) and Cognitive Radio Systems (CRS).In this regard, WRC-07 adopted Resolution 956 (WRC-07),inviting ITU-R to study the need for regulatory measures relatedto the application of SDR and CRS.RSPG view on WRC-12 agenda item 1.19 is that particularattention needs to be paid in ensuring that flexibility atEuropean level to implement such new and innovativetechnologies will not be unduly constrained by RadioRegulations.WRC-12 will take place in Geneva from 23 January to 17February 2012. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 52
  53. 53. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPEDirezione Studi, Ricerca e FormazioneInternational Telecom.Union (ITU) (2/2)Analysis of results of the studies and methods proposed for WRC-12agenda item 1.19 have been reflected in draft text of the ConferencePreparatory Meeting (CPM). 3 methods are proposed for CRS:  the 1st method consists in making no change to the Radio Regulations and developing relevant ITU-R Recommendations and Reports;  the 2nd method proposes to develop a WRC Resolution calling for studies on CRS with special emphasis on sharing issues. Based on those studies, ITU-R Recommendations and Reports would be developed;  the 3rd method proposes the development of a WRC Resolution calling for studies on CRS. The resolution would also exclude the operation of CRS in some bands, e.g. those used by space services (Space-to- Earth) or Radio Astronomy, until the studies have been completed. In addition, the resolution would oblige CRS to avoid operations in bands used by safety services. This method reflects the concerns expressed by some ITU-R working parties that CRS, which dynamically search for a free channel, may not be capable of detecting low-power signals of other services or sporadic operation of some radio links – thus causing harmful interference. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 53
  54. 54. OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE • Introduction • Regulatory implications & cognitive functionalities for using white spaces based on RSPG activities • Some RSPG activities in progress • CEPT technical activities • UK approach and trials • The Italian scenario – the ISBUL Research Program and “Catasto delle Frequenze” 2. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE • U.S. FCC approach and trials • IEEE • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 3. WHITE SPACES – COMMERCIAL INITIATIVE (ASA) 4. CONCLUSIONS www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 54
  55. 55. WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (1/5) Qualcomm and Nokia propose Authorized Shared Access (ASA) to spectrum as a "third way" with respect to licensed and license-exempt regimes for freeing up spectrum for commercial mobile broadband. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 55
  56. 56. WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (2/5) ASA entails a dynamic use of spectrum whenever and wherever it is unused by incumbent users: – on a shared and non-interference basis – subject to individual authorization (i.e. licensed) in bands allocated to the Mobile Service by the ITU (and identified by IMT) using cognitive radio techniques, i.e. geo-location databases complemented, if required, by sensing ASA can unlock prime bands for 3G / 4G services requiring QoS Device use bands (licensed, ASA, unlicensed) based on apps, QoS, tariff, bandwidth requirements www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 56
  57. 57. WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (3/5) from today… www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 57
  58. 58. WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (4/5) …to tomorrow ! www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 58
  59. 59. WHITE SPACESDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Commercial Initiative “ASA” (5/5)According to Nokia and Qualcomm, relative to license-exempt ASA couldhave benefits for sharers and incumbent users: • The incumbent will not receive harmful interference, and flexibility of sharer allows evolution of incumbent‟s use • The sharer (ASA rights holder) can be held responsible for managing interference according to pre-defined / agreed criteria, giving additional security to the existing user • Sharers can receive assurances over the level of capacity and the operating conditions in the band  guarantee quality of service, key for mobile broadband  makes ASA spectrum attractive to future mobile broadband businesses, potentially diversifying access to spectrum • Potential for synergies between incumbent user and sharer, e.g. infrastructure sharing • Potential for collaboration and compensation – incumbent right holders can gain from ASA www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 59
  60. 60. OutlineDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione 1. WHITE SPACES IN EUROPE • Introduction • Regulatory implications & cognitive functionalities for using white spaces based on RSPG activities • Some RSPG activities in progress • CEPT technical activities • UK approach and trials • The Italian scenario – the ISBUL Research Program and “Catasto delle Frequenze” 2. WHITE SPACES OUTSIDE EUROPE • U.S. FCC approach and trials • IEEE • International Telecommunication Union (ITU) 3. WHITE SPACES – A COMMECIAL INITIATIVE (ASA) 4. CONCLUSIONS www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 60
  61. 61. CONCLUSIONSDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Next steps about White Spaces (1/2)Taking into account the preliminary nature of some elementsrelated to the white spaces, the innovative nature of cognitivetechniques and the ongoing research and industry activities inthis field, it is recognized that some areas need to be studiedand / or updated in order, for example, to reflect the latestdevelopments in the technology.Main issues that will need further studies for implementing WS inthe band 470-790 MHz band are: 1. Areas related to the regulatory framework 2. Areas related to WSD characteristics -- e.g. possible specification of the minimum required adjacent channel leakage ratio for the WSDs for use by geo-location databases 3. Technical considerations on the protection of the broadcasting service -- e.g. maximum permitted EIRP limits for WSDs www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 61
  62. 62. CONCLUSIONSDirezione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Next steps about White Spaces (2/2) 4. Technical and regulatory considerations on the protection of Program Making & Special Events (PMSE) and other services 5. Protection of services in the bands adjacent to 470-790 MHz (further studies are needed on the impact from WSD on services in the bands adjacent to the 470-790 MHz band, e.g. on mobile service below 470 MHz and above 790 MHz) 6. Specification and implementation of the requirements for the geo-location database approach 7. Assessment of the consequential spectrum potentially available for WSD (it must be taken into consideration that in some cases it could not be possible to plan the use of WSDs in the UHF bands on a large scale and local assessments should be made, on a case by case, based on national circumstances) 8. Trials results and further studies are needed to support any choice about WSDs implementation. www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011 62
  63. 63. Direzione Studi, Ricerca e Formazione Thank you for your attention !!! f.ananasso@agcom.it ISBUL Program Final Report: http://www.agcom.it/Default.aspx?message=contenuto&DCId=416 www.agcom.it F. Ananasso – “White Spaces” - 24 Ottobre 2011

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