UNODC is the guardian of the UN Convention on Transnational Organized Crime. As the only global international convention relating to organized crime, it provides the necessary legal framework for international cooperation in preventing and combating all forms of transnational organized crime.
It covers a wide range of areas, which you can see listed. The Convention also contains three supplementary Protocols that address particular types of organized criminal activity that require specialized provisions. As of August 2011, out of 193 UN Member States UNTOC has been adopted by 164 parties, while the Trafficking in Persons Protocol has 146 parties, the Migrant Smuggling Protocol has 129 parties and the Firearms Protocol has 89 parties.
The other international conventions that are particularly important in combating organized crime and illicit trafficking are the three universal Drug Conventions, in particular: The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs controls the production, trafficking in and possession of drugs. The Convention on Psychotropic Substances – provides an International control system for psychotropic substances. 1988 Drug Convention (UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances) - promotes cooperation to effectively address illicit trafficking in drugs and money laundering. The Drug Conventions are almost universally ratified with 184 parties. The United Nations Convention against Corruption is the first global legally binding instrument which covers public and private, domestic and international corruption. It includes strong anti-corruption measures on: prevention, criminalization and law enforcement, international cooperation and asset-recovery. Terrorism instruments cover nuclear material, aviation, maritime and hostage taking and terrorist financing.
The three pillars of our work are: Normative work to promote adherence to the international treaties I referred to in the previous slides and to provide advice and assistance on the use and application of standards and norms; Operational work to develop, manage, implement and coordinate technical cooperation activities and to assist in the development and implementation of programmes aimed at effective institution-building, criminal justice reform and crime prevention and control strategies; and Research and analytical work to increase knowledge and understanding of drugs and crime issues, identify trends and use this knowledge as a platform for action.
Under the Research & Analysis banner we produce a range of publications. Most people are familiar with the World Drug Report which is published annually by UNODC. Volume 1 of the report analyses illicit drug trends, while volume 2 gives detailed statistics in areas such as production, seizures, prices and consumption. Taken together these volumes provide the most up to date view of today’s illicit drug situation.
Human Trafficking & Smuggling of migrants Specialised investigative & analytical techniques Money laundering & asset forfeiture Financing of terrorism Border Control Witness & victim protection Forensics Legislative assistance and capacity building
Including work on establishing anti-corruption bodies and helping build their capacities to operate effectively
Linking law enforcement & justice Independence & integrity of criminal justice institutions Promoting international cooperation mechanisms Prison reform in keeping with international standards
Drug prevention, treatment and reintegration programmes; HIV / AIDS prevention, treatment and care , including prison programmes Sustainable livelihood schemes
Basic counter terrorism training for criminal justice officials; Counter-terrorism online training programme for magistrates, prosecutors & law enforcement; Workshops on such topic as international legal cooperation mechanisms in criminal matters against terrorism, prevention of and the fight against the use of internet for terrorist purposes, judicial responses to terrorism; Digest of terrorism cases, outlining best practice based on actual cases aimed at sharing knowledge between member states; Ensuring the standards outlined in global terrorism instruments are adhered to;
Our HQ is based in Vienna, and the map shows our liaison offices in Brussels and New York, and the 10 regional offices which serve as localised hubs of action and expertise.
There are 54 field offices worldwide, and we operate in more than 150 countries.
CSI’s wish to increase it’s geographical spread fits together well with our capacity-building mandates The various stages in the development of crime stoppers schemes in which UNODC can play an important role include: brokering the value of such a scheme to the government and to the principal agencies involved; identification of a lead figure with the commitment to see the scheme through from conception to delivery; help in planning a roadmap for the scheme setting out timelines for the various stages required; help in establishing of an executive board; coordinating mentoring and training with Crime Stoppers International; funding and organising a high-publicity launch event, perhaps enlisting the help of one of our high profile ‘goodwill ambassadors’ in support.
"Security & Justice For All" | UNODC | Steve Thurlow Crime Has No Borders Plenary
“ SECURITY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL” An overview of the work of UNODC Crime Stoppers International Conference Montego Bay, 23 -26th October, 2011
Mission <ul><li>To contribute to the achievement of security and justice for all, by making the world safer from drugs, crime and terrorism. </li></ul>
International Framework UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention 2000)
International Framework <ul><li>Participating in an Organised Crime Group </li></ul><ul><li>Money Laundering & Obstruction of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Proceeds of Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual Legal Assistance & Extradition </li></ul><ul><li>Protection of Victims & Witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Special Investigative Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Law Enforcement Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementary protocols on: </li></ul><ul><li>Trafficking in Persons </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling of Migrants </li></ul><ul><li>Illicit Manufacture & trafficking in firearms </li></ul>
International Framework <ul><li>Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1963) </li></ul><ul><li>Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971) </li></ul><ul><li>1998 Drug Convention </li></ul><ul><li>UN Convention Against Corruption (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>13 Universal Instruments against Terrorism </li></ul>
Key Pillars of Activity <ul><li>1. Normative </li></ul>Normative Operational 3. Research and analysis 2. Operational Research & Analysis
Thematic Areas <ul><li>Organized Crime & Trafficking </li></ul>
Thematic Areas <ul><li>Organized Crime & Trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul>
Adding Value + = ? <ul><li>brokering with governments and principal agencies; </li></ul><ul><li>identification of a lead implementer; </li></ul><ul><li>planning assistance; </li></ul><ul><li>facilitating the establishment of an executive board; </li></ul><ul><li>coordinating mentoring and training with CSI; </li></ul><ul><li>launch event. </li></ul>